DICTIONARY


Le nuva, komuna lango neutrala po Eurounio - ATLANGO

VORTARYO  ANGLA - ATLANGA

Dictionary ENGLISH -ATLANGO

© 2003-2014 by Richard A.Antonius All Rights Reserved

 

(05.X.2014)

(P:)# -proposition, possible changes 


A

A and O - le Alfa el Omega.

@ at (snail) heliko, arobo.

à la carte  konfel karto, konfekarte

a, an (There is no indefinite article in Atlango) eventually:  un

aardvark [n.] "earth-pig," orikteropo 

abandon (tr.-transitive) aband-i, kfit-i, rext-i 

(Abandi navyo, domo, proyekto, enfo. Abandi se po desespero, (ka) po joyo.)

(To give up, esp. without finishing) The sailors abandoned the burning ship. 

Le maristoy abandi le brenanta navyo.

abdomen (belly) ventro (insect ́s) abdom(in)o Abdom(in)o esta syenzzala vorto, pli precisa qe ventro. Jabba The Hut,the character in "Star Wars" has a big abdomen. Jabba Le Hut, le figuro i "Stelmilitoy" hasa gran abdomo (ventro).

abhor, abominate (tr.) abom(in)-i (algo), syenti abom(in)o

We abhor discrimination of any kind. Mu aboma ca-spesya diskrimino. 

ability (skill) habilo, talento, kapabl(ezz)o, ablo, podo

He's a writer of remarkable ability. Hi-s verkisto di (re)markinda kapablo. 

ablaze flamyosa,fayraba, (blaze - flam-i, flam-ab-i) flamanta

His eyes were ablaze with fury. Ha okuloy (ocoy) flami pro furyo. able (capable) kapabla (skilful) habila, abledita, -abla I've always wanted to be able to speak Atlango.Mi cem spablezi (dezi spabli) Atlange.

able, (be able to do something) (tr./intr.) -abli, kapabl-i, pod-i fred-i(fri)algo

ablution(s) lavando, abluto(y) Hurriedly he finished his ablutions. Hi finis urge sa ablutoy.

abomination -abomo (abomino)(abominazo)

abominable - abomeda, -aca, (moral) fuya, fuy-, fuyveka How disgusting! Qe abome!

Someone had scrawled a strange symbol on the wall. Algono skriv-AC-is un stranga simbolo sul (su le) muro.

about prep. pri

about (around) cirke, cirkey (ronde) (ci-)

about (concerning) pri (approximately) - cirke, (be-) 

I've been thinking ABOUT what you said, and I've decided that you're right. Mi pensis PRI to, qom Tu diktis, e mi decidis ke Tu prava.

above super-, sobre, i skalo

above all - sobre totyo. "Above all, you must be strong" - Sobre totyo, Tu esteba forta.(forsabla)

abroad eksterlande, otralande

to live abroad:(in another country) vivi eksterlande."They had never travelled abroad" - Lu nem voyagis eksterlanden. 

abrupt abrupta, (steep = skarpa) apika = skarpe vertikala

absence absento, faresto

absent absenta

absent-minded  distra ( distredi -to distract) absent-minda,absent-mentala, distrita

absolute absoluta

absolutely absolute

absorb (tr.) absorb-i, sorb-i

abstain abstin-i "I abstain from alcohol" - Mi abstina (da) alkoholo

abstinence abstino

abstract abstrakta

absurd absurdo, absurdala, absurdall

abundance yoso, yosezzo, plentezzo

abundant (adj.) yosa, -YOSa, plentaba a ... (pe ...)

abuse (tr.) (person) ofendi, mal-trakt-i,(thing) malut-i, afronti, insulti, plounti 

abyss abiso

accelerate akseleri, (pli)rapidedi

acceleration akselero

accelerator akselerijo, akseleradoro

accent (voice) aksento ; (written) supersigno (po aksento)

accentuate (emphasize) emfaz-i

accept aksept-i "I cannot accept the dogma of this church" -Mi ne akseptoda le dogmo di ta Eklesyo. "I accept that you were right" -Mi akseptis ke Tu prava.

access akseso, akses-i (access time -aksestempo- akses-emo) (in)log-i 

acces provider, interneto-medyatero (medyanto), akses-medyanto 

accident aksido, (aksidento)

accidentaly akside,aksidente,hazarde

acclimatize kanklimati se

accompany akompangi, akompi "I ́ll accompany you to the station" - Mi akompo Tu kal stasyo (stanseyo). 

accomodate (adapt) adapti (adjust)justedi, kanjusti; (lodge) lojensi

accord akordo, of one`s own - spontine, akord-ens-i

according to - konfe, konfe-, konforme ka, akorde ko, Everything went according to 

plan. Co vi konfeplane.

accordingly : konsekfe, do, tezze, konforme, konfe

account konto, bankokonto (account in a bank) on your account - su Tua konto

accredit akrediti

accumulate komoli Snow accumulated in the fields. Nivo komoli il kampoy.

accurate eksakte, precise, akurate

accuse akuz-i "She accused him of stealing her car" -Xi akuzis hi pri klepto di xa auto.

accusative akuzativo Lom, -m or A. In Atlango -m suffix is optional, as subject-verb-object order is assumed when it is not present. Akuzativo ko infinitivo: Mi vida hundom korsi.

(Dative = Lon, -n , ka)

accustom kustum-ed-i, kustumaco = manyo

accustomed, be  kustum-i , habit-i, P: KU- "I am accustomed to sleeping late"
Mi (kustuma,habita,rutina) dormi tarde. Mi ku-dorma tarde.

acerbity (bitterness in taste) bitro, bitrezzo

ache -ALJO, alj-i, dolor-i "My head aches" - Mi kapodolora, mi kapalja

achieve (attain) ating-i, akfer-i, suksid-i, real-ed-i

achievement n. atingo, suksido, gvano, akferado

achoo! (sneeze) a-cu! a-xu!

acid acida

acknowledge agnosk-i (konfes-i)

acorn - gyando

acoustic akustika    

acquaint informi

acquaintance kuneso, kumpezzo,

acquainted kunesato, kump(on)o, kumpano, kumpeno

be acquainted with someone - kunes-i, kump-i ko.

acquire akfer-i "To achieve great things we must live as though we were never going to die." Po atingis grankosoy mu viveba kaze mu nem intenti (ve) mortis. (Marquis De Vauvenargues)

acquisition - akfero, akferado,(what you have acquired) This car is my latest acquisition. Ta auto esta ma lasisma akfero. 

acre xarpa

across (the other side of) trans(e), P: krose

act akt-i (tr./intr.),-o ,agero,-i, reakti,(+ AKT-i -use,take,act -xopakti -do shopping (xop-ing-i)

act (a role) aktor-i, rol-i, plud-i rolo,

act of Parliament Akto di Parliamento - statuto, lego

action aksyo, aktudo, akto, aktando

active akta, aktima, akteza, aktezza

activist - aktisto (one who express through action)

activity aktezzo, agero, agerezzo

actor aktoro,

actual aktuala (real) reala, real,

actually fate,verdikte, porvere,konfevere, prefe, reale

acute akyuta

adapt adapt-i (tr.); adapt-i se

add (join) ad-i, yunt-ed-i (tr.) yunt-i,(intr.)

add, append, join so as to cause an increase - adedoni

add (numbers) pluse, plus-i, plus-edi, sum-edi, ade-ed

addition adizzo, adedono,adeo, P: adendo

additional adizza, plusa, ekstra, ultre, ade-

address (on letter etc) adreso, to addres (to turn to someone) diri

addres book adresaryo

add-to (annex) aneks-i to join or add, esp. to something larger; attach (adedon-i)

(anekt-i- add (territory) by conquest or occupation)

adhere (stick close to, be attached, to be devoted) ader-i

adherent aderanto, simpatanto, fano

adjective adyektivo (alyuntivo)

adjoin to, (to attach) adedi, adensi, grenzi ko, kontokt-ens-i, bitokt-i 

adjust kanjust-(ed)-i, konform-ed-i, adapt-i, apt-ed-i

adjustable kanjustebla, kanjustabla

adjustment kanjustenso, aljustenso, adaptenso, adapt-edo

administer to, administr-i

admire admir-i, marvil-i pri, pro (intr)

admit (acknowledge) agnosk-i, admit -i, konfes-i

admonish admondi, skoldi

adolescence - adoleso,jovezzo, jovemo, yunemo

adolescent - adolesa, jova, jovo, (jovano -young man, joveno -young women)

adopt adopt-i

adore adores-i 

adjust kanjust-(ed)-i, konform-ed-i, adapt-i, apt-ed-i

adjustable kanjustebla, kanjustabla

adjustment kanjustenso, adjustenso, adaptenso, adapt-edo

administer to, administr-i

admire admir-i, marvil-i pri, pro (intr)

admit (acknowledge) agnosk-i, admit -i, konfes-i

admonish admondi, skoldi

adolescence - adoleso,jovezzo, jovemo, yunemo

adolescent - adolesa, jova, jovo, (jovano -young man, joveno -young women)

adopt adopt-i

adore adores-i (love intensely) am-ab-i; ( between sexes ) amor-ab-i. Ami intense: 

Hi simple adoresi le maryeno sesa.

adorn adorn-i, ornam-i, BE-klen-i

adult adulta, -o, matura

adultery adultero, -i

adulthood adultezzo, adultemo

advance avans-i (tr./intr.)

advantage - avantajo

adventure aventuro

adverb adverbo

adversary (enemy) adverzanto, adverz-ARo

adverse (antagonistic, opposing, harmful, hostile or unfavorable) adverza, kontra, desfavora
advertise reklam-i, anons-i

advice konsilo

advise konsil-i (algono ka algono) (konsil-don-i, take advice - konsulti = konsilprini,

aeroplane aeroplano,(ayroplano) avyadoro, avyo,

affable (friendly, pleasant, and easy to talk to.) afabla, pleseda 

affair afero; evento; koncerno

affirm afirm-i

affirmation afirmado, yeso

affirmative yesa, yeso

afford aford-i, pod-i, abli,

1.(be able to spare or give up;)

"I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"- Mi ne aforda spendis dua horoy ko ta persono. (Mi ne-s spendabla dua horoy ko ta persono.)

2.(have the financial means to do something or buy something;)  

"We can't afford to send our children to college"; "Can you afford this car?"

- Mu ne poda sendis mua enf(ent)oy ka kolegyo, Qi Tu aforda ta auto?

afraid, be  - efr-i, (-EFR-) afraid of darkness - sombr-efra, dark-efra "I am not afraid of a dog". Mi n-efra (pro) hundoy. Afraid, be (regret) regret-i (tr.) Regrete! Mi efra ke ne!
Africa Afriko
after (behind) pos, pose (posey, despre)
after (in time) pos, pose, postem (posem) desantem
afternoon -posnuno,posmeridyo, posmeridy-em-o, tardemo. (evening - swaro)
afterwards pose, posem, pli tardeAfrica Afriko

after (behind) pos, pose (posey, despre)

after (in time) pos, pose (posem) desantem

afternoon -posnuno,posmeridyo, posmeridy-em-o, tardemo. (evening - swaro)

afterwards pose, posem, pli tarde

again NUM, denuve,danuve, rinvolte, enkevolte (RIN-) Mi-s tey num. I am here again.

against kontre

age oldero, vivemo, qeranyo, (Qer-anya Tu-s? Mi-s … anya. Qer-oldera tu-s?, Qer tu-x anyoy?)

aggression atakimo, agreso (aggressive -agresima, agresabla)

agile (dexterous)- agila, facilmoba  

ago: back in time  PAS, bakem, antem, ten years a.: dyes anyoy pas (desprem, despos), antem dyes anyoy; not long a.: nelongem (pas),nelonga tempo pre naw; some time a.: poktem pas, pokte desprem. Pokta dyemoy pas. I oldemo, i faremo. Some time ago - un tempo pas, algem pas, poktem pas (recente, lastem),algem pre naw, antem = pre tem (after: pos, algem pos, posem, algem for, algem for)

agony agonio

agree (be in agreement, be of the same opinion) konkord-i (intr.) akord-i

agree (consent to something) konsent-i (intr.) O.K. - o.k. o-key, yes! bon, bone

agreeable -  pleseda, pyasebla (likeable)

agriculture agro, agro-kulto; agrokulturo

ah! ah!, heya! Ho! Ay! (sudden fear) hu!

aha! aha!

ahead - pr(e)en, for, foren, Ves for! Vam! (VAM-) For-end-es!

ahead of -pre de,(di) frontale de,(di) fore (de)

ahem - ehem, hm

ahoy! interj. ha-hoy! hey!

aid helpi, aydi, sukurs-i.

aide-de-camp (adjutant) aydanto

ail dolori, pengi

aiment doloro, dolenzo, aljo, pengo, morbo, -OZY-

aim (camera, gun, etc) apunt-i, direks-i (take aim at - apunt-i)

aim (purpose) skopo, eymo (intend -IR-, intent-i, iri) In what purpose? - Qeyme? Qa-skope? 

air aero, (ayro)

air-condition - aer-kondo, klimatifo, aer-kondizzo

air-hostess stevardeno

airport aeropurto, avyopurto, aerodromo

ajar abret(it)a, halabrita

alack Ha-las! Vanido!

alarm alarmo

alcove alkovo

alert alerto,-a (vigilant) vigila (watchful) vigil-ima, alert-i, vigil-i (alertedi,vigiledi)

alias (noun) pseudonaym(ad)o; aliyaso (adv.) otranayme, aliyanayme)

alien (stranger) stranja, aliy-ono, stranj-ono

alienation aliyezzo, aliy-ens-o, aliyon-edo

alike simila, sembla -EZZA, -ESKA, -ESKo, -EZZA

alive vivanta, vitala, vivya (vivyosa) be alive - vivi

alcohol alkoholo 

all  co, totyo, above all [adv.] pre co, sobre totyo [adv.] primaloke (primey) [adv] in all -totye, totyall, ca, (adj.), co (n.), cado, totyo, totyado, conoy (pron.) all the time [adv.] sinbreke [adv]

all of a sudden [adv.] somode, so, so-totye, totye soprine

with ALL one's heart [adv.] plentakore [adv] first of all [adv.] prime, not at all [adv.] ne, na-mode [adv.] totye ne  

All Saints' Day [n.] Fyesto di Conoy Santyonoy, Santyonarya Fyesto. 

allay (to reduce -fear, anger, etc.) kalmedi

allow (let) par! parm-i

allow (permit) parm-i, parmes min... Parme, po parmo

Allow me to introduce myself Par(mes),ke mi prezensos.(Qi mi prezensoda?) Mi prezens

allegedly konfedikte, prexunte, suspond(it)e 

allude alud-i

almond migdalo

almond tree migdalarbo

almond-eyed migdaloca

aloe N (plant) aloeso

almost preske, prokse, kaze, kanmakse   

alone - solta (lonely)

along (alongside) konfelonge, porlonge

along (at the side of) konfelonge; flanke; (together) kone; to go a. : konfevadi; come a.: Vyen ko mi; all a.: du le (dul) totya tempo; proksey le voyo, konfevoye; -side: (prep.) proksey; flanke di; vece di, bordero ka bordero. 

aloud laude

alphabet alfabeto, abecado

already ya

also  ti, (tie, ti-mode)kay(e) This also is a fruit. To-s ti frukto.

altar altoryo

alternate alterni, kamb-ens-i

alternative alternata, -o, alternado

alternatively alterne, otrakeze, kambe

although (even if - mesme zi) P:kfanke, maw, maw-grade, spite (despite ka)

always cem 

amateur amatero, -ATERo

amaze astunedi, konsterni

amazement astuno, konsterno

amble (an easy gait of a horse, a leisurely walk,) ambl-i

Amen [interj.] (Heb. - so be it!) Amen, Es(tes) te! Ke (to)-s te! [interj.] 

amend (formally change part of law or resolution) emend-i, modif-i, korekti, reformi

ambiguous ambiga

ambition ambizzo

ambitious ambizza,ambizzyosa, ambizz-i - to be ambitious 

ambush embusk-i, embusko

ammunition (a)munizzo

among inte, inter-

amount (quantity) - qantero, qero, ful-,handful of money - FUL-polmo, fulmano di moneytoy fulbrasoy di floroy, fulpokso di moneyto - poksoplento di moneytecoy, fulpolmo di sokradoy, fulmaro di amo, fulfuresto di problematoy.

amuse (himself) amuz-ens-i, jol-i

amuse (someone) amuz-i, divert-i, jol-ed-i 

amusement amuz(ment)o, diverto

analogue analoga

ancient antika

anchor ankro

and - e, ed, kay  -  You and I  - Mi e Tu,(There is a stronger form of: ”e” = kay (e ti, e tie (and also)) Instead of: Bele e ekselente - Bele ed ekselente or Bele kay ekselente. Tu KAY(e)lektoda KAY(e) promendi.

anecdote anegdoto

angel  anjelo

anger kolero, P:despito

angle (n.) angolo

angry irga, kolera, despita

angry, be irgi, koleri, despiti

animal - animalo, bestyo

animate (living) vivanta, animyosa

animate (to give life or energy to something) -anim-i, be-anim -i, pri-anim-i

animation animedo, kartuno  (animata filmo)

(make an animation for film) anim(um)-i (anim-atero)

ankle maleolo, kavilo

annex - aneks-i -add (territory) by conquest or occupation

anniversary: anyofyesto, yubilemo, dat-revyeno, dat-rin-vyeno

announce anons-i, proklami

annoy embaras-ed-i, aflikti (tr),iriti, veks-ed-i, frustr-ed-i, xagrin-ed-i, trub-ed-i, stres-i, stres-ed-i 

another (adj.) otra

answer (reply) respond-i, repl-i, An answer is a response to a question, problem, or need. Respondo po qesto, problemo, nezzeso, potribo.

answer (solution) soluto

ant formiko

antenna - antenno

anteroom anterumo

anthem (hymn) himno

anticipate antisip-i

anus - anuso

anxious about,be sinkalm(ens)i pro, stresi pri, xagrini pro, trub-i

any (at all) - alga

anybody - algono, qalgono

anything (something) algo

anywhere - algey, alga-loke

apart aparta , dis-a

apartment apartamento, lojeyo.

apathy apatyo

apologise espresi, espri regreto; (regret-i) Ma regreto! 

app n (software) apo, aplikado, programo

apparatus aparADORO -ADORO (desofte portebla)- televidadoro, TVadoro. TVijo

apparently  - semble

appeal apil-i (it appeals to me - To apila ka mi (min) 

appear aper-i

appear(look) aspekt-i qe

appear(seem) sembl-i

appearanse (appearing) apero 

appearanse (aspect) aspekto

appetite apetido  Bon apetido!

applaud aplaud-o, -i

apple pomo

application n (software) apliko, apo, aplikado, aplado, programo

apply (put theoretical knowledge to practice, e.g. method, rule, law) apli, -APL-  

apply (put on) aplik-i, apl-i, utili, unt-i

appreciate, appraise taks-i,(be-taks-i) aprex-i 

approach kanproks-i, kanv-i

approve aprov-i

approval aprovo

approximate (adj.) cirka , pliprokse

approximately cirke

apt (n) (aptitude) apto, talento, inklino

apt (v) apt-i, abl-i

aquarelle - akfarello

arcade - ark-ad-o

ardent arda, ard-i (glow -skint-i)

April aprilo

area areyo

argue (give reasons) argum-i (intr.)

argue (quarrel) dispyut-i

argh! ay!, ah!

arid arida , sekn-um-a, sinakfa

aridity aridezzo

arise  lev-i (intr.) skal-i, skalENDi, skalvi

arm (of body) braso

arm (weapon) armo, armaryo 

armour kiraso, panzoro 

armpit akselo

army - armeo

around cirkonde, ci(-)ronde (prep.), -i (ci-)(adv.) ronde, cirke, cirkey 

arrange (make preparations for) arang-i

arrange (put into order) orded-i, ordesm-i

arrest  arest-i (arest-ed-i)

arrival arivo, kanvyeno, (time: arivemo - desarivemo)

arrive  arivi, kanvyeni (antonyms: desarivi,departi)

arrogate (presume to) arog-i (esti aroga, aroganta)

arrow fleco

arse pugo

arsehole N (anatomy) anuso, pugotruvo; (person) fekalono, kanaylo

art arto  Qom tu pensa pri moderna arto?

artery artero P: arterino

article artiklo, artikleto, artiklivo "le" 

article (newspaper) - artikolo

artificial - artifika, artifikall, artefr(ed)ita

artificial insemination N artefrita fertiledo, artefrita impregnando

artificial pacemaker N (medical device) korstimulijo, artefrita pulsadoro,peysmeykero, (mobijo)

Asia Azyo

as a matter of fact (adv.) fate

as ... as  te ... qe (e.g., te facila qe Atlango)

as (being) qe, qezze (e.g., as an expert she knows = qezze spertisto xi kuna , kaze

mi qezze prezidento eleksis hi pore sekretaro

as (in comparison) qe (e.g., gran (mega) qe balino)

as (in the manner) qe (e.g., as you wish = qe tu deza, dezira)

as if, as though,as it were - kaze, semble

as soon as  te kortem qe (do), te proksem qe (do), te kortem qe (do),

ascend  skalensi,skal-end-i, sobr-end-i, kanmont-i (in direction on the top),skalv-i,skalpasi

ascertain (a fact) konstat-i, syertens-i pri, be-syerti pri, ke,

ash cindro

ashamed, be honti, pudor-i, hontyosa, hontima pudoryosa, pudorima

asphalt asfalto

ask (question) qest-i

ask for demandi, postol-i,rekfes-i, fodr-i, preg-i,(altedo di salayro, sweldo) plis-i

asleep dormanta, somn-i (dorm-et-i)

asleep, fall vam-dorm-i, dorm-is

aspire aspir-i, strev-i ka (aste)

asphault asfalto, bitumino

assassinate asas-i

assault asolt-i, atak-i,  They assaulted a policeman. Lu asoltis le polisano. Man

jailed for assault on police officer. Viro prijita pro asolto kontre polis-

ofisyaro.

assert (state as a fact) asert-i, insisti pri

assess impost-i (pagi imposto)

assiduous laborima, diligenta

assortment asorto, asort-i (klasifiki)

assume (take a task upon oneself) asum-i (sem kargi pe), prini su se

assumption  teso, suspondo

assure asekur-i, syert-ed-i

astonish (astound) astunedi, estup-ed-i, konstern-i

astonished, to be - astun-i, estup-i, konstern-ens-i

astonishing astuneda, estupeda (kapturna)

astonishment astuno, estupo,(kapturno) konsterno

astronaut -astronauto

asylum azilo

at (the price of) po , por-

at least  kanminye, kanmoltasme

at most kanmakse, kanmoltisme

at (beside, closely associated with,) - xe, proksey, (in neighbourhood - i veceyo, vece) (In French: chez) 

at first - prime, primem

at last - fine, finfine, laste

at once - xe volte, devolte, davolte

at the same time - selmem, i selma tempo, selmatempe, intertempe

at times voltem, from time to time - xlem

Atlantic Atlantiko

atmosphere atmosfero, atmo, ambyento

attach ataxi, adligi, al-edi

attachment N (in e-mail) ataxo, konsendado, adado

attack atak-i, -o

attain ating-i, akfer-i

attempt (endeavour) fors-i, hardeforsi

attempt (try out) prub-i, -o (-UB-) try to go - vadUBi

attend (be at) asist-i (asistanto) , xest-i (xe-esti)

attention to, pay -atenzz-i (tr.), semgard-i

attestation  atesto

attract atrakt-i

atractive -atrakta, atraktabla, atraktanta

audacity audaso, sinhonto

August agosto

aunt onkleno

autochthonous autoktono, teynaskono

automatic automate, automatike

author autoro

authority [the right/power to command] autorit-ezzo 

          Pro sa kompetento hi-x grana autoritezzo sobre sa kolegoy.

autumn autuno

auxiliary auksila, helpa, ayda, suporta    Atlango esta le lango (lingvo) auksila.

available disporebla, hasebla

avaricious avarenta, grida  

avenue avenido, aleyo

average -(normal, typical) avraja, medya, medyokra,plegrada, plea, plesma 

averse averz-i (strongly disinclined, unwilling)  Are you averse to flying? Qi tu averza kontre flugo?

aviate avium-i

aviation avio, aviazo, aviando

aviational avia, ( aviala, aviall )

aviator aviatero

avoid evit-i, ( OM- ) om-v-i, om-veh-i, omkontakti - to avoid a contact 

awake - (trans/intr) veki 

awakening veko, vekenso

away - far, fare, faren! Les ko to! Apages! Farvades!

award - avordo, premyo

awesome adv(excellent)bonabe, brile; granyosa, imponda, impondeda, temoreda

axis akso (polar axis - polusa akso)

azure azuro 

B

babble -babil-i

baby - bebo, karinyo (kar+iny+o)

bachelor - bacelo, soltono, soltaro

back (adv.) retr(o, e)-, bake, retren, ren, baken! In time: (ago)algem pas, bakem, retrem, rentempe.

back (of body, hand, book, etc) dorso, bako (pugo = bakado)                          backbone (spine) spayno (comput.: cefneto )

backdoor: bak-pordo

background ba(ka)grundo,fondo, bakfondo, despreo

bacterium baktero

bad mal(a)

bag sakfo      

baguette (bread) bastonpanyo, bagveto

bah! interj (impatient rejection or contempt) ba!, (stronger) baf!

bake bakf-i

bakery bakf-ery-o

balance blanso, ekilibro,

balance blans-i,vakl-i

balcony balkongo

bald kalva

balderdash sin-senza paplando; galimatyaso.

ball: (noun) (globe) bolo, sfero; globo; (solid, as for billiards, croquet, etc.) bolo; (filled with air, as for tennis, for aviation) bolo, balong(et)o; (bullet) kuglo; (of thread) peloto; (solid pellet) bol-eto; tennis b.: tenis-bol-eto; b. play : bol-, bol-pludo; snowb.: niv-bulo ; cannon b.: kugl-abo; kanonga kuglo. 

masked b.: masko-balo; fancy dressed b.: trawvesta-balo; b.room : bal-chambro; balzalo, dans-eyo.

ball (dancing) balo, dansingo

ballet baleto

balloon - balongo

ball-point pen   boloplumo

balls n (slang for testicles, also metaphor for courage) koyongoy

balsam: (tree) balsamino; (fragrant resin used in ointment) balsamo; pectoral b.: pektorala balsamo; -ic: balsam-ala.

banal: banala, trivya, tivyala, vulgar(ac)a.

banana banango, platango

band (music) bendo, muzikistaryo, muzikararyo, orkesto

band (tape,strip, stripe) rubango,banderolo,strio,teypo 

bandage bindo, bind-i

bandit bandido, bandidano

bank (finansial) banko

bank (of a river) rivo, strando 

bankrupt bankrupt-i

banner (comput.: banero)

banquet - bankfeto, bankfet-i, (fyesto, fyest-i) manjofyesto

bar (for drinking) drinkeyo - baro

bar (the way) barik-i

barbarian -barbar-on-o,(barb-aro)

barbarity barbarado

barely, hardly - konpenge, harde 

(Esperanto: La malriĉuloj apenaŭ havas sufiĉan manĝaĵon. English: The poor barely have enough food. Atlango: Le desrikay (povronoy) hardehasa baster fudo.

barge (boat) barjo

baricade - barikado - barik-i

bark to,ladr-i,hund-eklang-i, hauk-hauk!, vov-vov! 

bark (on the tree) kortiko

barman - barmaid - baristo, baristeno, tapisto

baron barong-ano

barrel (cask) barelo; (keg) barel-eto; (of machines) cilindro;  to sell by the b.: seldi per-barel-e; to draw off from the b.: cerpi del barelo; b. for wine: vin-barelo; b. of wine: barelo di vino.

barrel barelo 

base (n.) bazo

base (support one thing with another) apog-i, suport-i

basement basmento, susolo, apogado

basin basino, pelvo, baseyo

basket - korbo

bath (n.) balno

bath(e) take a bath - baln-i

bathroom balno-cambro, balnozalo, balnorumo

battalion batalyongo, batalonaryo

battery (elec., milit.) batero, baterio, P: bateroyo, pilo

battle batalo, fayto

bay (of sea) bukto 

bazaar: bazareyo.

be est-i (-s) I am - mi esta = mi-s, You are - Tu esta, Tu-s, Is it…? - Qi-s? Qi to-s…?

be (well, ill, etc) stand-i (bon-, mal-) syent-ens-i, syens-i

be able   abli -abl-, podi, -od- 

be behind posresti, desfrontali 

be curious (at the moment) kun-ez-i, esti kuneza (personality trait) esti kunezima; I'm

curious who he is.  Mi kuneza, qono hi-s.

be promiscuous - promiskfa, ofte kambi sekskononoy (o partaroy)

beach plajo

bead (to make necklaces -perlinaryo) perlino, (rosary - rozokruno, rozokolyo)

beam luminoradyo, radyo, luminrayo, rayo, strio

bean fabo, faseolo

bear (support) port-i, suport-i

bear -urso

bear toleri

beard barbo

beat (defeat) venki

beat (hit, strike, lash, smack) batr-i,-ando beating, disebatri, pisti smash, inbatri

drive in, inbatri klovo kil muro,(kinmure.) konbatri - beat together, rebatri (rinbatri)- 

strike back, interbatrando fight (fayto) frap-i, kolp-i (pyedobatri), vam-i

beat out disebatri, pisti

beatified beata, blestita

beautiful bela, byuta (belaspekta) lavla

beauty belezzo, byuto (belaspekto)

beautify byut-ed-i, P: kosme-i (bel-ed-i)

because - bo,(because of) (oldatlange: nam), pro, pro to ke, tew ke (strong forms)

because of - pro, kewse di, bo-kewse, pro ke. ”Pro” montra kewso ed eymo e motivo kay kanvokoy di alga potenzo. Ti pagado. Eksemploy: Mi skrida pro ha naivezzo. Pro co akseptes ma korisma danko. Prol Syeloy! (Ho Syeloy!) Qer tu demanda pro ta desnuva auto?

become - ens-i, Ens! frENSi, estis, konverti. Do not be - Nestes, Nens! Ne frens!

bed (for sleep) sengo

bed (of coal, petrolyo) -yasimento

bedroom dormo-cambro, dormo-rumo , dormeyo

bee abelo, abelaryo - abelswarmo

beer biro

beet betravo, burako

before (in front of) frontale di, fore, (prep) pre (prey) ante

before (previous to) pre (prep.) , pre ke (conj.), (in time - pre-em = prem or antem),(in place - prey) Pren! For(en)!- Forward!  prime, unesme

beg (beseech) preg-i, granpreg-i (pray (communicate with God) - pregv-i)

beggar mendikanto, almospreganto, almosono

begin kom-i (tr./intr.) vam-i,(tr./intr.), kom-ens-i,(intr.) starti, fr-ens-i, beginning - kom-ens-o, komo di , starto, vamo

behave kondut-i

behaviour konduto 

behind pos, posey, despre, bake, ekste, ekster-, retre(y) 

belief kredo Someone’s personal religious beliefs don’t justify breaking the law.”

 Algia religiala kredoy personall ne jasteda rompo (vyolento) di lego.

believe kred-i  ”If you believe something, you think it’s true.” Zi tu kreda algo, tu pensa ke to(-s) vera.

bell klosho

belong part-i, fri se parteco di, (to-s di mi - It belongs to me) It belongs to you - To parta ka Tu. You don’t belong here — get out. Tu ne (kan)parta tey - farves!

below sube

belt belto

bench benko

bend fleksi, benti, kurbedi

bent (curved) benta,-edita kurba 

berry bero, (wineberry - vinbero)

benevolence bonvolo, bondezo, bonkorezzo

beside - proksey (at xe)

besides (prep.) ekstra, ultra, ultre to, pluse di to

best makse bona, - le pli bona, besta, bonisma, optimala (I do my best - mi fra ma besta. Mi-r ma besta

bestseller - furorbuko, bestaselero, bestaseldado

bet vet-i

betake oneself (go to) vad-i, v-i, -end-i

betray trah-i, denuns-i

better pli bon(a), betra, v. betri, plibonedi

between inte, inter-

beverage - bevrado, drinkado

bewitch heks-i, magium-i, magi-ed-i

beyond (on the other side of) trans, transe, ultre

Bible Biblo

bicycle bisiklo, "bike" - bayko

bifurcate voyfurki, disfurko, diseyo

big biga, gran(a) (huge -mega -granaba) (-AB-)

Big Bang BigBango, Prim-esploso

bill (invoice) faturo, invoco, bilyo

bind (to fasten or be fastened with string, thread) - lig-i

bind up - bind-i, ci-band-i(a wound) (encircle with a band)

bird foglo, ornito

birth (being born) nasko

birthday naskodyemo, naskemo

biscuit biskfido

bishop episkopo

bit(piece) peculo, elemento, partikulo -IKULO, (very little piece of) pecikulo

bite mord-i, -o,  mordi sa lingo. I will bite you! - Mi mordos tu!

bitter bitra

bitumen bitumino

black nigra

blackmail cantago, cantag-i, haras-i

blade klingo

blame (condemn) blam-i, -o, kondamn-i, kulp-i, kulp-ed-i

blame (fault) kulpo

blaspheme (swear) blasfam-i, blaso

bless blesti, benedikti,  Bless my soul! - (Blestes) Bles´ ma spirito (almo)!

blind (sightless) blinda, -o, (to make blind - blind-ed-i)

blink (with light) blinki, skinti, Blink!Blink! (briefly shut the eyes = blink-i, ocum-i
block (material) bloko

block (material) bloko

blond blonda

blood sango (to bleed - sang-IF-i)

blot (n.) fleko, klekso

blot (v.) betax-i, prikleks-i, beflek-i, fuyflek-i algono

blow (be windy) vyent-i (intr.)

blow, blow upon  blov-i, bris-i (breeze - briso)

blue blua, azura

board (plank) planko (floor of a room -swelo)

board taulo,(blackboard) - nigra taulo

board (deck) (of ship, airplane, auto, bisiklo) - bordo, Go aboard - (sur)bord-i 

boast (brag) fanfar-on-i, praud-i pro

boat batelo

body korporo, bodo (chief part) chefa parteco, korpeco

bogeyman beboko, An imaginary monster used to frighten children. Depensita monstro po efredi enfoy. monstro, bogyo (anything that haunts, frightens, or harasses.)

boil kokt-i (intr./tr.)

boiled eggs - ovuloy koktita, kokt-ovuloy

boiling - koktanta

bomb bombo

bombe to, bomb-i

bone osto

bonfire festofayro, bonfayro

bonus bonuso

boogeyman beboko

book libro, buko

bookshop libreryo, bukeryo

bookstore bukstoro

bore (weary) (intr./tr.) buri, buredi, molest-i 

boredom - buro, burezzo, burudo

border to, border-i, enj-ed-i, enj-i

border bordero, enjo

boring bura, buryosa, bureda

born, be nask-i (to born a child - naskedi enfo)

borrow prunt-i

borscht (borsch) beet soup - borxco

bosom sinuo (sul sinuo dil familio)

botch fusk-i (tr.)

both amba, ambe, amball

bother embaras-i(tr.), veks-i, frustr-i, trub-i

bottle (n.) botelo

bottom (backside) bako

bottom (lowest (of several levels)) dolo, infra

bottom (lowest part, e.g., of a vase or well) fundo

bottom (underside of an object) subo, subado

boulder roko

boundary (of a state) grenzo, enjo (statogrenzo, stat-enjo) 

National boundaries are becoming increasingly meaningless in the global economy.

Nasya grenzoy ensa pli e (kay) pli (pliplisme) desimporta il globala ekonomyo. (pla e

pla

importa, plaplasme)

bow (bend) fleks-i, -o

bowl bovlo, pelvo

box (container, holder) bokso, -UYO, kontyenijo, kapso, doso, porte- (porte-oleo, porte-cindro (cindruyo), porte-monyeto. 

boxing - boksingo

boy - garso, hiko, jovano, (girl -xiko, joveno)

boy friend - amyano (gars-amyo)

brain cerbo

brainstorming cerbumo (to brainstorm -cerbumi)

brake freno,-i, haltijo, haltedi

bran  brano, farin-ext-o

branch branko (on a tree)

branch (of industry) (branxo), branco, branch of company - filyalo,kompanyeco,faho

branchia (gill of fish) - brankyo, gilo

bracelet braseleto,  brasringo

bracket n (punctuation) parenteso, braceto

brass (copper-zinc alloy) mesingo, bronzo

brave brava, koraja

bread pauno

break pauso

break rompi, breki, Brek! Kfit! Stop! Halt! -EK-i  Diktek(es)!

breakfast (n.) brekfesto, matin-ejo

breast brusto , (of woman) mamelo, nipple mamio)

breathe respig-i, spig-i (tr./intr.) hals-i (take a sigh -sospigi, yearn,long for -longv-i po, ka, nostalg-i) 

brick briko

bridge ponso

bridle brido

briefcase porta-folyo, P: teko

bright klara, brilanta, brila

bring -(kan-, ad(e)-)port-i, bringi, tragi, vyenedi, feci

       Can you bring me something to drink again?

                 Qi Tu portoda ka mi (min) algo po drinki num?

bring forth produkt-i, forbring-i, est-ed-i

bring up eduk-i

broad larga

broadcast emisi, audedi, transmisi, cen-audedi, cen-voc-i 

broccoli n (Brassica oleracea italica) brokolo

bronchial tube - bronko

broom - skobijo

brother or sister - hermo

brother - frato, hermano (religion - fratro)

brother in low - xofrato, xograno (brather or sister in low = xogro)

brow brovo

brown bruna

browse brausi, browse the net - netum-i 

browser brausijo, folyedijo, (re)xerk-adoro 

brush (verb) (as hair) brosi; (in painting) penzeli; (graze) froli; (sweep) skob-et-i; b. away: (tears) freg-i, sekn-ed-i; b. up: (languages, etc.) ri-studi.

brush: (noun) brosijo (the act) bros(and)o;  (artist’s, painter’s b.) braxo, penzelo, pentrijo; toothb.: dyento-bros-ijo; clothes b.: kleno-bros-ijo; stroke of the b.: broso; penzel-stroko; (b. for shaving) barbo-penzelo.

brush (for brushing) broso, brosijo

brush (v.) bros-i, brax-i

bubble boblo, bobleto

buckle buklo, bukl-i (belto)

bud (of flower/leaf) borgo, borg-i

budget bujeto, (budjeto)

bug n (computer) eraro, cimo, bugo

build (kon)strukt-i, bild-i

building bildado, konstruktado

bulb (elecric) elektra ampolo

bull tauro

bullet kuglo, projektilo

bulletproff vest  pare-kuglo, pare-kugla vesto 

bulletin buletino

bump bamp-i (batr-et-i) bam!

bunch (bundle) bunco

bungle fusk-i

bureau byuro, kontoro

bureaucrat byurokrato

burn bren-i (tr./intr.) kreum-i (intr.), kreum-ed-i (tr)

burst krev-i, esplos-i, erupt-i

burst (start or a sudden display or increase of effort or action) vam-i, vam-

to burst into tears - vami(s) (ka) lakroy, vam(es) ka laboro! Burst of laughter -Vamo di skrido. A burst of applause - Vamo di aplaudo, (vamis aplaudi) a burst of activity -vamo di aktezzo 

bury grab-i, sepolt-i, intomb-ed-i, enterd-i

bus autobuso, buso

bush arbusto, buxo

business (commerce) komerso, bizneso

business (firm) firmo

businessman biznesisto, komersisto

busy buza, okupata (to be busy with-buz-i ko, pe) I ́am busy with books - Mi buza ko (pe) bukoy. 

but - me

butter butero

butterfly papilio

button butongo

buy kompr-i 

buzz (hum) zumbi

by all means totya-mode, ca-moyende (ca-moye) by means of - pe, (per-) vya, a

He pulled him by the ears. Hi pultis hi al oreloy. She picked up the suitcase by the handle. Xi levis le valiso al (a le) tyenijo.

by (done by) pe(r-), fredita pe, verkita pe,(indicating agent after passive verb) le parenzoy esta amata (amatas) pe sa enfoy: the parents are loved by their children; sendita pe (da) Dio: sent by God; le murdo di Cesar pe Brutus: the murder of Caesar by Brutus;

(authorship ) dramoy pe Shakespeare: dramas by Shakespeare; Pe qono lo-s ta buko? By whom is that book?

by heart - perkore

by (near) xe, prokse, (proksey) om-, flanke- (in neighbourhood - i veco, vece)
ompas-i (also: pas, pasem = ago)  paskorsi

ompas-i (also: pas, pasem = ago) (pasevadi) paskorsi

by way of, via - vya, pere di 


C

cabaret kabareo

cabbage kaulo

cab, cabin - cabino,(horsedrawn) fyakro, (taxi) taksino

cable kablo

cage kajo, kavyo, prijuyo

cake keko, kekso

calculate kalkol-i

calendar kalendaryo, almanako

calf kalfo

call (ask to come) kanvok-i, astevoki

telephone call - telefonado, telefona par(o)lo (tele(fon)parlo), telefonumo

calm kalma, kalm-i (to be calm)

camera kamero

camp kampo, kamparyo

can (be able) - podi (-od-i), kapabli, -abli, kunodi (kuni + pODi)

can (tin) bokseto metall, kango, doso,-uyo (mess-tin - gamelo) cancer kancero

candle -kandelo

candy -kandyo, bonbo, sokrado, dulcado

cannon - kanongo

canoe kanoyo (kanoo)

cansel kanseli, zeredi

canton kantongo

canvas kanovaso

capable kapabla, abla,  The company isn't capable of handling an order that large. Le kompanyo ne-s kapabla mestris un ordeso te larga.

capacious kapaksa

capcise (of a boat) be overturned in the water. - kapcisi

cape kabyo, promontoro, landenjo

capitulate kapitol-i

caprice kaprico

captain kapitano

captain-woman kapiteno

car auto, carto, auto-mobilyo

carbine karabino

cardboard kartongo

care about sorgi pri

care for (nurse) nursi, ker-i

care of, take sorgi pri, keri

care (attention) atenzzo, sorgo, kero

care (concern) koncern-i

care (protection) protekto (medically treat - kuro )

care (take c. of by physical acts) sorgi (algono, algo); (for the sick, infants) nursi, (be concerned, anxious about) keri (algono, algo); (to feel interest) atenzzi , intresi pri, take c.: Ker! Atenzzes! Voluntes reflekti, has sorgo pri; I do not c.: mi ne kera, pyasa, ama; deza, dezera.

care: (noun) sorgo; nurs(and)o; kero; (attention) sorgo, atenzzo; (guardian-ship) 

respons-ezzo, gardo; careful: semgardima, ker-ima, atenzz-ima; prudenta; diligenta.

career: karyero (course of life) vivo, vivduro; (trade, profession) karyero.

carefree (happy-go-lucky, worry-free) fri-sorga, sinsorga, facilanima, sin(pri)pensa

careless: ne-ker-ima, ne-sorg-ima, neglekt-anta, -ima; sin-kera, deskera, act of c.ness: ne-ker-ado, neglektado

caress kares-i (each other) bikares-i

carpentery karpento

carpenter karpentisto

carpet tapixo

carriage (railway) vagno, (horse-drawn cart - karozzo, carto)

carrot karoto

carry port-i, by a vehicle - cart-i,veh-i, veh-ed-i, cart, karozzo, vagno, carto

carry on (continual) continue, dur-i, kontini, procesi

frequent, frekfenza (-EMi- from time to time) repeated action or process: vizitEMi.

cart karto, pruvokarto, legitimkarto, bankokarto

carton kartongo

cartoon kartuno

cartridge patruno, P:kartrido

cascade kaskado

case (container) bokso, kesto, kofro, (suffix) -uyo, porte-

case (instanse) kezo (po qalga, ca kezo)

cash (coin) moneyteco, groxo

cash (money) kaxo, moneyto

casino kasino

cassette kaseto

castle kastelo 

castling aroko (chess - xako)

cat gato

catacomb katakumbo

catapult katapulto -i, lans-i (lansi rakyeto)

catastrophe katastrofo

catch (capture) kapt-i

category kategoryo

Catholic katoliko

cattle bruto

cause (of an event) kewso , qewo

cause (v.) efekted-i, kews-i, -edi, produkti

cautious kauta, kautyosa, presorgima,semgardima, atenzzima, prudenta, Kaute!

cavalier kavelyoro  (ne: kavelaro)

cave kavo

CD. disko

CD-ROM CD-ROMo (sidi-romo) (codo-romo) (cede-romo)

cease brek-i,(-ek-)  kfit-i

cede ced-i Much of the territory along the border was ceded to the United States.

Molto dil terdoryo konfelonge le grenzo ceditas kal Unensinta Statoy. (USo)

ceiling plafondo

celebrate celebr-i, fyest-i

celery selerino

celestial syela (be-syel-a) syelesta

cell celo (cell phone - celfono, mobilo)

cellar basmento, kelo

cellular cela, celarya, celplenta

cemetery  cementerdo, tombeyo, tombaryo

cent cendo

centre centro

century centuro,centanyo, centemo

certain (a certain) alga, un, una, syertuna -certain of somebody, something.

(particular people or things in a group)

There are certain things I just can't talk to my mother about.

Lo-s syertuna kosoy qam simple mi ne poda dikti (ne diktoda) ma matron.

certain (sure) syerta, (to be c. -syert-i) certainly (for sure) syerte

certifikate  syertifik-i, syertifikado

chagrin (sorrow mixed with anger) (tr.,intr.)be out of humor (be vexed) (intr.)

P: despiti; (grieve, suffer mentally) (intr.) xagrin-i,(vex) veks-i, griv- i pri.

chain kadengo, cengo

chair sijo, sidijo, sidelo

chairlift sidel(o)lifto

challenge: (defy) def-i; (milit.) klami “qono va?!”  

challenge: (n.)  calenjo, defo, defado, defedo

challenge-cup: calenjo, trofeo-kaliko, pokalo

challenger: def-anto, calenjanto

chamber cambro, rumo

chamberlain cambelano, cambrano

champion campono

cancel (nullify) noledi, zeredi, elimini, breki, -EK-, kfiti 

change kambi(tr.)

change (in amount) varyedi (tr./intr.),-o 

chanse canso, evento, fortuno

chanse (unknown element) hazardo, risko 

chaos kaoso

chaotic kaosa, kaotika (When things are messy, crazy, and all over the place) pell-mell - pelo-melo, harum-skarum 

chap  hombre, homono, ono, ano, eno

chaperon dueno, akompeno, kumpeno, caperono 

chapter (of a book)  kapitelo 

character (quality) karaktezzo (-EZZO)

charge kargi

be in ch. of - estri, mestri

charm xarm-i, (grasyo)

chart, diagram

charter cartero

chase yakt-i, -o

chat - cato, cat-i, chat room cateyo, cat-rumo

cheap - xipa, deskara, baspraza, doltepraza

cheat (swindle) fraud-i, frip-i (!) frip-on-o , fraudono -swindler

check (test) kontrol-i, -o, test-i, cekf-i

check in - cekfin-i, incekf-i

check (bank's) ceko

cheek - vango

cheep pep-i

cheese - cizo, keso

chemise kamiso

cheque ceko

cherry - ceriso

chess xako

chest torako, busto

chew (masticate) mastiki

chicken galo, kokito (chicken meat in general) kokejo,(meat of young chicken) kokitado, kokit-ej-o

chickpea garbanzo, cizzoro

chief xefo, -a , xefano, xefeno,

chief (main) prinsipa, cefa, cef-, primgrava

child - enfento, enfo,  (also: filo e dotro)

child (less than 7 years old - bambo, (enfento, enfo) 

 and from 7 to 13 years old, - puelo 

little boy - garseto, enfano, little girl -xiketo, enfeno

childhood - enf(ent)emo

childlike enf(ent)ima, enfezza

chimney cimno

chin mentongo

China Xino, Xinio, ( Cinio ) 

Chinese Xinono, Cinono

chip cipo, peculo

chips (fries) cipsoy

chirp cirp-i (insects, birds) fogl-eklang-o, insekt-eklang-o 

chocolate - coklado, coklo

choice (n.) opto, elekso, alternative - alternato, alternado

choose eleks-i, seleks-i

chop hak-i

chop-sticks - qayzo, haxio

church (building) kirko, pregveyo

Church Eklesyo, also: Kirko

cigar cigareo

cigarette cigareto

cinema kino, kineyo

cinical cinika, cinikall

cipher (code) xifro (sekreta xifro, xifr-ed-i mes(aj)o) 

circle cirkolo

circular(round) ronda , cirkolarr, ciforma

circulate cirkol-i, ci-mob-i, cirk-ob-i, ci-korsi 

circumstanse ci(rke)stanso, konsito , rondostanso 

circus cirko, cirkuso

city, town cito, urbo,

citizen civitono,urbono, statono

civil civilo (civitono ne militista) 

civilisation civiliso, civilisuro

civilise becivilisi

claim (assert) asert-i, Some people claim 'it's just a joke'. Certa homoy aserta, ke to-s solme joko.

claim (lay claim to) pretenz-i

clandestine kland(estin)a, sekreta, kripta

clap klap-i, klak-i

clarify - klar-ed-i

class (all senses) klaso

classroom klaseyo

clay argilo

clean pura, pur-ed-i

clear (adj.)klara (evident) evidenta

clench klenc-i, konpres-i

clever habila, kapabla

click klik-i (mauskliki-(maus-i)- to click with a mouse,

(move or strike with a noise - mobi o frapi ko bruso)

He clicked on the light. P: Hi klikis po lumino. (lukso)

client kliento

climb klimb-i, mont-i, eskalt-i (intr.) (by stairs, by ladder)

clip tond-i, klip-i

clique kligo

clock kloko (watch)

clod (lump) bulo (bulo di kara metalo) lumpo

clone kloni

close to prokse, xe

close (nearby) proksa

close (v.) (shut) klos-i ( klefi - klosi pe klefo)

clasp klaspo,agrafo(hook - hoko)(for fastening things together)klaspi,agrafi,hoki

cloth (piece of) tuko

cloth (woven fabric) stofo

clothes kleno, klenoy

take off clothes - klenLENSi, negl-i, nakt-ed-i, kfit(es) le klenoy. Lens le klenoy.

cloud klaudo, gran klaudo - nebuloso

clown klauno

club (society) klubo

club klabo,bastongo

clue kluo, indiso

cluster klustero, amaso, komolo, komolado

coal karbo, karbiumo

coalition koalizzo, koalizz-i

coast (shore) rivo, markusto, strando, rivo  (riveyo) (sea or river) 

coat (covering) kovrado

coat (overcoat) mantelo,surtuto, kapoto - overcoat, storm or heavy coat

coat rack porte-mantelo

cockroach kakrauco, blato

cocktail kokteylo

code kodo, kod-i

coffee kafo

coffer kofro

coffin kofino, cerko (fino il kofino)

cohort kohordo, hordo

coin moneytulo, (moneyt-ul-o) moneto, monulo

coincide koinsid-i

cold (adj.) kolda, molte kolda = friga 

collar krago

colleague kolego

collect koleks-i

collection kolekso, koleksuro

collective kolekso, koleksumo, konkolekso

collide kolid-i

colloquial par(o)la

collusion koluzo Journalists suspected that the army was acting in collusion with the terrorists.

Jornalistoy suspekti ke-l armeo koluzi (ageri i koluzo) ko-l teroristoy.

colonel kolonelo

colony kolonio

colonize koloniy-al-ed-i, koloniy-um-i (koloniy-al-ist-o) - kolon(iy)isto

colossal kolosa, kolosall, mega, granaba

colour koloro, farbo, -ed-i, be-kolor-i, -ofarba, -okolora

column kolumno

comb - kumb-i (pe kumbijo)

comb - (on animals) kresto, pektino

combine komb-i, kombini

come vyen-i, ariv-i, kanvyen-i back revyeni, ri-vyen-i, Vyen!,Do vames! Vam!

comedy - komedyo

comfort (n.) komforto komforteblo 

comfortable komfortebla

comic (adj.) komika; komedyall

comma kommo

command imper-i, komund-i, ordes-i 

comment on koment-i (tr.) komento

commerce komerso

commission komisyo (commissar - komisyaro, komisyono)

common (belonging to several) komuna, kona

"What we have in common is that we are all different from each other."
Atlango:"To,qom mu-x
komune,to-s ke mu conoy difra unoy dal otray." (un-dal-otra)

Esperanto: "Tio,kion ni havas kone,estas ke ni c^iuj estas diferencaj unuj de la aliaj."

In Fransa:"Ce que nous avons en commun est que nous sommes tous différents l'un de l'autre".

common (ordinary) ordinala

commonly ordinale, norme, normale

communicate komunik-i

community konio, komunio (kolektivio)

communion santa komunyo

companion kumpo, kumpono, kumpano, kumpeno.

companion (business or military) kompanyono. (company - business or military)kompanyo 

compare kompig-i

compass - kompaso, busolo

compassion - konpato, konsyentimo, -um-i, konsyento,-i 

compel debedi

compete  kompetidi,(in sport: campi) konkorsi, kompetent-i , P: konkurent-i 

competition - kompetido, P: kompetizzo (in sport: campo, sportado, sportevento) konkorso, konkurento, kompetento,

compile kompili

complain klagi, grumbli

complaint klago

complete kompleta, -ed-i, ,integra, P: konplenta

complicate komplik-i

compose  kompos-i

composer komposaro, komposisto,

composition -komposo, komposido, komposado

computer - komputijo, komputero, komputadoro (kompo, datoro) A tablet computer, or simply TABLET, is a one-piece mobile computer. Taula komputero, o simple (Tauleto)

computer science komputiko, komput-arik-o

conceal -conceli

concept koncepto

concern (relate to) koncern-i, -o, -ala, rel (algo, algono)

concerning (about) pri, relate ka, rel (algo, algono)

conch konko

concise koncisa

conclude konkluzi

conclusion konkluzo

concrete (building material) betongo

condemn kondamni

condition (mentally and medically) syens-i, bonsyensi, malsyensi

  Qe tu (homo, bestyo-animalo) syensa?

condition (state) kondizzo, stando 

  Qe to (koso, situdo) standa?  

condition kondo Qekonde?

condolence - kondolenzo, express one ́s condolenzes to - kondolenz-i (ka) algono 

confess konfesi

confidence konfido

confide konfidi, trust-i

confirm konfirm-i, resyert-ed-i

confuse (in one's mind) konfus-i

confuse konfused-i

congeal konjel-i, firmid-ens-i, koagul-ens-i

congratulate gratul-i, kongratul-i

conjunction (in gramm. or astronomy) konyunkto

connect konekt-i

connection konekto, yuntedo (also: teleyuntedo, riveryunteyo)

connoisseur - kunesaro

conscience konsyenzzo

conscious, be c. of - konsyenzz-i

consciousness konsyenzzo

consent konsent-i, akord-i, Akordo!, Konsentite! Mi akorda. -I agree! 

consequence konsekfo, sekfo

consequent sekfa, konsekfe

consider konsider-i

consist konsist-i

consistency konsistezzo, konsistanso

console konzolo

conspire - konspig-i

conspiration - konspigo

constantly konstante, dure, duramode, sinbreke, permanente

constellation - konstelaryo

constitute (compose) konstitut-i

constitution konstituto

construct konstrukt-i, bild-i

construction konstrukto

constructive konstruktabla

consult konsult-i

consume (use up) konsum-i

contempt desestimid-i, estimidlesi, desaprex-i

contact (be in touch) kontakt-i (ko), -o

contain kontyen-i, inhas-i, inklos-i, -EX-

content(ed) kontenta

content(s) kontyenado, kontyeno, inhaso, inklosado, -EXO

continue dur-i (intr.)-ed-i P: kontini, procesi, long-em-i

continuous dura, duranta, kontina

contrary kontre, -ado

contribute kontribut-i

control (regulate) kontrol-i, regl-i, -o

conversation konverzo, toko, (inter)parolo, dyalogo

converse konverz-i, tok-i, dyalog-i, parol-i, interparoli, disputi, diskasi, diskursi 

conversion transformando, konverto

convince (tr.) konvin-i, perswad-i 

convincible konvinebla - konvinabla

convoy konvoyo -um-i

convulsion konvulso -i

canyon kanyongo

cook kokf-i, -isto (boil - kokt-i)

cookie biskfido, kekumo

cool (adj.) freska

cool (v.) fresked-i

cooperate kooperi,konoper-i, konakt-i

copper kupro

copulate kopulat-i, koyt-i, seksum-i, fak-i

copy (imitate) imit-i

copy (make a copy of) kopy-ed-i, (kopy(al)isto) 

copy (specimen) eksempl-ad-o, kopyo, kopyado

coquette koket-en-o, koket-um-i

coquetre koketumo

cordial totyakore

cord kordo (in instrument)

cork korko

corkscrew   korkoabrijo

corner (n.) kornero, angolo

corporation korpor(az)o

corpse kadavro, nekro

correct (right, proper) justa  (fair - jasta)

correct (without error) korekta, -ed-i

correspond (all senses) korespond-i

corrugated ruga, rugyosa

corrupt korupta, -i

cortege (procession) kortexo

cosmetic kosmeo,kosmetiko,byutado

cosmetology kosmetiko, kosmetologyo

cosmetitian kosmeisto, byutisto

cosmos kosmo

cost kost-i, -o

costume kostomo, (kleno) eleganta kostomo

cosy (cozy) euhema

cottage dometo (rurall) kotajo, daco

cotton kotongo

couch sofo, kanapo

cough tos-i,  tos!tos!

Count (Earl)Grafyo, Magnato, Baruno, Lordo

count (add up) kont-i, kalkol-i, nombr-i, komput-i, (tr.) diskonti

count on kalkoli su, konti su

count down  retrokont-i, dolnombr-i

country (land) lando

countryside ruro, kantro, kamparyo

couple parelo

coupon kupongo

courage bravo, bravezzo, kurajo

court (royal household) roydomo, royalo, kortego

court (of law) kurto, tribunalo, yureyo,

courteous: (in manners) kortesa; (in character) jentila; (amiable) aminda, amebla, afabila.

courtesy: (bow) korteso, reverenz-o (v.) -i; (manners) jentil-ezzo, -ado (act); (favour) favor-o amik-all.

courtesan kortegeno, kortegamyeno - amor-(seld-)ist-eno.

courtyard yardo, patyo, kortyo, (skol-yardo, ferm-yardo)

cousin kuzo, kuzino 

cover kovr-i, kovr-ijo, tapiso, (tapis-i)

cow vaxo, vaxeno 

coward - kovardo,

cow-boy vaxaro, kawboyo 

cower skfati, P:kauri(1. Sidi sul kalksoy: le desfelica xiko sqati i angolo dil cambro.

                          2.le tigro (cu)skfati il skalta herboy.)

crab krabo

crackle krak-i, kraketi

craft (trade) krafto

craftsman kraftisto

crane (mechanics) krano, kranealo, (ornit.) - kraneo, gruzo (Megalornis grus)

crash kraxo, dezastro

craul (creep) rept-i, kraul-i 

crazy (mad) fola, frenesa

cream kremo

create kre-i, kre- (kreatero, kre-skrivisto) verki

creative kreabla, krepoda

credence kredo

credible kredebla

creep (craul) rept-i

crest kresto

crew ekipo

cricket kriko

crime krimino

crimson karmesino/a

criterion kritero

cross (n.) kruzo

cross - krosi, transevi, krosevi.

cross eyed -straba, krosokula, krosoca

cross-road kroseyo,voykroso, viokroso,

crowd kraudo ,swarmo, maso

crown kruno (coronation - bekrun(and)o) coronate - be-krun-i, bekrun(az)o

crucify kruz-um-i

cruel kruela

crusade kruzmilito

crush (squeeze) aplasti, skfisi, kraxi ( in to pieces ) diskrax-i, disebatr-i

crush (in accident) kraks-i, krax-i (also about computer) 

cry (cry out) klami, voki - shout - xauti, sharp cry - xriko

cry (weep) pyori

cuddle to, kokl-i (hug closely)

culinary art - kokfarto , kulinarto

cult kulteo 

cult ( n. system of religious rituals; extreme religious sect - kulteo, kulteando)

cultivate (soil,arts,acquaintance, mind etc.) kult-i,kultur-i (for profit)esplo(a)t-i.

cunning  astusa (cu-abla)

cup (for drinking) tas-o, kaliko (di vino) (trophy) - pokalo (challenge cup) calenjo; (communion, also calyx) kaliko; coffee c.: kaftaso; cup of coffee: taso di kafo

cupboard skafo, kredenzo, bufeo

curb kerbo, mordadocengo, also: kerb (US:curbstone)

(to keep somebody under discipline -prini i kerbo - inkerbedi)

curiosity - kfirado, kfirezzo (to be curious - kunezi, intresi)

currency pekunyo, moneyto, short form: mono

current (n) kurento, kurent-i  (a current can be a flow of water, electricity, or ideas)

current (existing now) kurenta, aktuala, aktuall

currently kurente, aktuale, aktuall

cursor kursoro, korsoro

curtain kurtino

curve kurbo, -ed-i

curved (adj.) kurba, benta

cushion kuxino

custom kustumo,(tradisa kustumo) habito, rutino, frekfe-unto, P: KU-

customer kompranto, kliento

cut kut-i,(cut out) tranc-i, skalp-i

cute pleseda, karina, koket(um)a, koket-al-a, lavla

cybernetics kibernetiko, kiber-

cyclone ciklongo

cyclotron ciklotro, ciklotroneo

cynicism cinikizmo

cypher (digit, figure) 1, 2… sifro


D

daily cadyema, dyemall, jornall

dam damo

damage (harm in any way) damaj-i, difektedi,

   it is a pity -damaje!

danse dans-i, -o

danger danjero

dare (be bold enough) defi, der-i How dare you! -Qe tu dera!

dark (adj.) darka, sombra, deslumina,desluksa, skura

dark(ness) (lit.) darko, darkemo, sombremo, tenebro, skuro, deslumino 

dart dardo (pointed missile) stingo - (weapon of insects)

data dato, datemo

data (computer) datumo

database datumbazo

date n daktilo

  1. the fruit of the date palm, having sweet edible flesh and a single large woody seed
  2. short for date palm.


date deyto , -i (deytum-i) an appointment for a particular time, esp with a person to whom one is romantically attached: He has a dinner date.  Hi hasa komida deyto. 

daughter dotro

day (24 hours) - dyemo, jornonoktemo, ci-klokemo (around a clock) duatoskfaremo

day (daytime) -do, dyemo, jorno (daylight).  Good day! = Bon Dyemo! Bon jorno!

day-dream rev-i, -o,

dazzle dazli,-o, blind-um-i

dead mortinta, morta, sinviva

deaf sorda

deal with  pritrakti, afer-i ko, pri, trakti pri, okupi pri, temati pri , koncern-i

The book deals with Polish art” Le buko pritrakta (okupa pri, koncerna) Pola arto.

“To deal with each problem in turn” - (A) Pritrakti ca problemo il sekfo.

dear (beloved) kara

dear (costly) mol(te)kosta, kara

death morto

debate dibato, -i,  dibati pri

debouch(ery) -(live loosely) deboci, -o , birb-i

debris rextetoy, fragmentoy, pecetoy

debt (owing) debo,skuldo, debum-i

debt (thing owed) debado, debumo

debut debuti, debutanto

decade dekado, dyesany(em)o

deceive fraud-i,tromp-i

December decembro

decide decid-i (tr./intr.)

decipher - deskodedi, dexifri

deck - bordo

declaim -deklamer-i

declare - deklar-i,

declaration - deklarado

decorate: dekorazz-i (ornament-i; pli-bel-edi, bedekorazz-i); dekor-eyma.

decoration dekorazzo

decrease diminut-i, -o, deskresi, deskresed-i, edoli, redukt-i

dedicate dedik-i

deep profunda, profund-i

deer cervo, young deer - cerv-yuno.

de facto: fate, aktuala,aktuall, eksist-anta

defeat (overcome) (tr/intr) venk-i, -o

defecate fekal-i, defekal-i

defect defekto, mankamento

defend defenz-i 

define difinidi

definition definido; (explanation) esplik-o; (clearness) klar-ado

defy (challenge) def-i, mejuri

degree (measure or academic) grado

deign degn-i (bon-volunti)

delay, make late - tard-i

delete faredi, farprini

delicate delikata

delicious delika

delight  deliso,(volupto) joyo, pleso,(joypleso)plesuro, ravo, marvilo

deliver (goods, etc) livr-i

demand demand-i, postol-i, -o

demolish demol-i, destrukt-i, destros-i

demonstrate demonstr-i

dense denza

deny negi

depart (de) - departi

departure departo, desarivo

department -departamento

depend depend-i (ye, da)

deposit depoziti, depondi

deprave depravi

depression depresyo, depresuro, deprimido

deprive (strip)  sinedi = lesi, (-lesi), ( get rid of) sinensi = lensi (-lensi) Arboy lesitay di folyoy pe vyento.

derive devyeni-i , deskend-i(tr.) devyen-ed-i

descend (go down) (tr./intr.) dolensi, de-sur-i, dolklimb-i, dolpasi.

descendant (offspring) deskendrono, deskendrinto pos-on-o, devyen-on-o, gatYUNo (a kitten); -YUN- royyunano, royENFo, royPOSONo (a prince, (prinso); arbyuno (a sapling, from 'tree'); yunaryo (a clan,tribe,with-aryo)Karolo-Karolyunoy, Karolposonoy = dinastio fondita pe Karolo le Grana. Latino - Latinyuna (Latinposona) lingvo = lingvo, qa devyena de Latino. 

describe beskrivi

desert (wilderness - vildeyo) dezerto, sahro

deserve merit-i

design desino, desin-i, (in graphic art: dizayno, dizayn-i)

desk (for reading, etc.) desko, pupitro

desire dezero, dez-o, dezabo

despair d(es)espero,

desperado d(es)esperono, "desperado" bandito, sinesperono

desperate d(es)esperi, sinespere

demejure mejure (ka)

destiny destino, fatalo, swerto. bad luck -malswerto, deslako

destroy destrukt-i,  krax-i (tr./intr.)

detail detalo, -UL-o

detain dityeni, halt-i (sem halt-i kontre ) desmobedi

determine determina, o (ageri (akti) ko determino)

detonate esplos-i -ed-i

develop (intr.) disevolv-ens-i, develop-i , develop-ed-i

devile dyablo

devour vur-i

dew roso

dial disq-i

dialect dyalekto

dialogue dyalogo, (converse) dyalog-i, tok-i, konverz-i

diamond dyamento

diarrhorea lakseo

dictate diktati

dictator diktataro

dictionary -vortaryo, diksyonaryo, vortobuko

die (v.) mort-i

differ difr-i (to be not the same) difr-ens-i, esti des-ida (desidenta)

difference difro, diferenzo (between)(also math.) difro;  kontrasto, ne-simil-ezzo, konflikto, distingo); pay the d.: komplet-edi le sumo; it makes no d.: to-s (totye) indiferenta.

difficult desfacila, harda, ostaka, ostakyosa

diffuse difusa, difus-i

dig fosi infosi, defosi

digest digersti

digest dijesto , resumo, kompendyo

digital digitala, sifra, sifrala,-all

dignity digno

dignitary dignitaro, skaltrangono

dilemma dilemato

diligent diligenta

dimention dyamenzo, dyamenzio

dinner lunco, jorn-ejo, komido, dyemejo

diode diodo

dioxide dioksido

diploma diplomo

diplomacy diplomatiko, diplomazo

diplomat diplomatikisto, diplomatikaro, "diplomato"

direct (control) direkt-i, administri, menaj-i

direct (not indirect) direkta, rekta

directing rejo, rejando, film directing - filmrejo (filmrejisto)

direction (control) direkto,

direction(line) direkso, direks-i,direkse ka,-en,I qa direkso? Qadirekse? Qen? Qende?

directive direkt-ur-o, direkt-ad-o

director direktoro, direktaro, direktisto, menajaro, film director - rejisto, rejaro

dirt (mud, mire) derto, fango

dirty derta, despura, fuya, fuy-

disable desabla

disappear desaperi, farperi

disappoint disapond-i, siniluz-ensi -edi,frustr-i, deskontent-i 

disappointment disapondo, (disapond-amyent-o, disapond-udo) siniluzo,sin-revenso,frustro deskontento (deskontent-amyento) 

disaster dizastro, plago

discipline disiplin-i, -o

discomfort jeno, deskomforto

discover diskovri, deskovri, dekovri

discuss diskas-i

disgust nauzo

dish (container) plado, dixo, -UY-o

dish (course, meal)- manjado, ejo, ejado

dishonest deshonesta, fraud-im-a

dispatch send-i

display displeyo, prezijo, prez-adoro-o, xermo, vizyoro

disperse dis-ed-i, dispeld-i, disevergenz-i (lumino, okuloy)

dispose - dispori

disposition - disporo,(dispores pri (pe) mi -I am in your service)

dispute disputi 

distance (measure) disto, distezzo

distant fara, dista

distinguish disting-i, disting-ens-i, dicern-i de(den). deskonfundi(antonimo: konfundi)

distinguished (gran)distinga, eminenta 

distract distrakt-i 

distribute distribut-i

district distrikto

disturb distrub-i

disturbance distrubo, tumulto

dive plong-i

diverge to, divergenz-i (de) Divergenzo di opinoy. (Ant.: konvergenz-i) 

diverse (various) difersa, varya

diversity diferso, difersezzo, varyo

divide div(ig)-i, partec-i, dispartec-i,disedon-i

division (military) divizyo , as section - divigo

do not ne

do (act) akt-i (tr./intr.) ager-i do (be well or ill) stand-i,(e.g. Qe to standa?)

syentens-i (Qe TU syensa?) 

do (something) fer-i , -r,  I want you to know that I am not doing this for you.

Mi dezu ke tu kunes, ke mi ne-r to po tu.

do (to make) fred-i, fri, (to act) ager-i, akt-i; (be in a state of health) stand-i; (be suitable) konvyen-i; (to cause someone to do something) fre-EDi; to do good to: bon-fredi(s) ka (algono); to do evil: malfredi; to do again: rin-fredi,num-fredi,fredi num; to have to do with: (have relations with) relati; to do with: (concern) koncerni; to do nothing: fredi no, nado; to do something: (indefinate object)  fredi algo; (definite object) fredi alga koso; it is as good as done: to-s prokse kan-fin-ita, astefrita;  what is done cannot be undone: Se ne poda desfredis to qom yu freditas;   to do no work on Monday: ne-labori lundyem, comi lundyem; did you speak? qi tu paroli, dikti?; how do you do? Qe tu syensa?;  I do listen: (emphatic) mi yo skuta; I did write: (emphatic) mi yo skrivis; do come! No vyen! (Ya vyenes!) ; that will never do: to totye ne basta; do as you please: fer pa tua dezo; I do not care to go: mi ne v(ad)eza; to do good business: fredi bona bizneso, komers-ado; he does not know what to do: hi ne kuna qom fredi.; there is much to do: Lo-s molto di pore-fredo(y); a do-nothing: non-fr-anto

docile docila, obidima, kontrolebla

dock doko

doctor (physician) doktoro, kuristo

document dokumento

dog hundo

doll figurino, munyeko, lalo, marioneto, P: homeko

domain dominio (-io)

dominate domini (also: domini Atlango)

donkey asno

donation donazo, donado  

door pordo

doorstep solyo, pordostupo

dose doso

dossier dosyero

double duaopla,(dupla)

doubt skepti pri, dubid-i

doubtful skepta,skeptoplenta,skeptima,dubidima

doubtless sinskepte, sindubide

douche dux-i

dough pasto

down (adv.) dole, infre; (with motion) dol! dolen!; (underneath) sub, -e, -a; go down: skalensi d. with: Far! Apages!(to dogs) yas tu! up and d.:skal e dol,skalen e dolen,(sobren ed infren)

dowry endoto (endow - endot-i)

draft skiso, proyekto, drafto (first or rough draft - klado)

dragon drako, drakono

drain dreyno

drastic drasta, drastika

draw (water etc.) cerp-i, (by mouth) haust-i (out-of-print -decerpita)

draw (as with a pencil) desin-i , pikt-i, krayumi, Can you draw me a map of how to get there? Qi Tu piktoda po mi mapo pri qe mi tren ves?  

drawer xovl-ad-o

drawing pikto, -uro, piktado, desino, desinado

dreadful horida, terora, temora, efreda, fireda

dream (in the night) - drimo, daydream - revo, iluzo  

drill boro, (borijo), perforijo (make a hole, bor-i, -perfor-i, truv-ed-i, kav-ed-i)

drink (v) drink-i, (drink-ed-i = bevr-i) drinki alkoholo - trunki

drive (travel in, by a vehicle) veh-i, vadi (v-i) P: dol-v-i, skal-v-i

driver xoforo, konduktisto, duktanto, drive a car - dukti (stir-i) auto, (per)aut-i

drop (fall) fal-i (intr.), -o, drop-i, akfuli -to drop by water)

drop (of liquid) dropo (drop of water -akf-(ik)ul-o) drop by drop - perdrope, drope-drope

droplet dropeto

dropper dropijo

drought sekno, seknezzo, seknemo

drown dronk-i (tr.), -ens-i

drowsy, to be sleepy -somn-i, dorm-im-i, dorm-end-i, somn-espr-i

drudgery servuto, harda laboro, sklavlaboro

drunken - trunka, fultrunka (trunk-i - to get drunk)

drunkenness -trunko, trunkezzo (with alcohol)

dry sekna, -ed-i, desumida

due to pro

Duke Dyuko

dull obtusa, stupideta

dumb stuma (without a voice)

dump damp-i (sounds) stumedi

dune  dyuno   zandodyuno, nivodyuno

dung dungo, eskremento, fekalo

durable durabla, durebla

duration duro, dur-em-o

during dure(m) il duro di..., xem,(xe em),for a moment - poktem

dust dasto, pulvo, polino

duty -debo, plikto

be on duty - dejor-i, plikt-i, fredi plikto

dwarf -dworfo, koboldo, goblo  

dynasty dinastio

E

each singla, cono, ca, cado

each other - bi- (reciprocally) reproke

eagle aglo

ear orelo

earn perlabor-i (by working)

early frue, destarde

early frua  

earn gvan-i, perlabor-i,(pe laboro, servo, konduto ed akto) - fiks-i 

earth terdo, geo, geo-, grundo

earthquake terdoskfoto 

easel staflo, trinpyedo

east istyo, oriento

Easter pasko(-fyesto); fyesto-pasko; ( Ovo paskall.)

easy facila 

eat manj-i, ej-i (-EJ- dish)

ebb (tide) refluxo; ebb and flow (ebno, mareo): (incoming) fluxo, kanfluvo; (ebbing) refluxo; mareo, farfluvo, defluvo

ebonite eburnito, (ebonito) 

ebony -eburno (legno) (tree) eburn-arbo

ecology ekologyo, ekologio 

echo eho

eczema ekezemo,ekezemozo (Atopic dermatitis is an itchy inflammation of skin.)

edit edizz-i, redakt-i 

edition dedono, edizzado, edizzo

editor edizzaro, edizzatero 

edge (border) bordero, rando, enjo = lasta parteco (vikenjo - weekend) 

educate eduk-i 

educated -edukita,(dokta),granedukita,instruita

education eduko, edukezzo 

effect efekto,-ed-i,impression produced, (efekta, efekted-a, efektabla, efektaba - showy) 

effect (result) rezulto, -URo

effective reala, fata, vera 

efficient efika 

effort (exertion) forso; (pains) pengo; to make e.: (intr.) forsi

egg  ovo, ovolo 

ego ego 

eight ok 

either - or -o.....o

elastic elasta, elastika, fleksa

elbow kudo

element elemento

elect (by vote to a position) eleks-i 

electric(al) elektra

electricity elektro 

electrify elektr-i, -edi; (fig.) entuzyasm-i, elektr-um-i

elegance elegans-ezzo.

elegant elegans-a; -ano, -eno; (object) -ado.

elephant elefanto 

elevate lev-i

elevate: (raise on high) lev-i; (to make higher in dimension, price) (pli-)skalt-edi; (in rank) promoti; (spirits) eksalti, eksiti, koraj-edi.

elevated: lev-ita; skalta; sublima.

elevation: (act) lev-(and)o; (ground) skalt-ado; (of character) skalt-ezzo; (of price) pli-skalt-edo, pli-kar-edo; (design) elevado 

elevator (mechan.) elevadoro, lifto, lev-ador-o.

elf elfo

elite elito, eminentonaryo 

elm ulmo

else: otra; nothing e.: no, nado otra; what e.? qo otra; something e.: algo otra;  everybody e.: conoy otra; nobody e.: nono otra; everywhere e.: i alga otra loko; ca-loke; nowhere e.: na-loke; somewhere e.: otra-loke, otrey.

email meylo, e-posto, e-letro, kuryelo, netmeso

embarrass (intr) embaras-i, xagrin-i, trubens-i pro, veks-i

emblem emblemato

embryo embryo

emerge emergent-i (revilens-i) 

The sun emerged from behind the clouds. Le solo emergenti de pos le klaudoy. 

emit emis-i

emotion emotyo, (emotyoplenta) afekto, emoty-um-i

emphasize emfaz-i, -espr-i

empathy empato, empatimo

employ (people) emple-i (empledoni- doni empleo) labor-don-i

empty vaka,vak-um-a, -ed-i , desplenta,

enclose inklosi, inhasi, -EXi

encyclopedia enciklopedyo

end fino (tr./intr.), -i

ending enjo, finado

endeavour forsi, pengi

endow endue endot-i       

enemy desamiko, desamyo, enamyo

energy energo

engage (tr) emple-don-i,emple-i,engaj-i

engine maxino, motoro, enjino

engineer injenyoro

English Angla P: Anglia

enjoy (yourself) - plesi, Ples pro vivo! -Enjoy your life!

enjoyment pleso, plesuro, Ko pleso! 

enlarge (magnify) granedi, plism-edi, pligranedi

enlighten inform-i, P:ilumin-i,eduk-i, dokt-i

enough (after an adj.) baste (e.g., good enough = baste bon)

enter invi, entri, in-ens-i,

entrance - entro, entreyo

entertain (someone) amuz-i, divert-i (oneself) jol-i, plesed-i

entertainment amuzo, diverto

enthusiasm entuzyasma,-umi, fervo, fervoro, zilo, (zealot: Ziloto, zilono; fanatik-(on)o. enthusiastic entuzyasme

entire(whole) totyala, totyall, totyalo

envelope (of a letter) kuverto

environment (fr. milieu) ambyento, ekosistemato, P: interado

envy zavid-i

enzyme enzimo

episode epizo, kort-em-ad-o, kortevento

epoch epoko

equal egala, (coequal) plea, plemenza , egalmenza

 Equal with another or each other in rank, ability, extent, etc

 egala, egall, plea, egalezzo, (the same -le selma), ni pli ni pla ! = egall, equibalanced. pli-pla, pliplamenza. Team members are coequal partners who build the plan collaboratively after a full discussion.  Le membroy dil timo esta egala partaroy qa bildis le plano konlaborime pos plenta diskaso. This test is pretty tough, but I think I'm equal to it. Ta-s testo baste tafa, me mi pensa, ke mi-s egala ka to.

erase farfregi, faredi

erode erod-i (intr.)

erotic erotika

error eroro (lapsus lingvae) - lapso, vrongo, vrongado

erupt erupt-i

escape eskap-i (intr.), -o

escalate -eskal-i (tr.intr.) P: pliskali, skalend-i, intenzedi, opposition: edol-i, P: plidoli, dolend-i, deseskali (desintenzedi)

escalation -eskalo, opp. edolo

especially - spesyall, spesyomode

essay eseo

essence esensyo

establish establed-i

esteem estimid-i, respekt-i, estimida - respektinda

etcetera e te plu (e.t.p)

eternal eterna, eternall

Europe Europo

even (adv.) mesme, mesme ne = ni, Mesme sul solo lo-s flekoy 

evening swaro

event evento, em-ado

eventually eventue, eventuale, -all

every ca, singlo

everyone cono

everything co, cado

everywhere cey, ca-lok(ey)e

evidently -evidente

evolution evolvo, evoluto

evolve evolvi, evolv-ed-i

exact eksakta, precisa

exaggerate ekser-i, plo(-ed)-i, plomolt-i

exaggeratedly  eksere, plo, plomolte

exalted eksalta, eksaltima

examine (test) eksamin-i

example eksemplo, eksemple, eks:

excavate defosi

excellent ekselenta, granyosa

excellency majesto, ekselenzzo

except eksept-i, eksepte di

excerpt ekserpo, depulto, detrek-ad-o,

excess ekseso, P: plo, plomolte(oldatlange: trope)to commit excess - ekses-i, plomolt-i (Ne plomoltes! Ne ploedes!) Kids have so much excess energy; they need to run. Enfoy hasa ter energo i ekseso (ploezzo); lu korseba.

exchange kambi,dekambi,bikambi

excite eksayti

excited eksaytita

exciting eksayteda

exclude esklos-i, to-s ne esklosebla

exclusiveness esklosezzo, -ive: esklosezze

excursion eskurso

excuse (oneself) skus-i (se), skuso, parduno, pardunpreg-i excuse me - Parduno! Skus min! Ko parmo.

exercise ekserso, eksers-i

exhale de-spig-i, dehals-i, hals-i (also about locomotive)

exhalation despigo, dehalso

exhalation (as miasma) myasmo

exhaust eksost-i, kans-ed-i, fatig-i

exhausted eksosta, fatigita, kansa (farcerpita, decerpita)

exhibit eksibit-i,ekspond-i, demontr-i, prez-i (in shop window) estal-i;

exist eksist-i eksistenz-i,eksistent-i. To esta...to-s...or lo-s...,( Estes! -Be!)

exit eks-i, desentr-i,(dev(ad)eyo, deveyo, ekseyo) 

exotic eksotika

expand - ekspans-i

expect spet-i, vart-i, (to hope) esper-i

expel (tr.) peld-i, farpeld-i

expense spenzo - despenzo, kosto

expensive spenza, despenza, kara, moltekosta,

experience sperto, speryenzo

expert spertisto, spertaro

expire esp-i, kaduk-i, apag-i 

explain esplik-i, klar-ed-i

expletive blasfama, maldikto, blaso

explode esplos-i (intr.), -ed-i

explore esplor-i, Prefix: Qal- means exploration, valuation, testing, study, checking, - for example: weigh - qal-pezi.(qalpezezzi - pezomenzi)qalmenzi- to measure something. Qallongi - measure the length. Qalstupidi - investigate stupidity. Qalveri - investigate the truth. Qaltoksi - to examine the toxicity. Qaleuropi - study about Europe.

expose(lit. and fig.)ekspond-i; e.to ridicule: edi algono skrid-inda; -ed: ekspond-ata.

exposition ekspondo (place)-eyo.

express (by words or symbols) espr-i, -o,-ESPRO, espro langall, langespro

"I'm not eating it," Qasilinda said, with an expression of disgust on her face.

- "Mi ne eja to," Qasilinda diktis, ko nauzuro sul viso. I would like to express my gratitude - Mi espr-ez-u ma grazzo.

express - espresa (rapida) espreso (trayno) 

extend (intr.) tens-i (t-ens-i) teng-ens-i

extend (tr.) teng-i

exterminate ekstermin-i

extinguish esting-i, slek-i

extreme estremya, estremyall

eye - okulo, oco

eyebrow brovo

eyelid - ocolido, okullido, palpebro (blink, wink - blink-i,ocum-i)

eyesight vidopodo, vidosyento

F

face (front of head) viso, faso, fase de - facing face to, frontal-i, fas-i, konfrontal-i

facade fasado, frontalo, gavlo

facetious joka, jokima

facial visa, visala, vis-apt-a

facile facila, sinpenga

fact fato; (fig.) verado; autentikado; in f.: fate (cf. bo; me vere); matter of f.: 

(philos.) pragmato; obvious f.: evident-ado; evidenta fato; the f. of the matter is: le

 simpla ver-ado esta (ke);

factitious artefredita, artifa

factory fabriko

fade fad-i, paly-ens-i, velk-i (plants)

fail falt-i (tr./intr.) avary-um-i, avaryens-i, defekt-i

failure falto, falturo,(desesuksido) fyasko, deslako  

faint swen-i, perdi konsyenzzo

fair (adj.) (weather) serena, klara, sin-klauda; (just) jasta; honesta; (complexion,

hair) blonda; (pleasing) ples(ed)a, xarm-anta; f. and square: honoryosa, honest-aba; to

be in a f. way: esti i bonstando; fair copy: precisa kopyo.

fairy feyo,(fairy godmother)feyeno, magieno (Elf(en)o)(mythical being,fotune-taller)

fairy-tale fablo (a short one), fabelo, fabel-i

faithful fidela

fake simuli, fing-i, fusk-i, fraud-i, imit-i

fall fal-i, -o

fall down fal-i, dolfal-i, vamdol-i

fall, autumn - autuno, falemo

false (untrue) falsa, fuska, finjera, blufa, frauda

fame famo

familiar - familia, familiarr

family familio

famous - fam(a), famyosa

fan - fano

fan - vyentumadoro, vyentumijo

fanfare -fanfar-melodyo (music)

fantastic fantazia, fantastika

fantasy (imagination) fantazio, fantazo, -azi pri, fantazi-um-i,(literature)fantastiko 

far (distant) dista, fara, far-

fare kosto, prazo, tarifo, bilyeto

farewell adyes-i, Adyeso! (adyes-ob-i) Bay!  

farm fermo, ferm-i, fermeyo, kult-i terdeyo = agr-i

farmer fermisto (fermaro), agristo, agraro, agrokultisto

fart furz-i, peyd-i

facinate fasina, marvileda, raveda

fashion fasongo, modo, fasongo-modo, faxino, vogo, P: trendo

fast (quick) rap(id)a, Rap! blikse

fast (v) fast-i

fat (adj.) grusa, korpulenta, obesida

fat , oily, greasy (adj.) gorda

fat (n.) gordo

fatal (fateful) fatalizma, Fatalizme! malswerta; Male! Malswerto! (deadly) mort-ed-a; mortala, mortall

fatalism fatalizmo

fate swerto, destino, fatido, fatumo 

father patro, papo

father-in-law - XO-, xopatro

fault (defect) defekto

fault (failing) kulpo

fault (mistake) eroro, -ERORO, vrongado

fauna fauno

favour favor-i, -o (in favour) - favore ka 

favourable favora 

    When things are going well, or in your favor, they’re favorable.

    Qem aferoy va bone,(prospera) od i tua favoro, lu-s favora 

fear (fright) teroro, temoro, destrankilo, Ne temores! Trankilens!

feast fyesto, -i

feather: (n.) plumo; bunch of f.s: plum-fasko, plum-tufo; a f. in his cap: honoro; to show the white f.: montri temoro; konduti kovarde, kovardi; f. bed: plum-sengo; f. edge: plumenjo, (bizelo); f. duster: plum-fasko;  f. brained: frivol-aba; -less: sin-pluma.

February Febrero

feces eskremetoy, fekaloy

federation feder(az)o, (federate- feder-ed-i) 

feeble febla

feed nutr-i se, nutr-i

feed on (devour) vur-i

feel (yourself) standi, syensi How do you feel? Qe tu syensa? Halhale - syensi hal(fe) male , syensi ”alge-talge”

feel (a sensation) syent-i

feel (to examine by touch) palp-i, palpando, toktesyenti, toktum-i,(to touch -tokti)

feeling syentado, syensado (propia)

fellow kamrato, konono

female fema, femall, femina

femur femoro

fence (n.) fenso

fender (bumper) pare-kolpo

fenomen  fenomino, fenomin-ala (-all)

ferocious feroksa, krula, brutala

fertile (fecund) fertila, fruktifa

festoon fyestuno, garlandoyo, florocengo

fetch - vyen-edi, kanport-i, impurt-i (goods)

fever febro

feverish febra, febrila

few pokte, pokter 

fiacre fyakro

fiasco fyasko

ficticious fiksya,fiktika P: fikta

fiction - fiksyo, P: fiktiko,fikto, P: prozo

field (ground) agro,kulteyo(cultivated),kampo(field of knowledge, activity: ariko,-ARIKO) 

fight konbatr-i, batal-i, fayt-i

figure figuro

file (document) faylo, dosero

File manager faylomanajaro, dosermanajaro, faylestro

file (v) rasp-i

fill plent-ed-i, ful-i,(fulfill - plentum-i)

film filmo, film director - rejisto, to make a film - filmedi, reji, film realedi

filter filtero, filteri, filteredi

finance finanso

find trov-i, -ado

fine bona, bon

finger (n.) fingro

finish to, fin-i (tr./intr.)

finish finemo,finixo, finix-i, finix-edi

fire - fayro (Halt(ed)es fayron!) Fayr-EK-es! Granfayro = brando.

firm (adj.) firmida, solida, stabila

firm (n.) firmo

first:  un-esma; kom-a; (fig.) cefa; origina, originala; f. or last: frue o tarde (frutarde); at f.: un-esme; kome, prime, -pre; f. of all: prime, un-esme; (not before) prime; to go f.: vi for, pre-vi, antemvi; f. born: primnaska, -o; f. class: (ticket or carriage) (dil) prima klaso; f. name: prenaymo; bapto-naymo.

fish (n.) fixo

fish (v.) fix-i

fist pugno

fit (in a good state) i bona stando - bonstanda, bonesta, bonsyensa

fit (in size and shape) konform-i, apti

fit (suitable) apta, konforma, konvyen(um)a,

fit (suit) konvyen(um)-i, dec-i, apt-i,(-apt-) konsayz-i,samsayz-i (menzur-apti, menz-

apti, form-apti, sayz-apti, kolor-apti ktp.) 

fix fiks-i, arang-i, reper-i

fix (in place) fast-i, kanfiks-i, adefiksi, transfast-i (to fix by piercing)

fixed fiksa, fiksita

fixed (in place) kanfiksita, fasta

flacon flakongo

flame flamo

flag flago

flagpole masto di bandero, flago

flake floko (of snow, soap, oats)

flap flap-i, fladr-i (with wings or on the wind)

flat - apartamento, lojeyo

flat (level, surface) plata, -o

flavour flavoro, flavor-if-i

flea pulgo

flee (fly away) fugi, eskapi

flesh karno

float flaut-i (to stay on the surface of a liquid)

flood inund-i, -o, fludo, -i.

floor (of a room) swelo

floor (storey) etago

flounder flond-i,(lukt-i)to struggle;to move with difficulty,as in mud -hardemobi)

  She is floundering in school - Xi flonda ka skolo. After a few minutes of floundering   things begin to click into place. Pos pokta minutoy di flondo kosoy komis kliki i loko.

flounder(flatfish) pleuronekto, flondro

flour farino 

flow fluv-i, -o (the river flowed to the sea - le flumo fluvi ka maro)

flower floro, -if-i

flower pot - floruyo, portefloro

fluctuate fluktu-i

fluent fluventa (facilspabla) (about liquids - fluva, fluvanta)

fluid fluido, fluida

flute fluto

fly (v.) flug-i (intr.) vol-i

fly mosko

foam (scum) skumo, to skim off foam - skumlesi

fog neblo

fokus fokuso -fokus-i (al, en)

fold (n.) faldo, furrow -rugo, furrow (agriculture) - surko

fold (v.) fald-i (tr.), -ens-i

folk folko,publo, popolo (popular - popula, popularr)

follow sekf-i (follow me - sekfes mi)

fontain fontino

food fudo, manjado, nutrado, nutrivo, ej-iv-o

fool (n.) stupido

foolish stupida, absurda, naiva

foot (of a leg) futo

football (game) fut-bolo, pyedbolo

for (in order to, on behalf of) po, por- (in order to, on behalf of) po ke

forage (Food for horses or cattle) furajo

forbid forb-i God forbid! (may it not happen - Kes solme to ne eventos) - Dio forbes!

force (mechanical) forto

forehead forfaso,frento

foregone pasa, pasinta

foreign aliya, otralanda, eksterlanda

forenoon am. antemeridyo,  antem nuno,(noon - nuno, meridyo)

forest -  arbaryo, furesto

forestation - furestokulto, befurestudo, furest-agro

forester - furestaro

forever cem, ceme,

forget - olv-i, des-memb-i, unforgettable - neolvebla   

forgive pardun-i, skus-i, deskulp-i

fork forko (cutlery) furko (tool) bifurcation -(in road) -voyfurko = disevoyo

form (compose) konstitut-i

form (shape) (n.) formo

form (shape) (v.) form-i

former  antema, formera, unesma, antika, eksa, eksa-. 

fortress forteso, fortifikado

fortune fortuno

forum forumo

forward avanta,  Foren!

forward, to - for-send-i (ne: farsendi!)

found fond-i

foundation (base) fundo, fundamento to lay the f.: fund(ament)-i.

foundation fondo, fondazo

fountain fwento, fwenteyo

fox foks-o; f. hunter: fokso-yakt-isto.

foyer foyero, fueyo

fraction (mat) frakso (with numbers: -F-) 1/2 duafo (duafrakso) (HAL -),1/3 trinfo, 1/4 kfarfo... k.t.p

to divide into fractions: fraks-i.

fraction (politic) fraksyo

fragile (also fig.) frajila (cf. delikata).

frecles frekoy

free libera , fri-a, desokupazita, friumita, befriumita

free (of cost) frikosta, gratisa,-i, sinpaga, juste kosta

free liber-edi, -ensi, fri-edi, fri-ens-i, befrium-i

free: (adj.) liber-a, (person) -ono; f. will: arbitro; Arbitra volo (libera volo) esta filozofia doktrino, ke estadoy kontrola sa propia aktoy e decidoy. f. thinker: libera (fri)pens-aro.

freedom liberezzo, libero, We do not have the freedom to do just what we like. Mu ne-x le libero simple fri qom mu deza.

freeze frist-i (intr.), frost(ed)-i

frenzy frenza, furyosa

frequent frekfenza, frekfenz-i, -EMi

frequently frekfenze, frekfe, frekfem = de tempo ka tempo. (sometimes) poktavolte, voltem

fresh frexa

fretful: irit-ebla; irg-ima.

friar: monah-(an)o.

fricasée: frikas-i; -ado.

friction: (rubbing) frego; (discord) des-konkordo.

Friday frewdo, Frewdyem

friend amiko, (more intimate -amyo ) amyeno -girlfiend, amyano -boy-friend 

fries fritadoy, patatafritadoy, fritejo

fright firo, teroro

frighten (scare) temor-ed-i (algono), efr-ed-i, terur-edi, fir-ed-i

frivolous frivola, frivolona

frog - frogo

from da,(out of - de) 

from (starting from) da (da ta direkso)

from now  da naw from that day - da ta dyemo, da ta jorno

front of, frontale di

front (adj.) frontala, fora, forplasa

front (fore part) frontalo, FORO, forECo,frontalECo, frontaleyo,(arch.)gablo 

frost frosto

fruit frukto

fry frit-i (tr./intr.)

full (plenty of) plenta, ful-, -yosa, -uyero (v.) plent-i

full (satiated, to the full) - fula, FUL- (fulfil - ful-i, plent-um-i)

Qi tu fulmanjis? (fulejis) Qi tu fuldormis?

fume fumo

fumigate fum-i, fum-ed-i, prifumi

fun jolo

function funsino,-i, funso, -i  Qe to funsa?

funny drola, DROL-, komika, ridika, jola, joleda, amuza, amuzeda, diverteda 

fur pelso

furious furya,furyoyosa, frenza

furl fer(e)li

furniture mebloy: skafo, bukoskafo, sengo, sidelo, garde-robo, etp.

furrow n. (agriculture) -surko, (on forehead) -rugo

furrow v.(forhead) rug-i, rug-ed-i

further pli (more, any more) plu (longer in time)

 Pluen!- Go on! (Vam!)

fury -furyoso, frenzo

fusil fuzilo, karabino, pafijo, (mobile - pafilyo)

futile vanida, Vanide!

future futurio, estontezzo, estontemo, vyenontemo 

G

gain - gvan-i, -o,  to gain, to earn, to win; -ado: what is gained; -ed-anta: lucrative, profitable; -ima: covetous, greedy; -im-ezzo: cupidity; gvani sa nutrivoy: to make one's living; gvani sa proceso. To win one's case; gvani dyes Euroy: to earn (or make) ten €; gvani batalo: gain a battle.

galaxy - galakso

gallant galanta

gallon galongo

gallop galopi

game geymo, -i,(play) plud-i, (match - maco) gambl-i (with risk) 

gape gap-i

glacier glazyo, glazyado

glove glovo (boksinga glovoy)

garage garajo

garbage traxo, fartraxo

garden jardino, jardo

gas gaso

gate pordo (i fenso o muro) pordabo, gatoyo

gather (collect) koleks-i

gay (merry) - glada (jolly up -jol!, glades!)

gay geyono (homosexual male) geyo,geyano, (homosexual female) lezbo,lezbeno

general (adj.) jenerala, jenerall

general (milit) - generalo

generate gener-i

generation genro, gento

generosity jeneroso

generous jenerosa, desavra

genial genya, genyala, genyall

genitals genitaloy (peniso, vulvo)

genius genyo, genyono

gentle -jentila, milda, lesta (ne peza)

gesticulate: (intr.) gest-i

gesture: gesto

get (acquire) akfer-i ,fiks-i, risef-i, -EF-, prin-i

get (fetch) vyen-ed-i,impurt-i, kanport-i

get rid of- lensi, kfiti, omiti, transesauti, viti

ghost fantomo,fantazmo, spuko

giant giganto, megono

gift gifto, donado, regalo

girl - xiko, joveno

girl friend -amyeno, (xik-amyo)

give - don-i, (to give, to produce) -if-i (sangifi - to bleed)

give up - rezign-i, kapitol-i

glad - kontenta, glada, jola, joleda

glamour glamoro, xarmo, prestigo

glance (look quickly) blinko, P: okuljekt-i, ocoblinki

glass (material) vitro

glass (tumbler) glaxo

glass glaso (Small receptacle, usually cylindrical of glass used for drinking) 

glasses -okloy, okulvitroy, ocovitroy

globe globuso, mondomapo

glove gantelo

glow ard-i,bril-i, skint-i (faster)

go (v.) vadi,(shorter forms: vi, va, vo, ves!) veh-i, to go on foot - kamini (pyedvi)

go away, out, farvadi, eksi

going to , be -IR-,iri a, vadi a, I am going to buy it tomorrow - Mi komprIRa to tompe, Mi ira a kompris to tompe

goblet pokalo

god Dio, gudo (idolyo idolyono, (be)gudono, begudato)

goddess gudeno

godly pyuse, devote

godsent syeldonado, diyagifto, guda gifto, regalo

goggle (brausi) gugli, guglumi, net-um-i

goggle gvar-ab-i

gold guldo, Auriyumo

goldish  guld-ezz-a, guldaya, guldeska

golf (sport) golfo

good bona, bon

goodbye Adio, Adien, Astel vido! Bay!

good afternoon Bon swaro! Bon tardemo!

good day  Bon dyem! Bona dyemo! Bon jorno!

good morning Bon matino!

good night Bona nokto!

goods varoy, komersadoy

goose guso

gorge gorjo

gossip klaco, -i

govern govern-i, reg-i

governess guvernisteno

government governo, governistaryo, registaryo

grace - grasyo, xarmo

grade grado

gradually pok-pokte, poktumpokte, grade, konfegrade

grain grayno, -ul-o

grandchild gr-enfo (granenfo) nepo, nepano (grandson)

granddaughter nepeno

grandfather granpatro, granpo

grandmother granmatro, granmo

grandparent granparento, genitoro

grape druvo, vindruvo

grasp grasp-i

grass (plant) herbo

grateful be, esti grazza, grazz-i, grazzima, dank-ima, dank-eza

I am grateful for your help. Mi grazza po tua helpo.

gratis  gratisa,  frikosta, sinpaga

gratitude grazzo, dankimezzo, dankezo,( Grazzo! Danko! - Thanks!)

gray grisa

graze (beasts) paxt-i; (touch lightly) leste tokti - frol-i; (scratch) skrap-i.

great (big) grana - gran, very big - molte grana, imensa, huge -mega (-ab-)

greedy grida

green verda

greenish (somewhat green; having a tinge of green) verd-et-a, verd-esk-a 

greet salut-i

grenade grenado

grey grisa

grieve - grivi pro... - soryumi pro... tristensi pro... regreti pro...

grill grilo

grimace  grimaso

ground (earth) terdo , grundo, swelo, terdeyo

group grupo  

grow (larger,higher) kres-i, mont-i, (intr.) skali, kres-i (about people, animals and plants)

guard (in general) gardi, -o, -isto (gardostari - vakti, sentrinel-i) gardisto, sentrinelanto , vaktisto

guerrilla gverilo

guess - gvesi, divinsi 

guest gosto (gosti -to be a guest)

guide: gvid-i, -anto 

guilty kulpanta, kulpyosa

guitar gitaro

gum gumo

gun (firearm) (fayroarmo) pafijo

gurgle gorg-i

guru guruo

H

habit - habito, -i, habite,kustume (KU-),freunte, (a tendency or disposition to act in a particular way) I'm in the habit of reading before I go to bed. Mi habita lekti antem mi va ki sengo. Mi kustume (fre) lekta antem mi va ki sengo.(ki sengen)

hacker - hakfaro (computer: hakf-i)

hail haylo

hair (of head) kaplo(y)

half halo,hale (as prefix: HAL-) duafrakso - duafo, halo, fraction with numbers -F-. 

halmondo, halanyo, halhoro, halo, halkokfita, halsurda, hal-kumprini, halviva,

hi-s halgeniala e halfrenesa. Parolo parta hale kal parolanto e hale kal skutanto. 

A speech belongs half to the speaker and half to the listener

hall (large room) holo, granzalo, vestibuleyo

hello Ha-lo! Saluto! Hey! 

hallucination  halusino

halt halt-i, -o, -ed-i, -eyo. Haltens! Stop!

ham xinko

hammer martijo

hammer (v) mart-i, forg-i

hand (n.) mano - polmo

handcar - drezino

handle man-UMo

hang pend-i, -ed-i, hang-i(tr) (on a hook etc.)

happen event-i

happy felica

harbour purto

hard (not easy) desfacila, harda, tafa (taf-i)

hard (not soft) harta

hardly ”penge” harde-, montra, ke lo-s ter solme, ne pli, o mesme algerete pla. Ne totye, ”penge” relatoda ka qantero o menzuro (menzo). 

Unfortunately such an experiment can hardly be regarded as practicable. Regretinde tezza eksperimento konpenge estoda traktata qe (qezze) praktikebla(m).

hardware hartwero, hartovarko

harmony harmonyo

harp harpo

harpoon harpongo

harrow (A cultivating implement used for breaking up clods of earth and pulverizing and smoothing ploughed soil) erpilyo

harrow to,erp-i, (by machine: erp-ilyum-i) 

harrowing erpa, erpeda (fig.)  kor-treka.

harum-scarum   harum-skarum, pelo-melo, kaotike, sem-reflekte, ne-pens-ime.

haste urgo-i,rapid-ens-i,urgenso,urgense(in haste - rap-ense,) Hat! Hat!

hat capo, capelo

hate (v) averz-i, antipat-i, heyt-i, desam-i, despyas-i (desaprexi)

haul haul-i

haunt  hant-i (frequent) (spuko- fantom-)(obsess) osesi. 

have   has-i, (short form: -X), I have this - Mi hasa to, Mi-x to

Also: I have to go now - Mi-x vi naw, mi v(ad)eba naw (have (in meaning of possesion ) havi, poxi)

haven purto

he - hi

head: (of body) kapo; (chief) cefo, mastro; (cf. suffix -estro); (of a ship) for-parteco, pruo; (direction of a ship) sinso; (of hair) kapl-aryo; (geographical) kabo; (of a river) fwento; (of an arrow) pinto; march at the h. of his troops: marxi pre sa trupoy; to be h. of a firm: direkti firmo; (to go) h. foremost: pe kapo ka foren; to go h. over heels: (intr.) kulbuti; to h. for: dirensi ka; diri ka +n,from h. to foot: da kapo aste pyedo; to eye from h. to foot: begvari algono da kapo aste pyedoy; demand the head of: (fig.) demandi le vivo (o, le morto) di algono;  bare h.ed: kap-nakte; light headed: kap-lesta, frivolona; h.less: sin-kapa.

headache: kapo-doloro (kapALJo)

health sano, sanudo, sanito, sanitudo,sanamyento, (bon)syenso

healthy sana, desmorba, salubrious - salubra. 

The air is very salubrious, and the neighbouring vineyards produce excellent wine.     - Le aero esta molte salubra, el veca vinjardoy produkta ekselenta vino.  
heap amaso, -ed-i, kraudo

hear aud-i

heart koro

heat (v.) varm-i, ed-i, fayr-ed-i

heat varmo, varmabo

heaven syelo, syeloy, Gransyeloy!

heavy peza (antonym: lesta)

heel anat: kalkso, parteco di xuzo - kalksumo

hell inferno

helmet helmo, kasko

help help-i, -o, ayd-i, aydo, (-AYD-) ausil-i, ausila

helper helpanto, helparo, aydanto, ausilanto, ausilaro

hen galo, galeno

her xa, le xisa

here tey, ta-loke

here is, there is, Behold! Voilà! Tey-s! Vo-la! Ho-le! Ta-da! Tezzo!

In French: Voilà. In Esperanto: jen (Interj.used to express success or satisfaction.)

heredity herido, herid-i

hero heroyo 

herself (pron.) xi sel

hesitate hes-i, hesitant hesima, ne syerta

heyday: heydyemo, plent-ezzo (di jovezzo, e.c.); bonemo.

hiccup hiko, -i

hide (v.) konceli, kripti, kript-ed-i, (kriptogramedi) kamufli, mask(-ed-)i 

hideous turpaba (very ugly)

hierarchy: hierarkio

higgledy-piggledy: pel(e)mele.

high skalta

high time -justemo, justem, akuratemo, skaltemo, To be in time for...-Esti il justemo po... It is a high time to do it - Lo-s skaltemo (maksemo,granemo) po fredis to. 

highway: granvoyo, voy-abo, autostrado

hill kolino

hinder (v.)  prevenz-i, ostak-i, fren-i, detain: (withold) dityen-i, embarasi, pli-tard-edi; lent-edi; retyeni se.

hip kokso

hire (engage) engaj-i,kontrakt-i,kontrakt-edi

hire (hire out)lug-i,arend-i,mercenar-i se,

hireling - mercenaro

his ha, le hisa

hiss silbi

history historyo

hit impakto, frapo, kolpo, klapo, klako, kliko

hit frap-i, batr-i, kolp-i

hit (collide with) koliji, shok-i, krax-i

hit trafi

hobby hobyo

hobble klodik-i, lampax-i

hold (in hand) hold-i

hold (contain) - kontyen-i, inhas-i

hole truvo, kaveto

holder (object) fodralo, gayno, -AYNo  swordayno, pyedayno, ovayno,

holiday holidyemo, fyestemo, vakanso, vakans-em-o, feryemo

hollow truva, truvyosa 

holy: santy-a, to make h.: -edi; H. Ghost: Santya Spirito; H. Office: santya tribunalo; H. Scriptures: santya skriv(ad)oy; most h.: sakro-santya; h. oil: krismo, santya oly-o, -i; h. orders: santya sakramentoy, kler(ik)-ezzo; to confer h. orders: the sacrament of ordination - ordinazz-i, sakrament-ev-i; h. water: santyakfo.

home hemo  Make yourself at home! Standes (Syens) qe heme!
homepage hempagino, hempagyo, hemeyo
honest honesta
honey myelo

honeydew myelroso

honour honoro
hood hudo, kapyuco
hook hoko
hope esper-i, -o
horizon horisonto
horny volupta, voluptima, hornia, fakima
horse kavelo
homejural homejuralo, medikeyo
hot varmaba, hota
hotel hotelo
hound hundo, hund-ac-o
hour (60 minutes) horo, Qa-s horo? (What time is it?)
house domo
how  qe , qa-mode
how  many , much qer, ger di ...

homepage hempagino, hempagyo, hemeyo

honest honesta

honey myelo

honour honoro

hood hudo, kapyuco

hook hoko, hok-i

hope esper-i, -o

horizon horisonto

horny volupta, voluptima, hornia, fakima

horse kavelo

homejural homejuralo, medikeyo

hot varmaba, hota

hotel hotelo

hound hundo, hund-ac-o

hour (60 minutes) horo, Qa-s horo? (What time is it?)

house domo

how  qe , qa-mode

how  many , much qer, ger di ...

however (conj.) qalge, ca-keze, tame, me,alvere: (however, to be sure, it is true, of course) ”However” means "even so" or, "on the other hand." "Qalge" signa ”mesme te” o, ”otreflanke”.

hug hag-i, ci(rke)hag-i, brasum-i, ci-bras-i, (cuddle to - kokli (hug closely)

huge granaba, mega, (imensa)

human homo, -a

humane humana, humanizma

humanity homaryo

humble humila

humorous  komika

humour (wit) humoro, sense of humor - humor-syento, komiksyento, humorimo

humour (temper, mood) temper(ament)o, mudo (varyo-tempera, varyo-muda) 

hundred cento

hunger fomo, -i

hunt - yakti

hurricane - hurakango, orkango (orkano) 

hurry hat-i (intr.), -o

hurt (be in pain) dolor-i, alj-i

husband sposano, maryano

hush silent-ed-i, kalmedi

hut huto, kabino

hymn himno

I

I mi

ice glazo

ice-cream krem-glazo (glazadoy)

icon ikono

idea: ide-o; (cf. imajo, koncepto, proyekto); -l: -ala, -all; an i.l: ide-alo; -lizm: -al-izmo; -lize: -al-edi; -listic: (person) -al-ista, -isto; I have an i.: mi susponda, imag(in)a, pens-ensa (ke); put bad ideas into one’s head: sugesti mala pensoy o proyektoy; I had no idea that... mi ne dubida, me mi ne imagina ke...

identical identa, selma, ta selma, te selme

identification -identedo - (identifiko)

idiom idyom-ad-o (tongue -idyomo) 

"An absolutely logical language without its own idioms would be lifeless and too mechanical.)(L. Zamenhoff)

Atlango:"Lingvo absolute logika e totye si idyomadoy estu lingvo sinviva e plo peza."

Esperanto:"Lingvo absolute logika kaj tute sen idiotismoj estus lingvo senviva kaj tro peza."Le Portugala: "Uma língua completamente lógica e isenta das suas características próprias seria uma língua sem vida e demasiado mecânica."

idiot idyoto, kretino

idle: (unoccupied) desebuza, nebuza, desakta, desagera, ne-okup-ata; (lazy) indolenta, des-akt-ima, des-fred-ima; (inactive) ne-akt-anta; ne-unt-ata; ne-funs-anta; desfunsa, (vain) vanida; (fig.) sterila; ne-utila; frivolona; to i.: (intr.) indolent-ensi; vanid-i, i. away: (time, etc.) spreci ... 

idleness: (temporary) desfredezzo, (habitual) -desfredando; (tendency) -im-ezzo; sin-labor-ezzo; (freetime) liber-tempo, liberemo; indolent-ezzo; 

idler: zero-fred-anto,  indolent-ono, nebuzanto

idol: (also fig.) idoly-o; idolyono, gudono, -ater: -isto; -atry: -ed-ando; -kulteo, -izmo;  -ize: -edi; (fig.) amor-abi; , adores-(ac)i.

idyl: P: idil-o; -lic: idila, idilika

i.e.: t.e. to-s.(to esta); c.e. co-s. (co esta).

if: zi; if not: zi ne; if only: zi solme; if I only could: zi mi solme podu! even if: mesme zi; maw(grade) to, maw totyo.

if zi

ignore ignor-i

ill (unwell) malsana, malsyensa, malesta

illness - morbo, malsyenso, desesano, “morbo, defekto, pertrubo”.-OZYO- tuberkulozyo

(-OZ- symptom of a problem) psikozo, nervozo, also: laborozo, tyempozo, moneytozo

illumination - belumino, beluminado, luminio

illusion iluzo

illustrate ilustr-i

illustration ilustrado

illustrator ilustratero, ilustristo, ilustraro

image imago,  figuro,formo, pikto, -ESKO floreskoy

imagine imag-i, imagin-i. figur-i

imagination imaginazo,imagino, imagablo, fantazyo, 

imbibe bibr-i, drink-ed-i, bevr-ens-i, drunk-i (alcohol) 

imitate imit-i

immediately rap, rape(m), rapte(m)

immobilize desmobedi, moblesi

impasse impaso, sindeveyo, desentr(ebl)o

impatience despatyenzzo, -a, sinpatyenzzo

impetuous impetuva, impetuv-i (haxti)

important importa, nezzesa, grava (situation) (This is important - To grava)to-s importa 

import -i: (intr.) to have import, be of importance or consequence; to matter, signify, concern; To-s importa: (impersonal) it is necessary;-o: importance,consequence; -anta: important; -anto: person of importance; importado: important thing or matter; to-s nemolte (o pokte) importa po mi, desimporta

that is of little consequence; sinimporta, singrava: insignificant; Lo-s importa vi tren: it is necessary to go there. Lo-s nezzesa vi tren.

import (goods) impurti (varkoy)

impose, impond-i, (debedi) imposing impond(ant)a, sem impondi  KX

impossible desebla, It ́s impossible! - To desebla! Ne podeble! Despodeble!

impression, to make -impresi

impulse impulsi -o

impute imputi

imune imuna, prufa

in i (in-)

in front of  frontale di, fore, forey

in order that  po ke,

in measure of  konfegrade, grade

inactive ne-akt-anta, ne-aktala; (tendency) ne-akt-ima, indolenta; (inert) inerta.

incise incisi (incisuro)

incite provoki 

incessant ne-brek-anta, sin-breka, perpetua.

incest incest-o;to commit i.:(intr.) -i; -uous: -anta,-ala,-ima;(person)-anto -ono.

inch “inch”  inco, (pl. -oy) (= cm. 2,54)

incline inklin-i (tr./intr.)

include inklos- i

inconvenient desoportuna, deskonvyena

increase aument-i (tr./intr.), -o , kresi

indeed (in fact) fate,ver(e), yo (emphatic particle)-He knows it very well - Yo hi kuna

to.

independent selstansa, selstara, sindependa 

indirect nedirekta, desrekta

individual individuo, individuono, (individu-al-ist-o) 

industry industro, idustrio

infamous malfama

infant enfo (enfanto) (historical: infanto)

infect infekti

influence influent-i, -o, influv-i

inform inform-i, mes-i !

ingenious ingenya

inhale  inhal-i

initiate -initi, kom-ed-i, starti. (adept-ed-i, adept-ens-i)

initiate (adherent) - aderanto, adepto, initato

initiative -inito, komedo

inject  inyekt-i 

injure harmo, domajo

ink inqo, inko, atramento

in low  parenta, xoparenta, XO-  brather-in-low - xofrato, xogro

inn albergo, taverno

inner interna

innocent inosenta, sinkulpa 

innovate innuvi, nuv-ed-i, nuvezzedi

innovation innuvedo, nuvedo, nuvezzedo

inrush invazo

insane sinmentala, sinminda, frenesa, fola

insect  insekto

incident insidento

insert insert-i

inside (adj./adv.) insiga, insige (P: insidya)

inside (prep.) i, interne di ... 

insider (in business) insayd-ar-o, insayd-on-o 

insist insist-i (intr.)

inspect inspekt-i

inspire - insper-i, sem insperi, insperabla

install instal-i, munt-i, konmunt-i

instigate instig-i (ka, kontre)

instead of - vice, za,(zam-) in place of - remplase (di), (i) loko di, inloke di,to act as a substitute for somebody - vici, (vice-akt-i) (vicaro)

institute: (establish, found) instituti; (initiate) initi, komedi (cf. procesi;

entraprini, dekreti); (learned society) instituto.

institution: see suffix -ERYO (as: eduk-eryo: an educational institution); (something

instituted) institut-ado; (learned) instituto; public i.s: institut(ad)oy publa.

instruct (teach) instrukt-i

instrument (tool) instrumo -Ijo, pludijo (a toy, from 'play'); trancijo (a knife,

from 'cut', kutijo); helpijo (a remedy, from 'help')(a tool); ijaryo, instrumaryo (equipment, set of tools)  

insult insult-i, -o, afront-i, ofend-i

intelligent inteligenta

intend intenti, -ir-, iri a, (vadi a) - Mi fredira algo (I am going to do something)

intensively intenze

interest intreso

be interested i - intresi pri, kunezi (pri)

interesting - intresa, intreseda

international internasya

interview (press, TV, radio) intervyuvo, intervyuv-i

intestine intestino

into  ki, kin-, -n, Mi entris domo-n. Mi jektis (pultis) le pomo sul tablon = I threw the apple into the hause. Mi jektis le pomo kil domo.(kindome.)

intone - intoni, komxanti

intricate komplika, labirenta 

intrigue intrigo, intrigado, intrigi

intriguing (very interesting) konsiderinda, intrigeda

introduce introdukt-i

intrude (as intruder) intruzi

intruder intruzono

invent invent-i

investigate - esplori, qali, qal-

invite invit-i

invoice faturo, kalkolo

involve (enfold) involvi; (as in a plot) in-dukti (algono); intrik-i;(by inference)  implik-i (of debts)  xarji se pe deboy. (skuldoy)

involved (in debt) debo-xarj-ata, -ita; (logically) implik-ata, -ita; kompleksa; komplik-ata, -ita; ne-simpla.

iris (of eye) iriso

iron (metal) ferno (to iron - fernopresi, plans-i ) cast iron - gisferno

irrevocable nerevokebla

is esta, -s

island islo

issue n (matter) isuo, qesto, proble(m)o; (of book) dedono, edizzado, (of magazine) numero; (outcome) rezulto. 

it  li,to,tado,lo

it's to-s, (There ́s - Lo-s ... Toto-s...)

itch (intr.) skab -i (skabyo - scabies; mange); skabyomorbo (disease); prurit-i, (fig.) potribo, dezer-abo (paroli, skrivi, e.c.).

ivory ivoro

J

jacket (man's) vesto, jaketo 

jail prijeyo, aresteyo

January Janero

Japan Japanio

jargon jargo, jargondo 

jasmine jasmino

jaw mandiblo

jazz jazo,jazzo 

jealous jala, jalosa,(envy - zavido)

jeans jinso

jewel yuvelo

job jobo, trabo, okupo, tasko

join yunt-i, kan-yunt-i,al-yunt-i, kan-ens-i, kon-ens-i 

join (place in contact) konekto, yuntedo, yunteyo

joke jok-i, -o

jolly up joli (have a fun -Jol!) Glades!

journal jornalo

journalist jornalisto

journey  vyajo

joy - joya, joyoplenta

jubilate yubil-i, (exult: -yubil-i, triumf-i)

jubilee yubilando, yubil-em-o

Jude Jido, Yudo

judge juristo, judikisto, judikaro, (juryono)

judge (general sense) judik-i, -anto  (prejudik-i, prijudiki) arbitri -arbitraro

judgement juro, judiko, judik-ado , - uro (judik-arik-o), arbitro (-ad)

jug krugo, vaso

juice juso

July yulo

jump jamp-i,saut-i (intr.), -o , hop-i (sauteti)

June juno

junk skrepo,traxo,fatraxo, sinvalado, brikabrako

junction yunto, yunteyo

junior yunyoro, jovo

jury juryo, juryonaryo

just (recently,just now, in the very time) - justem, juste naw,akuratem, (he had just arrived: P: hi justem arivis; just at that time: il selma instanto; ta-instante, ta-momente; just at present: just then: juste tem, ta-instante; they are j. alike: lu-s juste simila;  they have just the same opinion: Lu-x juste le selma opino; he had j. died: Hi (akuratem) justem mortis. Mi justem vyenis; Justem lo batris le trinesma horo, do (qem) mu entris kil urbo.

just (lawful, fair, correct, suitable) - jasta, rayta, prava  

1. Equitable, lawful, legitimate, reasonable. - jasta  (jasta decido, jasta divigo, jasta postolo)

2. Fair, impartial.  jasta - Le judik(ur)o sevra me jasta.

3. Honest, righteous, upright. (jasta juro, jasta homo.(rayta, prava homo))

4. Correct, exact, suitable, fit. ( jasta prazo, jasta rekompenzo. Do justice - Ageri jaste.

justice - jasto, jastezzo, (good, righteous man - jastono) 

Justice, law, judicial organisation - jastio (jastiko)

Juro - juro, juridikio - legosyenzzo

K    

kaleidoscope kaleidoskopo

keep (retain) tyeni, (keep in hand - hold-i) retyen-i, plutyen-i,detyen-i,konserv-i  ketchup ketcupo

kettle koktijo, boylero, koktadoro

key (of lock, etc) klefo

key (on a keyboard ) klavo

keyboard klavaryo, klavadoro

"key in" - (to key in a telephone number) klav-i 

kick kolpi (pe pyedo), kik-i, P: xot-i

kill morted-i, masakr(ed)-i

kill (slay, murder) mortedi, ocid-i, murdi

kilt kildo, yupo.

kimono kimongo

kind (adj.) afabila, bonkora, jentila

kind (sort) spesyo, sorto

kindness afabilezzo, jentilezzo, favoro, Po favoro!

kindred gento

king or qeen royo, monarko, royano, royeno

kingdom regno, roylando, regnolando, regneyo, monarkio

kiosk kiosko

kiss bes-i

kitchen kokfeyo, koferumo (as a part of an apartment, flat) 

kite kayto

knee genuvo

kneel fleksi genuvoy, genuv-i, genuv-ob-i

knife kutijo, kuco

knight kavalero, k.hood: kavalerezzo, (collect.) kavaleraryo

knock frap-i, -o, knock out - nokaut-i

knot (in cord, etc) nodo, ed-i

know: (by acquaintance, by sense of perception) kuni; (by learning) kuni, abli; (recognise) rekuni, rekunesi (cf. agnosk-i); intelekti; kumprini; kumi; God knows: Dio kuna!; I do not know: mi ne kuna; let me know: informes mi; to make something known to someone: kunedi algono ko algo; informi, instrukti algono pri algo; know by name: kuni pel naymo; rekuni, rekunesi algono pel naymo; I know him: (recognise him) mi kunesa hi; know by heart: kuni memore; know a lesson, a language: kuni, kunodi leksyo, lingvo.

know (know socially or to know situation) kun-i,(acquaintance) kump-i ko (acquainted -

kunesato, kumpono, kunato)

know (be socially acquainted with) kunes-i, kumpi ko,

know (by learning) kun-i,(get to know to someone: kuned-i. (connoisseur - kunesaro)

know (be socially acquainted with) kunes-i, kumpi ko,

know (by learning) kun-i,(get to know to someone: kuned-i. (connoisseur - kunesaro)

knowing: inteligenta; kumabla,(clever) abla;  -ly:  ko kuno, kunese, kunes-ar-e.

knowledge: kuno, (what is known) kunado; (information, acquaintance) kunado; to my k.:

pa ma kuno (pri afero, pri algono); without the k. of his father: In other words, will the current situation be improved, insofar as it can be improved?


L

label  etikto

labyrinth -(maze) labirento, meyzo

laboratory laboreyo, testeyo

lace  lazo (xuzlaz-i, de-xuzlaz-i) snuro 

lack (be wanting) mank-i

lacquer lakfero

ladder ladero

lady Madamo, Damo

lake lago

lame lama, kripla, invalida, desabla 

lament (mourn, grieve) lamento

lamp lampo

land (country) lando , kantro, kamparyo

land (ground) terdo, grundo

land (v) landi, xeterdensi, kanterdenso

landscape paysajo, panoramo (painted: landxafto)

language lingvo, lango, idyomo

lantern lanterno

large (capacity) larga, grana, mega

last (endure) dur-i, durest-i, pluest-i (pluduri, pluemi- endure)

last laste

last fina, ultimida, pasa, pasinta, recenta, lasta, lastem

last-year pasanye, pasintanye, recentanye, lastanye

lasting durebla, permanenta, solida

latch (of door) klinko, bolto, regelo

late tarda, -i, tardens-i

latent latenta

later pli tarde, tardem

latrine latringo 

laugh skrid-i, -o , hah-i, (smile - smili)

laughter skrido

launder lav-i

lavatory lavatoryo, WC "weco", toyleto, nezzeseyo,(woter-)kloseto, klosetoyo, "kloyo"(loo) latringo

lavish prodigva, desavarenta, desegrida, donima,

law (a law, jurisprudence) lego, juridikio(legosyenzzo)

law court tribunalo

lawful konfelega, legala, legal(ed)ita

lawlessness anarkyo, sinlegemo, sinlegudo, des-lego

lawn gazongo

lawyer legisto, yuristo

layer strato, layero

lazy pigra , ne-labor-im-a

lead (bring along) dukt-i, kondukt-i, dirig-i

lead (guide) gvid-i

lead (metal) plumbo, P: plumbiyumo

leaf (of plant) - folyo

leaf in a book) folyo, karto

leak lekfi ,  Le flumeto lekfa traw le valeyo.

leakage lekfo, delekfo, lekfado,  Likfo lekfa de akfuyo.

lean (incline) inklin-i (tr./intr.)

leap saut-i (intr.), -o

learn (commit to memory) lern-i, memb-ed-i , memoredi

learned dokta, erudita

learning lerno, kuno, syenzzo, eruditezzo

least (adj.) minya, minimuma, le pla, -asma, asme. moltasma; le pla importa, importasma

at least  kanminye, P: kanmoltasme 

leather ledro

leave aband-i, las-i, farlasi

leave departi, farv-i, eks-i, Eks! Go out! far-END-i

lecture preleksyo, leksyo

lecturer (pre)leksyanto, instruktisto , P:(pre)leksyaro, lektoro P: (pre)leksyaro

left (opposite of right- (deksa- DEKS!) - lefa, -o , LEF!

leg gambo, pyedo, (foot- futo)

legend lejendo

legitimize  legitimi

lend prunt-i (algono ka algono)

less (adj.) pla, pla molta,

less (before an adjective) pla

lessen diminutiv-i (tr./intr.) mikredi, mikr-ed-i, plasm-ed-i

lesson leksyo  (Homework - hemleksyoy)

letargy letarjo

let in -inlasi, (admit) kanlasi

let (allow) kes, vam, Let him go!- Par hi ves! (Vam) (Kes) hi ves! (Vam)(Kes) mu ves! -

let ́s go!  Lo estes te!- Let it be! letter (correspondence) letro

letter (of alphabet) litero

level (flat) flata

level[on the same level] nivolo

library biblyoteko, libraryo, bukeyo

lick slik-i

lid lido, (kovrijeto) okullido - (pal)pebro

lie (be situated) situ-i , lokest-i, trov-ens-i

lie yas-i, (lie at full length) (sen) streyni, tensi, sem tengi

lie (an object on something) pondi,

lie (tell an untruth) mentig-i(flimflam-i)bluf-i, fals-i,-o to falsify-fals-if-i,fusk-i

life vivo, vivemo

lift (lift up) lev-i, -o, lift-i, skal-i

lift, elevator - lifto, levijo, lev-ily-o, lev-adoro

light likto, lukso, lumino

light v.(a lamp, fire, etc) likt-i, xalt-i (deslikt-i = slek-i) 

light (illumination) lumino, beluminado

light (in weight or force)  lesta, despeza

light bulb P: lampadino

lightening blikso, flexo

light up (to luminate) ilumini, belumini, beluksi

like (in the manner of)qe, qezze (e.g., she sings like a bird = xi xanta qe foglo)

like sembla (al), simila (al),esk-i, kaze,-ezza, semble ka, eske, -eska, -mode

like (v.) pyas-i (I like it - mi pyasa to) simpat-i ko, ami-i (-am-)it appeals to me - To gusta ka mi (min) (appreciate - aprexi)

like (similar to) simila (ka); sembla (ka) (such, of like kind) tezza; (egala) plea; plevala - egalvala,(cf. suffix -ESK); to be l.: simil-i, sembli-i (algo, algono); (adv.) qe, qezze; he acts l. a king: Hi akta qezze royo (as if he were a king); (n.) (le) simil-o, sembl-o, -ado, -ESKo; l.-minded: selm-opina.   

limit limido

line linyo

linen linino

link linko

link together - link-i, kupl-i 

lion leo

lips -labyoy

liqueur likyero (alcoholic) Po eksemplo: Apsinto (Absinthe)

liquid likfo -a (likf-(ik)ul-o - a drop)

liquidate likfid-i

list listolo, (in)listoled-i

listen, listen to skut-i

literate lektabla

literature literaturo

little (a little - small quantity of - ) poktete, algerete, qanterulo di... little desmolte, (little) mikre

little (small) mikra, poka (not so big)

little by little pokto-pokte , poktamode

live in (inhabit) loji (tr.)

live (be alive) viv-i

live (dwell) resid-i

lively vivyose, vivoplente

liver hepato

lobby lobyo, lobyando, lobyogrupo

lobbing lobingo,-i, lobyopres-i

locomotive lokomotoro, lokomo

loft lofto, mansardo, subetekto

log - wood -legnobloko, tronko, klosko

long longa

long for (nostalgie) nostalgi, sospig-i ka

look (direct the gaze) gvar-i (algo, algono); (l. like, as if) aspekti; montri myeno (trista, felica, e.c.); sembli; (of houses, etc.) esti ekspond-ita, dir-i (Suden, e.c.); l. after: sorg-i  l. for: (be in quest of) xerki; (see expect); l. into: (investigate) esplor-i; QAL-i, l. like: (resemble) simil-i, sembli,  look on, watch (as a spectator) spek-i; l. out: Gardens! , (pay attention) atenzz-i, -Atenzzes!; (be in quest for) serchar (cf. observar); l. up to: (respect) respekt-i; l. proud: hasi fyera myeno; to l. well: bone aspekti; bonaspekti, l. like a fool: fol-aspekt-i.

look (gaze, glance) blinko, gvaro; (appearance) aspekto; (mien) myeno.

looking-glass: speglo

look-out: (watcher) gvat-anto, -aro, -isto; observ-anto, -aro; (lower) gvat-o-turm-eto, (cf. belvedero- belvideyo); (as with troops, etc.) gard-aro, -isto ; (view) vid-ado (cf. perspektivo); (place to guard) postino; (cf. funsi; sentinelo); to be on l. for: (lie in wait) gvati (algono, algo); to put on l.: gvat-edi (algono); that is your l.: to-s Tua afero.

look! (Voilà!) - Gvar! Do!, Lo!, Vua-la!, Tey!

look around ci-gvar-i

look, look at - gvari, spekti, (glance (look quickly) blink-i, ocoblinki)

look for xerk-i

look out for: (be on the watch for) gvat-i

loose loza

Lord - Sioro, Sioro, Domino, Patrono

lorry kamyongo , loryo

lose perd-i

loud (of voice, sound) lauda, skaltavoca, forta

love am-i, -o, make love - amor-i, fall in love - amensi(s), Vami i amon. Falis i amon, amy-ens-i 

lovely lavla, ples(ed)a, bel-ab-a.

lovely: (worthy of being loved) lavla, am-inda; amebla, (very beautiful) bel-aba.

(EU- positive, cosy and pleasant ) Atlango-s le lango molte eusonida. (eufonia) 

   Li-s eupronunsebla ed euskutebla

low basa, dolta

luck (chanse) hazardumi, cans-i, lak-i

luck (good luck) fortuno, boncanso, bonswerto, lako

lucky fortuna,laka,lakyosa

ludicrous pludika, komika, burleska

luggage bagaryo

lump (clod) piece of no particular shape: lumpo, bulo (grana peculo) 

lunch lunco

lung pulmo

lure sedus-i, logv-i, delogv-i

lustre brilo, poluro

luxury luksuso

M

machine maxino

mad (angry) furyosa , irg-ab-a, P: despitaba

mad (crazy) frenesa, fola

madam sioreno, madamo, donyo (P: Madonyo)

madhouse freneseyo, foldomo, foleyo

mafia mafyo

magazine (media) gazeto, jornalo, revyuvo 

magazine ( a shop, store) magazino, storo

magnanimous jenerosa, pardunima

mail posto,postado, postall

mail (v.) posti, meyli, send a message - mes-i

main  cefa

maintain (keep in the same state) mantyen-i (konserv-i); (sustain) sube-tyena,-i, suport-i); (keep in the needs of life) vivotyeni; 

(assert) asert-i, afirm-i

maintenance  mantyeno, konservo; subetyenando helpo; vivotyen-ando, nutr-ando

make (do) fred-i, edi, -r, -ED-i (become - frensi, -ENS-i)

make up  sminko, (put on make-up) smink-i

male  masklo 

malicious  malika, malvola

maltreat mal-trakt-i

man (human) homo

man (male adult)  viro,  tano - this man (hi) 

manage (administer) administr-i, manaj-i, mestr-i (mestr-um-i), manipul-i

manageable -manajebla, manipulebla

manager - manajaro, mestro, -estro

mane  krino  If the mane, tail, muzzle etc are brown then the horse is described as brown. Zil krino, teylo, muzelo etc esta bruna do le kavelo beskrivatas qezze bruna (P:qe brunam.)

mandrake  mandragoro, alrauno.  Li skrima te laude, ke,(ta) qono lim detreka, rape morta.

mangle  mangeli, pecul-trek-i, vam-treki ka (aste)peculoy -tear to pieces, lancer-i 

mania manyo

manner manyero, modeo, modo

manoeuvre manovro, -i

mansion grandomo, domabo, manso

manufacture fabrik-i

manure dungo, eskremento

many molta, many people come to this bar - Moltoy (molto di homoy) vyena ka ta baro.

map (n.) mapo

March marco

march marx-i, -o

mark (token or stamp) toko, stamplo, merko, postomerko

market marqeto

marquis  marqiso

marriage, wedding - meryo, matrimonio, nupto

married couple - ge-meryonoy, meryonoy, meryo-parelo)

marry: (by priest, etc.) mery-um-i,mery-ed-i (algono ka algono); (get married) meryensi, meryumi se ko algono (spos-ed-i); married person: mery-on-o, -ano, -eno; spos-o; -ano, -eno. 

marsh - moraso

martial   milita (militarr)

marvel (wonder) marvilo  

mass (body of matter) maso

mass (large quantity) amaso

mass (people) popolo, publo, publoamaso, kraudo

mass (religion) misalo

massage masajo (doni masajo -masaj-i)

massive masiva

master mastro, granmastro - maestro

master (v)  mestr-i algo, mestr-ens-i ( self), regi, (dominate - domin-i) mestr-um-i - keep house

mate   kumpo, kamrato

match: (horses, pictures, pairs of things) parel-ed-i ; (equal) egali, -edi; (set in opposition) esti baste (pla)forta o grana po defenzi, po konbatri, po rezisti, po P: konkurenzi, po konkorsi; (cf. oposi);(unite families by marriage) alianz-i; (to be similar, alike) simil-i, esti le selma.

match: (lucifer) alumeto (a lighter) flam-ijo, likt-ijo;(a similar thing) simil-ado; (competition) matco, konkurso; turneo, boxing: bokso-kombatro, -fayto.

matchbox: alumet-bukso, -uyo.

matchless: supertotya kompigo, ne-kompig-ebla.

material materyalo -iv-, bren-ivo - fuel, bild-ivo -building material (-IVo - also an ending for grammatical terms. (adyektivo))

materialize materyal-(ed/ens)-i, efektiv-ens-i

matter (material) materyo, materyado 

matter (v.) import-i, grav-i

mature  matura,  adolta

maximum makso, maksemumo 

maximal makse (le pli) maksa, maksemume

maximalize maks-ed-i, maksemum-ed-i

May mayo

may (adv.) eble

may (v.) darf-i,  May I...?  - Qi mi darfa...?

may (May you be happy) Ke solme tu-s felica, may it be!  Ke solme! (in Spanish: ojalá!) let's hope so! Oha-la! Mu esperes, Kes mu esperes.

maybe  eble, estode

maze labirento, meyzo

meadow  prado, herbeyo

meal  repasto, manjado, ejado, nutrado

mean (signify) signi, signifi, sensi

meandre meandro, meandr-i

meaning -senzo, signo

means (resource) moyo, moyengo, remedyo, materyalo 

meanwhile selmem, intertempe, selmatempe,i selma tempo, po naw

measure menzur-i, menz-i, for ex: qal-sayz-i,sayz-UB-i 

measure menzuro, menzo, -ijo, -ometro, prubijo, qal-ijo

meat  karno, (meat or flesh used for food) - karnejo

mediate medyat-i, per-i

medicine (for illness) medikado, medisinado, drogo

medicine (science)  medisino, medikizmo, (profession) medisinisto,  medikisto, 

kuristo, doktoro (kur-aro, medikaro)

meet     enkont-i,  tref-i, vyuv-i 

meet (come together) konvyen-i kontrefi, bitrefi

meeting enkonto, trefo, konvyeno, mitingo

melancholy  melankolyo

melody  melo, melodyo

melt  melti, soluti, dis(e)soluti

member membro

memory membo, memoro, memno, mindablo

memories - suvyenir(ad)oy, memor(ad)oy, memoraryo

menace minasi, menacing: minas-anta, efr-ed-a, temoreda, temoryosa

mend reper-i (tr.), -o

mention - menki   ( don´t mentioned it! - ne dankinde! ne menkinde!) Also: Ne dankibe, Ne menkibe! Lo ne-s potribo a danki (a menki)

menu  menuo, menyo, manjokarto

mercy  merso, favoro

merge mergi (tr.)

merit merito, -i

merry alegra (to be merry) -i, glada -i, jola -i

message  mes(aj)o, P: meso, informo, sendado, noto, P: novo

metal metalo   metal-sheet - metalfolyo, bleho

meter (measure) metro

method metodo

metre (measure; poetic) metro

mew - myaw-i, gat-eklang-i

middle meza, -o

mien  myeno (grimace - grimaso)

mild milda

mile miloyo (distanso)

milieu  ambyento, milyero, (social setting -sosyaloko, sosyala plaso)

milk  lakto

million milyongo

mind (to attend to) atenzzi; gardi; sorgi; (obey) obidi (algono) (nurse) sorgi, nursi; koncerni; never m.: ne importe. (never mind! - To-s ne grava!) Do you mind if...? - Qi lo-s egale po tu (tun), zi...?

mind (understanding) mindo, mentalo, intelekto, inteligent-ezzo; (intention) intento; P: rezolvo; decido; (inclination) inklino; gusto; dezero; volo, volunto; (memory) memno; (opinion) opino, ideo; judiko; syentimento; minde (mentale) sana; to call to m.: (re-)memn -edi ,membedi(algono ka algono); I will bear that in m.: mi memno to; presence of m.: spirito-pront-ezzo; make up one’s m.: decidi; rezigni (pri); to my m.: pa ma opino, judiko;  m. doctor: mindo-medikaro; high-m.ed: gran-anima.

mine minero, miner-i  (gold mine - minereyo di guldo)

mine (explosive) mino

minimum minyo, minyemumo

minimal minya, minye, minyemume,(le pla) -asm-

mint mentelo

minus minuso, minuse

minute (of time or angle) minuto

miracle miraklo, marvilo, supernaturala fenomino

mirage mirajo, gvarado

mirror  speglo 

mis- MISTE-, applied to various parts of speech, meaning “ill,”“mistaken,” “wrong,”“wrongly,”“incorrectly,” or simply negating. MISTE-,vronge, mal-,eror-,EROR- (e.g., malaud-i, misteaud-i, - malunto, unt-eroro) 

miscellaneous  miksela, miksita

miscellany  difersadoy, mikseladoy, mikselaryo, varyadoy

miss, Miss (n.) Sioreneto  S-rto, Damzelo (S-eneto) Santya Madonno

missal mexalo, misalbuko  

mist  - nyeblo

mistake (error) eroro, eror-, -ERORO, vrongado

mister Siorano S-ano, Masiorano, Mrs -Sioreno S-eno, Miss -Sioreneto. Ladies and Gentlemen!  - Estimida Sioroy!

misunderstand malkumprini,  misekumprini, malkumi, kumeror-i

mix (n.) mikso, -uro -ado

mix (v.) miks-i, -ens-i, intermiksi

mixture mikso, -uro

mobile -mobebla, mobabla

mock, jeer at - mok-i, priskrid-i, beskridi, ridikedi

modem  modemo

modern moderna

modest modesta, pudora (hontima)

moment (of time) instanto, momento, kortemo, tempulo, blinkemo

Monday   Lundyem(o)

money   moneyto, short form: mono, sistemato moneytarr. Hi-s ne plu sinmoneyta (sinmona), he is no longer penniless. moneyt-o: (of gold, silver, copper) coin, cash, change, currency; pekunyo; moneyteco, moneto: a coin; moneytopapero: paper money: bankobilyeto);-ala: moneytarr;

monk monko

monster monstro

month menso

mood mudo, atmosfero,humoro

moon luno 

moonlight lunlumino, lunlukso

more pli molte, no more - ne pli, enke ne = ne yo

more or less - pli-pla(e),  plisme-plasme

more (before an adjective) pli

more and more pli e pli , P: in time - plu, plue

moreover (besides) plus, pluse, cetere, konrexte, ade,adedone, ade-, (pli)sobre to 

morning matino

mortar mortoro, pistuyo

most (before an adjective) le pli,-isma,isme, makse

moth nokta mariposo - falino,(clothes-m.) tinoyo, motoyo, molo

mother matro, mamo

mather-in-law - XO-matro, XO- (STI- kinship by second marriage - Stimatro (halmatro)

motor motoro

motto motto, formelo , slogo, devizo

mould mofo, P: mildino

mountain monto (monteto - kolino)

mournfull morna

mouse mauso

mouth (also fig.) mundo

move mob-i (tr./intr.), -o, -OB-,

much molte, mol, molter

mud fango, slimo (dirt, mud shield - pare-fango)

multiplication multipliko, moltopledo

murder ocid-i, -o murdi, mortedi

murmur mermo, mermando, merm-i

muscle musklo

mush maxo

music muziko

muslim - musulmo, musulmeno, musulmano,

must (necessity) nezzeso, debo, deb-i , -eb (Also: I must go - Mi v(ad)eba) (impersonal: it is necessary that) Lo-s nezzesa ke...

mutation - muto, mut-i

muzzle  muzelayno, pare-mordo (to prevent biting or, metaphorically, speaking)

muzzle muzelo (vizaco)

my ma, le misa

myth mito


 

nail (metal) klovo

nail (on finger) - unelo 

naive naiva

naked nakta

name (n.) namyo, naymado 

name (have a name) naym-i, give a name - naymedi 

nap dormet-i, P: nap-i

narrative narata, kenta

narrow streyta

nation nasyo

national nasya

nationality nasyezzo

nationalist nasy-al-ist-o, nasyalizma

nationalize nasy-al-ed-i, statedi

nature naturo

nature (character)  karaktezzo

nauseate nauz-i, nauzo

navigate navig-i

near proksa

nearly preske, prokse 

necessary nezzesa, (passive obligation) Nezzese, Lo-s nezzesa tom fredi. 

neck neko,  nape of the neck - nuko

necklace kolyo, perlinaryo

necktie kravato

nectar nektaro

need potrib-i, tribi, -IB-, has-ib-i, has-eb-i, I need to know - Mi kun-ib-a ... 

needle nadlo, kudrijo

neglect neglekt-i,nonxal-i, desatenzz-i

negligee negl-i, negl(ed)-i, nakt-ed-i

neighbour - veco, vecono

neighboring veca, prokseya

neighbourhood veceyo, prokseyo (in neighbourhood - vece) vec-i 

neither ... nor -  ni ... ni

nephew nevo, nevano

nerve nervo

nervous nerv-oz-a, nervoz-ima

nest nido, eunida, (euhema) (cozy, cosy)

net - reto

the Net, internet - neto, interneto

neutral neutra, neutrall

never nem, neme, na-tempe

new nuva

news novo, novoy (nuvadoy) nuvinformoy

newspaper jornalo, gazeto, revyuvo (newspapers - prenzio, gazetaryo) 

next sekfanta, sekfa, vyenonta

nice plesa, pleseda, granplesa (person -karina)

niece nevo, nev-eno

night nokto

nine nin

nipple cizzo

no (opposite of yes) ne, (nel)

noble nobila

nobody NONO, na-persono

noise bruso, rumoro, frakeso

none (nobody) nono, na-persono,

noon meridyo, meridyemo, nuno

no-one ́s nex, nexa

nor ni...ni

norm normo

normal normala, normall

north nordyo, -ala - nordyall

nose nozo

nostril  nostrilo, nostruvo

not ne

note not-i, -o, konstat-i

notebook notuyo, porte-noto, kayerno

nothing no, nado, na-koso, nolo (zero)

notice (essay) notiso, notado

notice (v.) (re)mark-i, not-i (also for oneself)

noun subestansivo

novel nuvelo, romanzo (short story - nuveleto,kento)

now - naw, ter, just now - justem

nowhere na-lok(ey)e, ney

nuanse nuanzo

nude nakta

number (for identification) numero (e.g., numero di domo, di klefo)

number (quantity) nombro

nurse nurso,  nurseno, nursano  


O

o'clock - horo

obey    obid-i   He understood it was just to obey, without any discussion -Hi kumprini, ke hi simple obideba si diskaso.

oblige  obligi  I feel myself obliged to help him - Mi syensa obligita helpis (ka) hi. 

oblivion  olvo, olvudo, desmembo, desmemoro

object to (v.) obyeks-i, kontrens-i

object (n.) obyekto

objection obyekso, kontrenso

obscene  obskina, vulgaca, despudora

observe observ-i, atent-i

obsess obsesi "She is obsessing over her weight" - Xi obsesa pri xa pezo.

obsession fiksideo, obseso,-OBSESO  You are my obsession - Tu-s ma obseso

obstacle ostako, hindro
obstinate stini (persisti)
obtain (attain) (to get with some efforts) ating-i, akfer-i, risef-i (-EF-), has-ed-i ka se (sem), fiks-i ka se (sem)

obtuse obtusa, desabla, nekum(prin)ima, stupideta

obvious evidenta 

occasion  evento, (okazyo - very special event)

occupy okup-i (busy with -okupi se pri, pe,- sem okupi pe, okupensi-i)

occupation okupo, okupando,

occupation (military control) - okupazo, okupudo, militkontrolo

occur eventi

ocean oceano

October oktobro

odd (strange) stranga

ode odeo, odeoyo

odour (neutr) flavoro, (good) aromo, (bad) fetoro, desaromo

of  (marking possession) di; (origin, derivation, starting point, quantity, dimension, size) de, da; (indicating material made of) fe; (“out of”) de; (concerning) pri, sobre; (agent, authorship) per; of late: recente, de korta tempo; of course: kumprin-e, -eble; it is very good of you: P: tu-s molte afabila; off: (away) far, fare; distanta (de); (from) den (broken off) rompita; brek-ita; P: seper-ita;  five kilometers (metres) off: dista pe 5 km.; off and on: de tempo ka tempo; take off the hat: da-prini le  P: capelo; off with him: far-ed-es hi! Far ko hi! I am off: mi va; hats off: P: dol(es)(en) capeloy! to be off color (colour): hasi ne-justa koloro; ten meters (metres) off from me: P: a dyes metroy da mi; he ran off: hi far-korsis; a great way off from here: far da tey;  the marriage is off: le maryumo brekitas; the gun went off: le fusilo pafis; hands off: dol(en) manoy! off with you: Tu farens! Far ko tu! the vessel is off the harbor (harbour): le navyo esta prey o proksey le purto; off the hinges: seper-ita dal (P: gonzoy).

of (concerning) pri

of (out of, made of) de, (Ta krugo-s fredita de metalo)

of (possession or association) di, qia?

of course! - Evidente! Kumprineble! Kumeble!

off (from) de

off! (Let`s go!) vames! (vam!) (colloq. vam-i) Vam kal laboro! = Vam labores!

offence ofenso

offer (sacrifice) ofr-i, -o, ofruro, ofr-ono, ofrado

offer ofert-i

office ofisyo,(business place:) kontoro,ofiso,byuro

office (function, duty) funso, funsino

officer (milit. commanding) (milit-)ofisyaro

officer funs(in)aro, kontoristo, ofisisto,

official (adj.) ofisyala, ofisyall

official (n.) ofisy(al)ono

offspring (descendent) enfo, desk-end-into, -YUN gat-YUNo (a kitten); royYUNo (a prince,from 'king' also: royenfo); arbyuno (a sapling, from 'tree'); izraelyuno (an Israelite); yun-aryo (a clan, tribe)

often ofte, (sometimes or frequently - frekfe-, -emi), Hi frekfe-vadi, Hi v(ad)-emi, frekf-i (to make something often)

ogre ogro

oil olyo

old (not new) antika, olda

old (not young) olda, antika

omit omit-i, om-, kfiti, P: skipi (transesauti)  

on  su, (sur- as a prefix)

on account of   pro, su konto di...

on top  (on) su topo, sobre, sobren

on (at the time of)  xel  tempo di

on (concerning) pri

on (upon) sobre, sobre da,(high up, high above  skalta-skale (skaltaskalono - high-up)

once (one time) unvolte, un volto , once for all: unvolte po cem

one ́s upon a time -  I alga tempo = Algem(e), Voltem, Algavolte(m)

one (1) un, uno

one (pronoun) se , li, (un, algono)

onion cebo

only (adj.) solma, unesolma, unika

only (prep.) solme

onto - ka su, suren

oops! - vups(e)! (to express mild apology, surprise, or dismay)

opaque opaka (des-trawvidebla)

open (tr.) abri (under the open sky, in the open -abrasyele)

opero opro, building: opreyo

operetta opreto

operate oper-i

operation opero,operando,operazo (also medical and military)

opinion opino, takso. In my opinion -I Ma Opino (IMO)

opportune oportuna,(adekfata, konvyena)

oppose opond-i, kontr-i, kontrestansi, kontrestari, kontremenzi

opposite infronte, infrente, fronte de, frente de

opposition - opondo,opondantaryo, opond-on-aryo P:?(kontrapostino)

opt opt-i, eleksi

optimism optimizmo

or - o, od

orchard horto, fruktarbaryo, fruktarbeyo

orchestra orkesto

order ordo, ordesmo, ord-UD-o, ord-ed-i, ord-ud-i

order (command) imper-i, -o , komundi , ordes-i, (commander -komundanto)

order (decoration) medalo

order (goods etc) order-i

ordinary -ordina, ordinala, norma, normala

ordination ordino, P:ordigo, P: ordesmo 

organ - orgo, organelo

organ -(musical instr.) orgelo

organic organika

organise organiz-i 

organization organIZo, organizado, -ARYATo. (Members of an organisation - organiz-on-

aryo) limb of the Law -organizo dil Lego - Legizo

orgillous orgila, orgilo   

orgy orgyo

origin origino

originate - origini, (descent) devyen-i (den-vyeni)

orphan orfo

oscillate oskili

oesophagus esofago

other - otra

other people aliyay, otronoy

otherwise otre, otra-mode

ought obl-i, deb-i (e.g. tampe mu stud-eba, stud-obla)

out of (in time) de, eksa, eksemo - time to go out, (in place,amount) ekstra, ekste, ekster-, ekste di

outline (v) skiz-i

outside ekste, ekster-, eksterey, ekstereyo

oven forno

over (above) supe, super, super-i

over (across) trans - transe, krose, P: tuere

over (finished) finita, fino! 

overcoat surtuto

owe deb-i, skuld-i

owl strigo

own (adj.) propia, sela, sa, le sesa

own (possess) propium-i , poxi, hav-i

owner poxanto, havanto

ox - vaxano, bofo  (bull - tauro)


P  

pace paxo, -i

packet pako, paketo

pagan pogano -a

page (of a book, etc) pagino,(pagyo) homepage - hempagino

page (historical) pajo

pain doloro, dolenzo, aljo

paint (coat with paint, etc) farb-i

paint (n.) farbo, kolor-iv-o

paint (pictures) pentr-i

pair  parelo, duaoplo, duplo

palace palaso

pale (adj.) palya

palm (hand) polmo

palm tree  palmo

pan padelo

panic paniko

pants pantalongo , pantalo, bruko

paper papero (piece of paper - karto)

parachute pare-xuto

parasol ambrelo, pare-solo (kontre pluvo - pare-pluvo)

parade parado, parad-i

paradise paradiso

paradox paradokso

parcel (package) pako

pardon skus-i, pardunpreg-i. Mi pardunprega! Skus! Skus min! Ho,parduno!

parent genitoro, parento, mother and father - (GE-)parentoy, genitoroy

parentage devyeno, gento

parenthesis(e) - parenteso, parentes-i, klampo,  (interklampe)

park (n.) parko

park (v) (auto)park-i

parking  parkeyo,

parliamento parliamento

parody parodyo, parodyumi

parry (to repulse) pare-i,(PARE-, paresolo, parepluvo) vit-i, farturni, halt-ed-i

part (not all) parteco,(P: -EC-), partyo, mondoparteco - mondeco (≈ kontinento), landoparteco - landeco, korporparteco - korporeco, parteco di libro- libreco, bukeco.

participate - partesi, parto-prini

particle partikulo (-IKULo )

particular (specific) spesifika, partikula (partikul-moda, partikularr),aparta, definita 

partner partaro

partnership partarezzo

party (politic) partido -(also a group)

party partoyo, fyesto

pass (through, over; life, time) (tr., intr.) pas-i; (p. by) om-pasi, om-vadi; (cause to p., a boat, a person, etc.) pas-ed-i, ompas-ed-i (cf. aprobi); (give judgement)  anonsi judikado; (surpass) super-vadi, -esti;  (in speaking of gas, liquids, etc.) trawpasi (trawpenetri); (p. away; die) farpasi,apag-i, morti; (cease) breki; p. for captain’s rank: promos-is (qezze) kapitano;p.in judgement: vyenis ka tribunalo, estis judikita;p.across a river: transevadi rivero; p. one’s life: pasi sa vivo; p. on one’s road: sekfi sa voyo; 

pass (entrance) paseyo, entreyo ;(permission) pas-parmo, pasporto

passion pasyo, amabo (am-ab-o) = gran amo

password pasavorto

past pastempo, pas-em-o, pasintemo (yesterday - timpo)

pasturage: (food) paxt-ado; nutr-iv-o (act) paxtando.

pasture: (tr., intr.) paxt-i, paxt-edi; (place) - paxteyo. Paxtisto, paxtaro

patch (n) paco, to patch - pacedi, patchwork - pacado, pacoverko

paternal patrala

patience patyenzzo

patient (adj.) patyenzza

patient (n.) kurato, patyento, inprinato

patronize patron-i

pattern desegno, modelo, formazo, formado

pause paus-i, -o

pavilion pavilyongo

pay pag-i (solvent -pagabla) Mi pagos tum qe(m) mi poxo pli molter pekunyo (moneyto)

pea pizo

peace pazo

pear (= fruit of the pear tree -le puararbo) - puaro

pearl perlo

peg pego, stifto - (small pin of wood or metal used for fastening.)

pen plumo

pencil krayo

peninsula pinislo, kabyo, hal-islo

penis peniso, penyo (vulg.- piho)

people (a people) popolo, publo

people (persons) personoy

pepper pepro, pimento

perfect perfekta, -ed-i

perhaps eble, podeble, estode

period peryodo, duremo

perish peres-i, apag-i

permanent permanenta, konstanta, solida, durebla,durabla.

permit (allow) parm-i, parmo, parmodokumento P: parm-UMENTo

permission parmeso, parmado, (konceso, licenzo)

persecute persekf-i

persevere - perseveri (persisti)(pursue steadfastly: continue on a given course,esp.in the face of discouragement,obstacles). Perseveri i alga entreprino. (durabla)

persist (hold firm), persist-i,(persiste e penge, Harde-)se persisti i stando,situdo. Se stini i volo. Pluduri xe sa opino. 

persistence persisto, pluduro

person: person-o; -al: -ala, -all; -ality: -ezzo; -al-ezzo; -al-ado; -ally: -e, -ale; -ification: person-edo, -in-korpor-edo;  -ify: person-edi; -nel: person-aryo.

persuade perswad-i

perturbation pertrubo, trubo

petition petizzo

pet-name karesnaym(ad)o

pheasant (ornit.) fazango

photograph fotograf-i, fot-i, foto, fotado, foturo

physician mediko, medikisto

piano fortepiano, piano, pianino

picture imajo, pikto, pikturo, piktado

pidgin pijino

piece peculo, -UL- (pecikulo)

pierce pirsi,trawpirsi, perfor-i

pig porko

pillow kuxino

pillowcase kuxinuyo

pimple pimplo (pustolo)

pin pinglo (pego, stifto)

pinch (nip) pinc-i

pipe (tube) tubo

pirate pirato

piss - pis-i, pisil-i, urin-i 

pistol pistolo

pit (hole in ground) foso

pitoresque -pentureska, pentrinda

pity konpat-i, -o, That is pity ! - Damaje! Malswerto! Fatale! Deslake! Konpatinde!

pizza pizzo

place loko, plaseyo, lokeyo, qeyo

place (put) plasi, lokedi, pondi

place (public) plazo

placid placida "a placid neighborhood." placida veceyo. This horse has a placid nature. Ta kavelo hasa placida naturo.

plague plago

plan (of action) proyekto, plano, programo

plan (v.) proyekt-i, plan-i

planchette planxo

plane (flat surface) surfaso, flato, flatado

planet planeto

plank planko, taulo (board) (floor of a room - swelo, plankaryo)

plant (botanical) planto

plant (set to grow) beplanti, priplanti

plasma  plazmo

plate (dish) dixo

play plud-i

play pludo, (game -geymo), sporto

play a role -rol-i, aktor -i)

plead plid-i Molta fatoy plida po Atlango.

please pregi, Plis! Po favoro, Bonvolunte, (as you please - konfel gusto Tusa, pleso (pyaso) Qe(mode) to tum gusta. (P: Konfel favoro tusa)

pleasure pleso  This is my friend. Pleased to meet you, John. To-s ma amiko. Lo-s plese tum kunesis,Yohano. 

Pleiades Pleyadoy

plod peze fredi, paxi, lamOBi (hobl-i), (harde-paxi, hardefredi)(with perseverance)

persisti; (through work) fredi algo ko pengo e persistezzo kay perseverezzo (trudge)

marxi penge o persiste; (hobble) klodik-ante, hobl-ante."Work on something boring or

monotonous."- Labori ko (sobre) algo bureda o monotonala.

plot konploto, intrigo

plough plog-i

ploy ruzado, triko

pluck (fruits, flowers, etc) - pluki

plug plugo,tampongo, stap-ijo, jako, plug-i, stap-i

plus pluso, pluse (in addition)

plush pluxo

pocket pokso

poem poemo, poemado

poet poeto, poeziaro

poetics poetiko, teoryo di poezio

poetry - poezio, poezia, poeziala, -all, poeziado, poemo, poemado

point (dot, etc) punto , doto , puento

point (v.)indik-i, atenzzed-i, punt-i, puentedi

poison (n.)tokso, toks-ed-i, be-toks-i

pole (of wood, etc) stango

polecat  putoro (skunko)

policeman polis-isto -ano - ono

police poliso

polite - jentila, kortesa

pollen polino

pollinate polin-i, be-polin-i

poor (needy) povra, desrika

poor (not good) ne-bona, mala

poor (pitiable) konpatinda

popular popula, populara, popularr

port (sea or air) purto

porcelain porcelino

position (place) loko, lokeyo, plaso, sito, situeso, posido, postino, P: posizzo

position (of body) pozo

positive positiva

possess pox-i,has-i,(a short form in present tense:-x (Qia? -whose, Tia,Tria,Cia,Nnia,Algia,Qalgia)

possible podebla, ebla, estoda. Maybe - estode

post (postal service) posto, postalo, posteyo

post (position, station) postino, posido

posterity posonaryo, onitaryo

postage (stamp) stamplo, postajo

postcard postokarto

pot poto

potato potato

pour (pour out) flus-i (solids)- xut-i

pout paut-i, (mal)grimas-i  

powder (dust) pulvo

power pawero, podo, forto (cf.podezzo, fort-ezzo, potent-ezzo, autoritato); (math.) potenzzo; this is not in my p.: To ne-s pa ma podo, forso; to the utmost of our p.: te molte qe mu poda; the p. of water: forto dil akfo; the great powers: le grana fortoy.

powerful fortyosa, potenta, podyosa

powerless sinpawera, ne-potenta; desforsa,desforta,impotenta; febla.

practice prakto, praktiko

practice prakt(ik)-i

praise plaud-i, glor-i, -o, skalt-aprexi. (to praise god- Plaudes le Dio! Glor´kal Dio!)

pray (communicate with God) (v) pregv-i

prayer pregvo Our thoughts and prayers are with you at this difficult time. Mua pensoy e pregvoy esta ko Tu i ta hardemo. (desfacilemo)

preach profet-i, predik-i (prophet - profetaro)

precise precisa (neprecisa - swaga) precis-ed-i, fredi algo precise

precious aprex-ab-a, val-ab-a, valyosa, kar-ab-a, aprexinda

prefer pref-i (algo, algono) qe, da (algo, algono)

premise premiso, P: preprino, P: antemprino (hipoteso)

prepare preper-i, prep-i, prontedi

presence semprezo, prezenso (personality) person-al-ezzo, (aspekto)

presence (being present) (asisti) xesti (xe-esto) in presence of - il xesto di, xeste

di... make a sign of presence - fredi signo di xesto od asisto.

present (time) present time - xestemo, xesta tempo, naw-tempo

present (gift) gifto, donado, regalo (v.) gift-i,regal-i, donad-i

present (v.) prez(ent)-i, figur-i, reprez-i = reprezent-i

present to be present - xest-i (xe-esti)

presentation prez(ent)-(ad)o, prez(ent)uro

press (apply pressure) prenz-i , konprenz-i, skfis-i, disprenz-i  

press -(newspapers) prenzio -i , gazetaryo

prestige - prestigo

pretend (make it seem, feign) sembledi, simul-i, fing-i

prevent  prevent-i

previous prea, antema, presekfa, preva (prevadanta)

previous: preva (time) (space) pre-v(ad)-anta, the p. question: le qesto preva.

prevision prevido

prey piligo, plundrado

price - prazo

price (award) premyo, avordo

prick (v) prik-i ( to make (a small hole) in (something) or wound)

pride(self-respect) praudo

prince prinso (royonitano)

princess prinseso (royoniteno) 

principle (a rule) prinsipo

print printi

prison -(jail) prizzo, karzzeyo

take to prison- inprizzi,karzz-i,inkarzzedi

prisoner - prizzono

private (adj.) privata

probable probebla, versembla, prefa

probably versemble, probeble, prefe

problem problemato, problemo, trubo, trubado (pertrubo) (-OZo)

percentage percentajo, percento (procento)

process - proceso, proces-i P: prozzo, -i,

produce produkt-i, -uro - ado

profession (occupational) profeso, okupo, faho

profit (n.) profido

profane profanono, profan-ed-i

progress progres-i, -o

prohibit forb-i, ne parm-i, desparm-i

promenade - promendo, promendeyo, (promend-i)

promise prom(is)-i

promote promot-i, lans-i

prompt (adj.) rap(id)a

prompt (v.) (urge, impel) instigi, impulsi, KX (refresh one ́s memory) sufli,

proof (n.) pruvo , pruvdokumento, pruvado

proof (adj.) prufa, imuna

proportion proporso

proposal propondo

propose propond-i

prospect prospekto (vision) Prospect of doing something - Prospekto di fredi algo (Prospekto po fredi algo) 

prosper (intr.) prosper-i; -ous: -a,-anta, -ity: -(and)o.

protect protekt-i

proud prauda (praud-i)

prove prov-i

provide (something,someone with something) privigi(algo/algono pe algo)(be-,pri-...-i)

prudent prudenta

psyché  psixeo, spegloxranko

public publ(ik)a, - o

publish (a book) edizz-i, publ-ed-i, dedon-i

publishing house edizzeryo, edizzeyo, dedoneyo

puddle flako

pull - treki

pull out - detreki, datreki

pull (a line) distrek-i, tengi

pulse - polso, -i

pump pumpo, -i, pumpijo, pumpilyo

punctually puntem, (akuratem, presyem, eksaktem)  to be on time - puntemi 

punish pun-i

pupil lernanto, disiplo

pupil pupilo (in the eye)

pure pura

purple - purpura

purpose aim, skopo, eymo, intento, iro, qeymo, -EYM

(Qom tu fredira? - What are you going to do?) Qom tu  fred-ez-a?

push puls-i, -o - PUL! slide, push along a surface - xovl-i. Stick one ́s tongue -dexovli (depulti)lingo

put pondi, plasi, lokedi, yas-ed-i (Pon! Plas!)

puzzle (riddle or problem) puzlo, enigmo, problemato


Q

quality qalito, qalezzo, qezzo

quantity qantero, qero

quarrel dispyut-i , qeril-i

quarter kfarparteco,kfartezzo, kfarteco, (part of city) - kfarteyo, quarter of hour -kfadranso  P: kfartem(o)

Qeen - Royeno , Monarkeno

qeer - kfira, kfiryosa, stranga

quest - kfesto,kfest-i. The quest for The Holy Grail. Le kfesto pol Santya Gralo

question qesto, qio,  -i, Qi? Qi-s...?

quick - rap, rapa, momentala, instanta, blinkema

quiet trankila, kalma, serena (vedro) (bon-vedra)

quit - kfit-i,  farlas-i, kfit! les! lens! (-les!, -lens!)

quite - (pretty) baste, bastante, totye. not quite - ne totye 

 

R

race -reyso, korso, vetokorsando (competition)

radiation radyazo

radiator radyadoro, radyansadoro

radio radyo, rayo

radio radio, radio (radyofonio) 

rain pluv-i, -o

take to prison- prizi, inprizeyedi - sinliberedi, desliberedi

rail relso

railway fernovoyo, fernoviyo (route - viyo)

rain pluvo

rainbow syelarko

raindrop pluvikulo

raise (lift) (sen) lev-i, (lev-ed-i) lift-i algo

raisin rosino

ranch ranco

rancour rankoro, rankor-i - syenti rankoro.  Rancour is a bitter and long lasting 

hatred. Rankoro esta bitra e longedura (durima o longema) heyto. 

range (paf-, flug-,) distanso,(asteyo)

range (side by side) ranko, seryo, linyo, cengo (monto-cengo)

rank rango (status) statuso, grado, primranga (first-class)

rapid rapida,(rapa) molte rapida - rapa,  Rap! 

rapport  raporto, -i, raportado

rare rara, desofta

rascal frip-on-o

rat ratelo

ratio ratyo, proporso, relatumo

rational (math. philos) ratya, ratyonala

rationalize raty-ed-i, ratyonal(ed)-i

rather - prefe

rather not - , prefe ne, probeble ne, supondite ne. Rather if - Prefe zi

rattle stertor-i (in the throat)

raucous rauka

raw (untreated) raua,(P: RAW-)in its natural condition, or brutal or unfair. A raw wind

 - Rawvyento, raw deal - rawa afero (rawafero)

ray (beam) rayo, radyo

reach ating-i, ast-i, akfer-i, kanv-i, (by hand -prin-ob-i, teng-i mano)

react reakt-i

read lekt-i

ready pronta, preperita

real reala

realm regno

reason (motive) motivo, kewso, Qewo, P: rezongo- rezong-i

reason ratyo, prudento (age of reason-(hist.) - ratyala epoko, ratyalemo, prudentepoko,

reason of state - statrezongo, statintreso

reasonable   prudenta

reasonableness   ratyezzo, P: ?rezongezzo

reasoning   rezongando, rezongima

reasoning  disputo, argumo,argumado, argumando, P: birezongando

rebel rebeldo, revolto

rebuke skoldi

receive risefi, -EF-i  receive forgiveness - pardun-EV-i, receive communion - risefi santya komunyo

recent recenta, pasinta, pasema

recently recente, laste, lastem (in le lastemo)

reception risefo the reception is not very good on Channel 4 (Le)risefo ne-s molte bon sul Kanalo 4 (Kfaresma)

receptive akseptima, risefima

recipe recepto

reciproke (v.) reprok-i, ambe, Bi-

reciprocally - BI-, ambe, amball, reproke. Hoping for a reciprocal favor - Esperi reproka favoro. Esperi bifavoro.

recommend (commend) rekomund-i

recognize rekun-i, rekonesi

red - ruja

reduce redukt-i

refer to (v.) referti ka (referto, alusyo)

reflect (all senses) reflekt-i

refuse (v.) refuz-i

regain - reprini, regvani

regime - rejimno

region regyo

register (n.) registro

regret regret-i, -o

relate to relat-i, -ed-i, relate ka, (rel)

relation relato (rel)

relax relaks-i

He worked in the morning and relaxed the rest of the day. Hi laboris matine e relaksi dyemexte(m) dyemenje. 

rely on - dependi da, trast-i, apog-i su

relict - reliko  dyem-exto, jornexto - remainder of the day. 

religion religio

remain rest-i, pluresti, pluest-i (stay longer 

remain  (tr.) (as remainder after) - (posrestedi, aband-i) rexti

remainder rexto, P: -EXTO, rextulo,rextikulo,(cetere - konrexte), 

remark not-i, mark-i, remarki

remarkable (re)markinda, notinda

remember memb-i

remind remindi Remind me about it. (Re)membes to ka mi.
remote control - fara stiro (far-stirijo)

rent (from someone) renti, prunteprini  

repair reper-i, -o, -uro   

repeat (an action) rinpid-i, rin-i, rinplud-i, RIN! rinvolte! Enkevolte!

repeat (say again the same) rinpid-i, num-i, RIN-dikti, repeat a question - rinqezi

repent regret-i

repetition rinpido, rino, RIN-

replace replas(ed)-i, otreplas-i, trawplas-i , otrekambi 

replace (take the place of) replasi

reply respond-i, -o, repl-i

reproach reproc-i

request rekfes-i

research rexerko, rexerk-i

reside resid-i, restans-i, stans-i

resign (give up tenure) demis-i (de) rezigni

resist rez-i, (rezist-i) rezastans-i, kontr-ens-i, pruf-i (akfoprufa - waterproof)

respect respekt-i, -o

responsible be, for - respons-i, responsabla

rest (remain) rest-i, restastansi (restans-i)

rest (remainder) rext-i, -EXT-

rest (repose) - reposi, deskans-i 

restaurant restorango, restoreryo

restrain (hold back) repres-i, haltedi, retyen-i, detyen-i

result rezult-i, -o, -ado

retain retyen-i, plutyen-i, detyen-i, konserv-i

return (come back) retrovyen-i, returni, returnensi, rinvyeni, revyen-i

return (give back) retrodoni, returnedi, re-don-i

return (go back) retr-end-i, returni, retr-ens-i, bakendi, ren (back)

reveal revil-i, deskoncel-i

revel (from reverly) birb-i (live loosely) deboc-i

revelation revilo, revilado, Revilo!

revenge revenco, venco

reverse revert-i (to turn)

revolution revoluto

revolution (mechanical, geometry) - revolut-o, revolv-i

rice rizo

rich rika

ride (horse, etc) kavelk-i, rayd-i kavelo

ridiculous ridikla, skridoveka, skrideda, skridinda

rile fusilo

right (correct) korekta, rayta,jasta, Rayte! Tu prava! - You are right!

right (legal or moral) lego, yuro, yur-i

right (to something) rayto 

right (not left) deksa,-i,-o (deksen! DEKS!) 

right (suitable) apta,-i aptebla, aptabla ring ringo

ring (v) sonor-i, ring-i, (by phone) telefon-i, fon-i. 

riot kravalo

rip ripi, vyol-treki (tear up) distreki, pecul-trek-i,pecul-tengi

ripe matura

rise (ascend) ask-i, ask-end-i, sobri, monti, levi, skal-i

rise (increase) kresi

rise (lift something) lev-i, levens-i, lev-ed-i 

risk risk-i

river rivero, flumo (large - fluvyo)

road voyo, (route - viyo)

roar animal: rugid-i, mug-i, brus-i

rob grabl-i, plundr-i 

robe dreso, tuniko, mantelo 

robot roboto

rock (boulder) roko

rock (v) rokf-i, swing-i, rock and roll -rokf-e-rolo 

rocket rakyeto

rod   vergo, stango

role  rolo  - rol-i

roll (along) rul-i (tr./intr.), -o

roof tekto

room rumo, cambro, zalo   

room (space) spazo

rope  snuro, lino 

rose  rozo,  rozokolora, roza, pinka

rough (basic) ruda, raua, rau-

round ronda, -o, ci-forma

routine (a usual or regular method of procedure) rutino. This vaccine is already routinely used. Ta vaksino yu untatas rutine.

row (line) linyo, rango, seryo, sekfado

rub freg-i

rubbish  skrepo, sinvalado

rude kruda, deskortesa, desejentila, desples(ed)a

ruin - (devastate) ruin-i, devast-i, rov-i, demol-i, deskonstrukt-i

rule  regi, governi, domini 

rule (to follow) reglo, reglado,  regle (regli, regledi) prinsipo

run (on foot) kors-i, -o,  run away - fugi, eskapi

rush (grassy plant) yunko

rush (be in hurry) urg-i, urg-ens-i, -o, sem rapidi 

rustle sus(ur)-i, -o, frus-i,(frusando di folyaryo, fruso di nivo)  sus-i (maro, vyento) 


 

sabotage to sabot-i

sabotage sabotado, sabotando

saboteur sabotatero, sabotanto, sabotaro

sabre sabro

sack sakfo

sacred konsakrita; santya, sakra, maksesantya

sad trista, (xagrina, trubyosa)   

sadness tristo, tristezzo, trist-udo , trist-amyento   

safe (secure) segura, seyva, segur-i

safe(without danger) sin-danjera, segura

sagacious (wise) savya, inteligenta  

sail seglo, (v) segl-i

sailor maristo, seglanto

saint santya, santyono

salad salato

salary salayro, sweldo

sale seldo

saliva salivo

salon zalongo, zalo

salubrious (healthy) - salubra

salute (n) saluto

salute to, salut-i

salt salto

salty salta, saltita,saltyosa

same - the same - le selma. The same to you - Le selmo ka tu. (le selmo tun)

sand zando (grain of sand - zand-ikulo)

sandal sandalo 

sanitarium sanateyo

sanitary sania,sanezz-a,sanuda,higien-ala;s.cordon: kordongo o barik-ado salubr-ezz-a.

sanitation san-ed-o, salubr-ed-o, higien-o

sanity, saneness - sano, (mentala sano) mental-udo, mindudo, sanito mentyall; sanita judiko; ratyon-al-ezzo.

sapling arb-it-o

sarcasm sarkazmo

satan xatano

satellite satelito, sputniko

satiate satis-ed-i

satiated, to be - satis-i, desfom-i, mi-s fula (to be not hungry) (mi satisa -I ́m satisfacted) satiated satisfredita, satisfreda, kontenta

satisfaction kontento, satisfredo

satisfy (fulfil) satis-ED-i, satisfred-i, bast-ed-i, plentum-i, kontent-edi, fulfred-i

Saturday Sabdo

saunter flan-i

save (from danger) salv-i. salves!

save (on computer) spar-i, sav-i, seyv-i

save (money) spar-i

saw (v) seg-i

saw segijo

say dikt-i(s),(a short special form: sp-i) Say! - Dik!, Diktes!, Spes! 

say dikti (speak) paroli (pri); (recite) recit-i, deklamer-i; I say!: Skut! Atenzzo!; let us say no more about it: Mu ne paroles (spes, tokes) plu pri to, mu ne tokes plo molte pri to; they s.: se dikta; to s. the truth: po diktis le vero; I s. no: mi dikta ne(w), mi refuza: I do not s. no: mi ne kontre-dikta; my clock s.s one o’clock: ma kloko indika le unesma (horo); it is hard to s.: to-s harda diktis;  that is to s.: to esta, to-s; the aforsaid: le supere diktita o pre-dikt-ita; le supere menk-ita; he said he was rich: hi aserti ke hi-s rika; no sooner s. than done: te kortem diktita, do kortem fredita; you don’t s.: To-s desebla!; to say again: num dikti, num-i, rinpidi, rindikti; so to s.: po (te) tezze paroli, kaze. 

saying diktad-o 

saxophone saksofono

sbirro polisonaco, tortur-atero, ezbiro

scab krosto

scale skaulo

scan skan-i

scar cikatro

scarcely penge, konpenge , harde-

scare efr-ed-i, temoredi

be scared - temor-i pro, pri, efr-i ke, pro

scatter dispeldi

scatter-brained neatenzzima, vyentokapa

scenario filmoskriv(ad)o, skenaryo, eskripto

scene skeno

scenery skeneyo

sceptre sketro

schallow  baha, desprofunda, superfika

scheme (plan of action) proyekto, skemato

school skolo

science syenzzo

science-fiction syenzzo-fiksyo, xenzo-fiksyo 

scientist syenzzisto,syenzzaro

scissor tondijo, sizoro

scold skold-i

scratch skrap-i

screen skrino,-i,(pare-vido - furniture) ekrango

screw skruvo

scrape (off) skrap-i

scream (cry out) skrimi, -o (klamabi)

sculpture skulturo (skult-i)

scum skumo

sea maro

seashore kusto, strando, marstrando, marenjo

search, search for xerk-i, rexerk-i

season (n.) sezongo, sezo

seat (for sitting on) sido, sijo, sidijo 

second (2nd) duesma

second (of time or angle) sekundo 

secret sekreto, misterio, misteria, misteriyosa

secretariat sekret-aryat-o  (-ARYAT- institution, organisation, ofiso, kontoro)

secretion sekrido

sect sekto

section sektyo, sektoro 

seduce sedus-i

seed semino

see (with eyes) vid-i

seek xerk-i, trawxerki

seem sembl-i, aspekt-i , simil-i ka

seize kapt(ab)i, grankapt-i 

seldom rare, desofte

select seleks-i

self -  sel, (mi sel - me myself) tu sel - you yourself; lu sel - they themselves. Le royo sel (personnaly)- the king himself; Eksemple: Le mastro sel inspektis le domo. Hi sel parleza ko mi. Hi lekta sel

sell seld-i,”Se selda”, SELDITA!

semi- (prefix) HALO- (e.g., semi-cirklo)

seminary seminayro

sense -(meaning) senzo, esenzo

sense (organ) syentoro

sense of humor - humorsyento, humorablo

sensible -syentebla, syentabla

sensor sensoro, syentijo, syentadoro

sentry sentrinelo, gardisto

send sendi

sentence (gram.) frazo

sentence v. sentenzi - to declare (the punishment for a crime)

sentiment (mental feeling) syensamyento, syensudo, forta syensamyento = afekto  

(-AMYENTO - UDO )

sentimental sentimentala, sentimentall

sentinel sentrinelo (gardostaranto -vaktisto) sentrinel-i = vakt-i

separate (adj.) aparta, seper(at)a

separate (v.) seper-i, -ens-i, divig-i, aparted-i,((de)parted-i) izol-i

September septembro

serene serena, kalma, klara

serial seryalo, seryala

series serya

serious (grave) grava, importa, seryusa, severa

serious (not trivial) seryusa, seryuso 

serve (be of service to) serv-i, servisto -waiter

service - at your service - (Xel) Kal servo tusa.

set v. setingi, estedi, to put in place or position - plasi; to establish a time, price or limit - establ-ed-i, firm-ed-i, instali, ary-ed-i

set n. aryo, konstalo, setingo

settle (intr) setl-i, sidum-i, sidumeyo, setleyo, establ-ens-i, lok-ens-i

His family settled on Qanaria Island - Ha familio setlis su Qanaria Islo.

seven zem

several plura, varya

severe severa, grava

sew kudr-i

sex sekso,(have sex, to make love)- amor-i, seksum-i,koit-i,(peyorative:) fotr-i,fakf-i

shadow ombro

shaft (parteco di minereyo) xahto 

shake (tremble) tremb-i, skfot-i

shame (emotion) skamo, honto, (from sex motives) pudoro

shame (v.) skamo, honti, pudor-i, -ed-i

shape (form) formo, -i

share: xer-i, konparti, part-edi, divigi; (participate in) partoprini, partesi.   

share: xerparteco (cf. porsyono); (finan.) aksino, aksyono (cf. interesto); (quota) qoto; s.holder: aksinaro; sharer: xeranto, parto-prin-anto.

share (on stock) P:? aksino (shareholder - aksinaro)

share xar-i(To have in common; possess or use in common with others) - konhasi, konpoxed-i, hasebledi, pluenedi, transedoni

sharp (keen edged) akuta

sharp xarpa

shave xev-i

she xi

sheep ovelo, moflo (moflono)

shed barako, kabango, P:budo

sheik - xeiko

shelf xelfo

shell xelo (peel, rind, hull: hard outer case of eggs, nuts, etc) xellesi (sinxeledi)

shell (seashell) konco

shelter n (refuge) refugeyo; (protection) protekto; (lodging) alberg(ey)o; v (lodge) albergi (se)

shield xildo

shine bril-i, xayn-i

ship (n.) navyo, barko

shirt kamiso

shit  myerdo, xayso, fekalo, kauko, Myerdo! Xayso!

shiver fris-i, frostotremb-i   Sometimes I shiver. Mi frisa volte(m).

shock (mental or physic.) xoko, xoki, xokensi

shoe - xuzo, boto,  to pull off shoes - xuzLENSi, (to someone) xuzLESi

home shoes - slippers: pantofloy

shoot (with a fire-im) paf-i (ad)

shop butiko, seldeyo , xopo

shopping  butikumo, xopumo 

shore (of a river) rivo,(of a sea or ocean - strando, kayo 

short (not long) korta, deslonga 

should obl-i, kulp-i, deb-i

shoulder xulto

shout vok-i, -o

shove xovl-i, pult-i

shovel (scoop) xovelo, xovelijo, shovelful of - plentoxovelo di (fulxovelo di)-

show montr-i, -o

show (indicate) indik-i

show spekado, spektaklo , xowo

shrieking (sharp piercing cry) xrikanta

shut klos-i

sick (ill) morba, nesanita, mals(anit)a, malstanda P:( -ozo, -ozyo)

side (geometrical) lateralo, -ala

side (not front or back) flanko

sidewalk trotuveyo

sign signo

sight vido, vidado, vyuvo, eye-sight - vidopodo (vidodo, vidablo)

silence -silento, silentudo, siludo, kalmo, P: silo

silent - silenta, P:sila, kalma (to be silent, do not speak - muti)

silk silko

silver arjento -a, silvro -a

similar simila, sembla

simple simpla

simulate simuli

sin peko, -i

since (because) bo, pro, pro ke,(olda versyo: nam)

since (from the time of) da, dem, de, de pos (prep.), pose (adv.) 

sincere franka, franke (frankevorte, frankedikte - frankly speaking)

sing xant-i, bexant-i = prixant-i

sink (v.) sink-i

sister sorelo, hermeno

sit (be sitting) sid-i

sit (sit down) sidens-i, sidis

site situeyo, loko, plaso, qeyo, sayto (on the Net)

sitting room zalongo

situation situdo, - UD- (also: mudo)

six sey

size granezzo, menzuro, menzo, sayzo

skeleton skeletro

ski skiro

skilful habila, eksersita, abledita, ablaba

skim tokt-et-i

skin (on a person or animal) pyelo ,dermo

skirt (garment) faldo

skull (cranium) kranyo

sky syelo (under the open sky, in the open - abrasyele) 

slave sklavo

sleep dorm-i, -o (drowsy, to be sleepy -somn-i) 

slender slenda

slide glit-i, -eyo  

slip glito (a slipping movement, as on ice)

slippery - glita, glitima

slow lanta, lante

small mikra, eta, desegrana

smear smir-i

smell (have a scent) flavor-i, smel-don-i (pleasant -arom-i, unpleasant -desaromi, fetor-i) smell smelo, smelsyento (sense of smell) syenti pe syentoro (sensoro- syentijo, syentadoro) smell,to (use sense of smell) smel-i, smel-ev-i (syent-i)

smile smilo - smil-i  (skrideti)

smoke fum-i (tr./intr.), -o, -uro, fum-ad-i

smooth (to the touch) glawa, -ed-i

snare (lay a snare for) insidyo, insidy-um- i

snat morvo, nozmorvo, morvulo

snatty morva

sneeze snis-i, SNIS!

sniff snufi

snore snor-i

snow nivo, -i

so (to such an extent) te ke, ta-grade, te aste 

so:  do! (thus) te, tezze, ta-mode, selme qe; (so to speak) kaze; (like) qe, qezze; (according to) konfe, konfe-; (so great, good, much, etc.) te; (therefore) do; so that: po ke (followed by imperative - es) so far: aste naw; aste ta punto; and so on: e te plu; do not speak to me so: ne spes ka mi ta-mode; so is the father, so is the son: qezza patro, tezza filo; I think so: mi te pensa: so you have come: Do! (Finfine!) Tu arivis; so he went: do hi vis; so often: te ofte; so so: do do; if it is so: zi to-s te (tezze); I am so sick: me-s te malsa; why so?: Qew te? I say this, so you may be prepared: mi dikta to, po ke tu estes preperita.

soap sapo

soar esor-i, skalteflug-i

sober (temperate) sobera

society (association) asosyo

society (community) sosyo, komunio

sock kalseto

soft (not hard) softa, deseharta

software softwero, softovarko

soil (n.) swelo (also floor in a room - plankaryo.)

soldier soldato, militaro, militisto

solid solida, -o

solemn solemna

solve soluv-i

some (indeterminate) algono

some (vague amount) pokto, pokter, algerete, I need some time to...: Mi (po)triba poktemo po...

somebody,someone  algono, un, uno

something algo

sometimes volte, voltem, da tempo ka tempo

somewhere algey

son filo

song kansongo, xantado, songo

soon - kortem, proksem (i proksa tempo)

soot suto P: fulgo

sorrow soryo, soryamento, soryudo,(to grieve) (intr.) xagrini, -o; to cause s. to: -xagrinedi, soryedi (algono); (regret) regret-i, -o; -ful: xagrin-anta, -ed-anta; trista; regretyosa.

sorry (sad) sorya (tristeta), xagrinima; to be sorry: (regret) regreti; sory-ens-i),  

(in apologizing) Sorye! Mi sorya. Regretinde! Skus!

sorry - without merit; sorya "a sorry horse";sorya kavelo,"a sorry excuse" skuso soryall

sort (kind) sorto, spesyo, spesyado

soul spirito, almo, animo

sound (fonio,sonio,)  sonido, resonido, klang-i, -EKLANG- 

(le gato myaua = le gato gateklanga) Atlango-s le lango euklanga.

soup zupo

south sudyo

sovereign sovra, sovrezzo, sovr-on-o

sow (v.) sembr-i, semin-i

space (expanse) spazo

spark iskro, fayr-ul-o (make, produce sparks - iskr-if-i)

speak parol-i, (colloq. parl-i, (colloq. sp-i) - to be able to speak a language)

to turn (address) to someone - diri ka algono ( sem direksi ka algono ko…)

special (particular) spesya, spesyala, partikularr

speech parolo, prelekso, to make a speech - paroli

spend (pay out) spend-i

spend, use (a time) spendi tempo, pasedi tempo, tempopasi, P: -em-i

specimen spesimento

sphere sfero

spider spidro, aranyo

spin turni, spini, rot-um-i, ci-mob(ed)-i

spine (backbone) spayno, vertebraryo

spit splut-i

spittle splutado, splut-iv-o

splendid splenda, splendyosa, gransplenda

spontaneous  spontina

split  split-i (tr.)

spoil destrukt-i, defekt-i (tr.) devast-i

sponge spongo

spoon spuno (teaspoon -(herba)tespuno)

spoor (also:footprint) spuro

sport sporto

sportsman sportisto, campono

spouse sposo, maryo (maryano e maryeno)

spout spre-i, spruz-i

spread sprid-i,(spridens-i) dispers-i, dyaspored-i, P:di(s)fuz-i,(ekster-i, ekster-ens-i)

spring (season) primaverno, (primavernall) (jump - sauto)

(mech.) resorto;  (water) fuento; v (jump) sauti; (originate)origini, provyeni ,devyeni

spy (n) spyunaro

spy (v) spyuni

square (open public place) plazo 

square (shape) qadra, qadrata -o 

squash (v.) aplast-i (tr.) skfis-i 

squat (crouch) (intr.) skfat-i (sit on one's heels)

squeak pep-i, grinz-i (with teeth)

squeeze (v.) konprenz-i, -o,  skfis-i  

stack  -  paliso (legna stango)

stack - (pile) stako (stack of books - stako di bukoy, libroy 

stadium   stadyo 

staff  stafo, personaryo

stage skeno, stajo, areneyo

stairs -stupoy, stuparyo, eskalto 

staircase -eskalteyo 

stammer - (stutter) balbut-i

stamp (for postage) postomerko, merko

stamp (to seal) stampl-i

stand up levi se

stand (be upright, without moving) stans-i, star-i 

standard standarda, normata

staple agrafo, agraf-i,(a device generally used by carpenters - klampo, klamp-i)

star (in the sky) stelo

starve fom-i

start starti, kom-ensi, kom-i, kom-edi (vam-) vam-i. Ta spektaklo komensa po du horoy.

state (condition) stando, kondizzo, syenso -UDO. sanit-UD-o, ordUdo

state (political) stato

state (in USA) (sube)stato - steyo (i Unensinta Statoy di Nord-Ameriko -USO (USOYO) o Statunio) 

station (railway) stasyo,stasyo fernovoya,stanseyo fernovoya   

stave (n.) daubo   

stay (remain) rest-i, -o -in movement - halti, stopensi

steal klepti

steam vaporo, vapo  vaporlesi

steel xtalo, -a

steep skarpa

steer stir-i (fly-plane),(drive-car)

step (lavel) grado

step (of stairs) stupo (stupeto -step of ladder - ladero )

step (take a move by foot) step-i, fut-ob-i, surstep-i

step (take a pace) pax-i, -o, marx-i

steppe stepyo

stern (n.) bakabordo, sterno, pobo.

stick (of wood, etc) bastongo, stango

stick (paste (together)) (ko-) glut-i

stiff stifa (rigid) rigida

still (yet) enke, plu, plue, kontine

stink fetor-i, desarom-i

stir  turn-i se, virv-i, vert-ens-i

stock exchange - borso

stocking kalso

stockpile  haldo,  hald-i

stole estolo

stone, rock (material) petro, roko

stone (pebble) petro, petreto = peblo (petrEXToy)

stop (cease)- stop! stop-i (intr./trans.) Stop klami! Brekes klami! Klam-EK-es! xautEKes!

stop (stop moving) stop-i, halt-i (intr.) halt -ed-i (trans.) mob-ek-i

stopper stapo, stapijo, plugo, korko (stopado)

stop-watch (time) stopkloko

storm (with thunder and lightning) stormo

story (imaginary) storyo,  kento, historyo

stove fornelo, gasfornelo

straight (not curved) rekta, -i, -o

strain (pull tight) streyn-i, (intr)tens-i, (tr)tengi -o, algo. You'll strain your eyes trying to read in this light. Tu tenga (streyna) tua ocoy lekt-UB-ante i ta lumino.

Strained atmosphere, strained relations. Tenga, stereyna atmosfero, teng(anta)a relatoy.
strange (odd) stranga
stranger stranjono, aliyono (strange, alien - aliya)

straw paho, paheto
stream (river) fluo, strimo, (electric - P: elko) - korento, elektro
street strado
stress (emphasise) emfaz-i, -o
stretch (extend) tenz-i (tr.),disedi,disensi) ci-tenzi. Hi tenzis le mano. He stretched out (himself) on the grass. Hi (vam) tensis (disensis) sul herbo.

stretch (strain) streyni, (intr) tens-i,  tengi (algo)  Too much computer work strains the eyes. Plo molta laboro komputija tenga le okoy.

strange (odd) stranga

stranger aliyono (strange, alien - aliya)

stream (river) fluo, strimo, (electric - P: elko) - korento, elektro

street strado

stress (emphasise) emfaz-i, -o

stretch (extend) tend-i (tr.) ci-tendi. Hi (for)tendis le mano. Hi for-end-is le mano.

stretch (strain) (tr.:) tenz-i (algo) (intr.:) tens-i.  Too much computer work strains the eyes. Plomolto (plosmo)di komputera laboro (trabo) tenza le ocoy.His muscles strained under the heavy weight. Ha muskloy tensi (streyni) sub le grana pezado.

strict strikta, rigora, precisa, sevra

strike (collide with) xok-i, kolid-i

strike (hit) frap-i, -o

string kordino, stringo (music) struno, kordino

stringent rigoryosa, strikta, sevra

strip (n.) bendo, teypo, strio

strive (endeavour) strev-i, peng-i, fors-i, akfer-ez-i, has-ez-i,  vend-i, -END-i

strobilus strobilo (A conelike structure, such as a pine cone.)

stroke (written mark) signo, merko, stroko (penzel-stroko)

stroll (walk) trotuv-i, promend-i  

strong forta,P: stronga, forsabla

struggle  lukt-i, -o, flond-i, batal-i, fayt-i, konvuls-i

struggle n. (inter-)lukto; kombatro.

student ((university, etc) studento

student (in general) studanto

study stud-i (Prefix: Qal- means exploration, valuation, testing, study, checking, - for example: weigh - qal-pezi.(qalpezezzi - pezomenzi) qalmenzi- to measure something. Qallongi - measure the length.)

stumble stambli

stupid stupida, stulta

style stilo

subject subyekto

subject (topic) temato, qesto, qestado, temat-i pri, P: prio, priado, subyekto

submit submis-i, suborded-i

subscribe to (a periodical, etc) abong-i , prenumer-i

substitute remplasi pe , subestituti, zam-ed-i 

subtle suptila, fayna

succeed (be successful) suksida, suksidyosa

success suksido, -i

such as     tezza qe,  te qe,  

such (of such a kind)  tezza qe

such (so great or much) te,  te-grade

suck, suck on - sak-i

sudden sobita   so- , somode, (P:)  rapta

suddenly somode, so  (P:)  rapte(m)

suffer sufr-i (de, pro) konsufri (konpati)

suffice   (pretty) baste, bast-i, Basto!

sufficient   basta, bastanta

suffocate sufok-i

sugar sokro (rausokro)

suggest sugest-i

suit apti, konformi

suitable apta, konvyenanta, konforma 

suggest sugest-i

suit apti, konformi

suitable apta, konvyenanta, konforma 

suggest sugest-i

suit apti, konformi

suitable apta, konvyenanta, konforma 

suggest sugest-i

suit apti, konformi

suitable apta, konvyenanta, konforma 

suitcase valiso

summer somero, -ala, -all

summit sumido

sun - solo, sola, solarr

Sunday Soldo

sunrise  solkomo, solskalo, solskal-ob-o

sunset solfino, soldolo, soldol-ob-o

super supe, super

superb superba, belyosa, belaba

superficial (shallow) superfika, desprofunda

supply (someone) supli ko, a, privigi, hasedi, be-, pri-

support apog-i, suport-i

suppose suspond-i (tr.) prexunt-i

sure (certain) syerta, sinskepta, sindubida 

surface surfaso, faso

surf surfi, on the internet - netum-i, surf-i 

surprise - soprino, soprinado

surprise (astonish) astun-i, -o,

surprise (take unawares) soprini (so(mode) prinis) 

surrender surendr-i, kapitol-i (To give oneself, a town, territory, etc. up to an enemy. Also more widely to resign, abandon.) Soldatoy surendris kal enemiko

surround (to be around on all sides) cirkond-i, cirk-ey-ed-i

surroundings cirkeyo, cirkond(ey)o

surtout  surtuto.

surveillance: (sur)vigilo, alertezzo, vigiludo, alertudo; observ-ando.

survey: (contemplate) kontempli, (attentively) supergvari, (sur)vigili; (consider) konsideri; (investigate) esplori; QAL-i,(value profesionally) P: espertis-i, espertaz-i; -or:  menzur-isto, menzisto; (inspector of buildings, etc.) inspekt-isto; (valuer) P: espertis-isto.

survival:  trawvivo (continuance) duro (cf. permanento); s. of the fittest: naturala

selekso.

survive: trawvivi, pose-vivi (algo, algono); (remain a long time) pluesti, duri, 

permanenti.

survivor: trawvivanto.

suspect suspekt-i, -ito, (he suspects nothing - hi suspekta nado) deskonfid-i,

destrust-i 

swallow (gulp) gulp-i, -o

swathe envelop-i, bandaj-i

sweat sweto

sweep skobi (broom - skobijo, brumo)

sweet dulsa, swita (cute),

sweet (confectionery)- sokrado, dulsado, bonbo 

sweetheart amato, (male) amatano, (female) amateno 

swim swim-i

switch (n) xaltijo, koplijo

switch on  xalti-i, inkopl-i, likt-i(s)

switch off slek-i, deslikt-i(s) deskopli, Lumin-EK-es! 

sword swordo, espado, rapigo,(rapyero). Degayni swordo.

sympathy - simpato, simpatosyento. Simpat-i ko.  She wrote a letter expressing 

sympathize. 

Xi skrivis letro esprante sa simpato. Hi looked at her with sympathy. Hi gvari xi ko 

simpato.

system sistemato   

    

T

table (furniture) tablo

table (catalogue,list, index) tabelo, indekso, listolo

tablet tawlo, kompu-tawlo, pado

tack tak-i, zigzak-i, zigzake vi

tact takto (musiko) mobimento

tail teylo (kok-teylo)

take prin-i (take it! - Prin (-es) to!)

take care of  be-sorg-i, ker-i pri

take (carry) port-i

take (lead) dukt-i,(trawdukti) gvid-i

tale (imaginary)  kento, storyo, kenti le storyo

talk (speak) par(o)l-i, dikt-i, (colloq. sp-i)(speak,(spabl-i - be able to speak a

language) I can speak Atlango - Mi spabla Atlange. 

tall skalta, as tall as I - te skalta qe mi

tank (milit.) batal-tanko (vehilyo)

tank tank-i (liquid)

tank tankuyo, cisternoyo, reservuyo

tap krango, tap-ij-o

tap (v) (to pour in, also drinks) tap-i, Tap! FLUS! influs-i,

task tasko, laborado

taste (sense the taste of) (intr.) gusto, (qal)gust-i, sapor-i ,o (to-s bongusta ka mi)

taste (with the tongue) gustum-i, saporum-i

taxi taksi, taksino

tea teo, herba-teo

teach (someone) instrukt-i, dokt-i  

teach (something) lern-i, instrukt-ens-i, lern-ev-i

teamo - timo, ekipo, tacmento, eskadro

tear (from eye) lakro, pyorikulo

tear (rend) dis-trek-i (pull apart)

tear up [tr.] to damage something - ripi, lancer-i, pecotrek-i

teenager - pokte-s-anyono  (fifteen years old - qins(any)ono) (teen - -s-)

telephone,to- telefon-i, fon-i

telephone-call telefonado, fonado

telephone (tele)fono, mobile t. - Mobilo, portebla fono

television televizyo,televido,(Tevo,Tello),TVapparat-televidijo,televidadoro,TV-ijo

tell: (say) dikti (algono,ka algono);(express)espr-i;(narrate facts) narat-i, narataro; (tell fiction) kenti; (have an influence) influent-i, afekt-i, fredi impreso (ka algono); (reveal) revili; (confess) konfesi; P:konfexi, (publish) publ-ed-i; t. off: (count) konti, nombri; to tell the truth: po dikti vero; I have been told: min algono diktis, se dikti (ke); he told you to stay here: hi imperis ka tu (tum) resti tey; I cannot tell one from another: mi ne poda dicernis (diskunesis) le una dal otra; to tell of: paroli (pri) (narat-i); to tell a lie: (intr.) mentigi; tell a secret: konfidi. 

temperament  temperamento

temple (anat.) tempilo

temple - templo

tempo - rapidemo, menzotempo, (musiko) taktemo, (menzuremo, menzemo) (temporitmo)

mobimento

temporary - P: temporema, provisora, provisorema

tempt tentaz-i, beprub-i

temptation  tentazo, tentazzo

ten dyes, (deko) P: -t-

tend tend-ens-i, inklin-i (algo)

tender delikata

tent teldo

tepid tep(id)a, varmeta

terror teroro, teroredi

terrible -teribla, terora

territory - teritoryo, P: terdoryo

test testi

testicles testikloy, (balls) - stikloy

text teksto

textile tekstilo,teksado, stofo

than qe

thank dank-i

thanks danko, mi danka

that (conj.) ke

that (pron.) tro

that (who, which) qono, qo, ga

the le, the - the = qer.....ter (do) (the sooner the better - qer kortem ter pli bone.

 Qer kortem do betre))

themselves (pron.) se, lu sel

then (after that) pose , pos to

then (at that time) trem

theoretical teorya, teoryala, teoryall

theorize teory-um-i pri

theory teoryo

there (at that place) trey

there is, are,  Lo-s..., Lo esta

thereafter pose, posem, pos ta tempo

therefore tew, konsekfe, pro to, do

thick (dense) denza

thick (fat) grasa

thick (not thin) grusa, grusforma

thief kleptono, kleptaro, kleptisto

thigh femoro

thin (not thick) magra , sotila

thing koso, (suffix) -ado

think pens-i

thirst swafo, drink-ezo, drink-EG-o. (I am thirsty - mi swafa, drinkeza, (need) mi

drinkega)

this (pron.) to, (tado)

thou zzi - Tu (familiar form of you. More official form of you is - Vu)

thought penso

thousand milo, tauz(ent)o

thread tredo

threat(en), menace - minaso, -i, efr-ed-i, temor-ed-i

three trin

thresh dras-i, degrayni, dagrayni, grajnolesi

through traw

through (by means of) pe, vya

through (during) durem, il tempo di...

throw jekt-i, pult-i (to throw away - farjekti, trax-i

thunder tondr-i, -o , storm-eklang-i

thunderbolt tondroflexo, blikso

Thursday Jodo

ticket (for entranse, etc) bilyeto, tiketo

tie (fasten) lig-i, -o, -ijo (fast-ligi) link (on the Net) - link-i, -o

tight tayta, ci-streyta, streytita

tile kahelo

time tempo, qemo, -em, What time is it? - Qa, Qema horo (esta)? (Qesma horo?)

Ago: algem pas(e), bakem, pasem, Naw: nawem, After: pos(e), posem, In the future:

forem.

time (occasion) volto (e.g., the first time = primavolte(em),(le)unesma volto,) come on time, timely, in time (il tempo) - justem-i , akuratem-i, justem abli

timid (timorous) efrima, temorima

tipical tipa, tipika

tire (v.) fatig-i , kansed-i

tired kansa, fatiga, sinreposa, eksosta

tired be, kans-i, esti fatiga

title (of a book, article, person, etc) titolo

to (a destination) ka, (onto) suren,

to (in order to) po ke (+ imperativo - es), eyme, pore (to be something) Mi eleksis hi pore komisaro.

to (until) aste, aste ke, astem, astey

today tampe,tampo, tampe-matine - this morning, tampe-sware -this evening (ta-sware)

(day before yesterday: pre-timp-e, -o; d. after tomorrow: pos-tomp-e, -o)

together ko, kone ko

toilet - WC - toyleto

tolerate toler-i

tomato tomato

tomorrow tompe,tompo (tompe-matine -tomorrow morning, tompe-sware - tomorrow evening)

(day after tomorrow: pos-tomp-e,-o,day before yesterday: pre-timp-e)

ton (weight) tonelo , tonoyo

tone tonalo, timbro

tongue lingo

tongue (language) lango, lingvo, idyomo, dyalekto

too (+ adj.) plo, plomolto - too long - plo longa, plo(molt)em - too long in time, plo(molt)er - too much 

Hi kompris plo di luksusadoy. = ... plomolte(r) luksusadoy. Lo-s plo darke, po

vidodi far. (old-atlange: trope )

too (also) ti, (tie), kay(e)

tool instrumo (utensils) unt-ij-o, untilyo. Veh-ILYo -vehicle, -IJ - ofte portebla, mikra instrumo: flamijoy - matches (alumetoy), liktijo - switch on and off (circuit breaker) DVDijo, manjijoy, ejijoy - cutlery. Apparatus -ADORO (desofte portebla)- televidadoro, TVadoro.

tooth dyento

top topo, supro

topic (temat) temato, qesto, koncerno, prio

torch torco

torment - tormento, torturo, torment-i, molest-i, P:trakas-i, haras-i

torrent torento

total (adj.) totyala, totyall

touch tokti

tough tafa

tour (n.) turneo (turno)

tour (v.) turnei, 

tousle tausi (tausita kaploy, klenoy) Le polisaroy tausi le krimono.

tower -turmo (luminturmo, luksoturmo - farolo)

town urbo

toxic toksa

toy pludiko, jolijo, pludijo (mobile- pludilyo)

trade (craft) mestyero, krafto

trade (deal) komers-i (intr.), -o , komerso

tradition - tradizzo

train (railway) trayno

trample tramp-i

translate translang-i, traduk-i

transparent transparenta, trawvidebla, desopaka, dia-

transparent banero

transport transport-i, -o

transverse trawverta, kfera (kfer-fluto)

trap kapt-i, trap-i, -ijo

trash traxo , fartraxo, skrepo (to throw away -(far)trax-i)

travel voyago, voyag-i

treat trakt-i, regal-i (be-trakt-i pe ) (be-)

treat (medically) kur-i

tree arbo, to clear of trees: sinarbedi, arblesi

tremble tremb-i, -o, skfot-i

tresure trezoro

trifle  bagatelo

thriller (movie, book) - trilero

trip tripo, eskurso (take a trip - tripi)

triumph triumfo, -i

trouble trubo

troublesome - truba, trubeda, trubyosa

trough manger -trogo

trousers pantalo, pantalongo, P: bruko

truck (lorry) kamyongo, loryo

true (not false) vera, to be true - ver-i

trust trusto, -i ka, konfido,-i ka

trust - (ekon. politics.- cartel, sindicate) trasto, kartelo, sindikato

truth vero

try prub-i, -UB-, test-i 

tsar - tsaro, zzaro

tube tubo, P: kanolo

Tuesday mardyem, Mardo

tumult tumulto

tune tyuno, swono

turn, turn around - turn-i, turn back, aside - vert-i

turn upside down - kulbuti (head over heels - kulbute) to somersault- kulbutedi

turn to dir-i to turn (address) to someone - diri KA algono o diri algono-N. 

turquoise turkoso

twilight sombr-emo, krepusko, krepusk-i, sombr-(em)-ens-i 

twist tord-i (tr.), -o, -uro, P: tuist-i

two du

type (n., all senses) tipo

type (write on typewriter) tayp-i


U

ugly turpa,-ACA, (pejorative) (expresses negative affect or a poor opinion of the 

object or action)skrivaci (to scrawl, from 'write'); tyempaco (foul weather); domaco (a

hovel, from 'house'); gvaraci (to gape at, from 'look at'); belaca (tawdry, from 

'beautiful'); kosaco, adaco (junk, from -ado); acedi (to screw up, with -edi); AC !

(yuck!)

ugly(moral) fuya, FUY-  shameful, nasty, disgusting, filthy

fuyhomo (a wicked person); fuyvorto (a profane word); fuymundo (a dirty mouth); 

fuybestyo (vermin, from 'animal, beast'); fuya (vile); fuye! (For shame!); Fuy ka tu! 

Fuy tun! (Shame on you!)

uncle onklano

under (prep.) sub, sube

undergo - sufri, trawvivi

underneath (prep.) sube - subey

understand kumprini, kum-i, persepti, intelekti, kapabli. Kum ́ to! 

unexpected nespeta, nespetite

unfair neyusta, desyusta

unfold desfald-i, desfaldens-i, sprid-i, spridens-i

unite P: jednostka - unito

unite un-ed-i (tr.), un-ensi

united unita, unedita, unensinta

union Uniono,Unio, Unedo, Unenso (like a state) Eurounio,USA -USO, USoyo, USio  

untidy (hair) hirta

until aste, astem, aste qem, aste ke, aste do.

untruth nevero, falso, fusko, blufo (bluf-i)

unwell morba, malsanita, malstanda

up - skal(e) ,skalen  High up in the air - Skalte il skalon, Skaltoskale (down: dole,

doltedole)

upon, on, - sobre, su, sur-, suren

urchin (brat) bubo, brato

urgent (haste) urga, urgall, Do not haste! - ne urgens! Ne rapidens! Ne rapens!

use unt-i, -o, (sem beservi pe), util-i

useful utila, untebla

usually norme,(normale) ordinale, kustume,P: KU-(tradise),rutine (habite),konfekustume

V

vacation vakanso,-i, vakans-em-o, feryo 

vain (as in vanity) vanidyosa

vain (futile) vanida, Ho vanide!

vain in - vanide, po vanido, all in vain - totye vanide, ca-vanide, Vanid-eyme!

vaingloriousness (pride) orgilo, -i, malpraudo 

valid valida

valley valeyo

valuable (adj.) valyosa, skaltevala

valuable (n.) valezzo

value (n.) valo

vanity (conceit) vanido, vanidezzo

vanity (futility) vanidezzo

variant varyado

various difersa, varya, otra

vary vary-ed-i (tr./intr.)

vase vaso, krugo, poto, koktopoto

vast sprida, ampla, larga, spazosa

vegetable (n.) legomo

vehicle vehiklo, vehilyo, carto

vendetta vendeto, bivenjo , vendetoyo

vengeance venjo, (vindictive - venjima)

veranda verandoyo

verb verbo

verdict verdikt(ur)o, P: verdico

verse verso, versiko, strofo

version versyo

very much makse (suffix) -AB-, moltabe, makse molte, moltisme, molmolte

very (adv.) mol(e), molte.

viable vivabla,vivyosa

vice- vic(e)- Vice-Prezidento (reserv, spare part)- vice-parteco,(viceco - vico) reservado

victim viktino, sufrinto

victory venko, viktoryo

video vidyo, video

villa villo, (viloyo)

village - vilajo, dorfo

vindictive - venjima

vine - vino

violate vyol-i, perfort-i,fort-akt-i, vyol-, 

violence vyolento, vyolo, perforto

violent vyola (VYOL-)

violet color - viola

viper vipero

virtue virtuso

vision vizyo (prospekto)

visionary vizyoplenta, vizya, vizyala

visa viz(um)o , pasaporto

visit vizit-i, -o

vociferation voceklangabo, klamabo, xauto

vogue - vogo

voice (n.) voco

voila! - Tey-s! Vua-la!

volume - volumo, (tome - volumabo, P: volumino) (geometr) volumno.

vomitate  vom-i

voyage - voyago

voyager - voyaganto, voyagaro (in cosmos - astronauto, kosmonauto)

vulgar - vulga, trivya, trivyall, banala, a vulgar expression - vulg-espro, vulguro 

vulva - vulvo. (vulg) - pico

W

wade - gvad-i, hardevadi

wage(s) pago, salayro, sweldo

wail lament-i, Alas! Woe! Oh Dear! - Vanide! Lamento! bewail - bepyori 

waist talyo

wait spet-i, vart-i Wait a minute! - Spet ́un minuto!

waiter servisto

wake (awaken) vek-ed-i, desedorma, vekedita

walk marx-i, -o

wall muro (Le Cina Granmuro)

wallet burso, bolseto

wand vergo, magia vergo, rabdo

wander vag-i, vagabond-i, migr-i. vaganto

want to dez-i, -EZ-i

to be willing - volunt-i

war milito, krigo, (querilla) gvero

wardrobe garde-robo

warehouse varkeyo, varkodomo

wares (goods) varkoy

warm varma, -ed-i

warn (give notice of possible occurence) varn-i

warning - varno, varnado, varnanta

warrior militaro, faytaro, batalanto, batalono

wash lav-i (tr.), -o

wash (oneself) lav-i se, - better: sem lav-i

washing machine -lavadoro

waste (squander) sprec-i, skfand-i (prodig-i)

water (n.) akfo

watch - kloko, mankloko

wave (undulation) ondo, vogo

wave swing-i

wax  vakso, parafino

way voyo, (route - viyo)

we mu

weak febla, debaula

weapon armo, misilo

wear to (clothes, etc) port-i, klen-i

weather tyempo, klimato, tyemp-udo, auro

weave teks-i, (textile) teksado

web site sayto, web-loko, webeyo

Wednesday Serdo, Serdyem(o)

week zemango, viko. Names of the days of the week: Vikodyemoy. 

Monday - Lundyem,Lundo Tuesday - Mardyem, Mardo Wednesday - Serdyem, Serdo Thursday -

Jodyem,Jodo Friday- Frewdyem,Frewdo Saturday - Sabdyem,Sabdo Sunday - Soldyem, Soldo

weekend - vikenjo, P: So-dyemoy (Sabd-Sol-dyemo)

weep pyor-i, lakr-i, lakr-if-i

weigh (have weight of) pez-i (intr.)

weight pezo, pezezzo

welcome (n.) aksepto totyakora, Bonvyeno, Bonarivo! Saluto!

welcome (v.) aksept-i totyakore, bonvyened-i, salut-i

weekend - vikenjo, P: So-dyemoy (Sabd-Sol-dyemoy)

weep pyor-i, lakr-i, lakr-if-i

weigh (have weight of) pez-i (intr.),

weight pezo, pezezzo

welcome (n.) aksepto totyakora, Bonvyeno, Bonarivo! Saluto!

welcome (v.) aksept-i totyakore, bonvyened-i, salut-i

well (adv. of good) bone, bon, do bone, o-key (O-K)

well (healthy) sana, Bona. Qe Tu syensa? Mi bonsyensa. Mi malsyensa.

wend vend-i  -END-i (to direct, to proceed)

west westyo, -ala -all

wet: umida, umidezzo, -ed-i, WET PAINT! Frexe farbita!

what qo

wheat tritiko P: frumo

wheel (n.) roto

when - qem(e)

whenever qalgem, qalga-tempe, 

where - qey

wherever qalgey, qalga-loke

whether qi whether - or - qi....qi, 

which (plural) qa, qay, qono, qonoy

which (sing.) qa, qo, qon

while (although) maw, mawe, maw-grade. Although she was ill, she worked hard. Maw xi

esti morba, xi harde laboris. Although he hurried, the shop was closed when he got

there. Maw hi urgensi, le butiko esti klosita qem hi vyenis tren.

while (conj.) qeme, i (le) duro di, durem, il tempo di

Qem tu lekta tu tenga tua ocoy. Lektem tu tenga tua ocoy. 

Mi vida ke v(ad)em (under walking - vadante) tu tensa. Manjem (Ejem) lu paroli.

whisper xept-i, sufl-i (also in theatre)   

whistle, pipe - fif-i, silbi

white blanka

who (plural) qay, qonoy

who (sing.) qa, qono

whole totya, -o, integro -ala, all,totyado

wholly (entirely) totye, totye, komplete, integre, plente, totyall

wholly (without exception) si eksepto, integrala

whom qan

whose di qa,di qo, qia. The serpent that did sting thy father's life now wears his

crown. Le serpento, de qia mordo mortis tua patro, naw porta le kruno hisa.(De Hamleto)

why qew , pro qo , po qo, Qeyme? (Qaskope?)

wicker - verga

wide (not narrow) larga , ampla

widow - vyudo, vydeno

widower -vydano

width - largo, largezzo

wife sposeno, maryeno -yeno (for ex: a wife of the general - generalyeno) 

wild (in its natural state) vilda

will volunto, volo. to be willing - volunt-i  (P: dezim-i)

will (want to) dez-i (tr.), -o -

win (gain victory) venk-i, gvani venko

win (gain) gvan-i, -o, pludogvan-i

wind (n.) vyento

winding meandryosa, sinusyosa - meandr-i, sinus-i

windscreen (windshield) pare-vyento

wind up - volv-i

window  vindo (fenetro)

wing vingo

wink (blink) blink-i, with eyes: ocum-i

winter vintro, -ala -all

wipe (far)fregi

wire metal-kordo, druto

wisdom savyo, savyezzo

wise savya, far seeing - sagasa, farvidabla 

wish bondez-i, -o, wishes - bondezoy, bondezeroy

wit sprito, sprit-ono

witch hekso, hekseno, magieno (fuyheksi - cast an evil eye on)

with (instrumental - by means of) pe (e.g., skriv-i pe plumo) P: -amode

with (comitative - in the company of) ko, kon-

without si, sin-

witness  atestanto, atestaro

woman homeno, femo, teno -this woman (xi)

wonder marvilo (miraklo) 

wonderful - marvila, marvilyosa

wood (material) legno

wood (trees) arbaryo, furesto

wool vulo

wool cloth  drapo

word vorto in words - vortall

work labor-i, trab-i, (intr.) to be out of w., to rest from work (tr., intr.) com-i.

work (function) funsin-i, funs-i

work (literary, artistic, etc) kreado, obro, verko, -i

world mondo, -ala -all

World Wide Web TotyaTerda Teksado (TTT)

worry destrankili se, deskalmens-i; (bother) veks-i, trub-i, xagrin-i

worse pli mala, pla bona, desebetra

worst makse mal, malisma

worth valo, valindo,-INDA, skaltevala

worth, be val-i, valindi

wound vund-i, -uro, -ado

WoW! WoW! Ha-la!

wreck vrako

wrestle lukt-i (intr.), -o, vrest-i

wriste vristo

write skriv-i, verki-i, shorter:  skr-i, mi skra, tu skro, Skres!

writer verkisto, autoro, skr(iv)isto, nuvelisto, romanzisto, kre-skrivisto

wrong (not right) deskorekta, -i, vronga -i “your information is wrong” Tua informo-s 

vronga.“The clock showed the wrong time” Le kloko montri vronga tempo.

“Found themselves on the wrong road” A trovensis su vronga voyo.


X

Xmas - Kristonasko, Kristonaskemo

Y

yacht yahto

yawn oskidi

year anyo. New Year - Nuvanyo

yearn longvi, nostalgi

yearly ca-anye

yellow amaryela, yela

yes - yes

yesterday - timpo, timpe-matine -yesterday morning, timpe-sware - yesterday evening) 

yet (already) yu

yet (still) enk(or)e, kontine

yet (until now) aste naw, aste tem

You - tu, Familiar form: zzi (tsi)gentle plural: Vu. 

young (adj.) yuna , (human) jova, jovala, jovall

young (man & women) - jovo,(yunyoro) (jovano & joveno)

young animal -YUNO, gatyuno, vaxyuno, kokyuno

youngster - jovo,jovono, yunsioro, yunioro

your(s) (plural & gentle) Tua, Le Tusa

youth yunezzo, jovezzo

yowl huli


Z

zeal  zilo, (enthusiasm, avidity, ardor (US), ardour (Br), fervor (US), fervour (Br))

zealot ziloto, zilono; fanatik(on)o.

zebra zebro

zest zesto, vervo 

zodiac zodyako zone - zuno

zombie zombyo, heksokadavro

zone zono, zonoyo, strefo

zoo zoo, zooparko

zoom zumo, zumi (zoom out - dezumi)


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