vortajo


Le nuva, komuna lango neutrall po Eurounio - ATLANGO

VORTARYO  ANGLA - ATLANGA

Dictionary ENGLISH -ATLANGO

© 2009 2016 by Richard A.Antonius All Rights Reserved

 

  (25.IX.2016)

(P:)# -proposition, possible changes - kambebladoy 


A

A and O - le Alfa el Omega.

@ at (snail) ato, heliko, arobo.

à la carte  konfel karto, konfekarte

a, an (There is no indefinite article in Atlango) eventually: un

aardvark [n.] "earth-pig," orikteropo 

abandon (tr.-transitive) aband-i, kfit-i, rext-i 

(Abandi navyo, domo, proyekto, enfo. Abandi se po desespero, (ka) po jolo.(godo)

(To give up, esp. without finishing) The sailors abandoned the burning ship. 

Le maristoy abandi le brenanta navyo.

Give it up! - Abandes! Abandes to! (Rezignes! Rezignes pri to!) We gave up the plan. - Mu abandis le plano. 

Never give up! - Nem abandes to! Abandon hope, all ye who enter here - Abandes (Las) espero, tu ca, qa entra tey(en).

abdomen (belly) ventro (insect ́s) abdom(in)o Abdom(in)o esta xenzovorto, pli preksa qe ventro. Jabba The Hut,the character in "Star Wars" has a big abdomen. Jabba Le Hut, le figuro i "Stelmilitoy" maxa gran abdomo (ventro).

abhor, abominate (tr.) abom(in)-i (algo), syenti abom(in)o, syensi abome.

We abhor discrimination of any kind. Mu aboma ca-sorta diskrimino.

ability (skill) habilo, talento, kapabl(ezz)o, ablo, paudo

He's a writer of remarkable ability. Hi-s verkisto di (re)markinda kapablo. 

ablaze flamyosa,fayraba, (blaze - flam-i, flam-ab-i) flamanta

His eyes were ablaze with fury. Ha okuloy (ocoy) flami pro furyo. able (capable) kapabla (skilful) habila, abledita, -abla I've always wanted to be able to speak Atlango. Mi cem langezi (dezi langi) Atlange.

able, (be able to do something) (tr./intr.) -abli, kapabl-i, paud-i fed-i algo

ablution(s) lavando, abluto(y) Hurriedly he finished his ablutions. Hi finis urge sa ablutoy.

abomination -abomino

abominable - abomeda, -aca, (moral) fuya, fuy-, fuyveka How disgusting! Qe abomine!

Someone had scrawled a strange symbol on the wall. Algono skrit-AC-is un stranga 

simbolo sul (su le) muro.

about prep. pri

about (around) cirke, cirkey (ronde) (ci-)

about (concerning) pri (approximately) - cirke, (be-) 

I've been thinking ABOUT what you said, and I've decided that you're right. 

Mi denkis PRI to, qom Tu diktis, e mi decidis ke Tu prava.

above super-, sobre, i skalo

above all - sobre totyo. "Above all, you must be strong" - Sobre totyo, Tu esteba 

forta.(forsabla)

abroad eksterlande, otralande

to live abroad:(in another country) vivi eksterlande."They had never travelled 

abroad" - Lu nem voyagis eksterlanden. 

abrupt abrupta, (steep = skarpa) apika = skarpe vertikala

absence absento, faresto

absent absenta

absent-minded  distra ( distredi -to distract) absent-minda,absent-mentala, distrita

absolute absoluta

absolutely absolute

absorb (tr.) absorb-i, sorb-i

abstain abstin-i "I abstain from alcohol" - Mi abstina (da) alkoholo

abstinence abstino

abstract abstrakta

absurd absurdo, absurdala, absurdall

abundance yoso, yosezzo, plentezzo

abundant (adj.) yosa, -YOSa, plentaba a ... (pe ...)

abuse (tr.)(person) ofendi,mal-trakt-i,(thing)malunt-i, plounti, afronti, insulti, 

abyss abiso

accelerate akseleri, (pli)rapidedi

acceleration akselero

accelerator akselerijo, akseleradoro

accent (voice) aksento ; (written) supersigno (po aksento)

accentuate (emphasize) emfaz-i

accept aksept-i "I cannot accept the dogma of this church" -Mi ne akseptauda le dogmo di ta Eklesyo. "I accept that you were right" -Mi akseptis ke Tu prava.

access akseso, akses-i (access time -aksestempo- akses-emo) (in)log-i 

acces provider, interneto-medyataro (medyanto), akses-medyanto 

accident aksido, (aksidento)

accidentaly akside,aksidente,hazarde

acclimatize kanklimati se

accompany akompangi, akompi "I ́ll accompany you to the station" - Mi akompo Tu kal stasyo (stanseyo). 

accomodate (adapt) adapti (adjust)yustedi, kanyusti; (lodge) lojensi

accord akordo, of one`s own - spontine, akord-ens-i

according to - konfe, konfe-, konforme ka, akorde ko, Everything went according to 

plan. Co vi konfeplane.

accordingly : konsekfe, do, tezze, konforme, konfe

account konto, bankokonto (account in a bank) on your account - su Tua konto

accredit akrediti

accumulate komoli Snow accumulated in the fields. Nivo komoli il kampoy.

accurate eksakte, precise (prekse), akurate

accuse akus-i "She accused him of stealing her car" -Xi akusis hi pri klepto di xa auto.

accusative akusativo Lom, -m or A. In Atlango -m suffix is optional, as subject-verb-object order is assumed when it is not present. Akusativo ko infinitivo: Mi vida hundom korsi.

(Dative = Lon, -n , ka)

accustom kustom-ed-i, kustomaco = manyo

accustomed, be  kustom-i KU+, habit-i."I am accustomed to sleeping late"
Mi (kustoma,habita,rutina) dormi tarde. Mi ku-dorma tarde.

acerbity (bitterness in taste) bitro, bitrezzo

ache P:dolento, dolor-i "My head aches" - Mi kapodolora,

achieve (attain) atig-i, -IG-, akir-i, suksig-i, real-ed-i 

"To achieve great things we must live as though we were never going to die.” 

Po atigis grankosoy mu viveba kaze mu nem go morta. (Marquis De Vauvenargues)

achievement n. atigo, suksigo, gvano, akirado, -igo

achoo! (sneeze) a-cu! a-xu!

acid acida

acknowledge agnosk-i (konfes-i)

acorn - gyando

acoustic akustika    

acquaint informi

acquaintance kunso, kumpezzo,

acquainted kunsato, kump(on)o, kumpano, kumpeno

be acquainted with someone - kuns-i, kump-i ko.

acquire akir-i 

acquisition - akiro, akirado,(what you have acquired) This car is my latest 

acquisition. Ta auto esta ma lastisma akirIGo. (atigo)

acre xarpa

across (the other side of) trans(e), P: krose

act akt-i (tr./intr.),-o ,agero,-i, reakti,(+ AKT-i -use,take,act -xopakti -do 

shopping (xop-ing-i)

act (a role) aktor-i, rol-i, plud-i rolo,

act of Parliament Akto di Parliamento - statuto, legvo 

action aksyo, aktudo, akto, aktando

active akta, aktima, akteza, aktezza

activist - aktisto (one who express through action)

activity aktezzo, agero, agerezzo

actor aktoro,

actual aktua, aktuall, aktuema (real) reala, real,

actually fate,infate,veridikte, porverie, konfeverie, prefe, reale

acute akyuta

adapt adapt-i (tr.); adapt-i se

add (join) adv-i, adve-, yunt-ed-i (tr.) yunt-i,(intr.)

add, append, join so as to cause an increase - adv-i, advedoni, adizzi (math.)

add (numbers) pluse, plus-i, plus-edi, sum-edi, adv-edi, adizzi

addition adizzo, advedono, advo 

additional adva, adizza, plusa, ekstra, ulte, adve-

address (on letter etc) adreso, to addres (to turn to someone)P: diri (?)

addres book adresaryo

add-to (annex) aneks-i to join or add, esp. to something larger; attach (adedon-i)

(anekt-i- add (territory) by conquest or occupation)

adhere (stick close to, be attached, to be devoted) ader-i

adherent aderanto, simpatanto, fano

adjacent adyasa, adyasi, veci ko

adjective adyektivo (alyuntivo)

adjoin to, (to attach) advedi, advensi, grenzi ko, kontokt-(ens)-i, bitokt-i 

adjust kanyust-(ed)-i, konform-ed-i, adapt-i, apt-ed-i

adjustable kanyustebla, kanyustabla

adjustment kanyustenso, alyustenso, adaptenso, adapt-edo

administer to, admini-i, adminestri

admire admir-i, marvil-i pri, pro (intr)

admit (acknowledge) agnosk-i, admit -i, konfes-i

admonish admondi, skoldi

adolescence - adolezzo,jovezzo, jovemo, yunemo

adolescent - adolezza, jova, jovo, (jovano -young man, joveno -young women)

adopt adopt-i

adore adores-i (love intensely) am-ab-i; ( between sexes ) amor-ab-i. Ami intense: 

Hi simple adoresi sa meryeno.

adorn adorn-i, ornam-i, BE-klen-i

adult adulta, -o, matura

adultery adultero, -i

adulthood adultezzo, adultemo

advance avans-i (tr./intr.)

advantage - avantajo

adventure aventuro

adverb adverbo

adversary (enemy) adverzanto, adverz-ARo

adverse (antagonistic, opposing, harmful, hostile or unfavorable) adverza, kontra, 

desfavora 

advertise reklam-i, anons-i

advice konsilo

advise konsil-i (algono ka algono) (konsil-don-i, take advice - konsulti = 

konsilprini, (Mi konsilus ka tu a lektis ta buko.)

aeroplane aeroplano,(ayroplano) avyadoro, avyono,

affable (friendly, pleasant, and easy to talk to.) afabla, pleseda 

affair afero; evo; koncerno

affirm afirm-i

affirmation afirmado,afirmo, yeso

affirmative yesa, yeso

afford aford-i, purmesi ka se, paud-i, abli,

1.(be able to spare or give up;)

"I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"- Mi ne aforda spendis du horoy ko ta persono. (Mi ne-s spendabla du horoy ko ta persono.)

2.(have the financial means to do something or buy something;)  

"We can't afford to send our children to college"; "Can you afford this car?"

- Mu ne pauda sendis mua enf(ent)oy ka kolegyo, Qi Tu aforda ta auto?

afraid, be  paur-i, afraid of darkness - darkepaura,"I am not afraid of a dog". Mi ne paura (pro) hundoy. Afraid, be (regret) regret-i (tr.) Regrete! Mi paura ke ne!
Africa Afriko
after (behind) pos, pose (posey, despre)
after (in time) pos, pose, postem (posem) desantem
afternoon -posnuno,posmeridyo, posmeridy-em-o, tardemo. (evening - swaro)
afterwards pose, posem, pli tarde

Africa Afriko

after (behind) pos, pose (posey, despre)

after (in time) pos, pose (posem) desantem

afternoon -posnuno,posmeridyo, posmeridy-em-o, tardemo. (evening - suaro)

afterwards pose, posem, pli tarde

again NUM,NUM-,nume,denuve,danuve,enkevreme,Mi-s tey num. I am here again.

against kontre

age oldero, anyero, oldemo, vivemo, qeranyo, (Qer-anya Tu-s? Mi-s … anya. 

Qer-oldera tu-s?, Qer tu-x anyoy?)

aggression atakimo, agreso (aggressive -agresima, agresabla)

agile (dexterous)- agila, facilmoba  

ago: back in time  PAS, bakem, antem, ten years a.: dyes anyoy pas (desprem, despos), antem dyes anyoy; not long a.: nelongem (pas),nelonga tempo pre tyem; some time a.: poktem pas, pokte desprem. Pokta dyemoy pas. I oldemo, i faremo. Some time ago - un tempo pas, algem pas, poktem pas (recente, lastem),algem pre naw,alge pre tyem, antem = pre tem. Just a moment ago - prem pas. P: jem. (after: pos, algem pos, posem, algem for, algem for)

agony agonio

agree (be in agreement, be of the same opinion) konkord-i (intr.) akord-i

agree (consent to something) akord-i (intr.) O.K. - o.k. o-key, yes! bon, bone

agreeable -  pleseda, pyasebla (likeable)

agriculture agro, agro-kulto; agrokulturo

ah! ah!, he-ya! Oh! Ay! Au! (sudden fear) hu!

aha! aha!

ahead - pr(e)en, for! foren!, V(ad)es for! Vam! (VAM-) For-vad-es!

ahead of -pre de,(di) frontale de,(di) fore (de)

ahem - ehem, hm 

ahoy! interj. ha-ho! he!

aid helpi, aydi, sukurs-i.

aide-de-camp (adjutant) aydanto

ail dolori, pengi

aiment doloro, dolento, aljo, pengo, morbo, -OZY-

aim (camera, gun, etc) apunt-i, direks-i (take aim at - apunt-i)

aim (purpose) skopo, eymo (intend, mo-) In what purpose? - Qeyme ?

 Qa-skope? 

air aero, (ayro)

air-condition - aer-kondo, klimatilyo, aer-kondizzo

air-hostess stevardeno

airport aeropurto,ayropurto, avyopurto, aerodromo

ajar abret(it)a, halabrita

alack Ha-las! Vanido!

alarm alarmo

alcove alkovo

alert alerto,-a (vigilant) vigila (watchful) vigil-ima, alert-i, vigil-i 

(alertedi,vigiledi)

alias (noun) pseudonaum(ad)o; aliaso (adv.) otranaume, alianaume)

alien (stranger) fremda, alia, ali-ono, fremd-ono

alienation aliezzo, ali-ens-o, aliedo, alienso

alike simila, sombla -EZZA, -ESKA, -ESKo, -EZZA

alive vivanta, vitala,vitall, vivya (vivyosa) be alive - vivi

alcohol alkoholo 

all  co, totyo, above all [adv.] pre co, sobre totyo [adv.] primaloke (primey) [adv] in all -totye, totyall, ca, (adj.), co (n.), cado, totyo, totyado, conoy (pron.) all the time [adv.] sinbreke [adv]

all of a sudden [adv.] soprine, so, so-totye, totye soprine

with ALL one's heart [adv.] plentakore [adv] first of all [adv.] prime, not at all

 [adv.] ne, na-mode [adv.] totye ne  

All Saints' Day [n.] Fyesto di Conoy (Ca) Santyonoy, Santyonarya Fyesto. 

allay (to reduce -fear, anger, etc.) kalmedi

allow (let) purmes-i, 

allow (permit) purmes-i, purmes min… Purmese.

Allow me to introduce myself Qi mi pauda prezensis? 

allegedly konfedikte, prexunte, suspond(it)e 

allude alud-i

almond migdalo, almondo

almond tree migdalarbo

almond-eyed migdaloca

aloe N (plant) aloeso

almost preske, prokse, kaze, kanmakse   

alone - solta (lonely)

along (alongside) konfelonge, konfey, porlonge

along (at the side of) konfelonge; flanke; (together) kone; to go a. : konfevadi; come a.: Vyen ko mi; all a.: totya tempo; proksey le veyo, konfevoye; -side: (prep.) proksey; flanke di; vece di, grenzo ka grenzo. (grenzogrenze)

aloud laude

alphabet alfabeto, abecado

already yu

also  ti, (tie, ti-mode) kay(e) This also is a fruit. To-s ti (tie) frukto.

altar altoryo

alternate alterni, kamb-ens-i

alternative alternata, -o, alternado

alternatively alterne, otrakeze, kambe

although (though) byenke (oldamode: kfanke)(even if - anke ya) byenke

 Eksemplo.:  he-s jeneryosa, byenke hi ne-s rika. Byenke hi-s ma amiko.

always cem 

amateur amataro, -ATARo

amaze astunedi, konsterni

amazement astuno, konsterno

amber ambro

ambiguity (1. double or dubious meaning;- duopla ho dauba senzo 2. ambiguous expression, equivocal expression) n ambiga, ekfivoko

ambiguous (unclear) adj ambigva, ekfivoka 

ambition ambizzo

ambitious ambizza,ambizzyosa, ambizz-i - to be ambitious

amble (an easy gait of a horse, a leisurely walk,) ambl-i 

ambush embosk-i, embosko

amen (Heb) Amen! (Lo estes te! - so be it!)

amend (formally change part of law or resolution) emend-i, mod(if)ik-i, modum-i 

korekti, reformi

ammunition (a)munizzo

among inte, inter-

amount (quantity) - qantero, qero, ful-,handful of money - FUL-polmo, fulmano di

(a) moneo (pekuno), fulbrasoy di floroy, fulpokso di moneo, fulpolmo di sokradoy, 

fulmaro di (ad) amo, fulfuresto di problematoy.

amuse (himself) amus-ens-i, jol-i

amuse (someone) amus-i, divert-i, jol-ed-i 

amusement amuso, diverto

analogue analoga

ancient antika

anchor ankro

and - e, ed, kay  -  You and I  - Mi e Tu,(There is a stronger form of: ”e” = kay (e ti, e tie (and also)) Instead of: Bele e ekselente - Bele ed ekselente or Bele kay ekselente. Tu KAY(e)lektauda KAY(e) promendauda.

anecdote anegdoto

angel  angelo

anger kolero, P:despito

angle (n.) angolo

angry irga, kolera, despita

angry, be irgi, koleri, despiti

animal - animalo, bestyo

animate (living) vivanta, animyosa

animate (to give life or energy to something) -anim-i, be-anim -i, pri-anim-i

animation animasia, animedo, kartuno  (animata filmo)

(make an animation for film) anim -i (anim-ataro)

ankle maleolo, kavilo

annex - aneks-i -add (territory) by conquest or occupation

anniversary: anyofyesto, yubilemo, dat-revyeno, dat-rin-vyeno

announce anons-i, proklami

annoy embaras-ed-i, aflikti (tr),iriti, veks-ed-i, frustr-ed-i, xagr-ed-i, trub-ed-

i, stres-i, 

another (adj.) otra

answer (reply) resp(ond)-i, repl-i, An answer is a response to a question, problem, 

or need. Respondo po (a) qesto, problemato, nezzeso, tribo.

answer (solution) soluto

ant formiko, mirmo

antenna - antenno

anteroom anterumo

anthem (hymn) himno

anticipate antisip-i

anus - anuso

anxious about,be sinkalm(ens)i pro, stresi pri, xagri pro, trub-i

any (at all) - alga

anybody - algono, qalgono

anything (something) algo

anywhere - algey, alga-loke

apart aparta , dis-a

apartment apartamento, lojeyo.

apathy apatyo

apologise espresi, espri regreto; (regret-i) Ma regreto! 

app n (software) apo, aplikado, programo

apparatus aparADORO -ADORO (desofte portebla)- televidadoro, TVadoro. TVijo

apparently  - somble

apparition aperado, fantasmo

appeal apil-i (it appeals to me - To apila ka mi (min) 

appear aper-i

appear(look) aspekt-i qe

appear(seem) sembl-i

appearanse (appearing) apero 

appearanse (aspect) aspekto

appetite apetido  Bon apetido!

applaud aplaus-o, -i

apple pomo

application n (software) apliko, apo, aplikado, aplado, programo

apply (put theoretical knowledge to practice, e.g. method, rule, law) apli, -APL-  

apply (put on) aplik-i, apl-i, utili, unt-i

appreciate, appraise taks-i,(be-taks-i) aprex-i 

approach kanproks-i, kanv-i

approve aprov-i

approval aprovo

approximate (adj.) cirka , pliprokse

approximately cirke

apt (n) (aptitude) apto, talento, inklino

apt (v) apt-i, abl-i

aquarelle - akfarello

arcade - ark-ad-o

ardent arda, ard-i (glow -skint-i)

April aprilo

area areyo

argue (give reasons) argum-i (intr.)

argue (quarrel) dispyut-i

argh! ay!, ah!

arid arida , sekn-um-a, sinakfa

aridity aridezzo

arise  lev-i (intr.) skal-i, skalvendi, skalvi (skalenvi - skalenvadi)

arm (of body) braso

arm (weapon) armo, armaryo 

armour kiraso, panzoro 

armpit akselo

army - armeo

around cirkonde, ci(-)ronde (prep.), -i (ci-)(adv.) ronde, cirke, cirkey 

arrange (make preparations for) arang-i

arrange (put into order) orded-i, ordesm-i

arrest  arest-i (arest-ed-i)

arrival arivo, kanvyeno, (time: arivemo - desarivemo)

arrive  arivi, kanvyeni (antonyms: desarivi,departi)

arrogance aroganso

arrogate (presume to) arog-i, usurp-i, (esti aroga, usurpanta)

arrow fleco

arse rumpo

arsehole N (anatomy) anuso, rumpotruvo; (person) fekalono, kanaylo

art arto  Qom tu denka (opina) pri moderna arto?

artery artero P: arterino

article artiklivo "le" 

article (newspaper) - artikolo

artificial - artifika, artifikall, artefr(ed)ita

artificial insemination N artefrita fertiledo, artefrita impregnando

artificial pacemaker N (medical device) korstimulijo, artefrita 

pulsadoro,peysmeykero, (mobijo)

Asia Azyo

as a matter of fact (adv.) fate, infate

as ... as  te ... qe (e.g., te facila qe Atlango)

as (being) qe, qezze, kam(e)=estante (e.g.,as an expert she knows = kame spertisto 

xi kuna. Hi kame prezidento eleksis hi lom sekretaro. Hi trakti hi lom venkinto.

as (in comparison) qe (e.g., gran (mega) qe balino)

as (in the manner) qe (e.g., as you wish = qe tu deza, dezira)

as if, as though,as it were - kaze, somble.  Hi korsi, kaze fantomoy persekutu hi. 

as soon as  te kortem qe (do), te proksem qe (do), te kortem qe (do),

ascend skalensi,skal-vad-i,sobren-vad-i,kanmont-i(in direction on the top,skal-v-i

ascertain (a fact) konstat-i, syertens-i pri, be-syerti pri, ke,

ash cindro

ashamed, be honti, pudor-i, hontyosa, hontima, pudoryosa, pudorima

asphalt asfalto

ask (question) qest-i

ask for  postil-i, aplik-i, rekfes-i, fodr-i, preg-i (pri… skaltedo di salayro,

sueldo)

asleep dormanta, somn-i (dorm-et-i)

asleep, fall vam-dorm-i, a dorm-is

aspire aspir-i, strev-i ka (aste)

asphault asfalto, bitumino

assassinate asasin-i

assault asolt-i, atak-i,  They assaulted a policeman. Lu asoltis le polisano. 

Man jailed for assault on police officer.Viro prijita pro asolto kontre polisa 

ofisaro.

assert (state as a fact) asert-i, insisti pri

assess impost-i (pagi imposto)

assiduous laborima, diligenta

assortment asorto, asort-i (klasifiki)

assume (take a task upon oneself) asum-i (sem kargi pe), prini su se

assumption  teso, suspondo

assurance (certification) syert-edo; (certainty) syert-ezzo; (self-confidence

aplombo, sel-fido; (insurance) asekuro; (arrogance) prezunto, P: arog-im-ezzo.

assure asekur-i, syert-ed-i (render certain) (insure) asekur-i.

assuredly: sin-daube,sinskepte,syerte.

astonish (astound) astunedi, estup-ed-i, konstern-i

astonished, to be - mervili, astun-i, estup-i, konstern-ens-i

astonishing mervila, mervilyosa, astuneda, estupeda (kapturna)

astonishment astuno, estupo,(kapturno) konsterno

astronaut -astronauto

asylum azilo

at (the price of) po , por-

at least  kanminye, kanmoltasme

at most kanmakse, kanmoltisme

at (beside, closely associated with,) - xe, proksey, (in neighbourhood - i veceyo, vece) (In French: chez) 

at first - prime, primem

at last - fine, finfine, laste, finall

at once - xe vrem(e), devreme, davreme

at the same time - somem, i soma tempo, somtempe, intertempe

at times vrem(e), from time to time (da tempo ka tempo) - xlem, -AND-i

Atlango Le lango qam(e) mu lerna nauma Atlango

Atlantic Atlantiko

atmosphere atmosfero, atmo, ambyento

attach ataxi, aneksi, adv-edi

attachment N (in e-mail) ataxo, konsendado, advado

attack atak-i, -o

attain atig-i, akir-i

attempt (endeavour) fors-i, 

attempt (try out) prub-i, -o (PRU-) try to go - pruvadi

attend (be at) asist-i (asistanto) , xest-i (xe-esti)

attention to, pay -atent-i (tr.), semgard-i

attestation  atesto, atestigo

attract atrakt-i

atractive -atrakta, atraktabla, atraktanta

audacity audyazzo, - AZZO, sinhonto

auditorium audr-ATERY-o

August agosto

aunt onkleno

autochthonous autoktono, teynaskono

automatic automate, automatike

author autoro

authority [the right/power to command] autorit-ezzo 

          Pro sa kompetento hi-x grana autoritezzo sobre sa kolegoy.

autumn autuno

auxiliary auksila, helpa, ayda, suporta    Atlango esta le lango (lingvo) auksila.

available disporebla, maxebla, poxebla

avaricious grida  

avenue avenido, aleyo

average -(normal, typical) avra, medya, medyokra,plegrada, plea, plesma 

averse averz-i (strongly disinclined, unwilling)  Are you averse to flying? Qi tu 

averza flugi? Qi tu-x averzo a flugi?

aviate avium-i

aviation avio, aviazo, aviando

aviational avia, ( aviala, aviall )

aviator aviataro

avoid evit-i, ( OM- ) om-v-i, om-veh-i, omkontakti - to avoid a contact 

awake - (trans/intr) veki 

awakening veko, vekenso

away - far, fare, faren! Les ko to! Apages! Farvades!

award - avordo, premyo

awesome adv(excellent)bonabe, brile; granyosa, imponda, impondeda, temoreda

axis akso (polar axis - polusa akso)

azure azuro 

B

babble -babil-i

baby - bebo, karinyo (kar+iny+o)

bachelor - bacelo, soltono, soltaro

back (adv.) retr(o, e)-, bake, retren, ren, baken! In time: (ago)algem pas, bakem, retrem, rentempe.

back (of body, hand, book, etc) dorso, bako (pugo = bakado)                          backbone (spine) spayno (comput.: cefneto )

backdoor: bak-pordo

background ba(ka)grundo,fondo, bakfondo, despreo

bacterium baktero

bad mal(a)

bag sakfo      

baguette (bread) bastonpauno, bagveto

bah! interj (impatient rejection or contempt) ba!, (stronger) baf!

bake bakf-i

bakery bakf-ery-o

balance blanso, ekilibro,

balance blans-i,vakl-i

balcony balkongo

bald kalva

balderdash sin-senza paplando; galimatyaso.

ball: (noun) (globe) bolo, sfero; globo; (solid, as for billiards, croquet, etc.) bolo; (filled with air, as for tennis, for aviation) bolo, balong(et)o; (bullet) kuglo; (of thread) peloto; (solid pellet) bol-eto; tennis b.: tenis-bol-eto; b. play : bol-, bol-pludo; snowb.: niv-bulo ; cannon b.: kugl-abo; kanonga kuglo. 

masked b.: masko-balo; fancy dressed b.: tresklen-balo; b.room : bal-chambro; balzalo, dans-eyo.

ball (dancing) balo, dansingo

ballet baleto

balloon - balongo

ball-point pen   boloplumo

balls n (slang for testicles, also metaphor for courage) koyongoy

balsam: (tree) balsamino; (fragrant resin used in ointment) balsamo; pectoral b.: pektorala balsamo; -ic: balsam-ala.

banal: banala, trivya, tivyala, vulgar(ac)a.

banana banango, platango

band (music) bendo, muzikistaryo, muzikararyo, orkesto

band (tape,strip, stripe) rubango,banderolo,strio,teypo 

bandage bindo, bind-i

bandit bandido, bandidano

bank (finansial) banko

bank (of a river) rivo, strando 

bankrupt bankrupt-i

banner (comput.: banero)

banquet - bankfeto, bankfet-i, (fyesto, fyest-i) yendofyesto

bar (for drinking) drinkeyo - baro

bar (the way) barik-i

barbarian -barbar-on-o,(barb-aro)

barbarity barbarado

barely, hardly - zore, zor-, konpenge,  He had barely enough money to pay for the

 car. Hi maxi zorbaster (nibaster) mono a pagi pol auto.

(Esperanto: La malriĉuloj apenaŭ havas sufiĉan manĝaĵon. English: The poor barely 

have enough food. Atlango: Le desrikay (povronoy) zormaxa (nimaxa) baster fudo.

barge (boat) barjo

baricade - barikado - barik-i

bark to,ladr-i,hund-eklang-i, hauk-hauk!, vov-vov! 

bark (on the tree) kortiko

barman - barmaid - baristo, baristeno, tapisto

baron barong-ano

barrel (cask) barelo; (keg) barel-eto; (of machines) cilindro;  to sell by the b.: 

seldi per-barel-e; to draw off from the b.: cerpi del barelo; b. for wine: vin-

barelo; b. of wine: barelo di vino.

barrel barelo 

base (n.) bazo

base (support one thing with another) apog-i, suport-i

basement basmento, susolo, apogado

basin basino, pelvo, baseyo

basket - korbo

bath (n.) balno

bath(e) take a bath - baln-i

bathroom balno-cambro, balnozalo, balnorumo

battalion batalyongo, batalonaryo

battery (elec., milit.) batero, baterio, P: bateroyo, pilo

battle batalo, fayto

bay (of sea) bukto 

bazaar: bazareyo.

be est-i (-s) I am - mi esta = mi-s, You are - Tu esta, Tu-s, Is it…? - Qi-s? Qi to-s…?

be (well, ill, etc) P:stand-i (bon-, mal-) sy-ens-i

be able   abli -abl-, paudi, -AUD-

be behind posresti, desfrontali 

be curious (at the moment) kun-ez-i, esti kuneza (personality trait) esti kunezima; 

I’m curious who he is.  Mi kuneza, qono hi-s.

be promiscuous - promiskfa, ofte kambi sekskononoy (o partaroy)

beach playo

bead (to make necklaces -perlinaryo) perlino, (rosary - rozokruno, rozokolyo)

beak beko

beam luminoradyo, radyo, luminrayo, rayo, strio

bean fabo, faseolo

bear (support) port-i, suport-i

bear -urso

bear toleri

beard barbo

beat (defeat) venki

beat (hit, strike, lash, smack) batr-i,-ando beating, disebatri, pisti smash, 

inbatri drive in, inbatri klovo insel muro,(insemure.) konbatri - beat together, 

rebatri (rinbatri)- strike back, interbatrando fight (fayto) frap-i, kolp-i 

(pyedobatri), vam-i

beat out disebatri, pisti

beatified beata, blestita

beautiful bela, linda (belaspekta, beleta) lavla

beauty belezzo, P: byuto

beautify bel-ed-i, P: kosme-i 

because - bo,(because of) pro, pro to ke

because of - pro, kause di, pro ke. ”Pro” montra kauso ed eymo e motivo kay kanvokoy di alga potento. Eksemploy: Mi skrida pro ha naivezzo. Pro co akseptes ma korisma danko. Prol Syeloy!(Oh Syeloy!)Qer tu demanda(moneza) pro ta desnuva auto?

become - ens-i, Ens! fENSi, estis, konverti. Do not be - Nestes, Nens! Ne fens!

bed (for sleep) leco

bed (of coal, petrolyo) -yasimento

bedroom dormo-cambro, dormo-rumo , dormeyo

bedtime lecemo One evening the boy requested that the father tell him a bedtime 

story. Unsuare le garso rekfesis kel patro kentes ka hi un lecema storio.

bee abelo, abelaryo - abelsuarmo

beer biro

beet betravo, burako

before (in front of) frontale di, fore, (prep) pre (prey) ante

before (previous to) pre (prep.) , pre ke (conj.), (in time - pre-em = prem or 

antem),(in place - prey) Pren! For(en)!- Forward!  prime, unesme

beg (beseech) preg-i, granpreg-i (pray (communicate with God) - pregv-i)

beggar mendiganto, almospreganto, almosono

begging mendigo

begin kom-i (tr./intr.) vam-i,(tr./intr.), kom-ens-i,(intr.) starti, fr-ens-i,

 beginning - kom-ens-o, komo di , starto, vamo

behave kondut-i

behaviour konduto 

behind pos, posey, despre, bake, ekste, ekster-, ekstey, retre(y) 

belief kredo Someone’s personal religious beliefs don’t justify breaking the law.”

 Algia religiala kredoy personall ne jasteda rompo (vyolento) di legvo.

believe kred-i  ”If you believe something, you think it’s true.” Ya tu kreda algo, 

tu denka ke to(-s) veria.

bell klosho

belong part-i, a fensi parto di, (to-s di mi - It belongs to me) It belongs to 

you - To parta ka Tu. You don’t belong here — get out. Tu ne (kan)parta tey - 

farves!

below sube

belt belto

bench benko

bend fleksi, benti, kurbedi

bent (curved) benta,-edita kurba 

berry bero, (wineberry - vinbero)

benevolence bonvolo, bondezo, bonkorezzo

beside - proksey (at xe)

besides (prep.) ekstra, ulte, ulte to, pluse di to

best makse bona, - le pli bona, besta, bonisma, optimala (I do my best - mi feda ma 

besta.)

bestseller - furorbuko, bestaselero, bestaseldado

bet vet-i

betake oneself (go to) vad-i, v-i, vend-i

betray trah-i, denuns-i

better pli bon(a), betra, v. betri, plibonedi

between inte, inter-

beverage - bevrado, drinkado

bewitch heks-i, magium-i, magi-ed-i, bemagii, beheksi

beyond (on the other side of) trans, transe, ulte, (om-, omey)

Bible Biblo

bicycle bisiklo, "bike" - bayko

bifurcate voyfurki, disfurko, diseyo

big gran(a),gran-, (huge -mega -granaba) (-AB-)

Big Bang BigBango, Prim-esplodo

bill (invoice) faturo, invoco, bilyo

bind (to fasten or be fastened with string, thread) - lig-i

bind up - bind-i, ci-band-i(a wound) (encircle with a band)

bird foglo, ornito

birth (being born) nasko

birthday naskodyemo, naskemo

biscuit biskfido

bishop episkopo

bit(piece) peculo,+UL,elemento,partikulo -IKULO,(very little piece of) peculikulo

bite mord-i, -o,  mordi sa lingo. I will bite you! - Mi mordos tu!

bitter bitra

bitumen bitumino

black nigra

blackmail xantajo, xantaj-i, hares-i

blade klingo

blame (condemn) blam-i, -o, kondamn-i, kulp-i, kulp-ed-i

blame (fault) kulpo

blaspheme (swear) blasfam-i, blaso

bless blesti, benedikti,  Bless my soul! - (Blestes) Bles´ ma spirito (almo)!

blind (sightless) blinda, -o, (to make blind - blind-ed-i)

blink (with light) blinki, skinti, Blink!Blink! (briefly shut the eyes = blink-i, 

ocum-i

block (material) bloko

blond blonda

blood sango (to bleed - sang-um-i)

blot (n.) fleko, klekso

blot (v.) betax-i, prikleks-i, beflek-i, fuyflek-i algono

blow (be windy) vyent-i (intr.)

blow, blow upon  blov-i, bris-i (breeze - briso)

blue blua, azura

blouse bluzo

board (plank) planko (floor of a room -suelo)

board taulo,(blackboard) - nigra taulo

board (deck) (of ship, airplane, auto, bisiklo) - bordo, Go aboard - (sur)bord-i 

boast (brag) fanfar-on-i, praud-i pro

boat batelo

body kferpo, korporo, (chief part)chefa parto,kferpulo

boil kokt-i (intr./tr.)

boiled eggs - ovoloy koktita, kokt-ovoloy

boiling - koktanta

bolt bolto

bomb bombo

bombe to, bomb-i

bone osto

bonfire fyestofayro, bonfayro

bonus bonuso

boogeyman beboko An imaginary monster used to frighten children. 

Dedenkita (imagina) monstro po pauredi enfoy. monstro,P: bogyo (spuko) 

(anything that haunts, frightens, or harasses.)

book libro, buko

bookshop libreryo, bukeryo

bookstore bukstoro

bore (weary) (intr./tr.) buri, buredi, molest-i 

boredom - buro, burezzo, burudo

border to, grenz-i,

border grenzo

boring bura, buryosa, bureda

born, be nask-i (to born a child - naskedi enfo)

borrow prunt-i

borscht (borsch) beet soup - borxco

bosom sinuo (sul sinuo dil familio)

botch fusk-i (tr.)

both amba, ambe, amball

bother embares-i(tr.intr.), veks-i, frustr-i, trub-i

bottle (n.) botelo

bottom (backside) bako

bottom (lowest (of several levels)) dolo, infra

bottom (lowest part, e.g., of a vase or well) fundo

bottom (underside of an object) subo, subado

boulder roko

boundary (of a state) grenzo, (statogrenzo)

National boundaries are becoming increasingly meaningless in the global economy.

Nasia grenzoy ensa pli e (kay) pli (pliplisme) desimporta il globala ekonomio. 

(pla e pla importa, plaplasme)

bow (bend) fleks-i, -o

bowl bovlo, pelvo

box (container, holder) bokso, -UYO, kontyenijo, kapso, doso, porte- (porte-oleo,

 porte-cindro (cindruyo), porte-mon(e)o. 

boxing - boksingo

boy - garso, hiko, jovano, (girl -xiko, joveno)

boy friend - amyano (gars-amyo)

brain cerbo

brainstorming cerbumo (to brainstorm -cerbumi)

brake freno,-i, haltijo, haltedi

bran  brano, farin-ext-o

branch branko (on a tree)

branch (of industry)(branxo),branco,branch of company- filyalo, kompanyopatro,faho

branchia (gill of fish) - brankyo, gilo

bracelet braseleto,  brasringo

bracket n (punctuation) parenteso, braceto

brass (copper-zinc alloy) mesingo, bronzo

brave brava, koraja

bread pauno

break pauso

break rompi, breki, Brek! Kfit! Stop! Halt! -EK-i  Diktek(es)!

breakfast (n.) brekfesto, matin-yendo

breast brusto , (of woman) mamelo, nipple mamio)

breathe respirg-i, spirg-i (tr./intr.) hals-i (take a sigh -sospirgi, yearn,long 

for -longv-i po, ka, nostalg-i) 

breathlessness angoro, sinspirgo

brick briko

bridge ponso

bridle brido

briefcase porta-folyo, P: teko

bright klara, brilanta, brila

bring -(kan-, ad(e)-)port-i, bringi, tragi, vyenedi, feci

       Can you bring me something to drink again?

                 Qi Tu portauda ka mi (min) algo po drinki num?

bring forth produkt-i, forbring-i, est-ed-i

bring up eduk-i

broad larga

broadcast emisi, audredi, transmisi, cen-audredi, cen-voc-i 

broccoli n (Brassica oleracea italica) brokolo

bronchial tube - bronko

broom - skobijo

brother or sister - hermo

brother - frato, hermano (religion - fratro)

brother in low - xofrato, xograno (brather or sister in low = xogro)

brow brovo

brown bruna

browse brausi, browse the net - netum-i 

browser brausijo, folyedijo, (re)xerk-adoro 

brush (verb) (as hair) brosi; (in painting) penzeli; (graze) froli; (sweep

skob-et-i; b. away: (tears) freg-i, sekn-ed-i; b. up: (languages, etc.) ri-studi.

brush: (noun) brosijo (the act) bros(and)o;  (artist’s, painter’s b.) braxo, 

penzelo, pintijo; toothb.: dyento-bros-ijo; clothes b.: kleno-bros-ijo; stroke of

 the b.: broso; penzel-stroko; (b. for shaving) barbo-penzelo.

brush (for brushing) broso, brosijo

brush (v.) bros-i, brax-i

bubble boblo, bobleto

buckle buklo, bukl-i (belto)

bud (of flower/leaf) borgo, borg-i

budget bujeto, (budjeto)

bug n (computer) eraro, cimo, bugo

build (kon)strukt-i, bild-i

building bildado, konstruktado

bulb (elecric) elektra ampolo

bull tauro

bullet kuglo, projektilo

bulletproff vest  pare-kuglo, pare-kugla vesto 

bulletin buletino

bump bamp-i (batr-et-i) bam!

bunch (bundle) bunco

bungle fusk-i

bureau byuro, kontoro

bureaucrat byurokrato

burn bren-i (tr./intr.)kreum-i (intr.),kreum-ed-i (tr)(smoulder - smoldi, breneti)

burst krev-i, esplod-i, erupt-i

burst (start or a sudden display or increase of effort or action) vam-i, vam-

to burst into tears - vami(s) (ka) lakroy, vam(es) ka laboro! Burst of laughter -

Vamo di skrido. A burst of applause - Vamo di aplauso, (vamaplausi) a burst of 

activity -vamo di aktezzo 

bury grab-i, sepolt-i, intomb-ed-i, enterd-i

bus autobuso, buso

bush arbusko, busko (vepro - undergrowth )

business (commerce) komerso, bizneso

business (firm) firmo

businessman biznesisto, komersisto

busy buza, okupata (to be busy with- buz-i pri, pe, ko) I ́am busy with books - Mi 

buza ko (pe, pri) bukoy. 

but - me

butt (of rifle, grip of pistol) kolbo

butter butero

butterfly papilo, motilo

button butongo

buy kompr-i 

buzz (hum) zumbi

by all means totya-mode, ca-moy(eng)e by means of - pe, (per-) vya, a

He pulled him by the ears. Hi pultis hi al oreloy. She picked up the suitcase by

 the handle. Xi levis le valiso al (a le) tyenijo.

by (done by) pe(r-), fedita pe, verkita pe,(indicating agent after passive verb) 

le parentoy esta amata (amatas) pe sa enfoy: the parents are loved by their 

children; sendita pe (da) Dio: sent by God; le murdo di Cesar pe Brutus: the murder

 of Caesar by Brutus;

(authorship ) dramoy pe Shakespeare: dramas by Shakespeare; Pe qono lo-s ta buko? 

By whom is that book?

by heart - perkore

by (near) xe, prokse, (proksey) om-, flanke- (in neighbourhood - i veco, vece)          

ompas-i (also: pas, pasem = ago)  paskorsi, ompas-i (also: pas, pasem = ago) 

(pasevadi) paskorsi

by way of, via - vya, pere di

C

cabaret kabareo

cabbage kaulo

cab, cabin - cabino,(horsedrawn) fyakro, (taxi) taksino

cable kablo

cage kajo, kavyo, prijuyo

cake keko, kekso

calculate kalkol-i

calendar kalendaryo, almanako

calf kalfo

call telephone, foni (phonecall - fontoko, -i)

call (ask to come) kanvok-i, come to pick up - P: prinvyeni, prinarivi

telephone call - telefonado, fontoko

calm kalma, kalm-i (to be calm)

camera kamero

camp kampo, kamparyo

can (be able) - paudi (-aud-), kapabli, -abli, kunaudi 

can (tin) bokseto metall, kango, doso,-uyo (mess-tin - gamelo) cancer kancero

candle -kandelo

candy -kandyo, bonbo, sokrado, dulcado

cannon - kanongo

canoe kanoyo (kanoo)

cansel kanseli, zeredi

canton kantongo

canvas kanovaso

capable kapabla, abla,  The company isn't capable of handling an order that large. 

Le kompanyo ne-s kapabla mestris un ordeso te larga.

capacious kapaksa

capcise (of a boat) be overturned in the water. - kapcisi

cape kabo, promontoro,

capitulate kapitol-i

caprice kaprico , kaprica, kambe-muda

captain kapitano

captain-woman kapiteno

car auto, carto, auto-mobilyo

carbine karabino

cardboard kartongo

care about - angi pri

care for (nurse) nursi, ker-i

care of, take angi pri, keri

care (attention) atento, ango, kero

care (concern) koncern-i

care (protection) protekto (medically treat - kuro )

care (take c. of by physical acts) angi (algono, algo); (for the sick, infants)

 nursi, (be concerned, anxious about) keri (algono, algo); (to feel interest)

 atenti , intresi pri, take c.: Ker! Atentes! Voluntes reflekti, max ango pri; I do

 not c.: mi ne kera pri..., pyasa, ama; deza, dezira.

care: (noun) ango; nurs(and)o; kero; (attention) ango, atento; (guardian-ship) 

respons-ezzo, gardo; careful: semgardima, ker-ima, atent-ima; prudenta; diligenta.

career: karyero (course of life) vivo, vivduro; (trade, profession) karyero.

carefree (happy-go-lucky, worry-free) fri-anga, sinanga, facilanima, 

sin(pri)denka

careless: ne-ker-ima, ne-ang-ima, neglekt-anta, -ima; sin-kera, deskera, desanga, 

act of c.ness: ne-ker-ado, neglektado

caress kares-i (each other) bikares-i

carpentery karpento

carpenter karpentisto

carpet tapixo

carriage (railway) vagno, (horse-drawn cart - karozzo, carto)

carrot karoto

carry port-i, by a vehicle - cart-i,veh-i,veh-ed-i,cart,karozzo,vagno,carto

carry on (continual) continue, dur-i, kontini, prozzesi

frequent, frekfenta (-EMi- from time to time) repeated action or process: vizitEMi.

cart karto, pruvokarto, legitimkarto, bankokarto

carton kartongo

cartoon kartuno

cartridge patruno, P:kartrido

cascade kaskado

case (container) bokso, kesto, kofro, (suffix) -uyo, porte-

case (instanse) kezo (po qalga, ca kezo)

cash (coin) moneulo, groxo

cash (money) kaxo, moneo, pekuno

casino kasino

cassette kaseto

castle kastelo 

castling aroko (chess - xako)

cat gato

catacomb katakumbo

catapult katapulto -i, lans-i (lansi rakyeto)

catastrophe katastrofo

catch (capture) kapt-i

category kategorio

Catholic katoliko

cattle bruto

cause (of an event) kauso

cause (v.) efekted-i, kaus-i, -edi, produkti

cautious kauta, kautyosa, preangima,semgardima, atentima, prudenta, Kaute!

cavalier kavelyoro  (ne: kavelaro)

cave kavo

CD. disko

CD-ROM CD-ROMo (sidi-romo) (codo-romo) (cede-romo)

cease brek-i,(-ek-)  kfit-i

cede ced-i Much of the territory along the border was ceded to the United States.

Molto dil terdorio konfelonge le grenzo ceditas kal Unensinta Statoy. (USo)

ceiling plafondo

celebrate celebr-i, fyest-i

celery selerino

celestial syela (be-syel-a) syelesta

cell celo (cell phone - celfono, mobilo)

cellar basmento, kelo

cellular cela, celarya, celplenta

cemetery  cementerdo, tombeyo, tombaryo

cent cendo

centre centro

century centuro,centanyo, centemo

cereal grayno, ceryalo (rye - sekalo)

certain (a certain) alga, un, una, syertuna -certain of somebody, something.

(particular people or things in a group)

There are certain things I just can't talk to my mother about.

Lo-s syertuna kosoy qam simple mi ne pauda dikti (ne diktauda) ka ma matro.

certain (sure) syerta, (to be c. -syert-i) certainly (for sure) syerte

certifikate  syertifik-i, syertifikado

chagrin (sorrow mixed with anger) (tr.,intr.)be out of humor (be vexed) (intr.)

P: despiti; (grieve, suffer mentally) (intr.) xagr-i,(vex) veks-i, griv- i pri.

chain kadengo, cengo

chair sejo, sidijo, sidelo.  Porfavore kantabledes le sejoy. Yendinte se datableda 

le sejoy.

chairlift sidel(o)lifto

challenge: (defy) defyer-i; (milit.) klami “qono va?!”  

challenge: (n.)  celengo, defyero, defyerado, defyeredo

challenge-cup: celengo, trofeo-kaliko, pokalo

challenger: defyer-anto, celenganto

chamber cambro, rumo

chamberlain cambelano, cambrano

champion campono

cancel kanseli,(nullify) nuledi, zeredi, elimini, breki, -EK-, kfiti 

change kambi(tr.)

chanse canso, evo, fortuno

chanse (unknown element) hazardo, risko 

chaos kaoso

chaotic kaosa, kaotika (When things are messy, crazy, and all over the place) 

pell-mell - pelo-melo, harum-skarum 

chap  hombre, homono, ono, ano, eno

chaperon dueno, akompeno, kumpeno, caperono 

chapter (of a book)  kapitelo 

character (quality) karakto, karaktezzo (-EZZO)

characterize: karakt-edi, distingi. 

characterization: karakt-edo, distingo

characteristic karakter-istik-a , karaktezza

charge kargi

be in ch. of - estri, mestri, 

charm xarm-i, (grasyo)

chart, diagram

charter cartero

chase yakt-i, -o

chaste (pure, vestal) casta, virtusa

chat - cato, cat-i, chat room cateyo, cat-rumo

cheap - xipa, deskara, baspraza, doltepraza

cheat (swindle) fraud-i, frip-i (!) frip-on-o , fraudono -swindler

check (test) kontrol-i, -o, test-i, cekf-i

check in - cekfin-i, incekf-i

check (bank's) ceko

cheek - vango

cheep pep-i

cheese - cizo, keso

chemise kamiso

cheque ceko

cherrio Saluto

cherry - ceriso

chess xako

chest torako, busto

chew (masticate) mastiki, 

chicken galo, kokito (chicken meat in general) kokyendo,(meat of young chicken) 

kokitado, kokityendo

chickpea garbanzo, cizzoro

chief xefo, -a , xefano, xefeno,

chief (main) prinsipa, cefa, cef-, primgrava, importisma

child - enfento, enfo,  (also: filo e dotro)

child (less than 7 years old - bambo, (enfento, enfo) 

 and from 7 to 13 years old, - puelo 

little boy - garseto, enfano, little girl -xiketo, enfeno

childhood - enf(ent)emo

childlike enf(ent)ima, enfezza

chimney cimno

chin mentongo , barbilo

China Cino,Cinio  

Chinese Ciniono

chip cipo, peculo

chips (fries) cipsoy

chirp cirp-i (insects, birds) fogl-eklang-o, insekt-eklang-o 

chocolate - coklado, coklo

choice (n.) opto, elekso, alternative - alternato, alternado

choose eleks-i, seleks-i

chop hak-i

chop-sticks - kfayzo, haxio

Christmas Eve  Vigilemo

church (building) kirko, pregveyo

Church Eklesyo, also: Kirko

cigar cigareo

cigarette cigareto

cinema kino, kineyo

cinical cinika, cinikall

cipher (code) xifro (sekreta xifro, xifr-ed-i mes(aj)o) 

circle cirkolo

circular(round) ronda , cirkolarr, ciforma

circulate cirkol-i, ci-mob-i, cirk-ob-i, ci-korsi 

circumstanse ci(rke)stanso, konsito , rondostanso 

circus cirko, cirkuso

city, town cito, urbo,

citizen civitono,urbono, statono

civil civilo (civitono ne militista) 

civilisation civiliso, civilisuro, civilisio

civilise becivilisi

claim (assert) asert-i, Some people claim 'it's just a joke'. Syertuna homoy 

aserta, ke to-s solme joko.

claim (lay claim to) pretent-i

clandestine kland(estin)a, sekreta, kripta

clap klap-i, klak-i

clarify - klar-ed-i

class (all senses) klaso

classroom klaseyo

clay argilo

clean  pyura, pyur-ed-i

clear (adj.)klara (evident) evidenta

clench klenc-i, konpres-i

clever habila, kapabla, smarta

click klik-i (mauskliki-(maus-i)- to click with a mouse,

(move or strike with a noise - mobi ho frapi ko bruso)

He clicked on the light. P: Hi klikis po lumino. (lukso)

client kliento

climb klimb-i, mont-i, eskalt-i (intr.) (by stairs, by ladder)

clip tond-i, klip-i

clique klikeo, P: klikio

cloak mantelo, cloak-room kleneyo

cloche kloxo

clock kloko (watch)

clockwise deksen, deksaflanken

clod (lump) bulo (bulo di kara metalo) lumpo

clone kloni

close to prokse, xe

close (nearby) proksa

close (v.) (shut) klos-i ( klefi - klosi pe klefo)

clasp klaspo,agrafo(hook - hoko)(for fastening things together)klaspi,agrafi,hoki

cloth (piece of) tuko

cloth (woven fabric) stofo

clothes kleno, klenoy

take off clothes - klenLENSi, negl-i, nakn-ed-i, kfit(es) le klenoy. Lens le 

klenoy.

cloud klaudo, gran klaudo - nebuloso

clown klauno

club (society) klubo

club klabo,bastongo

clue kluo, indiso

cluster klustero, masio, P: amazo, komolo, komolado

coal karbo, karbiumo

coalition koalizzo, koalizz-i

coast (shore) rivo, markusto, strando, rivo  (riveyo) (sea or river) 

coat (covering) kovrado

coat (overcoat) mantelo,surtuto,kapoto - overcoat,storm or heavy coat

coat rack porte-mantelo

cockroach kakrauco,blato

cocktail kokteylo

code kodo, kod-i

coffee kafo

coffer kofro

coffin kofino, cerko (fino il kofino)

cohort kohordo, hordo

coin moneulo, (pekun-ul-o) P: moneto

coincide koinsid-i

cold (adj.) kolda, molte kolda = friga 

collapse kolapsi 

collar krago 

colleague kolego

collect koleks-i

collection kolekso,koleksio, koleksuro

collective kolekso, koleksumo, konkolekso

college kolegyo

collide kolid-i

colloquial par(o)la

collusion koluzo Journalists suspected that the army was acting in collusion with 

the terrorists.

Jornalistoy suspekti ke-l armeo koluzi (ageri i koluzo) ko-l teroristoy.

colonel kolonelo

colony kolonio

colonize koloni-al-ed-i, koloni-um-i (koloni-al-ist-o) - kolon(i)isto

colossal kolosa, kolosall, mega, granaba

colour koloro, farbo, -ed-i, be-kolor-i, -ofarba, -okolora, -ayo, -aya

column kolumno

comb - kumb-i (pe kumbijo)

comb - (on animals) kresto, pektino

combine komb-i, kombini

come vyen-i, ariv-i, kanvyen-i come back - revyeni, ri-vyen-i, Vyen! come here!- 

Vyen tey(en)!,come on! Do vames! Vam! Lo vyenis inse ma kapo felica ideo.

comedy - komedyo

comfort (n.) komforto komforteblo 

comfortable komfortebla

comic (adj.) komika; komedyall

comma kommo

command imper-i, komend-i, ordes-i 

comment on koment-i (tr.) komento

commerce komerso

commission komisyo (commissar - komisyaro, komisyono)

common (belonging to several) komuna, kona

"What we have in common is that we are all different from each other."
Atlango:"To,qom mu-x
komune,to-s ke mu conoy difra unoy dal otray." (un-dal-otra)

Esperanto: "Tio,kion ni havas kone,estas ke ni c^iuj estas diferencaj unuj de la aliaj."

Fransie:"Ce que nous avons en commun est que nous sommes tous différents l'un de l'autre".

common (ordinary) ordinala

commonly ordinale, norme, normale

commonplace banala, banall

communicate komunik-i

community konio, komunio (kolektivio)

communion santya komunyo

companion kumpo, kumpono, kumpano, kumpeno.

companion (business or military) kompanyono. (company - business or 

 military)kompanyo 

compare kompir-i

compass - kompaso, busolo

compassion - konpasyo, pyeto, konsyentimo, -um-i, konsyento,-i 

compel debedi

compete  kompetidi,(in sport: campi) konkorsi, kompetent-i , P: konkurent-i 

competition - kompetido, P: kompetizzo (in sport: campo, sportado, sport-evo)

 konkorso, konkurento, kompetento,

compile kompili

complain klagi, grumbli

complaint klago

complete kompleta, -ed-i, ,integra, P: konplenta

complicate komplik-i

compose  kompos-i

composer komposaro, komposisto,

composition -komposo, komposado

computer - komputijo, komputero, komputadoro (kompo, datoro) A tablet computer, or

 simply TABLET,is a one-piece mobile computer. Taula komputero, ho simple (Tauleto)

computer science komputiko, komput-arik-o

conceal -conceli

concept koncepto

concern (relate to) koncern-i, -o, -ala, rel (algo, algono)

concerning (about) pri, relate ka,)

conch konko

concise koncisa

conclude konklodi

conclusion konklodo

concrete (building material) betongo

condemn kondamni

condition (mentally and medically) syens-i, bonsyensi, malsyensi

  Qe tu (homo, bestyo-animalo) syensa?

condition (state) kondizzo, stando 

  Qe to (koso, situdo) standa?  

condition kondo Qakonde?

condolence - kondolento, express one ́s condolentes to - kondolent-i (ka) algono 

confess konfesi

confidence konfido

confide konfidi, trust-i

confirm konfirm-i, resyert-ed-i

confuse (in one's mind) konfus-i

confuse konfused-i

congeal konjel-i, firmid-ens-i, koagul-ens-i

congratulate grat-i, kongrat-i, Grate! Kongratoy! 

conjunction (in gramm. or astronomy) konyunkto

connect konekt-i

connection konekto, yuntedo (also: teleyuntedo, riveryunteyo)

connoisseur - kunsaro

conscience (moral sense) konxenzo 

I have battled with my conscience over whether I should send this letter or not. 

  Mi fayti ko ma konxenzo qi mi sendes ta letero ho ne.

conscious, be c. of - esti kunsia

consciousness kunsio

consent konxent-i, akord-i, Akordo!,Akordite! Konxentite! Mi akorda. -I agree! 

consequence konsekfo, sekfo

consequent sekfa, konsekfe

consider konsider-i

consist konsist-i, it consists of… -To konsista de…

consistency konsistezzo, konsistanso

console konzolo

conspire - konspir-i

conspiration - konspiro

constantly konstante, dure, duramode, sinbreke, permanente

constellation - konstelaryo,

constitute (compose) konstitut-i

constitution konstituto

construct konstrukt-i, bild-i

construction konstrukto

constructive konstruktabla

consult konsult-i

consume (use up) konsum-i

contempt desestimat-i, estimatlesi, desaprex-i

contact (be in touch) kontakt-i (ko), -o

contain kontyen-i, inmax-i, inklos-i 

content(ed) kontenta

content(s) kontyenado, kontyeno, inmaxo, inklosado, 

continue dur-i (intr.)-ed-i P: kontini, procesi, long-em-i

continuous dura, duranta, kontina

contrary kontre, -ado

contribute kontribut-i

control (regulate) kontrol-i, regl-i, -o

conversation konverzo, toko, (inter)parolo, dyalogo

converse konverz-i,tok-i,dyalog-i,parol-i, interparoli, disputi, diskasi, diskursi 

conversion transformando, konverto

convince (tr.) konvin-i, persfad-i 

convincible konvinebla - konvinabla

convoy konvoyo -um-i

convulsion konvulso -i

canyon kanyongo

coo grukoli (kolomboy - kolomboklangi)

cook kokf-i, -isto (boil - kokt-i)

cookie biskfido, kekumo

cool (adj.) freska

cool (v.) fresked-i

cooperate kooperi,konoper-i, konakt-i

copper kupro

copulate kopulat-i, koyt-i, seksum-i, fak-i

copy (imitate) imit-i

copy (make a copy of) kopy-ed-i, (kopy(al)isto) 

copy (specimen) eksempl-ad-o, kopyo, kopyado

coquette koket-en-o, koket-um-i

coquetre koketumo

cordial totyakore, grankore

cord kordo (in instrument)

cork korko

corkscrew   korkoabrijo

corner (n.) kornero, angolo

corporation korporo, korporizo

corpse kadavro, nekro

correct (right, proper) yusta  (fair - jasta)

correct (without error) korekta, -ed-i

correspond (all senses) korespond-i

corrugated ruga, rugyosa

corrupt korupta, -i

cortege (procession) kortexo

cosmetic kosmeo,kosmetiko,byutado

cosmetology kosmetiko, kosmetologyo

cosmetitian kosmeisto, byutisto

cosmos kosmo

cost kost-i, -o

costume kostomo, (kleno) eleganta kostomo

cosy (cozy) euhema

cottage dometo (rurall) kotajo, daco

cotton kotongo

couch sofo, kanapo

cough tos-i,  tos!tos!

Count (Earl)Grafyo, Magnato, Baruno, Lordo

count (add up) kont-i, kalkol-i, nombr-i, komput-i, (tr.) diskonti

count on kalkoli su, konti su

count down  retrokont-i, dolnombr-i

country (land) lando

countryside ruro,kampeyo, kamparyo

couple parelo

coupon kupongo

courage bravo, bravezzo, kurajo

court (royal household) roydomo, royalo, kortego

court (of law) kurto, tribunalo, yureyo,

courteous: (in manners) kortesa; (in character) jentila; (amiable) aminda, amebla, 

afabila.

courtesy: (bow) korteso, reverent-o (v.) -i; (manners) jentil-ezzo, -ado (act); 

(favour) favor-o amik-all.

courtesan kortegeno, kortegamyeno - amor-(seld-)ist-eno.

courtyard yardo, patyo, kortyo, (skol-yardo, ferm-yardo)

cousin kuzo, kuzino 

cover kovr-i, kovr-ijo, tapiso, (tapis-i)

cow vaxo, vaxeno 

coward - kovardo,

cow-boy vaxaro, kawboyo 

cower kauri(1. Sidi sul kalksoy: le desfelica xiko kauri i angolo dil cambro. 2.le 

tigro (cu)kauri il skalta herboy.) 

crab krabo

crackle krak-i, kraketi

craft (trade) krafto

craftsman kraftisto

crane (mechanics) krano, kranealo, (ornit.) - kraneo, gruzo (Megalornis grus)

crash kraxo, dezastro

craul (creep) rept-i, kraul-i 

crazy (mad) fola, frenesa

cream kremo

create kre-i, kre- (kre-atero, kre-skritisto) verki (krefedi)

creative kreabla, krepauda, kreauda

credence kredo

credible kredebla

creep (craul) rept-i

crest kresto

crew ekipo

cricket kriko

crime krimino

crimson karmesino/a

criterion kritero

cross (n.) kruzo

cross - krosi, transevi, krosevi.

cross eyed -straba, krosokula, krosoca

cross-road kroseyo,voykroso, 

crosswise kfere, (kferfluto)

crowd kraudo ,suarmo, maso

crown kruno (coronation - bekrun(and)o) coronate - be-krun-i, bekrun(az)o

crucify kruz-um-i

cruel kruela

crusade kruzmilito

crush (squeeze) aplasti, klemi, kraxi ( in to pieces ) diskrax-i, disebatr-i

crush (in accident) kraks-i, krax-i (also about computer) 

cry (cry out) klami, voki - shout - xauti, sharp cry - xriko

cry (weep) pyori

cuddle to, kokl-i (hug closely)

culinary art - kokfarto , kulinarto

cult kulteo 

cult ( n. system of religious rituals; extreme religious sect - kulteo, kulteando)

cultivate(soil,arts,acquaintance, mind etc.)kult-i,kultur-i(for profit)esplo(a)t-i.

cunning  astusa (cu-abla)

cup (for drinking) tas-o, kaliko (di vino) (trophy) - pokalo (challenge cup)

calanjo; (communion, also calyx) kaliko; coffee c.: kaftaso; cup of coffee: 

taso di kafo

cupboard skafo, kredenzo, bufeo

curb kerbo, mordadocengo, also: kerb (US:curbstone)

(to keep somebody under discipline -prini i kerbo - inkerbedi)

curiosity - kfirado, kfirezzo (to be curious - kunezi, intresi)

currency pekuno, moneo

current (n) kurento, kurent-i  (a current can be a flow of water, electricity, or

 ideas)

current (existing now) kurenta, aktua, aktuall, aktuema

currently kurente, aktue, aktuall, aktuem, kurentem

cursor kursoro, korsoro

curtain (drape) kurtino

curve kurbo, -ed-i

curved (adj.) kurba, benta

cushion kuxino

custom kustomo,(tradisa kustomo) habito, rutino, frekfe-unto, P: KU-

customer kompranto, kliento

cut kut-i,(cut out) tranc-i, skalp-i

cute pleseda, karina, kokeut(um)a, kokeut-al-a, lavla

cybernetics kibernetiko, kiber-

cyclone ciklongo

cyclotron ciklotro, ciklotroneo

cynicism cinikizmo

cypher (digit, figure) 1, 2… sifro


D

daily cadyema, dyemall, jornall

dam damelo

damage (harm in any way) damaj-i, difektedi, it is a pity -damaje!

danse dans-i, -o

danger danjero

dare (be bold enough) defi, der-i How dare you! -Qe tu dera!

dark (adj.) darka, skura, deslumina, desluksa, 

dark(ness) (lit.) darko, darkemo, tenebro, skuro, deslumino 

dart dardo (pointed missile) stingo - (weapon of insects)

data dato, datemo

data (computer) datumo

database datumbazo

date n daktilo

1 the fruit of the date palm, having sweet edible flesh and a single large woody 

seed 2 short for date palm.

date deyto , -i (deytum-i) an appointment for a particular time, esp with a person

 to whom one is romantically attached: He has a dinner date.  Hi-x komida deyto. 

daughter dotro

day (24 hours) - dyemo, jornonoktemo, ci-klokemo (around a clock) dutoskfaremo

day (daytime) -do, dyemo, jorno (daylight).  Good day! = Bon Dyemo! Bon jorno!

day-dream rev-i, -o,

daybreak dyemenso, jornenso, komdyemo, komjorno

dazzle dazli,-o, blind-um-i

dead mortinta, morta, sinviva

deaf sorda

deal with  pritrakti, afer-i ko, pri, trakti pri, okupi pri, temati pri , koncern-i

The book deals with Polish art” Le buko pritrakta (okupa pri, koncerna) Pola arto.

“To deal with each problem in turn” - (A) Pritrakti ca problemo il sekfo.

dear (beloved) kara

dear (costly) mol(te)kosta, kara

death morto

debate dibato, -i, dibati pri

debouch(ery) -(live loosely) deboci, -o , birb-i

debris debriso, rextetoy, fragmentoy, peculetoy

debt (owing) debo,skuldo, debum-i

debt (thing owed) debado, debumo

debut debuti, debutanto

decade dekado, dyesany(em)o

decay (to decline in excellence, prosperity, health.deteriorate)  kaduka

deceive fraud-i,tromp-i

December decembro

decide decid-i tr./intr.)P: dec-i, deco, -EC-. I decided to try again. Mi decis a 

prubi to num. OR: Mi prubECis to num

decipher - deskodedi, dexifri

decision decido, P: dezzo, dezzi, It´s your decision - To-s tua decido, dezzo

deck - bordo

declaim -deklamer-i

declare - deklar-i,

declaration - deklarado

decorate: dekorazz-i (ornament-i; pli-bel-edi, bedekorazz-i); dekor-eyma.

decoration dekorino

decrease diminut-i, -o, deskresi, deskresed-i, edoli, redukt-i

dedicate dedik-i

deep profunda, profund-i

deer cervo, young deer - cerv-yuno.

de facto: fate, aktuala,aktuall, eksist-anta

defeat (overcome) (tr/intr) venk-i, -o

defecate fekal-i, defekal-i

defect defauto, mankamento

defend defent-i 

define definidi

definition definido; (explanation) esplik-o; (clearness) klar-ado

defy (challenge) P:deft-i, calanji, mejuri

degree (measure or academic) grado

deign degn-i (bon-volunti)

delay, make late - tard-i

delete faredi, farprini

delicate delikata

delicious delika

delight  deliso, ravo (volupto - godo) pleso, plesuro, marvilo

delight (to delight someone with something) A delisi algono pe algo, Ravi-ravedi 

delirious delira

deliver (goods, etc) livr-i

deluge deluvo

demand demand-i, postili

demolish demol-i, destrukt-i, destros-i

demonstrate demonstr-i

dense denza

deny negi

depart (de) - departi

departure departo, desarivo

department -departamento, sekzzo, sektoro

depend depend-i (a, da)

deposit depoziti, depondi

deprave depravi

depression depresyo, depresuro, deprimido

deprive (strip)  sinedi = lesi, (-lesi), ( get rid of) sinensi = lensi (-lensi)

 Arboy lesitay di folyoy pe vyento.

derive davyeni-i , deskend-i(tr.) davyen-ed-i

descend (go down) (tr./intr.) dolensi, de-sur-i, dolklimb-i, dolpasi.

descendant (offspring) deskendrono, deskendrinto pos-on-o, davyen-on-o, gatYUNo 

 (a kitten); -YUN- (for animals and plants) royENFo, royINIDo (a prince, (prinso);

 arbyuno (a sapling, from 'tree'); INIDaryo (a clan,tribe,with-aryo)Karolo-

 Karolyunoy, Karolposonoy. Karol-INID-oy = dinastio fondita pe Karolo le Grana.

 Latino - Latin-INIDa lingvo = lingvo, qa davyena de Latino. 

describe beskriti

desert (wilderness - vildeyo) dezerto, sahro

deserve merit-i

design desino, desin-i, (in graphic art: dizayno, dizayn-i)

desk (for reading, etc.) desko, pupitro

desire deziro, dez-o, dezabo

despair d(es)espero,

desperado d(es)esperono, "desperado" bandito, sinesperono

desperate d(es)esperi, sinespere

demejure mejure (ka)

destiny destino, fatalo, suerto. bad luck -malsuerto, deslako

destroy destrukt-i,  krax-i (tr./intr.)

detail detalo, -UL-o

detain dityeni, halt-i (sem halt-i kontre ) desmobedi

determine determina, ho (ageri (akti) ko determino)

detonate esplod-i -ed-i

detour omvoyo, omveheyo

develop (intr.) disevolv-ens-i, develop-i , develop-ed-i

devile dyablo

devour vur-i

dew roso

dial diskf-i

dialect dyalekto

dialogue dyalogo, (converse) dyalog-i, tok-i, konverz-i

diamond dyamento

diarrhorea lakseo

dictate diktati

dictator diktataro

dictionary -vortaryo, diksyonaryo, vortobuko

die (v.) mort-i

differ difr-i (to be not the same) difr-ens-i, esti des-ida (desidenta)

difference difro, difrento (between)(also math.) difro; difrezzo, kontrasto, 

ne-simil-ezzo, konflikto, distingo); pay the d.: komplet-edi le sumo; it makes no

 d.: to-s (totye) indiferenta.

difficult desfacila, zora, ostaka, ostakyosa

diffuse difusa, difus-i

dig fosi infosi, defosi

digest digersti

digest dijesto , resumo, kompendyo

digital digitala, sifra, sifrala,-all

dignity digno

dignitary dignitaro, skaltrangono

dilemma dilemato

diligent diligenta

dilute diluti

dimention dyamenzo, dyamenzio

dinner lunco, komido, dyemyendo

diode diodo

dioxide dioksido

diploma diplomo

diplomacy diplomatiko, diplomazo

diplomat diplomatikisto, diplomatikaro, "diplomato"

direct (control) direkt-i, P: dir-i, admini, adminestri

direct (not indirect) direkta, rekta

direct to  - diri ka, dirensi ka

directing rejo, rejando, film directing - filmrejo (filmrejisto)

direction (control) direkto,

direction(line) direkso, direks-i,direkse ka,-en,I qa direkso? Qadirekse? Qen? Qende?

directive direkt-ur-o, direkt-ad-o

director direktoro, direktaro, direktisto, menajaro, film director - rejisto, rejaro

dirt (mud, mire) derto, fango

dirty derta, despura, fuya, fuy-

disable desabla

disappear desaperi, farperi

disappoint disapond-i, siniluz-ensi -edi,frustr-i, deskontent-i 

disappointment disapondo, (disapond-amyent-o, disapond-udo) siniluzo,sin-

revenso,frustro deskontento (deskontent-amyento) 

disaster dizastro, plago

discern - disern-i

discipline disiplin-i, -o

discomfort jeno, deskomforto

discover diskovri, deskovri, dekovri

discuss diskes-i, dispyuti, polemiki

disgust nauzo

dish (container) plado, dixo, -UY-o

dish (course, meal)- yendado. P: yendixo - dixo

dishonest deshonesta, fraud-im-a

dispatch send-i

display displeyo, xermo, vizyoro P: prezijo, prez-adoro-o, 

disperse dis-ed-i, dispeld-i, disevergent-i (lumino, okuloy)

dispose - dispori

disposition - disporo,(dispores pri (pe) mi -I am in your service)

dispute dispyuti 

distance (measure) disto, distezzo

distant fara, dista

distinguish disting-i, disting-ens-i, disern-i de(den). deskonfundi(antonimo:

 konfundi)

distinguished (gran)distinga, eminenta 

distract distrakt-i 

distribute distribut-i

district distrikto

disturb distrub-i, trub(ed)i

disturbance distrubo, tumulto

dive plong-i

diverge to, diverg-i (de) Divergo di opinoy. (Ant.: konverg-i) 

diverse (various) difersa, varia

diversity diferso, difersezzo, vario

divide divi, parted-i, disparted-i, sekzz-i

division (military) divizyo, divizyono, as section - departamento, sekzzo

do not ne

do (act) akt-i (tr./intr.) ager-i do (be well or ill) stand-i,(e.g. Qe to standa?)

syentens-i (Qe TU syensa?) 

do (something) fed-i, I want you to know that I am not doing this for you.

Mi dezu ke tu kunses, ke mi ne feda to po tu. ( Mi dezu tu a kunsi, ke mi…)

do (to make) fed-i, (to act) ager-i, akt-i; (be in a state of health) stand-i; (be suitable) konvyen-i; (to cause someone to do something) fed-i; to do good to: bon-fedi(s) ka (algono); to do evil: malfedi; to do again: num-fedi,refedi ; to have to do with: (have relations with) relati,P: ALKI; to do with: (concern) koncerni; to do nothing: fedi no, nado; to do something: (indefinate object)  fedi algo; (definite object) fedi alga koso; it is as good as done: to-s prokse kan-fin-ita, astefeda;  what is done cannot be undone: Se ne pauda da-fedis to qom yu feditas;   to do no work on Monday: ne-labori lundyem,P: comi lunde; did you speak? qi tu paroli, dikti?; how do you do? Qe tu syensa?;  I do listen: (emphatic) mi yo skuta; I did write: (emphatic) mi yo skritis; do come! Vam vyen!; that will never do: to totye ne basta; do as you please: fedes konfe tua dezo; I do not care to go: mi ne v(ad)eza; to do good business: fedi bona bizneso. He does not know what to do: hi ne kuna qom fedi.; there is much to do: Lo-s molto di pore-fedo(y); a do-nothing: nom-fed-anto

docile docila, obidima, kontrolebla

dock doko

doctor (physician) doktoro, kuristo

document dokumento P: -UMENTO prauf-umento

dog hundo

doll figurino, munyeko,P: munyo, munyeto. lalo, marioneto, P: homeko

domain dominio (-io)

dominate domini (also: domini Atlango)

donkey asno

donation donazo, donado , bedono 

door pordo

doorstep solyo, pordostupo

dose doso

dossier dosyero

double duopla,(dupla)

doubt skepti pri, daub-i  Doubt is unpleasant, but certainty is ridiculous - 

(Voltaire) Daubo esta desplesa, me syertezzo esta skridinda.(skridika)

doubtful skepta,skeptoplenta,skeptima,daubima

doubtless sinskepte, sindaube

douche dux-i

dough pasto

down (adv.) dole, infre; (with motion) dol! dolen!; (underneath) sub, -e, -a; go 

down: skalensi d. with: Far! Apages!(to dogs) yas tu! up and d.:skal e dol,

skalen-dolen,(sobren ed infren)

dowry endoto (endow - endot-i)

draft skiso, proyekto, drafto (first or rough draft - klado)

dragon drako, drakono

drain dreyno

drape drapo

drastic drasta, drastika

draw (water etc.) cerp-i, (by mouth) haust-i (out-of-print -decerpita)

draw (as with a pencil) desin-i , pikt-i, krayumi, Can you draw me a map of how to 

get there? Qi Tu piktauda po mi mapo pri qe mi tren vades?  

drawer xovl-ad-o

drawing pikto, -uro, piktado, desino, desinado

dreadful horida, terora, temora,temoryosa, pauroplenta, paureda

dream (in the night) - drimo, daydream - revo, iluzo  

drill boro, (borijo), perforijo (make a hole, bor-i, -perfor-i, truv-ed-i, kav-ed-i)

drink (v) drink-i, (drink-ed-i = bevr-i) drinki alkoholo - trunki

drive (travel in, by a vehicle) veh-i, vadi (v-i) P: dol-end-i, skal-end-i

driver xoforo, konduktisto, duktanto, drive a car - dukti (stir-i) auto, (per)aut-i

drone drono, flugroboto, sinpilota aviono 

drop (fall) fal-i (intr.), -o, drop-i, akfuli -to drop by water)

drop (of liquid) dropo (drop of water -akf-(ik)ul-o) drop by drop - perdrope, 

drope-drope

droplet dropeto

dropper dropijo

drought sekno, seknezzo, seknemo

drown dronk-i (tr.) algo, -ens-i

drowsy, to be sleepy -somn-i, dorm-im-i, komdorm-i, somn-espr-i (somn-ur-ed-i)

drudgery servuto, zora laboro, sklavlaboro

drunken - trunka, fultrunka (trunk-i - to get drunk)

drunkenness -trunko, trunkezzo (with alcohol)

dry sekna, -ed-i, desumida

due to pro

Duke Dyuko

dull tontua, stupideta

dumb stuma (without a voice)

dump damp-i (sounds) stumedi

dune  dyuno   zandodyuno, nivodyuno

dung dungo, myerdo, eskremento, fekalo

durable durabla, durebla

duration duro,  dur-em-o

during dur, dure, durem, Il duro di..., xem,(xe em),for a moment - poktem

dust dasto, pulvo, polino

duty - debo, plikto

be on duty - dejor-i, plikt-i, fedi plikto

dwarf - dworfo, koboldo, goblo  

dynasty dinastio

E

each singla, cono, ca, cado

each other - bi- (reciprocally) reproke

eagle aglo

ear orelo

earn perlabor-i (by working)

early frue, destarde

early frua  

earn gvan-i, perlabor-i,(pe laboro, servo, konduto ed akto) - fiks-i 

earth terdo, geo, geo-, grundo

earthquake terdoskfoto 

easel staflo, trinpyedo

east istyo, oriento

Easter pasko(-fyesto); fyesto-pasko; ( Ovo paskall.)

easy facila 

eat yend-i (-yendado, yendixo - dish)

ebb (tide) refluxo; ebb and flow (ebno, mareo): (incoming) fluxo, kanfluvo; 

(ebbing) refluxo; mareo, farfluvo, defluvo

ebonite eburnito, (ebonito) 

ebony -eburno (legno) (tree) eburn-arbo

ecology ekologyo, ekologio 

echo eho

ecstasy estazo

eczema ekezemo,ekezemozo (Atopic dermatitis is an itchy inflammation of skin.)

edit edizz-i, redakt-i 

edition dedono, edizzado, edizzo

editor edizzaro, edizzataro 

edge (border) grenzo, rando

educate eduk-i 

educated -edukita,(dokta),granedukita,instruita

education eduko, edukio

effect efekto,-ed-i,impression produced, (efekta, efekted-a, efektabla, efektaba - 

showy

effect (result) rezulto, -URo

effective reala, fata, veria

efficient efika 

effort (exertion) forso; (pains) pengo; to make e.: (intr.) forsi

egg  ovo, ovolo 

ego ego 

eight ok 

either - or -o.....o

elastic elasta, elastika, fleksa

elbow kudo

element elemento

elect (by vote to a position) eleks-i 

electric(al) elektra

electricity elektro 

electrify elektr-i, -edi; (fig.) entuzyasm-i, elektr-um-i

elegance elegans-ezzo.

elegant elegans-a; -ano, -eno; (object) -ado.

elephant elefanto 

elevate lev-i

elevate: (raise on high) lev-i; (to make higher in dimension, price) (pli-)skalt-edi; (in rank) promoti; (spirits) eksalti, eksiti, koraj-edi.

elevated: lev-ita; skalta; sublima.

elevation: (act) lev-(and)o; (ground) skalt-ado; (of character) skalt-ezzo; 

(of price) pli-skalt-edo, pli-kar-edo; (design) elevado 

elevator (mechan.) elevadoro, lifto, lev-ador-o.

elf elfo

elite elito, eminentonaryo 

elm ulmo

else: otra; nothing e.: no, nado otra; what e.? qo otra; something e.: algo otra;  everybody e.: conoy otra; nobody e.: nono otra; everywhere e.: i alga otra loko; ca-loke; nowhere e.: na-loke; somewhere e.: otra-loke, otrey.

email meylo, e-posto, e-letro, kuryelo, netmeso

embarrass (intr) embares-i, xagr-i, trubens-i pro, veks-i

emblem emblemato

embryo embryo

emerge emergent-i (revilens-i) 

The sun emerged from behind the clouds. Le solo emergenti de pos le klaudoy. 

emit emis-i

emotion emotyo, (emotyoplenta) afekto, emoty-um-i

emphasize emfad-i, -espr-i

empathy empato, empatimo

employ (people) emple-i (empledoni- doni empleo) labor-don-i

empty vaka, vak-um-a, -ed-i , desplenta,

enclose inklosi, inmaxi

encyclopedia enciklopedyo

end fino (tr./intr.), -i

ending enjo, finado

endeavour forsi, pengi

endow endue endot-i       

enemy desamiko, desamyo, enamyo, enemiko

energy energo

engage (tr) emple-don-i,emple-i,engaj-i

engine mahino, motoro, enjino

engineer enjinaro, enjinataro Hi become an engineer. Hi fensis enjinaro. 

engineering enjin-arto, enjinar-ando

English Angla P: Anglia

enjoy (yourself) - plesi, Ples pro vivo! -Enjoy your life!

enjoyment pleso, plesuro, Ko pleso! godo, estazo

enlarge (magnify) granedi, plism-edi, pligranedi

enlighten inform-i, P:ilumin-i,eduk-i, dokt-i

enough (after an adj.) baste (e.g., good enough = baste bon)

enter invi, entri, in-ens-i, insenv-i

entrance - entro, entreyo

entertain (someone) amus-i, divert-i (oneself) jol-i, plesed-i

entertainment amuzo, diverto

enthusiasm entuzyasma,-umi, fervo, fervoro, zilo, (zealot: Ziloto, zilono; fanatik-

(on)o. enthusiastic entuzyasme

entire(whole) totyala, totyall, totyalo

envelope (of a letter) kuverto

environment (fr. milieu) ambyento, ekosistemato, P: interado

envy naydo, nayd-i (jalosaba)

enzyme enzimo

epidemic epidemio, pestiso

episode epizo, kort-em-ad-o, kort-evo

epoch epoko

equation ekfaso, ekfasyo (math.)

equal egala, ekfa,-i, (coequal) plea, plemenza , egalmenza

 Equal with another or each other in rank, ability, extent, etc

 egala, egall, plea, egalezzo, (the same -le soma), ne pli nekfe pla ! = egall, equibalanced. pli-pla, pliplamenza. Team members are coequal partners who build the plan collaboratively after a full discussion.  Le membroy dil timo esta egala partaroy qa bildis le plano konlaborime pos plenta diskaso. This test is pretty tough, but I think I'm equal to it. Ta-s testo baste tafa, me mi denka, ke mi-s egala ka to.

erase farfregi, faredi

erode erod-i (intr.)

erotic erotika

error eroro (lapsus lingvae) - lapso, vrongo, vrongado

erupt erupt-i

escape eskap-i (intr.), -o

escalate -eskal-i (tr.intr.) P: pliskali, skalend-i, intenzedi, opposition: edol-i, 

P: plidoli, dolend-i, deseskali (desintenzedi)

escalation -eskalo, opp. edolo

especially - spesye, speyamode P: spesyall

essay eseo

essence esensyo

establish establed-i

esteem respekto, respekt-i,respektinda, P: estimato

etcetera e te plu (e.t.p)

eternal eterna, eternall

Europe Europo

even (adv.) anke, anke ne = ni, Anke sul solo lo-s flekoy 

evening suaro

event evo

eventually eventue, eventuale, -all

every ca, singlo

everyone cono

everything co, cado

everywhere cey, ca-lok(ey)e

evidently -evidente

evolution evolvo, evoluto

evolve evolvi, evolv-ed-i

exact  preksa, (precisa) math: eksaktala

exaggerate eksager-i,  plo(-akt)-i, plomolt-i

exaggeratedly  eksagere, plo, ploakte, plomolte, plomode

exalted eksalta, eksaltima

examine (test) eksamin-i

example eksemplo, eksemple, eks:

excavate defosi

excellent ekselenta, granyosa

excellency majesto, ekselenzo

except eksept-i, eksepte di

excerpt ekserpo, depulto, detrek-ad-o

excess ekseso, P: plo, plomolte(oldatlange: trope)to commit excess - ekses-i,

 plomolt-i (Ne plomoltes! Ne ploedes!) Kids have so much excess energy; they need 

to run. Enfoy maxa ter energo i ekseso (ploezzo); lu korsiba.

exchange kambi,dekambi,bikambi

excite eksayti

excited eksaytita

exciting eksayteda

exclude esklod-i, to-s ne esklodebla

exclusive esklusa

exclusiveness esklusezzo, -ive: esklusezze

excursion eskurso

excuse (oneself) skus-i (se),skuso, parduno, pardunpreg-i 

excuse me - Parduno! Skus min! Ko Tua purmeso.

exercise ekserso, eksers-i

exhale de-spirg-i, dehals-i, hals-i (also about locomotive)

exhalation despirgo, dehalso

exhalation (as miasma) myasmo

exhaust eksost-i, kans-ed-i, fatigva

exhausted eksosta, fatigvita, kansa (farcerpita, decerpita)

exhibit eksibit-i,ekspond-i, demontr-i, prez-i (in shop window) estal-i;

exist eksist-i, eksistent-i,P: estent-i, To esta...to-s...or lo-s...,(Estes! -Be!)

exit eks-i, desentr-i,(dev(ad)eyo, deveyo, ekseyo) 

exotic eksotika

expand - ekspans-i

expect vent-i, (to hope) esper-i, unexpectedly - nespyete, nespyetite

expel (tr.) peld-i, farpeld-i

expense spenzo, kosto

expensive spenza, kara, moltekosta,

experience sperto, speryento

expert spertisto, spertaro

expire esp-i, kaduk-i, apag-i 

explain esplik-i, klar-ed-i

expletive blasfama, maldikto, blaso

explode esplod-i (intr.), -ed-i

explore esplor-i, Prefix: Qal- means exploration, valuation, testing, study, checking, - for example: weigh - qal-pezi.(qalpezezzi - pezmenzi)qalmenzi- to measure something. Qallongi - measure the length. Qalstupidi - investigate stupidity- investigvi stupidezzo.  Qalveri - investigate the truth. Qaltoksi - to examine the toxicity. Qaleuropi - study about Europe. Qalatlangi -study about Atlango

expose(lit. and fig.)ekspond-i; e.to ridicule: edi algono skrid-inda; -ed: ekspond-ata.

exposition ekspondo (place)-eyo.

express (by words or symbols) espr-i, -o,-ESPRO, espro langall, langespro

"I'm not eating it," Qasilinda said, with an expression of disgust on her face.

- "Mi ne eja to," Qasilinda diktis, ko nausuro sul viso. I would like to express my gratitude - Mi espr-ez-u ma grazzo.

express - espresa (rapida) espreso (trayno) 

extend (intr.) teng-ens-i, dis-ens-i

extend (tr.) teng-i, dis-ed-i

exterminate ekstermin-i

extinguish esting-i, slek-i

extreme estremya, estremyall

eye - okulo, oco

eyebrow brovo

eyelid - ocolido, okullido, palpebro (blink, wink - blink-i,ocum-i)

eyesight vidopaudo, vidaudo, vidosyento

F

face (front of head) viso, feso, fese de - facing face to, frontal-i, fes-i, konfrontal-i

facade fasado, frontalo, gavlo

facetious joka, jokima

facial visa, visala, vis-apt-a

facile facila, sinpenga

fact fato; (fig.) veriado; autentikado; in f.: fate, infate,(cf. bo; me verie);

 matter of f.: (philos.) pragmato; obvious f.: evident-ado; evidenta fato; the f. 

of the matter is: le simpla veri-ado esta (ke);

factitious artefedita, artifa

factory fabriko, fabrik-i 

factoro fatoro, agento

fade fad-i, paly-ens-i, velk-i (plants)

fail falt-i (tr./intr.) avary-um-i, avaryens-i, defaut-i

failure falto, falturo,(desesuksigo) fyasko, deslako  

faint suen-i, perdi kunsio

fair (adj.) (weather) serena, klara, sin-klauda; (just)jasta; honesta; (complexion,

hair) blonda;(pleasing) ples(ed)a, xarm-anta; f.and square: honoryosa, honest-aba;

 to be in a f. way: esti i bonstando; fair copy: precisa kopyo.

fairy feyo,(fairy godmother)feyeno, magieno(Elf(en)o)(mythical being,fotune-taller)

fairy-tale fablo (a short one), fabelo, fabel-i

faithful fidela

fake simuli, fing-i, fusk-i, fraud-i, imit-i

fall fal-i, -o

fall down fal-i, dolfal-i, vamdol-i

fall, autumn - autuno, falemo

false (untrue) falsa, fuska, finjera, blufa, frauda

fame famo

familiar - familia, familiarr

family familio

famous - fama, famyosa

fan - fano

fan - vyentumadoro, vyentumijo

fanfare -fanfar-melodyo (music)

fantastic fantazia, fantastika

fantasy (imagination) fantazio, fantazo, -azi pri, fantazi-um-i,(literature)fantastiko 

far (distant) dista, fara, far-

fare kosto, prazo, tarifo, bilyeto

farewell adyes-i, Adyes(o)! (adyes-ob-i) Bay!  

farm fermo, ferm-i, fermeyo, kult-i terdeyo = agr-i

farmer fermisto (fermaro), agristo, agraro, agrokultisto

fart furz-i, peyd-i

facinate fasina, marvileda, raveda

fashion fasongo, modo, fasongo-modo, faxino, vogo, P: trendo

fast (quick) rap(id)a, Rap! blikse

fast (v) fast-i

fat (adj.) grusa, korpulenta, obesida

fat , oily, greasy (adj.) gorda

fat (n.) gordo

fatal (fateful) fatalizma, Fatalizme! malsuerta; Male! Malsuerto! (deadly) mort-ed-a; mortala, mortall

fatalism fatalizmo

fate suerto, destino, fatido, fatumo 

father patro, papo

father-in-law - XO-, xopatro

fault (defect) defauto

fault (failing) kulpo

fault (mistake) eroro, -ERORO, vrongado

fauna fauno

favour favor-i, -o (in favour) - favore ka 

favourable favora 

    When things are going well, or in your favor, they’re favorable.

    Qem aferoy vada bone,(prospera) hod i tua favoro, lu-s favora 

fear (fright) teroro, temoro, P:miedo

feast fyesto, -i

feather: (n.) plumo; bunch of f.s: plum-fasko, plum-tufo; a f. in his cap: honoro;

 to show the white f.: montri temoro; konduti kovarde, kovardi; f. bed: plum-leco;

 f. edge: plumenjo, (bizelo); f. duster: plum-fasko;  f. brained: frivol-aba; 

-less: sin-pluma.

February Febrero

feces eskremetoy, fekaloy

federation federo, federizo (federate- feder-ed-i) 

feeble febla

feed nutr-i se, nutr-i

feed on (devour) vur-i

feel (yourself) standi, syensi How do you feel? Qe tu syensa? Halhale - syensi 

hal(fe) male , syensi ”alge-talge”

feel (a sensation) syent-i

feel (to examine by touch) palp-i,palpando, toktesyenti, toktum-i,(to touch -tokti)

feeling syento, syenso (propia), syentado, syensado

fellow kamrato, konono

felt felto

female fema, femall, femina

femur femoro

fence (n.) fenzo

fender (bumper) pare-kolpo

fenomen  fenomino, fenomin-ala (-all)

ferocious feroksa, krula, brutala

ferry praumo, ferinavyo, praumobatelo

fertile (fecund) fertila, fruktifa

festoon fyestuno, garlandoyo, florocengo

fetch - vyen-edi, kanport-i, impurt-i (goods)

fever febro

feverish febra, febrila

few pokte, pokter 

fiacre fyakro

fiasco fyasko

ficticious fiktia P: fikta

fiction - fiktio, fikto, P: prozio

field (ground) agro,kulteyo(cultivated),kampo(field of knowledge, activity: ariko,

-ARIKO) 

fig  figvo

fight konbatr-i, batal-i, fayt-i

figure figuro

file (document) faylo, dosero

File manager faylomanajaro, dosermanajaro, faylestro

file (v) rasp-i

fill plent-ed-i, ful-i,(fulfill - plentum-i)

film filmo, film director - rejisto, to make a film - filmedi, reji, film realedi

filter filtero, filteri, filteredi

finance finanso

find trov-i, -ado

fine bona, bon

finger (n.) fingro

finish to, fin-i (tr./intr.)

finish finemo, finixo, fineyo, finix-i, finix-edi

fire - fayro (Halt(ed)es fayro!) Fayr-EK-es! Granfayro = brando.

firm (adj.) festa, firmida, solida, stabila

firm (n.) firmo

first:  un-esma; kom-a; (fig.) cefa; origina, originala; f. or last: frue ho tarde

 (frutarde); at f.: un-esme; kome, prime, -pre; f. of all: prime, un-esme; (not 

before) prime; to go f.: vi for, pre-vi, antemvi; f. born: primnaska, -o; f. class:

 (ticket or carriage) (dil) prima klaso; f. name: prenaumo; bapto-naumo.

fish (n.) fixo

fish (v.) fix-i

fist pugno

fit (in a good state) i bona stando - bonstanda, bonesta, bonsyensa

fit (in size and shape) konform-i, apti, aptedi, aptensi

fit (suitable) apta, konforma, konvyen(um)a,

fit (suit) konvyen(um)-i, apt-i,(-apt-) konsayz-i,samsayz-i (menzur-apti,

 menz-apti, form-apti, sayz-apti, kolor-apti ktp.) 

fix fiks-i, arang-i, reper-i

fix (in place) fast-i, kanfiks-i, advefiksi, transfast-i (to fix by piercing)

fixed fiksa, fiksita

fixed (in place) kanfiksita, fasta

flacon flakongo

flame flamo

flag flago

flagpole masto di bandero, flago

flake floko (of snow, soap, oats)

flap flap-i, fladr-i (with wings or on the wind)

flat - apartamento, lojeyo

flat (level, surface) plata, -o

flavour flavoro, flavor-um-i

flea pulgo

flee (fly away) fugi, eskapi

flesh karno

float flaut-i (to stay on the surface of a liquid)

flood inund-i, -o, fludo, -i.

floor (of a room) suelo

floor (storey) etago

flounder flond-i,(lukt-i)to struggle;to move with difficulty,as in mud -peymobi)

  She is floundering in school - Xi flonda ka skolo. After a few minutes of floundering   things begin to click into place. Pos pokta minutoy di flondo kosoy komis kliki i loko.

flounder(flatfish) pleuronekto, flondro

flour farino 

flow fluv-i, -o (the river flowed to the sea - le flumo fluvi ka maro)

flower floro, -umi,-i

flower pot - floruyo, portefloro

fluctuate fluktu-i

fluent fluventa (facilspabla) (about liquids - fluva, fluvanta)

fluffy flufa

fluid fluido, fluida

flute fluto

fly (v.) flug-i (intr.) vol-i

fly mosko

foam (scum) skumo, to skim off foam - skumlesi

fog neblo

fokus fokuso -fokus-i (al, en)

fold (n.) faldo, furrow -rugo, furrow (agriculture) - surko

fold (v.) fold-i (tr.), -ens-i

folk folko,publo, popolo (popular - popula, popularr)

follow sekf-i (follow me - sekfes mi)

fontain fontino

food fudo, yendado, nutrado, nutrifo

fool (n.) stupido

foolish stupida, absurda, naiva

foot (of a leg) futo

football (game) fut-bolo, pyedbolo

for (in order to, on behalf of) po, por- (in order to, on behalf of) po ke

forage (Food for horses or cattle) furajo

forbid (interdict) forb-i God forbid! (may it not happen - Les solme to ne evos)

 - Dio forbes!

force (mechanical) forto

forehead forfaso, frunto

foregone pasa, pasinta

foreign alia, otralanda, ektelanda

foreigner aliono, otralandono, ektelandono

forenoon am. antemeridyo,  antem nuno,(noon - nuno, meridyo)

forest -  arbaryo, furesto, silvo

forestation - furestokulto, befuresto, furest-agro, 

forester - furestaro

forever cem, ceme,

forewarn - prevarn-i

forget - olv-i, des-memb-i, unforgettable - neolvebla   

forgive pardun-i, skus-i, deskulp-i

fork forko (cutlery) furko (tool) bifurcation -(in road) -voyfurko = disevoyo

form (compose) konstitut-i

form (shape) (n.) formo

form (shape) (v.) form-i

former  antema, formera, unesma, antika, eksa, eksa-. 

fortress forteso, fortifikado

fortune fortuno

forum forumo

forward avanta,  Foren!

forward, to - for-send-i (ne: farsendi!)

found fond-i

foundation (base) fundo, fundamento to lay the f.: fund(ament)-i.

foundation fondo,

fountain fuento, fuenteyo

fox foks-o; f. hunter: fokso-yakt-isto.

foyer  fueyo

fraction (mat) frakso (with numbers: -F-) 1/2 dufo (dufrakso) (HAL -),1/3 trinfo, 1/4 kfarfo... k.t.p

to divide into fractions: fraks-i.

fraction (politic) fraksyo

fragile (also fig.) frajila (cf. delikata)

frame framo, kadro

frecles frekoy

free libera , fri-a, desokupazita, friumita, befriumita

free (of cost) frikosta, gratisa,-i, sinpaga

free liber-edi, -ensi, fri-edi, fri-ens-i, befrium-i

free: (adj.) liber-a, (person) -ono; f. will: arbitro; Arbitra volo (libera volo)

 esta filozofia doktrino, ke estadoy kontrola sa propia aktoy e dezzoy.  

 thinker: libera (fri)pyens-aro, fridenkaro

freedom liberezzo, libero, We do not have the freedom to do just what we like. Mu 

ne-x le libero simple fedi qom mu deza.

freeze frist-i (intr.), frost(ed)-i

frenzy frenza, furiyosa

frequent frekfenta, frekfent-i, -EMi

frequently frekfente, frekfe, frekfem = da tempo ka tempo. (sometimes) poktavreme 

fresh frexa

fretful: irit-ebla; irg-ima.

friar: monah-(an)o.

fricasée: frikes-i; -ado.

friction: (rubbing) frikto, froto; (discord) des-konkordo.

Friday frado, Fradyem

friend amiko, (more intimate -amyo ) amyeno -girlfiend, amyano -boy-friend 

fries fritadoy, patatafritadoy, fritejo

fright teroro, pauro

frighten (scare) temor-ed-i (algono), paur-ed-i, terur-edi, 

frivolous frivola, frivolona

frog - frogo

from da,(out of - de) 

from (starting from) da (da ta direkso)

from now  da tyem, da tyemo, from that day - da ta dyemo, dal jorno

front of, frontale di

front (adj.) frontala, fora, forplasa

front (fore part) frontalo, fronteyo, FORO, frontaleyo,(arch.)gablo 

frost frosto

fruit frukto

fry frit-i (tr./intr.)

full (plenty of) plenta a …, ful-, -yosa, -uyero (v.) plent-i

full (satiated, to the full) - fula, FUL- (fulfil - ful-i, plent-um-i)

Qi tu fulyendis? Qi tu fuldormis?

fume fumo

fumigate fum-i, fum-ed-i, prifumi

fun jolo

function funsino, shorter form: funko,-i, Qe to funka?

funny drola, DROL-, komika, ridika, jola, joleda, amuza, amuzeda, diverteda 

fur pelso

furious furia,furiyosa, frenza

furl  ferli (sails)

furniture mubloy: -UBLO, skritUBLo, skafo, bukublo, leco,(dormublo) sidelo, 

garde-robo, klenublo, etp.

furrow n. (agriculture) -surko, (on forehead) -rugo

furrow v.(forhead) rug-i, rug-ed-i

further pli (more, any more) plu (longer in time)

 Pluen!- Go on! (Vam!)

fury -furyoso, frenzo

fusil fuzilo, karabino, pafijo, (mobile - pafilyo)

futile vanida, Vanide!

future futurio, estontezzo, estontemo, vyenontemo 

G

gain - gvan-i, -o,  to gain, to earn, to win; -ado: what is gained; -ed-anta: lucrative, profitable; -ima: covetous, greedy; -im-ezzo: cupidity; gvani sa nutrifoy: to make one's living; gvani sa proceso. To win one's case; gvani dyes Euroy: to earn (or make) ten €; gvani batalo: gain a battle.

galaxy - galakso

gallant galanta

gallon galongo

gallop galopi

game geymo, -i,(play) plud-i, (match - maco) gambl-i (with risk) 

gape gap-i

glacier glazyo, glazyado

glove glovo (boksinga glovoy)

garage garajo

garbage traxo, fartraxo

garden jardino, jardo

gas gaso

gate pordo (i fenzo ho muro) pordabo, gatoyo

gather (collect) koleks-i, grupedi, grupensi, aryedi, aryensi

gay (merry) - jola (jolly up -jol!)

gay geyono (homosexual male) geyo,geyano, (homosexual female) lezbo,lezbeno

general (adj.) jenerala, jenerall

general (milit) - generalo

generate gener-i

generation genro, gento

generosity jeneroso

generous jenerosa, desavra

genial genya, (genyala), genyall

genitals genitaloy (peniso, vulvo)

genius genyo, genyono

gentle -jentila, milda, leja (ne pesa)

gesticulate: (intr.) gest-i

gesture: gesto

get (acquire) akir-i ,fiks-i, resiv-i, -IV (2)-, prin-i

get (fetch) vyen-ed-i,impurt-i, kanport-i

get rid of- lesi (tr.),lensi (intr.),(P: getridi), kfiti, omiti, transesauti, eviti

ghost fantomo,fantazmo, spuko, spirito

giant giganto, megono

gift gifto, donado, regalo

girl - xiko, joveno

girl friend -amyeno, (xik-amyo)

give - don-i, (to give, to produce) sangumi - to bleed)

give up - rezign-i, kapitol-i

glad - kontenta, glada,

glamour glamoro, xarmo, prestigyo

glance (look quickly) blinko, P: okuljekt-i, ocoblinki

glass (material) vitro

glass (tumbler) glaxo

glass glaso (Small receptacle, usually cylindrical of glass used for drinking) 

glasses -okloy, okulvitroy, ocovitroy,P: ocijo, okulijo

globe globuso, mondomapo

gloomy (morose) sombra

glove gantelo

glow ard-i,bril-i, skint-i (faster)

glue gluo 

go (v.)vadi,(shorter forms:vi, va, vo, ves!)veh-i,to go on foot - kamini (pyedvi)

go away, out, farvadi, eksi

goal eymo, skopo 

going to , be  (intenti) GO, I am GOing to buy it tomorrow  Mi  gokompris to 

tompe, P: mi-s kompronta 

to tompe

goblet pokalo

god Dio, gudo (idolyo idolyono, (be)gudono, begudato)

goddess gudeno

godly pyuse, devote

godsent syeldonado, dia-gifto, guda gifto, regalo

goggle (brausi) gugli, guglumi, net-um-i

goggle mir-ab-i

gold guldo, Auriyumo

goldish  guld-ezz-a, guldaya, guldeska

golf (sport) golfo

good bona, bon

goodbye Adio,Adie, Astel vido! Bay-bay!

good afternoon Bon suaro! Bon tardemo!

good day  Bon dyem! Bona dyemo! Bon jorno!

good morning Bon matino!

good night Bona nokto!

goods varkoy, komersadoy

goose guso

gorge gorjo

gossip klaco, -i

govern govern-i, reg-i

governess guvernisteno

government governo, governistaryo, registaryo

grace - grasyo, xarmo

grade grado

gradually pok-pokte, poktumpokte, grade, konfegrade

grain grayno, -ul-o

grandchild gr-enfo (granenfo) nepo, nepano (grandson)

granddaughter nepeno

grandfather granpatro, granpo, abuano

grandmother granmatro, granmo, abueno

grandparent granparento, genitoro, abuo

grape druvo, vindruvo

grasp grasp-i

grass (plant) herbo

grateful be, esti grazza, grazz-i, grazzima, dank-ima, dank-eza

I am grateful for your help. Mi grazza po tua helpo.

gratis  gratisa,  frikosta, sinpaga

gratitude grazzo, dankimezzo, dankezo,( Grazzo! Danko! - Thanks!)

gray grisa

graze (beasts) paxt-i; (touch lightly) leje tokti - frol-i; (scratch) skrap-i.

great (big) grana - gran, very big - molte grana, imensa, huge -mega (-ab-)

greedy grida

green verda, P: grina

greenish (somewhat green; having a tinge of green) grin-et-a,verdeta, grin-esk-a 

greet salut-i, bonvyen-ed-i

grenade grenado

grey grisa

grieve - grivi pro... tristensi pro... regreti pro...

grill grilo

grimace  grimaso

ground (earth) terdo , grundo, suelo, terdeyo

group grupo  

grow (larger,higher) kres-i, mont-i, (intr.) skali, kres-i (about people, animals 

and plants)

guard (in general) gardi, -o, -isto (gardostari - vakti, sentrinel-i) gardisto, 

sentrinelanto , vaktisto

guerrilla gverilo

guess - gvesi, divinsi 

guest gosto (gosti -to be a guest)

guide: gvid-i, -anto 

guilty kulpanta, kulpyosa

guitar gitaro

gum gumo

gun (firearm) (fayroarmo) pafijo

gurgle gorg-i

guru guruo

H

habit - habito, -i, habite, kustume (P: KU-),frekfeunte, (a tendency or disposition to act in a particular way) I'm in the habit of reading before I go to bed. Mi habita lekti antem mi va inse leco. (Mi ku-lekta antem mi va lecen)

hacker - hakfaro (computer: hakf-i)

hail haylo

hair (of head) kaplo(y)

half halo,hale (as prefix: HAL-) duafrakso - duafo,halo,fraction with numbers -F-. 

halmondo, halanyo, halhoro, halo, halkokfita, halsurda, hal-kunprini, halviva,

hi-s halgeniala e halfrenesa. Parolo parta hale kal parolanto e hale kal skutanto. 

A speech belongs half to the speaker and half to the listener

hall (large room) holo, granzalo, vestibuleyo

hello Ha-lo! Saluto! Bonvyene!(Bonvyenes!) He! 

hallucination  halusino, 

halt halt-i, -o, -ed-i, -eyo. Haltens! Stop!

ham xinko

hammer martijo

hammer (v) mart-i, forg-i

hand (n.) mano - polmo

handcar - drezino

handle man-UMo

hang pend-i, -ed-i, hang-i(tr) (on a hook etc.)

happen ev-i, pas-i

happy felica

harbour purto

hard (not easy) desfacila, zora, tafa (taf-i)

hard (not soft) harda  

hardly ”penge” zore, lo montra, ke lo-s solmer, ne pli, me anke algerete pla. 

Ne totye, (ni) ”penge” relatauda ka kfantero ho menzuro (menzo). 

Unfortunately such an experiment can hardly be regarded as practicable. Regretinde

 tezza eksperimento (kon)zore (konpenge) estauda traktata qe (qezze) praktikebla.

hardware hardwero, hardvarko

harmony harmonyo

harp harpo

harpoon harpyungo

harrow (A cultivating implement used for breaking up clods of earth and pulverizing

 and smoothing ploughed soil) erpilyo

harrow to,erp-i, (by machine: erp-ilyum-i) 

harrowing erpa, erpeda (fig.)  kor-treka.

harum-scarum   harum-skarum, pelo-melo, kaotike, sem-reflekte, ne-denk-ime.

harvest harvest-i

haste hasti, rapid-ens-i, urgenso, urgense(in haste -haste, rap-ense, urge) 

hat capo, capelo

hate (v) averz-i, antipat-i, heyt-i, desam-i, despyas-i (desaprexi)

haul haul-i

haunt  hant-i (frequent) (spuko- fantom-)(obsess) opsedi. 

have   max-i, (short form: -X), I have this - Mi maxa to, Mi-x to

Also: I have to go now - Mi-x vi tyem, mi vadeba tyem -have(in meaning of 

possesion) maxi, poxi)

haven purto

he - hi

head: (of body) kapo; (chief) cefo, mastro; (cf. suffix -estro); (of a ship) for-parto, proro; (direction of a ship) sinso; (of hair) kapl-aryo; (geographical) kabo; (of a river) fuento; (of an arrow) pinto; march at the h. of his troops: marxi pre sa trupoy; to be h. of a firm: direkti firmo; (to go) h. foremost: pe kapo ka foren; to go h. over heels: (intr.) kulbuti; to h. for: dirensi ka, en; diri kan,from h. to foot: da kapo aste pyedo; to eye from h. to foot: bemiri algono da kapo aste pyedoy; demand the head of: (fig.) demandi le vivo (o, le morto) di algono;  bare h.ed: kap-nakte; light headed: kap-leja, frivolona; h.less: sin-kapa. Stari su kapo.Kap-kan-terde.

headache: kapo-doloro (kapALJo)

health sano, sanudo, sanido, sanidarr,sanamyento,(bon)syenso

healthy sana, desmorba, salubrious - salubra. 

The air is very salubrious, and the neighbouring vineyards produce excellent wine.

    - Le aero esta molte salubra, el veca vinjardoy produkta ekselenta vino. 

heap masio, -ed-i, kraudo

hear aud-i

heart koro

heat (v.) hays-i, varm-i, ed-i, fayr-ed-i

heat varmo, varmabo, hayso

heaven syelo, syeloy, Gransyeloy!

heavy pesa (antonym: leja)

heel anat: kalkso, parto di xuzo - kalksumo

hell inferno

helmet helmo, kasko

help help-i, -o, ayd-i, aydo, (-AYD-) ausil-i, ausila

helper helpanto, helparo, aydanto, ausilanto, ausilaro

hen galo, galeno

her xa, le xia

here tey, ta-loke

here is, there is, Behold! Voilà! Tezzo! Tey-s! Vo-la! Ho-le! Ta-da! 

(In French: Voilà. In Esperanto: jen (Interj. used to express success or

satisfaction.)

heredity herido, herid-i

hero heroyo 

herself (pron.) xi sel

hesitate hes-i, hesitant - hesima, ne syerta

heyday: heydyemo, plent-ezzo (di jovezzo, e.c.); bonemo.

hiccup hiko, -i

hide (v.) konceli, kripti, kript-ed-i, (kriptogramedi) kamufli, mask(-ed-)i 

hideous turpaba (very ugly)

hierarchy: hierarkio

higgledy-piggledy: pel(e)mele.

high skalta

high time -yustemo, yustem, akuratemo, skaltemo, To be in time for...-Esti il yustemo po... It is a high time to do it - Lo-s skaltemo (maksemo, granemo) po fedis to. 

highway: granvoyo, voy-abo, autostrado

hill kolino

hinder (v.)  prevent-i, ostak-i, fren-i, detain: (withold) dityen-i, embarasi, 

pli-tard-edi; lant-edi; retyeni se.

hip kokso

hippy hipio 

hire (engage) engaj-i,kontrakt-i,kontrakt-edi

hire (hire out)lug-i,arend-i,mercenar-i se,

hireling - mercenaro

his ha, le hia

hiss silbi

history historio

hit impakto, frapo, kolpo, klapo, klako, kliko

hit frap-i, batr-i, kolp-i

hit (collide with) koliji, shok-i, krax-i

hit trafi 

hitherto  astetyem(a)

hobby hobyo

hobble klodik-i, lampax-i

hold (in hand) hold-i

hold (contain) - kontyen-i, inmax-i

hole truvo, kaveto

holder (object) fodralo, gayno, -AYNo  suordayno, pyedayno, ovayno,

holiday holidyemo, fyestemo, vakanso, vakans-em-o, feryemo

hollow truva, truvyosa 

holy: santy-a, to make h.: -edi; H. Ghost: Santya Spirito; H. Office: santya tribunalo; H. Scriptures: santya skrit(ad)oy; most h.: sakro-santya; h. oil: krismo, santya oly-o, -i; h. orders: santya sakramentoy, kler(ik)-ezzo; to confer h. orders: the sacrament of ordination - ordinazz-i, sakrament-ev-i; h. water: santyakfo.

home heymo  Make yourself at home! Standes (Syens) qe heyme

homepage heympagino, heympagyo, heymeyo

honest honesta

honey myelo

honour honoro

hood hudo, kapyuco

hook hoko, hok-i

hope esper-i, -o

horizon horisonto

horny volupta, voluptima, hornia, fakima

horse kavelo

homejural homejuralo, medikeyo

hot varmaba, hota

hotel hotelo

hound hundo, hund-ac-o

hour (60 minutes) horo, Qa-s horo? (What time is it?)

house domo

how  qe , qa-mode

how  many , much  Qer,  Qer (a) pauno tu deza? = Qe grana qanterom a (di) pauno tu 

deza? OR: Lom qero a (di) pauno...(Atentes ke takause lo ne triba dikti: Qer a 

puanoM tu deza?)

however (conj.) qalge, ca-kause, tame, me,  kanverie: (however, to be sure, it is 

true, of course) ”However” means "even so" or, "on the other hand." "Qalge” 

signa ”anke te” ho: ”otreflanke”.

hug hag-i, ci(rke)hag-i, brasum-i, ci-bras-i, (cuddle to - kokli (hug closely)

huge granaba, mega, (imensa)

hullabaloo kalabaliko

human homo, -a

humane humana, humanizma

humanity homaryo

humble humila

humorous  komika

humour (wit) humoro, sense of humor - humor-syento, komiksyento, humorimo

humour (temper, mood) temper(ament)o, mudo (varyo-tempera, varyo-muda) 

hundred cento

hunger fomo, -i

hunt - yakti

hurricane - hurakango, orkango (orkano) 

hurry ugrens-i (intr.), -o

hurt (be in pain) dolor-i, alj-i

husband sposano, meryano

hush silent-ed-i, kalmedi

hut huto, kabino

hymn himno


I

I mi

ice glazo

ice-cream krem-glazo (glazadoy)

icon ikono

idea: ide-o; (koncepto, proyekto); -l: -ala, -all; an i.l: ide-alo; -lizm: -al-izmo; -lize: -al-edi; -listic: (person) -al-ista, -isto; I have an i.: mi susponda, imag(in)a, denk-ensa (ke); put bad ideas into one’s head: sugesti (denkedi) mala denkoy ho proyektoy; I had no idea that... mi ne imagi ke, mi ne imagi ke...

identical identa, soma, ta soma, te some

identification -identedo - (identifiko) (qal-idento)

idiom idyom-ad-o (tongue -idyomo) 

"An absolutely logical language without its own idioms would be lifeless and too mechanical.)(L. Zamenhoff)

Atlango:"Lingvo absolute logika e totye si idyomadoy estu lingvo sinviva e plo peza."

Esperanto:"Lingvo absolute logika kaj tute sen idiotismoj estus lingvo senviva kaj tro peza."Le Portugala: "Uma língua completamente lógica e isenta das suas características próprias seria uma língua sem vida e demasiado mecânica."

idiot idyoto, kretino

idle: (unoccupied) desebuza, nebuza, desakta, desagera, ne-okup-ata; (lazy) indolenta, des-akt-ima, des-fed-ima; (inactive) ne-akt-anta; ne-unt-ata; ne-funk-anta; desfunka, (vain) vanida; (fig.) sterila; ne-utila; frivolona; to i.: (intr.) indolent-ensi; vanid-i, i. away: (time, etc.) spreci ... 

idleness: (temporary) desfedezzo, (habitual) -desfedando; (tendency) -im-ezzo; sin-labor-ezzo; (freetime) liber-tempo, liberemo; indolent-ezzo; 

idler: zero-fed-anto,  indolent-ono, nebuzanto

idol: (also fig.) idoly-o; idolyono, gudono, -ater: -isto; -atry: -ed-ando; -kulteo, -izmo;  -ize: -edi; (fig.) amor-abi; , adores-(ac)i.

idyl: P: idil-o; -lic: idila, idilika

i.e.: t.e. to-s.(to esta); c.e. co-s. (co esta).

if ya; if not: ya ne; if only: ya solme; if I only could: ya mi solme paudu! 

even if: anke ya; byenke to, byenke totyo.

ignore ignor-i

ill (unwell) malsana, malsyensa, malesta

illness - morbo,-OZO, malsyenso, desesano, “morbo, defauto, pertrubo”.tuberkulozo.

 psikozo, nervozo, also: laborozo.

illumination - belumino, beluminado, 

illusion iluzo

illustrate ilustr-i

illustration ilustrado,

illustrator ilustr-atero, ilustristo, ilustraro

image imago,  figuro,formo, pikto, -ESKO floreskoy

imagine imag-i, imagin-i, figur-i

imagination imagino,imagablo,imagaudo, fantazyo, 

imbibe bibr-i, drink-ed-i, bevr-ens-i, drunk-i (alcohol) 

imitate imit-i

immediately rap, rape(m), rapte(m)

immobilize desmobedi, moblesi

impasse impaso, sindeveyo, desentr(ebl)o

impatience despatyenzo, -a, sinpatyenzo

impetuous impetuva, impetuv-i 

important importa, nezzesa, sign-as-a, grava (situation) (This is important - To grava)to-s importa, import -i: (intr.) to have import, be of importance or consequence; to matter, signify, concern; To-s importa: (impersonal) it is necessary;-o: importance,consequence; -anta: important; -anto: person of importance; importado: important thing or matter; to-s nemolte (o pokte) importa po mi, desimporta

that is of little consequence; sinimporta, singrava: insignificant; Lo-s importa vi tren: it is necessary to go there. Lo-s nezzesa vi tren.

import (goods) impurti (varkoy)

impose, impond-i, trudi, (debedi) imposing impond(ant)a,to impose oneself: sem 

impondi, trudensi, trudmesajo, trudaskrido 

impossible desebla, It ́s impossible! - To desebla! Ne paudeble! Despaudeble!

impression, to make -impresi

impulse impulsi -o

impute imputi

imune imuna, rezista

in i (in-)

in front of  frontale di, fore, forey

in order that  po ke,

in measure of  konfegrade, grade

inactive ne-akt-anta, ne-aktala; (tendency) ne-akt-ima, indolenta; (inert) inerta.

incise incisi (incisuro)

incite provoki 

incessant ne-brek-anta, sin-breka, perpetua.

incest incest-o;to commit i.:(intr.) -i; -uous: -anta,-ala,-ima;(person)-anto -ono.

inch “inch”  inco, (pl. -oy) (= cm. 2,54)

incident insidento

incline inklin-i (tr./intr.)

include inklos- i

inconvenient desoportuna, deskonvyena

increase aument-i (tr./intr.), -o , kresi

indeed (in fact) yo (emphatic particle) fate, kanverie, porverie, -He knows it very 

well - Yo hi kunato.

independent selstansa, selstara, sindependa 

indirect nedirekta, desrekta

individual individuo, individuono, (individu-al-ist-o) 

industry industro, idustrio

infamous malfama

infant enfo (enfanto) (historical: infanto)

infect infekti

influence influent-i, -o, influv-i

inform inform-i, mes-i !

ingenious ingenya

inhale  inhal-i

initiate -initi, kom-ed-i, starti. (adept-ed-i, adept-ens-i)

initiate (adherent) - aderanto, adepto, initato

initiative -inito, komedo

inject  inyekt-i 

injure harmo, domajo

ink inqo, inko, atramento

in low  parenta, xoparenta, XO-  brather-in-low - xofrato, xogro

inn albergo, taverno

inner interna

innocent inosenta, sinkulpa 

innovate innuvi, nuv-ed-i, nuvezzedi 

innovation  innuvedo, nuvedo, nuvezzedo

inrush invazo

insane sinmentala, sinminda, frenesa, fola

insect  insekto

insert insert-i, ins-ed-i

inside (adj./adv.) insa , interne (inso, interno)

inside (prep.) i,inse di, interne di … , insey, inporde, desabrey

insider (in business) insey-ar-o, insey-on-o 

insignificant sinsign-axa, sinsignifika

insist insist-i (intr.)

inspect inspekt-i

inspire - insper-i, (inspirged-i, inspirgens-i) sem insperi, insperabla

install instal-i, munt-i, konmunt-i

instigate instigv-i (ka, kontre)

instead of - vice, za,(zam-) in place of - remplase (di), (i) loko di, inloke di,to

 act as a substitute for somebody - vici, (vice-akt-i) (vicaro)

institute: (establish, found) instituti; (initiate) initi, komedi (cf. procesi;

entraprini, dekreti); (learned society) instituto.

institution: see suffix-ERYO(as: eduk-eryo: an educational institution); (something

instituted) institut-ado; (learned) instituto; public i.s: institut(ad)oy publa.

instruct (teach) instrukt-i

instrument (tool) instrumo -IJo, pludijo (a toy, from 'play'); trancijo (a knife,

from 'cut', kutijo); helpijo (a remedy, from 'help')(a tool); ijaryo, instrumaryo 

(equipment, set of tools)  

insult insult-i, -o, afront-i, ofend-i

insure asekur-i

intellect intelekto

intelligence inteligenzo, inteligezzo, informo - spyunando (spyuneryo)

intelligent inteligenta

intend intenti, GO-, - Mi go-fedi algo (Mi fed-eyma algo) (I am GOing to do 

something.

intensive, intensively - intenze

interest intreso

be interested i - intresi pri, kunezi (pri)

interesting - intresa, intreseda

international internasia

interview (press, TV, radio) intervyuvo, intervyuv-i

intestine intestino

into  inse, inse(n)-. Mi entris domen. I threw the apple into the hause. Mi jektis 

le pomo insel domo.(insendome.) inso - interior, ins-ed-i = insert

intone - intoni, komskanti

intricate komplika, labirenta 

intrigue intrigvo, intrigvado, intrigvi

intriguing (very interesting) konsiderinda, intrigveda

introduce introdukt-i

intrude (as intruder) intrudensi

intruder intrudaro

invent invent-i

invest invest-i

investigate - investigv-i, esplori, qali, qal-

invite invit-i

invoice faturo, kalkolo

involve (enfold) involvi; (as in a plot) in-dukti (algono); intrik-i;(by inference)

  implik-i (of debts)  xarji se pe deboy. (skuldoy)

involved (in debt) debo-xarj-ata, -ita; (logically) implik-ata, -ita; kompleksa;

 komplik-ata, -ita; ne-simpla.

iris (of eye) iriso

iron (metal) ferno (to iron - fernopresi, plans-i ) cast iron - gisferno

irrevocable nerevokebla

is esta, -s

island islo

issue n (matter) isuo, qesto, proble(m)o; (of book) dedono, edizzado, (of magazine)

 numero; (outcome) rezulto. 

it  li,to,tado,lo

it's to-s, (There ́s - Lo-s ... Toto-s...)

itch (intr.) skab -i (skabyo - scabies; mange); skabyomorbo (disease); prurit-i, 

(fig.) tribo, dezir-abo (paroli, skriti, e.c.).

ivory ivoro

J

jacket (man's) vesto, jaketo 

jail prijeyo, aresteyo

jam jamo, mermelo, konfituro

January Janero

Japan Japanio

jargon jargo, jargondo 

jasmine jasmino

jaw mandiblo

jazz jazo

jealous jala, jalosa

jeans jinso

jewel yuvelo

job jobo, trabo, okupo, tasko

join yunt-i, kan-yunt-i,kan-ens-i, kon-ens-i 

join (place in contact) konekto, yuntedo, yunteyo

joke jok-i, -o

jolly up joli (have a fun -Jol!)

journal jornalo

journalist jornalisto

journey  vyajo

joy - jola, jolplenta

jubilate yubil-i, (exult: -yubil-i, triumf-i)

jubilee yubilando, yubil-em-o

Jude Jido, Yudo

judge juristo, judikisto, judikaro, (but: jury member - juryono)

judge (general sense) judik-i, -anto  (prejudik-i, prijudiki) arbitri -arbitraro

judgement juro, judiko, judik-ado , - uro (judik-arik-o), arbitro (-ad)

jug krugo, vaso

juice juso

July yulo

jump jamp-i, saut-i  -o , hup-i (sauteti)

June juno

junk skrepo,traxo,fartraxo, sinvalado, brikabrako

junction yunto, yunteyo

junior yunyoro, jovo

jury juryo, juryonaryo

just (recently,just now, in the very time) - yustem, jem, prem pas, yuste tyem,akuratem, (he had just arrived: P: hi yustem arivis; just at that time: il soma instanto; ta-instante, ta-momente; just at present: just then: yuste tem, ta-instante; they are j. alike: lu-s juste simila;  they have just the same opinion: Lu-x yuste le soma opino; he had j. died: Hi (akuratem) yustem mortis. Mi yustem vyenis; OR: Mi vyenis prem pas. Mi jem vyenis. Lo batris le trinesma horo, do (qem) mu entris (insel) urbo.

just (lawful, fair, correct, suitable) - jasta, rayta, prava  

1. Equitable, lawful, legitimate, reasonable. - jasta (jasta dezzo, jasta postilo)

2. Fair, impartial.  jasta - Le judik(ur)o sevra me jasta.

3. Honest, righteous, upright. (jasta juro, jasta homo.(rayta, prava homo))

4. Correct, exact, suitable, fit. ( jasta prazo, jasta rekompenzo. Do justice - Ageri jaste.

justice - jasto, jastezzo, (good, righteous man - jastono) 

Justice, law, judicial organisation - jastio (jastiko)

Juro - juro, juridikio - legvosyenzo 

K    

kaleidoscope kaleidoskopo

keep (retain) tyeni, (keep in hand - hold-i) retyen-i, plutyen-i,detyen-i,konserv-i  ketchup ketcupo

kettle koktijo, boylero, koktadoro

key (of lock, etc) klefo

key (on a keyboard ) klavo

keyboard klavaryo, klavadoro

"key in" - (to key in a telephone number) klav-i 

kick kolpi (pe pyedo), kik-i, P: xot-i

kill morted-i, masakr(ed)-i

kill (slay, murder) mortedi, ocid-i, murdi

kilt kildo, yupo.

kimono kimongo

kind (adj.) afabila, bonkora, jentila

kind (sort) spesyo, sorto

kindness afabilezzo, jentilezzo, favoro, Po favoro!

kindred gento

king or qeen royo, monarko, royano, royeno

kingdom regno, roylando, regnolando, regneyo, monarkio

kiosk kiosko

kiss bes-i

kitchen kokfeyo, koferumo (as a part of an apartment, flat) 

kite kayto

knead knedi

knee genuvo

kneel fleksi genuvoy, genuv-i, genuv-ob-i

knife kutijo, kuco

knight kavalero, k.hood: kavalerezzo, (collect.) kavaleraryo

knock frap-i, -o, knock out - nokaut-i

knot (in cord, etc) nodo, ed-i

knout knuto (whip)

know: (by acquaintance, by sense of perception) kuni; (by learning) kuni, abli; (recognise) rekuni, rekunsi (cf. agnosk-i); intelekti; kunprini; God knows: Dio kuna!; I do not know: mi ne kuna; let me know: informes mi; to make something known to someone: kunedi algono ko algo; informi, instrukti algono pri algo; know by name: kunsi pel naumo; rekuni, rekunsi algono pel naumo; I know him: (recognise him) mi kunsa hi; know by heart: kuni memore; know a lesson, a language: kuni, kunaudi leksyo, lingvo.

know (know socially or to know situation) kun-i,(acquaintance) kump-i ko (acquainted -kunsato, kumpono, kunato)

know (be socially acquainted with) kuns-i, kumpi ko,

know (by learning) kun-i,(get to know to someone: kuned-i. (connoisseur - kunesaro)

know (be socially acquainted with) kuns-i, kumpi ko,

know (by learning) kun-i,(get to know to someone: kuned-i. (connoisseur - kunsaro)

knowing: inteligenta; kumabla,(clever) abla;  -ly:  ko kuno, kunse, kuns-ar-e.

knowledge: kuno, (what is known) kunado; (information, acquaintance) kunado; to my

 k.: konfe ma kuno (pri afero, pri algono)


L

label  etikto

labyrinth -(maze) labirento, meyzo

laboratory laboreyo, testeyo

lace  lazo (xuzlaz-i, de-xuzlaz-i) snuro 

lack (be wanting) mank-i, manko

lacquer lakfero

ladder ladero

lady Madamelo, Damelo

lake lago

lamb ovino P: lambo

lame lama, kripla, invalida, desabla 

lament (mourn, grieve) lamento

lamp lampo

land (country) lando ,kampeyo, kamparyo, paeso

land (ground) terdo, grundo

land (v) landi, xeterdensi, kanterdenso

landscape paesajo (natural scenery), panoramo (painted: landxafto)

language lingvo, lango, idyomo

lantern lanterno

large (capacity) larga, grana, mega

last (endure) dur-i, durest-i, pluest-i (pluduri, pluemi- endure)

last laste

last fina, ultimida, pasa, pasinta, recenta, lasta, lastem

last-year tranye, pasanye, pasintanye, recentanye, lastanye

lasting durebla, permanenta, solida

latch (of door) klinko, bolto, regelo

late tarda, -i, tardens-i

latent latenta

later pli tarde, tardem

latrine latringo 

laugh skrid-i, -o , hah-i, (smile - smili)

laughter skrido

launder lav-i

lavatory lavatorio, WC "weco", toyleto, nezzeseyo,(woter-)kloseto, klosetoyo,

 "kloyo"(loo) latringo

lavish prodigva, desavarenta, desegrida, donima,

law (a law, jurisprudence) legvo, juridikio (legvosyenzo)

law court tribunalo

lawful konfelegva, legvala, legval(ed)ita

lawlessness anarkyo, sinlegvemo, sinlegvudo, des-legvo

lawn gazongo

lawyer legvisto, yuristo

layer strato, layero

lazy pigra , ne-labor-im-a

lead (bring along) dukt-i, kondukt-i, dirigent-i

lead (guide) gvid-i

lead (metal) plumbo, P: plumbiyumo

leaf (of plant) - folyo

leaf in a book) folyo, karto

leak lekfi ,  Le flumeto lekfa vel valeyo.

leakage lekfo, delekfo, lekfado,  Likfo lekfa de akfuyo.

lean (incline) inklin-i (tr./intr.)

leap saut-i (intr.), -o

learn (commit to memory) lern-i, memb-ed-i , memoredi

learned dokta, erudita

learning lerno, kuno, syenzo, eruditezzo

least (adj.) minia, minimuma, le pla, -asma, asme. moltasma; le pla importa,

 importasma

at least  kanminie, P: kanmoltasme 

leather ledro

leave aband-i, las-i, farlasi. (To lose restraint upon something: Xi lasis fali le

 buko. She let the book fall.

leave departi, farv-i, eks-i, Eks! Go out!

lecture preleksyo, leksyo

lecturer (pre)leksyanto, instruktisto , P:(pre)leksyaro, lektoro P: (pre)leksyaro

left (opposite of right- (deksa- DEKS!) - lefa, -o , LEF!

leg gambo, pyedo, (foot- futo)

legend legendo

legitimize  legitimi

lend prunt-i (algono ka algono)

less (adj.) pla, pla molta,

less (before an adjective) pla

lessen diminutiv-i (tr./intr.) mikredi, mikr-ed-i, plasm-ed-i

lesson leksyo  (Homework - heymleksyoy)

letargy letarjo

let in -inlasi, (admit) kanlasi

let (allow) Les, vam, Let him go!- Les hi ves! (Vam)(Les) mu ves! - let ́s go!  

Lo estes te!- Let it be! letter (correspondence) letro

letter (of alphabet) litero

letter letro

level (flat) flata

level[on the same level] nivolo

library biblyoteko, libraryo, bukeyo

lick slik-i

lid lido, (kovrijeto) okullido - (pal)pebro

lie (be situated) situ-i , lokest-i, trov-ens-i

lie yas-i, (lie at full length) (sem) streyni, sem tengi

lie (an object on something) pondi,

lie (tell an untruth) mentir-i (flimflam-i)bluf-i,fals-i,-o to falsify-fals-umi,

fusk-i

life vivo, vivemo

lift (lift up) lev-i, -o, lift-i, skal-i

lift, elevator - lifto, levijo, lev-ily-o, lev-adoro

light likto, lukso, lumino, lumo

light v.(a lamp, fire, etc) likt-i, xalt-i (deslikt-i = slek-i) 

light (illumination) lumino, beluminado

light (in weight or force) leja, despesa

light bulb P: lampadino

lightening blikso, flexo

light up (to luminate) likti, lumi, ilumini, belumini, beluksi

like(in the manner of)qe, qezze(she sings like a bird = xi skanta(singa)qe foglo)

like sombla (al), simila (al),esk-i, kaze,-ezza, somble ka, eske, -eska, -mode

like (v.) pyas-i (I like it - mi pyasa to) simpat-i ko, ami-i (-am-)it appeals to

 me - To gusta ka mi (min) (appreciate - aprexi)

like (similar to) simila (ka); sombla (ka) (such, of like kind) tezza; (egala) plea; plevala - egalvala,(cf. suffix -ESK); to be l.: simil-i, sombli-i (algo, algono); (adv.) qe, qezze; he acts l. a king: Hi akta qezze royo (as if he were a king); (n.) (le) simil-o, sombl-o, -ado, -ESKo; l.-minded: som-opina.   

limit limido

line linyo

linen linino

link linko

link together - link-i, kupl-i 

lion leo

lips -labyoy

liquorice (licorice) likforiso (glizzirizo)

liqueur likyero (alcoholic) Po eksemplo: Apsinto (Absinthe)

liquid likfo -a (likf-(ik)ul-o - a drop)

liquidate likfid-i

list listolo, (in)listoled-i

listen, listen to skut-i

literate lektabla

literature literaturo

little (a little - small quantity of - ) poktete, algerete, qanterulo di... little desmolte, (little) mikre

little (small) mikra, poka (not so big)

little by little pokto-pokte , poktamode

live in (inhabit) loji (tr.)

live (be alive) viv-i

live (dwell) resid-i

lively vivle, vivyose, vivoplente

liver hepato

load kargo, kargi

lobby lobyo, lobyando, lobyogrupo

lobbing lobingo,-i, lobyopres-i

lock (with key) klefi (with bolt) rigli

lock lokto

locomotive lokomotoro, lokomo

loft lofto, mansardo, subetekto

log - wood -legnobloko, tronko, klosko

long longa (in time: longem, moltem)

long for (nostalgie) nostalgi, sospirg-i ka

look (direct the gaze) mir-i (algo, algono); (l. like, as if) aspekti; montri myeno (trista, felica, e.c.); sombli; (of houses, etc.) esti ekspond-ita, l. after: ang-i  l. for: (be in quest of) xerki; (see expect); l. into: (investigate) esplor-i; 

 QAL-i, l. like: (resemble) simil-i, sombli,  look on, watch (as a spectator) spek-i; l. out: Gardens! , (pay attention) atent-i, -Atentes!; (be in quest for) xerki (cf. observar); l. up to: (respect) respekt-i; l. proud: maxi fyera myeno; to l. well: bone aspekti; bonaspekti, l. like a fool: fol-aspekt-i.

look (gaze, glance) blinko, miro; (appearance) aspekto; (mien) myeno.

looking-glass: speglo

look-out: (watcher) gvat-anto, -aro, -isto; opserv-anto, -aro; (lower) gvat-o-turm-eto, (cf. belvedero- belvideyo); (as with troops, etc.) gard-aro, -isto ; (view) vid-ado (cf. perspektivo); to be on look for: (lie in wait) gvati (algono, algo); to put on l.: gvat-edi (algono)

look! (Voilà!) - Mir! Do!, Lo!, Vua-la!, Tey!

look around ci-mir-i

look, look at - miri, spekti, (glance (look quickly) blink-i, ocoblinki)

look for xerk-i

look out for: (be on the watch for) gvat-i

loose loza

Lord - Sioro, Sioro, Domino, Patrono

lorry kamyongo , loryo, truko (kargotruko)

lose perd-i

loud (of voice, sound) lauda, skaltavoca, forta

love am-i, -o, make love - amor-i, fall in love - amensi(s), Vami ki amo. Falis i amo, amy-ens-i. Amo koneda - desamo diseda.

lovely lavla, ples(ed)a, bel-ab-a.

lovely: (worthy of being loved) lavla, am-inda; amebla, (very beautiful) bel-aba.

(EU- positive, cosy and pleasant ) Atlango-s le lango molte eusonida. (eufonia) 

   Li-s eupronunsebla ed euskutebla

low basa, dolta

luck (chanse) hazardumi, cans-i, lak-i

luck (good luck) fortuno, boncanso, bonsuerto, lako (Prospe-) to be lucky - laki

I luckily found this place! Mi lakis trovis ta loko.

lucky fortuna, laka, lakyosa

ludicrous pludika, komika, burleska

luggage bagaryo

lump (clod) piece of no particular shape: lumpo, bulo (grana peculo) 

lunch lunco

lung pulmo

lure sedus-i, logv-i, delogv-i

lustre brilo, poluro

luxury luksuso

M

machine mahino

mad (angry) furyosa , irg-ab-a, P: despitaba

mad (crazy) frenesa, fola

madam sioreno, madamelo, donyo (P: Madonyo)

madhouse freneseyo, foldomo, foleyo

mafia mafio

magazine (media) gazeto, jornalo, revyuvo 

magazine ( a shop, store) magazino, storo

magnanimous jenerosa, pardunima

mail posto,postado, postall

mail (v.) posti, meyli, send a message - mes-i

main  cefa

maintain (keep in the same state) mantyen-i (konserv-i); (sustain) sube-tyena,-i, suport-i); (keep in the needs of life) vivotyeni; 

(assert) asert-i, afirm-i

maintenance  mantyeno, konservo; subetyenando helpo; vivotyen-ando, nutr-ando

make (do) fed-i, edi, -r, -ED-i (become - fensi, -ENS-i)

make up  sminko, (put on make-up) smink-i

male  masklo 

malicious  malika, malvola

maltreat mal-trakt-i

man (human) homo

man (male adult)  viro,  tano - this man (hi) 

manage (administer) admini-i, mestr-i (mestr-um-i), manipol-i

manage  (to do something - to succeed in accompishing) accomplish - prosperi, 

 abli - Mi ablis fedis. Mi fedigis to. 

manageable -adminebla, manipolebla

manager - manajaro, mestro, -estro, administo, adminestro

mane  krino  If the mane, tail, muzzle etc are brown then the horse is described as

 brown. Zil krino, teylo, muzelo etc esta bruna do le kavelo beskritatas qezze 

 bruna (P:qe brunam.)

mandrake mandragoro,alrauno.Li skrima te laude,ke,(ta)qono lim detreka,rape morta.

mangle  mangeli, pecul-trek-i, vam-treki ka (aste)peculoy -tear to pieces, lancer-i 

mania manyo

manner manyero, modeo, modo

manoeuvre manovro, -i

mansion grandomo, domabo, manso

manufacture fabrik-i

manure dungo, eskremento

many molta, many people come to this bar - Moltoy (molto di homoy) vyena ka ta baro.

map (n.) mapo

March marco

march marx-i, -o

mark (token or stamp) toko, stamplo, merko, postomerko, glumerko

market marqeto

marquis  marqiso

marriage, wedding - meryo, matrimonio, nupto

married couple - ge-meryonoy, meryonoy, meryo-parelo)

marry: (by priest, etc.) mery-um-i,mery-ed-i (algono ka algono); (get married) meryensi, meryumi se ko algono (spos-ed-i); married person: mery-on-o, -ano, -eno; spos-o; -ano, -eno. 

marsh - moraso

martial   milita (militarr)

marvel (wonder) marvilo  

mass (body of matter) maso

mass (large quantity) masio, moltero di

mass (people) popolo, publo, publoamazo, kraudo

mass (religion) misalo

massage masajo (doni masajo -masaj-i)

massive masiva, masia

mast masto

master mastro, granmastro - maestro

master (v) mestr-i algo, mestr-ens-i ( self),regi,(dominate - domin-i) mestr-um-i - 

 keep house

mate   kumpo, kamrato

match: (horses, pictures, pairs of things) parel-ed-i ; (equal) egali, -edi; (set in opposition) esti baste (pla)forta ho grana po defenti, po konbatri, po rezisti, po P: konkurenti, po konkorsi; (cf. oposi);(unite families by marriage) alianz-i; (to be similar, alike) simil-i, esti le soma.

match: (lucifer) alumeto (a lighter) flam-ijo, likt-ijo;(a similar thing) simil-

ado; (competition) matco, konkurso; turneo, boxing: bokso-kombatro, -fayto.

matchbox: alumet-bukso, -UYo.

matchless: supertotya kompiro, ne-kompir-ebla.

material materyalo -IF-, bren-ifo - fuel, bild-ifo -building material (BUT: -IVo -

 an ending for grammatical terms. (adyektivo))

materialize materyal-(ed/ens)-i, efekte-ens-i

matter (material) materyo, materyado 

matter (v.) import-i, grav-i

mature  matura,  adolta

maximum makso, maksemumo 

maximal makse (le pli) maksa, maksemume

maximalize maks-ed-i, maksemum-ed-i

May mayo

may (adv.) eble

may (v.) darf-i,  May I...?  - Qi mi darfa...?

may (May you be happy) Ke solme tu-s felica, may it be!  Ke solme! (in Spanish: 

ojalá!) let's hope so! Oha-la! Mu esperes, Les mu esperes.

maybe  eble, estaude

maze labirento, meyzo

meadow  prado, herbeyo

meal  repasto, yendado, yendixo, nutrado

mean (signify) signi (make a sign), sensi

meandre meandro, meandr-i

meaning -senzo, signuro, P: diktezo  It means - To dikteza, to signa

means (resource) moyo, moyengo, remedyo, materyalo 

meanwhile somem, intertempe, somtempe,i soma tempo, po tyem

measure menzur-i, menz-i, for ex: qal-sayz-i,sayz-UB-i 

measure menzuro, menzo, -ijo, -ometro, prubijo, qal-ijo

meat  karno, (meat or flesh used for food) - karnejo

mediate medyat-i, per-i

medicine (for illness) medikado, medisinado, drogo

medicine (science)  medisino, medikizmo, (profession) medisinisto,  medikisto, 

kuristo, doktoro (kur-aro, medikaro)

meet     enkont-i,  tref-i, vyuv-i 

meet (come together) konvyen-i kontrefi, bitrefi

meeting enkonto, trefo, konvyeno, mitingo

melancholy  melankolyo

melody  melo, melodyo

melt  melti, soluti, dis(e)soluti

member membro

memory membo, memoro, memno, mindablo

memories - suvyenir(ad)oy, memor(ad)oy, memoraryo

menace menasti, menacing: menast-anta, paur-ed-a, pauroveka, temoreda, temoryosa

mend reper-i (tr.), -o

mention - menki   ( don´t mentioned it! - ne dankinde! ne menkinde!) Also: Ne 

dankibe, Ne menkibe! Lo ne-s tribo a danki (a menki), Se ne dankiba po to.

menu  menuo, yendokarto, yendixkarto

mercy  merso, favoro

merge mergi (tr.)

merit merito, -i

merry alegra (to be merry) -i, jola -i

message  mes(aj)o, P: meso, informo, sendado, noto, P: novo

metal metalo   metal-sheet - metalfolyo, bleho

meter (measure) metro

method metodo

metre (measure; poetic) metro

mew - myaw-i, gat-eklang-i

middle meza, -o

mien  myeno (grimace - grimaso)

mild milda

mile miloyo (distanso)

milieu  ambyento, milyero, (social setting -sosyaloko, sosyala plaso)

milk  lakto

million milyongo

mind (to attend to) atenti; gardi; angi; (obey) obidi (algono) (nurse) angi,

 koncerni; never m.: ne importe. (never mind! - To-s ne grava! Ne importa!) 

 Do you mind if...? - Qi lo-s egale po tu (tun), ya…? Qi tu-s kontra, ya...

mind (understanding) mindo, mentalo, intelekto, inteligent-ezzo; (intention)  intento; P: rezolvo; decido; (inclination) inklino; gusto; deziro; volo, volunto; (memory) memno; (opinion) opino, ideo; judiko; syentimento; minde (mentale) sana; to call to m.: (re-)memb -edi ,membedi(algono ka algono); I will bear that in m.: mi membo to; presence of m.: spirito-pront-ezzo; make up one’s m.: dezzi, rezigni (pri); to my m.: pa ma opino, judiko;  m. doctor: mindo-medikaro; high-m.ed: gran-anima.

mine minero, miner-i  (gold mine - minereyo di guldo)

mine (explosive) esplomino, esplodado, esplomineyo

minimum minio, miniemumo

minimal minia,(miniall) minie, miniemume,(le pla) -asm-

mint mentelo

minus minuso, minuse

minute (of time or angle) minuto

miracle miraklo, mervilo, supernaturala fenomino

mirage mirajo, mirado

mirror  speglo 

mis- MISUM-, applied to various parts of speech, meaning “ill,”“mistaken,”

 “wrong,”“wrongly,”“incorrectly,” or simply negating. MISUM-,vronge, mal-,eror-

 ,EROR- (e.g., malaudr-i, MISUMaudr-i, - malunto, unt-eroro) 

miscellaneous  miksela, miksita

miscellany  difersadoy, mikseladoy, mikselaryo, varyadoy

misery: mizerio

miss, Miss (n.) Sioreneto  S-rto, Damzelo (S-eneto) Santya Madonno

missal misalo, misalbuko  

mist  - nyeblo

mistake (error) eroro, eror-, -ERORO, MISKE-,miskeo, vrongado

mister Siorano S-ano, Masiorano, Mrs -Sioreno S-eno, Miss -Sioreneto. Ladies and 

Gentlemen!  - Estimata Sioroy! Estimatinda Sioroy!

misunderstand malkunprini,  MISUMkunprini

mix (n.) mikso, -uro -ado

mix (v.) miks-i, -ens-i, intermiksi

mixture mikso, -uro

mobile -mobebla, mobabla

mock, jeer at - mok-i, priskrid-i, beskridi, sridikedi

modem  modemo

modern moderna

modest modesta, pudora (hontima)

moment (of time) instanto, momento, kortemo, tempulo, blinkemo. 

        Just a moment ago - jem.(prem pas)

Monday   Lundyem(o), Lundo

money   mono,moneo, pekuno, sistemato monearr. Hi-s ne plu sinmonea, he is no

 longer penniless. mone-o:(of gold, silver, copper) coin, cash, change, currency; 

pekuno;  moneto: a coin; monepapero: paper money: bankobilyeto, banknoto)

Mi ne-x ter moneo (mono) kone. Mi ne-x tero di moneo (mono) kone. 

 monk monko

monster monstro

month mexo

monkey simyo, monko

mood mudo, atmosfero, humoro

moon lunyo, lunyarr

moonlight lunyolumo,  lunyolukso, lunyolikto

more pli molte, no more - ne pli, enke ne 

more or less - pli-pla(e),  plisme-plasme

more (before an adjective) pli

more and more pli e pli , P: in time - plu, plue

moreover (besides) plus, pluse, cetere, konrexte, adve, advedone, ADVE-, adizze, 

(pli)sobre to 

morning matino

mortar mortoro, pistuyo

most (before an adjective) le pli,-isma,isme, makse

moth nokta mariposo - falino,(clothes-m.) tinoyo, motoyo, molo

mother matro, mamo

mather-in-law - XO-matro, XO-(STI- kinship by second marriage -Stimatro(halmatro)

motiv motivo, go- (as intention)

motor motoro

motto motto, formelo , slogo, devizo

mould mofo, P: mildino

mountain monto (monteto - kolino)

mournfull morna

mouse mauso

moustache mostajo, P: mostaxo

mouth (also fig.) buxo

move mob-i (tr./intr.), -o, -OB-,

much molte, mol, molter

mud fango, slimo (dirt, mud shield - pare-fango)

muff mufo

multiplication multipliko, moltopledo

murder ocid-i, -o murdi, mortedi

murmur mermo, mermando, merm-i

muscle musklo

mush brayo, pulpo

music muziko

muslim - musulmo, musulmeno, musulmano,

must (necessity) nezzeso, debo, deb-i , -eb (Also: I must go - Mi v(ad)eba) or: Mi

 nezzesa vi. (impersonal: it is necessary that) To nezzesa… or: Lo-s nezzesa ke...

mutation - muto, mut-i

muzzle  muzelayno, pare-mordo (to prevent biting or, metaphorically, speaking)

muzzle muzelo (vizaco)

my ma, le mia

myth mito


 

nail (metal) klovo

nail (on finger) - unelo 

naive naiva

naked nakta

name (n.) naumo, naumado 

name (have a name) naum-i, give a name - naumedi 

namely naume

nap dormet-i, P: nap-i

narrative narata, kenta

narrow streyta

nation nasio

national nasia

nationality nasiezzo

nationalist nasi-al-ist-o, nasializma

nationalize nasi-al-ed-i, statedi

nature naturo , natura legvoy

nature (character)  karaktezzo

nauseate naus-i, nauso

navigate nav(igat)-i, 

near proksa

nearly preske, prokse 

necessary nezzesa, (passive obligation) Nezzese, Lo-s nezzesa tom fedi. 

 or: Se nezzesa fedis to.

neck neko,  nape of the neck - nuko

necklace kolyo, perlinaryo

necktie kravato

nectar nektaro

need tribi, -IB-, max-ib-i, max-eb-i, I need to know - Mi kun-ib-a ... 

needle nadlo, kudrijo

neglect neglekt-i, nonxal-i, desatent-i

negligee negl-i, negl(ed)-i, nakn-ed-i

neighbour - veco, vecono,  veci ka

neighboring veca, vecala, prokseya

neighbourhood veceyo, prokseyo (in neighbourhood - vece) vec-i 

neither ... nor -  ne … nekfe ( nekfe… nekfe…)

nephew nevo, nevano

nerve nervo

nervous nerv-oz-a, nervoz-ima

nest nido, eunida, (euhema) (cozy, cosy)

net - reto

the Net, internet - neto, interneto

neutral neutra, neutrall

never nem, neme, na-tempe

new nuva

news novo, novoy (nuvadoy) nuvinformoy

newspaper jornalo, gazeto, revyuvo (newspapers - prenzio, gazetaryo) 

next sekfanta, sekfa, vyenonta

nice plesa, pleseda, granplesa (person -karina)

niece nevo, nev-eno

night nokto

nine nin

nipple cizzo

no (opposite of yes) ne, (nel)

noble nobila

nobody NONO, na-persono

noise bruso, rumoro, frakeso

none (nobody) nono, na-persono,

noon meridyo, meridyemo, nuno

no-one ́s nia

nor ni...ni

norm normo

normal normala, normall

north nordyo, -ala - nordyall

nose nozo

nostril  nostrilo, nostruvo

not ne

note not-i, -o, konstat-i

notebook notuyo, porte-noto, kayerno

nothing no, nado, na-koso, nolo (zero)

notice (essay) notiso, notado

notice (v.) (re)mark-i, not-i (also for oneself)

noun subestansivo

novel nuvelo, romanzo (short story - nuveleto, kento)

now - tyem, just now - yustem, yustyem

nowhere na-lok(ey)e, ney

nuanse nuanzo

nude nakna

number (for identification) numero (e.g., numero di domo, di klefo)

number (quantity) nombro

nurse nurso, nurseno, nursano  


O

o'clock - horo

obey    obid-i   He understood it was just to obey, without any discussion -Hi 

kunprini, ke hi simple obideba si diskaso.

oblige  obli  I feel myself obliged to help him - Mi syensa oblita helpis (ka) 

hi. 

oblivion  olvo, olvudo, olvemo, desmembo, desmemoro

object to (v.) obyeks-i, kontrens-i

object (n.) obyekto

objection obyekso, kontrenso

obscene  oskina, vulgaca, despudora

observe oserv-i, atent-i

observatorium oservATERYyo

obsess opsedi "She is obsessing over her weight" - Xi opseda pri xa peso.

obsession fiksideo, opsedo,-OPSEDO  You are my obsession - Tu-s ma opsedo

obstacle ostako, hindro  

obstinate ostini (persisti)

obtain (attain) (to get with some efforts) atig-i, akir-i, resiv-i (-IV-), max-

ed-i ka se (sem), fiks-i ka se (sem)

obtuse otusa, desabla, nekum(prin)ima, stupideta, stulteta

obvious evidenta 

occasion  evo, (okazyo - very special event - spesyalevo)

occasionall  vrema, vremall, konfe-eva

occasionally konf(e)-eva, da tempo ka tempo,vrem-vreme

occupy okup-i (to be busy with - buza pri, okupi se pri, pe,- sem okupi pe, 

  okupensi-i)

occupation okupo,okupando, landokupo (okupo di lando)

occupation (military control) - okupo, okupudo, militkontrolo

occur evi

ocean oceano

October oktobro

odd (strange) stranga

ode odeo, odeoyo

odour (neutr) flavoro, (good) aromo, (bad) fetoro, desaromo

of  (marking possession) di; (origin, derivation, starting point, quantity, dimension, size) de, da; (indicating material made of) fe; (“out of”) de; (concerning) pri, sobre; (agent, authorship) per; of late: recente, de korta tempo; of course: kunprin-e, -eble; it is very good of you: P: tu-s molte afabila; off: (away) far, fare; distanta (de); (from) da (broken off) rompita; brek-ita; P: seper-ita;  five kilometers (metres) off: dista pe 5 km.; off and on: de tempo ka tempo; take off the hat: da-prini le  P: capelo; off with him: far-ed-es hi! Far ko hi! I am off: mi va; hats off: P: dol(es)(en) capeloy! to be off color (colour): maxi ne-yusta koloro; ten meters (metres) off from me: P: a dyes metroy da mi; he ran off: hi far-korsis; a great way off from here: far da tey;  the marriage is off: le meryumo brekitas; the gun went off: le fusilo pafis; hands off: dol(en) manoy! off with you: Tu farens! Far ko tu! the vessel is off the harbor (harbour): le navyo esta prey ho proksey le purto; off the hinges: seper-ita dal (P: gonzoy).

of (concerning) pri

of (out of, made of) de, (Ta krugo fedita-s de metalo)

of (possession or association) di, qia?

of course! - Evidente! Kunprineble! 

off (from) de

off! (Let`s go!) vames! (vam!) (colloq. vam-i) Vam kal laboro! = Vam labores!

offence ofenso

offer (sacrifice) ofr-i, -o, ofruro, ofr-ono, ofrado

offer ofert-i

office ofisyo,(business place:) kontoro,ofiso,byuro

office (function, duty) funso, funsino

officer (milit. commanding) (milit-)ofisyaro

officer funs(in)aro, kontoristo, ofisisto,

official (adj.) ofisyala, ofisyall

official (n.) ofisy(al)ono

offspring (descendent) enfo, deskendinto, -YUN gat-YUNo (a kitten); royINIDo (a prince,from 'king' also: royenfo); arbyuno (a sapling, from 'tree'); izraelinido (an Israelite); yun-aryo (a clan, tribe)

often ofte, (sometimes or frequently - frekfe-, -emi), Hi frekfe-vadi, Hi v(ad)-emi, frekf-i (to make something often)

ogre ogro

oil olyo

old (not new) antika, olda

old (not young) olda, antika

omit omit-i, om-, kfiti, P: skipi (transesauti)  

on  su, (sur- as a prefix)

on account of   pro, su konto di...

on top  (on) su topo, sobre, sobren

on (at the time of)  xel  tempo di

on (concerning) pri

on (upon) sobre, sobre da,(high up, high above  skalta-skale (skaltaskalono - high-up)

once (one time) unvreme, once for all: vrem po cem, once again - revreme

one ́s upon a time -  I alga tempo = Algem(e), algavreme

one (1) un, uno

one (pronoun) se , li, (un, algono)

onion cebo

only (adj.) solma, unesolma, unika

only (prep.) solme

onto - ka su, suren

oops! - vups(e)! (to express mild apology, surprise, or dismay)

opaque opaka (des-vervidebla)

open (tr.) abri (under the open sky, in the open -abrasyele)

opero opero, building: opereyo

operetta opreto (operetto)

operate (also medical and military) opert-i  

1.The bus is designed to operate in all 

weather conditions. Le buso desinitas po operti dur ca kilma kondoy. 

2.Doctors had to operate him. Doktoroy debi operti hi. (opertebi) 

3.The laws of evolution operating on each species. Le legvoy di evolvo operta ca 

spesioy. (To have an effect on something. Ad influenti algo.)

opinion opino, takso. In my opinion -I Ma Opino (IMO)

opportune oportuna,(adekfata, konvyena)

oppose opond-i, kontr-i, kontrestansi, kontrestari, kontremenzi

opposite kontre, oponde

opposition - opondo,opondantaryo, opond-on-aryo P:?(kontrapostino)

opt opt-i, eleksi

optimism optimizmo

or - ho, (hod)

orchard horto, fruktarbaryo, fruktarbeyo

orchestra orkesto

order ordo, ordesmo, ord-ed-i

order (command) imper-i, -o , komendi , ordes-i, (commander -komendanto)

order (decoration) medalo

order (goods etc) order-i

ordinary -ordina, ordinala, norma, normala

ordination ordino, P: ordesmo 

organ - orgo, organelo

organ -(musical instr.) orgelo

organic organika

organise organiz-i 

organization organIZo,organizado, -ARYATo. (Members of an organisation - 

organiz-on-aryo) limb of the Law -organizo dil Legvo - Legvizo

orgillous orgila, orgilo   

orgy orgyo

origin origino

originate - orig(in)i, (descent) davyen-i (provyeni)

orphan orfo

oscillate oskili

oesophagus esofago

other - otra

other people aliay, otronoy

otherwise otre, otra-mode

ought obl-i, deb-i (e.g. tampe mu stud-eba, stud-obla)

out of (in time) de, eksa, eksemo - time to go out, (in place,amount) ekstra,

 ekste, ekster-, ekstem

outline (v) skiz-i

outside  ekste, ekster-, ekstey, abrey, eksterporde,(go outside - vadi eksten)

oven forno

over (above) supe, super, super-i

over (across) trans - transe, krose, P: tuere

over (finished) finita, fino! 

overcoat surtuto

owe deb-i, skuld-i

owl strigo

own (adj.) propia, sela, sa, le seia

own (possess) propium-i , poxi, hav-i

owner poxanto, havanto

ox - vaxano, bofo  (bull - tauro)


P  

pace paxo, -i

packet pako, paketo

pagan pogano -a

page (of a book, etc) pagino,(pagyo) homepage - heympagino

page (historical) pajo

pain doloro, dolento, sufro, angusto, -aljo

paint (coat with paint, etc) farb-i

paint (n.) farbo, kolor-if-o

paint (pictures) pint-i

pair  parelo, P: paruo, duoplo, duplo 

palace palaso

pale (adj.) palya

palm (hand) polmo

palm tree  palmo

palsy - paralisita, palsita, palsa

pan padelo

panic paniko

pants pantalongo , pantalo, bruko

paper papero (piece of paper - karto)

parachute pare-xuto

parasol ambrelo, pare-solo (kontre pluvo - pare-pluvo)

parade parado, parad-i

paradise paradiso

paradox paradokso

paralysis paraliso, palso

parcel (package) pako

pardon skus-i, pardunpreg-i. Mi pardunprega! Skus! Skus min! Ho,parduno!

parent genitoro, parento, mother and father - (GE-)parentoy, genitoroy

parentage davyeno, gento

parenthesis(e) - parenteso, parentes-i, klampo,  (interklampe)

park (n.) parko

park (v) (auto)park-i

parking  parkeyo,

parliamento parliamento

parody parodyo, parodyumi

parry (to repulse) pare-i,(PARE-, paresolo, parepluvo) farturni, halt-ed-i

part (not all) parto, partyo, mondoparto (≈ kontinento), landoparto 

korporparto, parto di libro

participate - partesi, parto-prini

particle partikulo (-IKULo )

particular (specific) spesifika, partikula (partikul-moda, partikularr),aparta, 

definita 

partner partaro

partnership partarezzo

party (politic) partido -(also a group)

party partoyo, fyesto

pass (through, over; life, time) (tr., intr.) pas-i; (p. by) om-pasi, om-vadi; (cause to p., a boat, a person, etc.) pas-ed-i, ompas-ed-i (cf. aprobi); (give judgement)  anonsi judikado; (surpass) super-vadi, -esti;  (in speaking of gas, liquids, etc.) verpasi (verpenetri); (p. away; die) farpasi,apag-i, morti; (cease) breki; p. for captain’s rank: promos-is (qezze) kapitano; p.in judgement: vyenis ka tribunalo, estis judikita;p.across a river: transevadi rivero; p. one’s life: pasi sa vivo; p. on one’s road: sekfi sa voyo; Qo pasa? 

pass (entrance) paseyo, entreyo ;(permission) pas-purmeso, pasporto

passenger pasajaro

passion pasyo, amabo (am-ab-o) = gran amo

password pasavorto

past pastempo, pas-em-o, pasintemo (yesterday - timpo)

pasturage: (food) paxt-ado; nutr-if-o (act) paxtando.

pasture: (tr., intr.) paxt-i, paxt-edi; (place) - paxteyo. Paxtisto, paxtaro

patch (n) paco, to patch - pacedi, patchwork - pacado, pacoverko

paternal patrala

patience patyenzo

patient (adj.) patyenza

patient (n.) kurato, patyento, inprinato

patronize patron-i

pattern desegno, modelo, formazo, formado

pause paus-i, -o

pavilion pavilyongo

pay pag-i (solvent -pagabla) Mi pagos tun ya mi poxo pli molter pekuno (mono)

pea pizo

peace pazo

pear (= fruit of the pear tree -le puararbo) - puaro

pearl perlo

peg pego, stifto - (small pin of wood or metal used for fastening.)

pen plumo

pencil krayo

peninsula pinislo, kabo, hal-islo

penis peniso, faluso, penyo (vulg.- fakijo)

people (a people) popolo, poblo

people (persons) personoy

pepper pepro, pimento

perfect perfekta, -ed-i

perhaps eble, pueveble, pueste

period peryodo, duremo

perish peres-i, apag-i

permanent permanenta, konstanta, solida, durebla,durabla.

permit (allow) purmes-i, purmeso, purmesado P: purmes-UMENTo

permission puermeso, puermesado, (konceso, licenzo)

persecute persekf-i

persevere - perseveri (persisti)(pursue steadfastly: continue on a given course, 

esp.in the face of discouragement,obstacles). Perseveri i alga entreprino.(durabla)

persist (hold firm), persist-i,(persiste e penge, PEY-)se persisti i stando,situdo. 

Se stini i volo. Pluduri xe sa opino. 

persistence persisto, pluduro

person: person-o; -al: -ala, -all; -ality: -ezzo; -al-ezzo; -al-ado; -ally: -e, -

ale; -ification: person-edo, -in-korpor-edo;  -ify: person-edi; -nel: person-aryo.

persuade persfad-i

perturbation pertrubo, trubo,trubado, -TRUBO

petition petizzo

pet-name karesnaumo

phantasm fantomo 

phantom fantomo, (ghost) spuko

pheasant (ornit.) fazango

photograph fotograf-i, fot-i, foto, fotado, foturo

physician mediko, medikisto

piano fortepiano, piano, pianino

picture imajo, pikto, pikturo, piktado

pidgin pijino

piece peculo, -UL- (pecikulo)

pierce pirsi,verpirsi, perfor-i

pig porko

pigeon kolombo, pijo

pillow kuxino

pillowcase kuxinuyo

pimple pimplo (pustolo)

pin pinglo (pego, stifto)

pinch (nip) pinc-i

pipe (tube) tubo

pirate pirato

piss - pis-i, pisil-i, urin-i 

pistol pistolo

pit (hole in ground) foso

pitoresque -pintureska, pintinda

pity konpat-i,-o, pyet-i. That is pity! Pyete! Damaje! Malsuerto! Fatale! Deslake! 

 Konpatinde!

pizza pizzo

place loko, plaseyo, lokeyo, qeyo

place (put) plasi, lokedi, pondi

place (public) plazo

placid placida "a placid neighborhood." placida veceyo. This horse has a placid 

nature. Ta kavelo maxa placida naturo.

plague plago

plan (of action) proyekto, plano,P: plauno, programo

plan (v.) proyekt-i, plan-i ,P: plauni

planchette planxo

plane (flat surface) surfaso, flato, flatado

planet planeto, P: planeuto

plank planko, taulo (board) (floor of a room - suelo, plankaryo)

plant (botanical) planto

plant (set to grow) beplanti, priplanti

plasma  plazmo

plate (dish) dixo

play plud-i

play pludo, (game -geymo), sporto

play a role -rol-i, aktor -i)

plead plid-i Molta fatoy plida po Atlango.

please pregi, Plis! Po favoro, Porfavore, Bonvolunte, (as you please - konfel gusto 

Tua, pleso (pyaso) Qe to tum gusta. (P: Konfe le favoro tua)

pleasure pleso  This is my friend. Pleased to meet you, John. To-s ma amiko. Lo-s 

plese tum kunsi(s),Yohano. 

Pleiades Pleyadoy

plod peze fedi, paxi, lamOBi (hobl-i), (pey-paxi, peyfedi)(with perseverance)

persisti; (through work) fedi algo ko pengo e persistezzo kay perseverezzo (trudge)

marxi penge ho persiste; (hobble) klodik-ante, hobl-ante."Work on something boring 

or monotonous."- Labori ko (sobre) algo bureda ho monotonall.

plot ploto, konploto, intrigvo

plough plog-i

ploy ployo,ruzado, triko

pluck (fruits, flowers, etc) - pluki. Harvesti, Take hold of and remove (a flower, fruit, or vegetable) from where it is growing.

plug plugo,tampongo, stap-ijo, jako, plug-i, stap-i

plus pluso, pluse (in addition)

plush pluxo

pocket pokso

poem poemo, poemado

poet poeto, poeziaro

poetics poetiko, teorio di poezio

poetry - poezio, poezia, poeziala, -all, poeziado, poemo, poemado

point (dot, etc) punto , doto , puento

point (v.)indik-i, atented-i, punt-i, puentedi

poison (n.)tokso, toks-ed-i, be-toks-i

pole (of wood, etc) stango

polecat  putoro (skunko)

policeman polis-isto -ano - ono

police poliso

polite - jentila, kortesa

pollen polino

pollinate polin-i, be-polin-i

ponder pyensi, mediti pri, pridenki. Ne skrites qalge(qalgamode) me kere e pyense. 

poor (needy) povra, desrika

poor (not good) ne-bona, mala

poor (pitiable) konpatinda

popular popola, popolara, popolarr, poblarr

port (sea or air) purto

porcelain porcelino

position (place) loko, lokeyo, plaso, sito, situeso, posido, postino, P: posizzo

position (of body) pozo

positive positiva

possess pox-i,max-i,(a short form in present tense:-x 

-ia (Di qa? Qia? -whose, Cia,Nia,Algia,Qalgia)

possible paudebla, ebla, estauda. Maybe - estaude

post (postal service) posto, postalo, posteyo

post (position, station) postino, posido

posterity posonaryo, onitaryo

postage (stamp) stamplo, postajo

postcard postokarto

pot poto

potato potato

pour (pour out) flus-i (solids)- xut-i

pout paut-i, (mal)grimes-i  

powder (dust) pulvo

power pawero, paudo, forto (cf.puedezzo, fort-ezzo, potent-ezzo, autoritato); (math.) potenzo; this is not in my p.: To-s ne po ma paudo, forso; to the utmost of our p.: te molte qe mu pauda; the p. of water: forto dil akfo; the great powers: le grana fortoy.

powerful fortyosa, potenta, paudvyosa

powerless sinpawera, ne-potenta; desforsa,desforta,impotenta; febla.

practice prakto, praktiko

practice prakt(ik)-i

praise laus-i, eulog-i, glor-i, -o, skalt-aprexi. (to praise god- Laus le Dio! Glor´kal Dio!)

pray (communicate with God) (v) pregv-i

prayer pregvo Our thoughts and prayers are with you at this difficult time. 

Mua denkoy e pregvoy esta ko Tu i ta zoremo. (desfacilemo)

preach profet-i, predik-i (prophet - profetaro)

precise  preksa, precisa (neprecisa - suaga) precis-ed-i, fedi algo prekse, preks!

precious aprex-ab-a, val-ab-a, valyosa, kar-ab-a, aprexinda

prefer pref-i (algo, algono) qe, da (algo, algono)

prejudice prejudizzo (ne: prejudiko) He has a prejudice against foreigners.

Hi-x prejudizzo kontre otralandonoy.

premise premiso, P: preprino, P: antemprino (hipoteso)

prepare preper-i, prep-i, prontedi

presence  prezenso (personality) person-al-ezzo, (aspekto)

presence (being present) (asisti) xesti (xe-esto) in presence of - il xesto di, 

xeste di... make a sign of presence - fedi signo di xesto hod asisto.

present (time) - tyemo, xestemo, xesta tempo

present   to be present - xest-i (xe-esti)

present (gift) gifto, donado, regalo (v.) gift-i,regal-i, donad-i

present (v.) prezent-i, figur-i, reprezent-i 

presentation prezentado, prezenturo

press (apply pressure) prenz-i , konprenz-i, klem-i, disprenz-i  

press -(newspapers) prenzio -i , gazetaryo

prestige - prestigvo

pretend (make it seem, feign) fing-i, sombledi, simul-i

prevent  prevent-i

previous prea, antema, presekfa, preva (prevadanta)

previous: preva (time) (space) pre-v(ad)-anta, the p. question: le qesto preva.

prevision prevido

prey prigo, plundrado

price - prazo

price (award) premyo, avordo

prick (v) prik-i ( to make (a small hole) in (something) or wound)

pride(self-respect) praudo

primitive - prim(it)iga, primema

prince prinso (roy-INID-ano)

princess prinseso (roy-INID-eno) 

principle (a rule) prinsipo

print printi

prison -(jail) prizzo, karzzeyo

take to prison- inprizzi, karzz-i,inkarzzedi

prisoner - prizzono

private (adj.) privata

probable probebla, verisombla, 

probably verisomble, probeble, eble P: use

problem problemato, (problemo), P:problo, angusto (angi pri, pro), -TRUBO, trubado, 

to have a problem - probli.

percentage percentajo, percento (procento)

process - proceso, prozzes-i P: prozzo, -i,

procrastinate prokrast-i Prokrastes nado aste tompe, qom tu fedauda tampe

prodigal prodiga

produce produkt-i, -uro - ado

profession (occupational) profeso, okupo, faho

profit (n.) profido

profane profanono, profan-ed-i

progress progres-i, -o

prohibit forb-i, ne purmes-i, despurmes-i

promenade - promendo, promendeyo, (promend-i)

promise prom(es)-i

promote promot-i, lans-i

prompt (adj.) rap(id)a

prompt (v.) (urge, impel) instigi, impulsi, (refresh one ́s memory) sufli,

proof (n.)  evidento, praufo

proof (v.) evident-i, praufi

proof (adj.) imuna, rez(istent)a, reza

proportion proporso

proposal propondo

propose propond-i

prospect prospekto (vision) Prospect of doing something - Prospekto di fedi algo 

(Prospekto po fedi algo) 

prosper (intr.) prosper-i; -ous: -a,-anta, -ity: -(and)o.

protect protekt-i

proud prauda (praud-i)

prove (do)vod-i (-OD-) Eks:  a vodi estento ho desestento di Dio. 

provide (something,someone with something) privigi(algo/algono pe algo)

(be-,pri-...-i)

provisional provisora

prudent prudenta

psyché  psixeo, spegloskafo

public pobla, poblia - o

publish (a book) edizz-i, poblix-i, (pobliedi) dedon-i

publishing house edizzeryo, edizzeyo, dedoneyo, poblixeyo

puddle carko

pull - treki

pull out - detreki, datreki

pull (a line) distrek-i, tengi

pulse - polso, -i

pump pumpo, -i, pumpijo, pumpilyo

punctually puntem, (akuratem, presyem, eksaktem)  to be on time - puntemi 

punish pun-i

pupil lernanto, disiplo

pupil pupilo (in the eye)

pure pyura

purple - purpura

purpose aim, skopo, eymo, intento, go-, qeymo, -EYM

(Qom tu VA feda? - What are you going to do?) Qom tu mofeda?

push puls-i, -o - PUL! slide, push along a surface - xovl-i. Stick one ́s tongue -

dexovli (depulti)lingo

put pondi, plasi, lokedi, yas-(ed)-i (Pon! Plas!)

puzzle (riddle or problem) puzlo, enigmo, problemato 

pyre (a pile of combustible material for burning a dead body) - rogo

Q

quality qalito, qalezzo, qezzo

quantity qantero, qero

quarrel dispyut-i , kferil-i

quarter kfarparto,kfartezzo, (part of city) - kfarteyo, quarter of hour 

-kfadranso  P: kfartem(o)

Qeen - Royeno , Monarkeno

qeer - kfira, kfiryosa, stranga

quest - kfesto,kfest-i. The quest for The Holy Grail. Le kfesto pol Santya Gralo

question qesto, qio,  -i, Qi? Qi-s…?

queue line of people sekfilo, serio

quick - rap, rapa, momentala, instanta, blinkema

quiet trank(fil)a, kalma, serena (vedro) (bon-vedra)

quit - kfit-i,  farlas-i, kfit! les! lens! (-les!, -lens!)

quite - (pretty) baste, bastante, totye. not quite - ne totye  

R

rabbit kuniklo (But: hare - leporo)

race -reyso, korso, vetokorsando (competition)

race (breed) raso

racism rasismo

radiation radyigo

radiator radyadoro, radyansadoro

radio radyo, rayo

radio radio, radio (radyofonio) 

rain pluv-i, -o

take to prison- prizi, inprizeyedi - sinliberedi, desliberedi

rail relso

railway fernovoyo, fernovueyo (route - vueyo)

rain pluvo

rainbow syelarko

raindrop pluvikulo

raise (lift) (sen) lev-i, (lev-ed-i) lift-i algo

raisin rosino

ranch ranco

rancour rankoro, rankor-i - syenti rankoro.  Rancour is a bitter and long lasting 

hatred. Rankoro esta bitra e longedura (durima ho longema) heyto. 

range (paf-, flug-,) distanso,(asteyo)

range (side by side) ranko, seryo, linyo, cengo (monto-cengo)

rank rango (status) statuso, grado, primranga (first-class)

rapid rapida,(rapa) molte rapida - rapa, Rap! 

rapport  raporto, -i, raportado

rare rara, desofta

rascal frip-on-o

rat ratelo

ratio ratyo,razzyo, proporso, relatumo

rational (math. philos) ratya,razzya razzyonala

rationalize razzy-ed-i, razzyonal(ed)-i

rather - prefe

rather not - , prefe ne, probeble ne, supondite ne. Rather if - Prefe zi

rattle stertor-i (in the throat)

raucous rauka

raw (untreated) raua,(P: RAU-)in its natural condition, or brutal or unfair. 

A raw wind - Rauvyento, raw deal - raua afero (rauafero), rauvorte

ray (beam) rayo, radyo

razor rasfijo  sem rasf-i

razzia to make a razzia (to raid) - razlo, -i

reach atig-i, ast-i, akirig-i, kanv-i, (by hand -prin-ob-i, teng-i mano) 

 (outreach - astealko, astemenzo, astevyeno, astepuvo)

react reakt-i, reager-i

read lekt-i

ready pronta, preperita

real reala

realm regno

reason (motive) motivo, kauso, 

reason (common sense) resuno, resunezzo 

reason ratyo, ratyonalo, prudento (age of reason-(hist.) - ratyonala epoko, 

       ratyemo, prudentepoko, (ratyonalizma epoko)

reason of state - statratyo, statintreso

reasonable   prudenta, P: pruda, ratyonebla

reasonableness  ratyonalimezzo, prudento, savyezzo, savyonalimezzo, inteligentezzo

reasoning   razongando, razongima, ratyonalima

reasoning  disputo, argumo,argumado, argumando, P: birazongando

rebel rebeldo, revolto

rebuke skoldi

receive resivi, -IV-i receive communion - resivi santya komunyo

recent recenta, pasinta, pasema

recently recente, laste, lastem (in le lastemo)

reception resivo the reception is not very good on Channel 4 (Le)resivo ne-s molte 

bon sul Kanalo 4 (Kfaresma)

receptive akseptima, resivima, akseptabla

recipe recepto

reciproke (v.) reprok-i, ambe, Bi-

reciprocally - BI-, ambe, amball, reproke. Hoping for a reciprocal favor - Esperi 

reproka favoro. Esperi bifavoro.

recommend (commend) rekomend-i

recognize rekun-i, rekonesi

red - ruja

reduce redukt-i

refer to (v.) referti ka (referto, alusyo)

reflect (all senses) reflekt-i, P: pyens-i

refuse (v.) refus-i

regain - reprini, regvani

regime - rejimno

region regyo

register (n.) registro

regret (re)gret-i, -o, lamenti pro... We regret to inform you that… - Mu greta pro 

informi tu, ke...

relate to relat-i, -ed-i, relate ka, relate ka 

relation relato

relax relaks-i  He worked in the morning and relaxed the rest of the day. 

  Hi laboris matine e relaksi rextem dil dyemo. 

rely on - dependi da, trast-i, apog-i su

relict - relikfo, rextado  

religion religio

remain rest-i, pluresti, pluest-i - stay longer 

remain  (tr.) (as remainder after) - (posrestedi, aband-i) rexti

remainder rexto, P: -EXTO, rextulo,rextikulo,(cetere - konrexte), 

remark not-i, mark-i, remarki

remarkable (re)markinda, notinda

remember memb-i

remind remindi Remind me about it. (Re)membes to ka mi.

remote control - fara stiro (far-stirijo) telestir(ij)o

rent (from someone) renti, prunteprini  

repair reper-i, -o, -uro   

repeat (an action) repi, REP! Enke vrem!

repeat (say again the same) repi, num-i, numdikti, repeat a question - numqesti, 

repi qesto, qestorepi

repent regret-i

repetition repo, (again NUM-)

replace replas(ed)-i, otreplas-i, verplas-i , otrekambi 

replace (take the place of) replasi

reply respond-i, -o, repl-i,

reproach reprok-i, skold-i, 

request (re)kfes-i, postili

research rexerko, rexerk-i

reside resid-i, restans-i, stans-i

resign (give up tenure) demis-i (de) rezigni

resin resino

resist rez-i, (rezistans-i) rezastans-i, kontr-ens-i, (akfo-reza - waterproof)

resonate resuoni, resonansi, vibri

respect respekt-i, -o

responsible be, for - respons-i, responsabla

rest (remain) rest-i

rest (remainder) rexto, -EXT-

rest (repose) - riposi, deskans-i Mi ne riposo ante qe(m) (antem) mi fullernis

 Atlango.

 restaurant restorango, restoreryo

restrain (hold back) repres-i, haltedi, retyen-i, detyen-i

result rezult-i, -o, -ado

retain retyen-i, plutyen-i, detyen-i, konserv-i

return (come back) retrovyen-i, returni, returnensi, rinvyeni, revyen-i

return (give back) retrodoni, returnedi, re-don-i

return (go back) returni, retr-ens-i, (retren) ren (back)

reveal revil-i, deskoncel-i

revel (from reverly) birb-i (live loosely) deboc-i

revelation revilo, revilado, Revilo!

revenge revenco, venco

reverse revert-i (to turn)

revolution revoluto

revolution (mechanical, geometry) - revolut-o, revolv-i

rice rizo

rich rika

ride (horse, etc) kavelk-i, rayd-i kavelo

ridiculous  skridika, skridoveka, skrideda, skridinda

rile fusilo

right (correct) korekta, rayta,jasta, Rayte! Prave! Tu prava! - You are right!

A maxi opino ho konduto konfel verio e yusto

right (legal or moral) legvo, yuro, yur-i 

right (to something) rayto 

right (not left) deksa,-i,-o (deksen! DEKS!) 

right (suitable) apta,-i aptebla, aptabla ring ringo

ring (v) sonor-i, ring-i, (by phone) telefon-i, fon-i. 

riot kravalo

rip ripi, vyol-treki (tear up) distreki, pecul-trek-i,pecul-tengi

ripe matura

rise (ascend) P: askendi, sobri, monti, levi, skal-i

rise (increase) kresi

rise (lift something) lev-i, levens-i, lev-ed-i 

risk risk-i

river rivero, flumo (large - fluvyo)

road voyo, (route - vueyo)

roar animal: rugid-i, bestyoklangi, mug-i, brus-i

rob grabl-i, plundr-i 

robe dreso, tuniko, mantelo 

robot roboto

rock (boulder) roko

rock (v) rokf-i, sfing-i, rock and roll -rokenrolo OR: rokf-e-rulo 

rocket rakyeto

rod   vergo, stango

role  rolo  - rol-i

roll (along) rul-i (tr./intr.), -o

roof tekto

room rumo, cambro, zalo P: zaulo  

room (space) spazo

rope  snuro, lino 

rose  rozo,  rozokolora, roza, pinka

rough (basic) ruda, raua, rau-

round ronda, -o, ci-forma

routine (a usual or regular method of procedure) rutino. This vaccine is already 

routinely used. Ta vaksino yu untatas rutine.

route vueyo

row (line) linyo, rango, seryo, sekfado

rub freg-i

rubbish  skrepo,fartraxo, sinvalado

rude kruda, deskortesa, desejentila, desples(ed)a

ruin - (devastate) ruin-i, devast-i, rov-i, demol-i, deskonstrukt-i

rule  regi, governi, domini 

rule (to follow) reglo, reglado,  regle (regli, regledi) prinsipo

run (on foot) kors-i, -o,  run away - fugi, eskapi

rush (grassy plant) yunko

rush (be in hurry) urg-i, urg-ens-i, -o, sem rapidi 

rustle sus(ur)-i, -o, frus-i,(frusando di folyaryo, fruso di nivo)  sus-i (maro, 

vyento) 


 

sabotage to sabot-i

sabotage sabotado, sabotando

saboteur sabotanto, sabotaro

sabre sabro

sack sakfo

sacred konsakrita; santya, sakra, maksesantya

sad trista, (xagra, trubyosa) sorya  

sadness tristo, tristezzo, trist-udo , trist-amyento, sory-amyento   

safe (secure) segura, seyva, segur-i

safe(without danger) sin-danjera, segura

sagacious (wise) savya, inteligenta  

sail seglo, (v) segl-i (ferli - furl (foldi segloy)

sailor maristo, seglanto

saint santya, santyono

salad salato

salary salayro, sueldo

sale seldo

saliva salivo

salon zalongo, zalo

salubrious (healthy) - salubra

salute (n) saluto

salute to, salut-i

salt salto

salty salta, saltita, saltyosa

same - the same - le soma. The same to you - Le somo ka tu. (le somo tun)

I tried to paint the sunflowers in the same way as Van Gogh. - Mi pintubi le

 solfloroy SOM(E) Van Gogh. In the same way as - som(e)

sanatorium san-ATERY-o

sand zando (grain of sand - zand-ikulo) zandaxa playo

sandal sandalo 

sanitarium sanideyo

sanitary sanida,sanezz-a,sanuda,higien-ala; s.cordon: kordongo ho barik-ado 

salubrezz-a.

sanitation san-ed-o, salubr-ed-o, higien-o

sanity, saneness - sanezzo, (mentyala sano) mentyal-udo, mindudo, sanido mentyall, 

minda; sanida judiko; razzyon-al-ezzo.

sapling arb-it-o

sarcasm sarkazmo

satan xatano

satellite satelito, sputniko

satiate satis-ed-i

satiated, to be - satis-i, desfom-i, mi-s fula (to be not hungry) (mi satisa -I ́m

 satisfacted) satiated satisfedita, satisfeda, kontenta

satisfaction kontento, satisfedo

satisfy (fulfil)satis-ED-i, satisfed-i, bast-ed-i, plentum-i, kontent-edi, fulfed-i

Saturday Sabdo

saunter flan-i

save (from danger) salv-i. salves!

save (on computer) spar-i, sav-i, seyv-i

save (money) spar-i

saw (v) seg-i

saw segijo

say dikt-i, Say! - Dik!, Diktes!, 

say dikti (speak) paroli (pri); (recite) recit-i, deklamer-i; I say!: Skut! Atento!; let u say no more about it: Mu ne paroles (tokes) plu pri to, mu ne tokes plo molte pri to; they s.: se dikta; to s. the truth: po diktis le verio; I s. no: mi dikta ne, mi refuza: I do not s. no: mi ne kontre-dikta; my clock s.s one o’clock: ma kloko indika le unesma (horo); it is hard to s.: lo esta zore diktis;  that is to s.: to esta, to-s; the aforsaid: le supere diktita ho pre-dikt-ita; le supere menk-ita; he said he was rich: hi aserti ke hi-s rika; no sooner s. than done: te kortem diktita, do kortem fedita; you don’t s.: To-s desebla!; to say again: num dikti, num-i, repi, numdikti, so to s.: po (te) tezze paroli, kaze. 

saying diktad-o 

saxophone saksofono

sbirro polisonaco, tortur-ataro, ezbiro

scab krosto

scale skaulo

scan skan-i

scar cikatro

scarcely penge, konpenge , zore (desfacile) 

scare sust-i, paur-ed-i, temoredi

be scared - paur-i,temor-i pro, pri, sustens-i

scatter dispeldi

scatter-brained neatentima, vyentokapa

scenario filmoskrit(ad)o, skenaryo, skripto 

scene skeno

scenery skeneyo

sceptre sketro

schallow  baha, desprofunda, superfika

scheme (plan of action) proyekto, skemato

school skolo

science xenzo

science-fiction xenzo-fiktio, (s-fiktio)

scientist xenzisto, xenzaro

scissor tondijo, sizoro

scold skold-i

scratch skrap-i

screen skrino,-i,(pare-vido - furniture) ekrango

screw skruvo

scrape (off) skrap-i

scream (cry out) skrimi, -o (klamabi)

sculpture skulturo (skult-i)

scum skumo

scurry rap(idens)i, troti

sea maro

seashore kusto, strando, marstrando, marenjo

search, search for xerk-i, rexerk-i

season (n.) sezemo, tempado

seat (for sitting on) sido, sejo, sidijo 

second (2nd) duesma

second (of time or angle) sekundo 

secret sekreto, misterio, misteria, misterioyosa

secretariat sekret-aryat-o  (-ARYAT- institution, organisation, ofiso, kontoro)

secretion sekrido

sect sekto

section sekzzo, sektoro (cut up into pieces - seekzz-i, dissekzz-i)

seduce sedukt-i

seed semino

see (with eyes) vid-i

seek xerk-i, verxerk-i

seem sombl-i, aspekt-i, simil-i ka, Eks: Ta vino sombla ka mi esti mala. Hi sombla 

dormi. Somblo di amikezzo. Lo sombla (Somble) ke lo nivo/pluvo.

seize kapt(ab)i, grankapt-i 

seldom rare, desofte

select seleks-i

self -  sel, (mi sel - me myself) tu sel - you yourself; lu sel - they themselves.

 Le royo sel (personnaly)- the king himself; Eksemple: Le mastro sel inspektis le 

 domo. Hi sel parleza ko mi. Hi lekta sel

sell seld-i,”Se selda”, SELDITA! (To sell wholesale = grosifrom: grosisto = = a wholesaler) 

semi- (prefix) HALO- (e.g., semi-cirklo)

seminary seminayro

sense -(meaning) senzo, esenzo

sense (organ) syentoro

sense of humor - humorsyento, humorablo

sensible -syentebla, syentabla

sensor sensoro, syentijo, syentadoro

sentry sentrinelo, gardisto

send sendi

sentence (gram.) frazo

sentence v. sentenzi - to declare (the punishment for a crime)

sentiment (mental feeling) syensamyento, syensudo, forta syensamyento = afekto  

(-AMYENTO - UDO )

sentimental sentimentala, sentimentall

sentinel sentrinelo (gardostaranto -vaktisto) sentrinel-i = vakt-i

separate (adj.) aparta, separta, separtita

separate (v.) separt-i, -ens-i, divig-i, aparted-i,((da, de)parted-i) izol-i

September septembro

serene serena, kalma, klara

serial seryalo, seryala

series serya

serious (grave) grava, importa, seryusa, sevra

serious (not trivial) seryusa, seryuso 

serve (be of service to) serv-i, servisto -waiter

service - at your service - (Xel) Kal servo tua.

set v. setingi, estedi, to put in place or position - plasi; to establish a time, 

price or limit - establ-ed-i, firm-ed-i, instali, ary-ed-i

set n. aryo, konstalo, setingo

settings setingoy, konfiguroy, parametroy

settle (intr) setl-i, sidum-i, sidumeyo, setleyo, establ-ens-i, lok-ens-i

His family settled on Qanaria Island - Ha familio setlis su Qanaria Islo.

seven zem

several plura, varia

severe sevra, grava

sew kudr-i, tayl-i (taylaro)

sex sekso,(have sex, to make love)- amor-i, seksum-i,koit-i,

(peyorative:) fotr-i,fagv-i

shadow ombro

shaft (parto di minereyo) xahto 

shake (tremble) xek-i, tremb-i, skfot-i 

shame (emotion) skamo, honto, (from sex motives) pudoro

shame (v.) skamo, honti, pudor-i, -ed-i

shape (form) formo, -i

share: xer-i, konparti, part-edi, divigi; (participate in) partoprini, partesi.   

share: xerpart (cf. porsiono); (finan.) aksino, aksyono (cf. interesto); (quota) 

qoto; s.holder: aksinaro; sharer: xeranto, parto-prin-anto.

share (on stock) P:? aksino (shareholder - aksinaro)

share xar-i(To have in common; possess or use in common with others) - konmaxi, 

konpoxed-i, maxebledi, transedoni

sharp (knifelike, cutting) xarpa

sharp akuta

shave xev-i, rasf-i

she xi

sheep ovelo, moflo (moflono)

shed barako, kabango, P:budo

sheik - xeiko

shelf xelfo

shell xelo (peel, rind, hull: hard outer case of eggs, nuts, etc) xellesi (sinxeledi)

shell (seashell) konco

shelter n (refuge) refugeyo; (protection) protekto; (lodging) alberg(ey)o; v (lodge) albergi (se)

shield xildo

shine bril-i, xayn-i

ship (n.) navyo, barko (boat - batelo)

shirt kamiso

shit  myerdo, xayso, fekalo, kauko, Myerdo! Xayso!

shiver fris-i, frostotremb-i   Sometimes I shiver. Mi frisa vrem.

shock (mental or physic.) xoko, xoki, xokensi

shoe - xuzo, boto,  to pull off shoes - xuzLENSi, (to someone) xuzLESi

home shoes - slippers: pantofloy

shoot (with a fire-im) paf-i (ad)

shop butiko, seldeyo , xopo

shopping  butikumo, xopumo 

shore (of a river) rivo,(of a sea or ocean - strando, kayo 

short (not long) korta, deslonga 

should obl-i, kulp-i, deb-i

shoulder xulto

shout vok-i, -o

shove xovl-i, pult-i

shovel (scoop) xovelo, xovelijo, shovelful of - plentoxovelo di (fulxovelo a)-

show montr-i, -o

show (indicate) indik-i

show spekado, spektaklo , xowo

shrieking (sharp piercing cry) xrikanta

shut klos-i

sick (ill) morba, nesanita, mals(anit)a, malstanda P:( -ozo)

side (geometrical) lateralo, -ala

side (not front or back) flanko

sidewalk trotuveyo

sign signo

signal signalo

significant signa, signifika, importa

sight vido, vidado, vyuvo, eye-sight - vidopuedo (puvido, vidablo)

silence -silento, silentudo, kalmo

silent - silenta, kalma (to be silent, do not speak - silenti, muti)

silk silko

silver arjento -a, silvro -a

similar simila, sombla

simple simpla

simulate simuli

sin peko, -i

since (because) bo, pro, pro ke,(olda versio: nam)

since (from the time of) da, dem, de, de pos (prep.), pose (adv.) 

sincere franka, franke (frankevorte, frankedikte - frankly speaking)

sing skant-i, beskant-i = priskant-i (singi)

sink (v.) sink-i

sister surelo, hermeno

sit (be sitting) sid-i

sit (sit down) sidens-i, sidis

site situeyo, loko, plaso, qeyo, sayto (on the Net)

sitting room zalongo

situation situdo, - UDO, -AMYENTO

six sey

size granezzo, menzuro, menzo, sayzo

skeleton skeletro

ski skiro

skilful habila, eksersita, abledita, ablaba

skim tokt-et-i

skin (on a person or animal) pyelo ,dermo

skirt (garment) faldo

skull (cranium) kranyo

sky syelo (under the open sky, in the open - abrasyele) 

slave sklavo

sleep dorm-i, -o (drowsy, to be sleepy -somn-i) 

slender slenda

slide glit-i, -eyo  

slip glito (a slipping movement, as on ice)

slippery - glita, glitima

slow lanta, lante

small mikra, eta, desegrana

smear smaur-i

smell (have a scent) flavor-i, smel-don-i (pleasant -arom-i, unpleasant -desaromi, fetor-i) smell smelo, smelsyento (sense of smell) syenti pe syentoro (sensoro- syentijo, syentadoro) smell,to (use sense of smell) smel-i, smel-ev-i (syent-i)

smile smilo - smil-i  (skrideti)

smoke fum-i (tr./intr.), -o, -uro, fum-ad-i

smooth (to the touch) glata, -ed-i

snare (lay a snare for) insidyo, insidy-um- i

snat morvo, nozmorvo, morvulo

snatty morva

sneeze snis-i, SNIS!

sniff snufi

snore snor-i

snow nivo, -i

so (to such an extent) te ke, ta-grade, te aste 

so:  do! (thus) te, tezze, ta-mode, some qe; (so to speak) kaze; (like) qe, qezze; (according to) konfe, konfe-; (so great, good, much, etc.) te; (therefore) do; so that: po ke (followed by imperative - es) so far: aste tyem, aste ta punto; and so on: e te plu; do not speak to me so: ne spes ka mi ta-mode; so is the father, so is the son: qezza patro, tezza filo; I think so: mi te denka,  so you have come: Do! (Finfine!) Tu arivis; so he went: do hi vis; so often: te ofte; so so: do do; if it is so: zi to-s te (tezze); I am so sick: me-s te malsa; why so?: Pro qo te? I say this, so you may be prepared: mi dikta to, po ke tu estes preperita.

soap sapo

soar esor-i, skalteflug-i

sober (temperate) sobera

society (association - asosio) asosio

society (community) sosio, komunio

sock kalseto

soft (not hard) softa, deseharda

software softwero, softovarko

soil (n.) suelo (also floor in a room - plankaryo.)

soldier saudato, militaro, militisto

solid solida, -o

solidarity soliariezzo (solidaria)

solemn solemna

solve soluv-i

some (indeterminate) nalga, qalga, nalgono, qalgono

some (vague amount) pokto, pokter, algerete, I need some time to...: Mi triba 

poktemo po...

somebody,someone  algono, un, uno

something algo

sometimes da tempo ka tempo, vreme

somewhere algey

son filo

song kansongo, skantado, songo, song-i

soon - kortem, proksem (i proksa tempo)

soot suto P: fulgo

sorrow sorigo, sorigamyento, sorigudo,(to grieve) (intr.) xagr-i, -o; to cause s.

 to: -xagredi, sorigedi (algono); (regret) regret-i, -o; -ful: xagr-anta, -ed-anta;

 trista; regretyosa.

sorry (sad) soriga (tristeta),xagrima; to be sorry:(regret)(re)greti; sorig-ens-i),  

(in apologizing) Sorige! Mi soriga. Regretinde!P: gretinde! Grete! Skus!

sorry - without merit; soriga "a sorry horse";soriga kavelo,"a sorry excuse" skuso 

sorigall

sort (kind) sorto, spesyado

soul spirito, almo, animo

sound (fonio,sonio,)  sonido, resonido, klang-i, -EKLANG- (le gato myaua = le gato

gateklanga) Atlango esta le lango euklanga. (belklanga, belsonida)

soup zupo

south sudyo

sovereign sovra, sovrezzo, sovr-on-o

sow (v.) sembr-i, semin-i

space (expanse) spazo

spark iskro, fayr-ul-o (make, produce sparks - iskr-if-i)

speak parol-i, lang-i - to be able to speak a language)

to turn (address) to someone - diri ka algono ( sem direksi (vendi) ka algono ko…)

special (particular) spesya, spesyala, partikularr

species spesioy

speech parolo, prelekso, to make a speech - paroli

spend (pay out) spend-i

spend, use (a time) spendi tempo, pasedi tempo, tempopasi, P: -em-i

specimen spesimento

sphere sfero

spider spidro, aranyo

spin turni, spini, rot-um-i, ci-mob(ed)-i, cirkensi, cirkedi

spine (backbone) spayno, vertebraryo

spit splut-i

spite - in spite of  (oldamode: malgre, maw) (prep.) in spite of, despite, notwithstanding, against the will of; -ke: (conj.) notwithstanding that (followed by verb; tame); - spite sa volo: against one’s will; -to: in spite of that, nevertheless; mu vadis spitel pluvo: we went notwithstanding the rain; mu vadis spite (ke) hi interdiktis (forbis) to: we went notwithstanding he forbade it;  xi maryensis ko hi spite sa matro. She married him contrary to her mother’s wish. 

spittle spluto, splutado, splut-if-o

splendid splenda, splendyosa, gransplenda

spontaneous  spontina

split  split-i (tr.)

spoil destrukt-i, defaut-i (tr.) devast-i

sponge spongo

spoon spuno (teaspoon -(herba)tespuno)

spoor (also:footprint) spuro

sport sporto

sportsman sportisto, campono

spouse sposo, meryo (meryano e meryeno)

spout spre-i, P: spruk-i

spread sprid-i,(spridens-i) dispers-i, dyaspored-i, P:di(s)fus-i,(ekster-i, 

ekster-ens-i)

spring (season) springo, springemo,

spring jump - sauto, saut-i

spring (mech.) risorto, sprinjo  

spring (water) fuento  

spy (n) spyunaro

spy (v) spyuni

square (open public place) plazo 

square (shape) qadra, qadrata -o 

squash (v.) aplast-i (tr.) klem-i 

squat (crouch) (intr.) kaur-i (sit on one's heels)

squeak pep-i, grinz-i (with teeth)

squeeze (v.) konprenz-i, -o,  klem-i (the hand - prenzi mano) to s. out - deprenzi 

s. into: konprenzi (konprenzadoro)

squirrel skyuro

stack  -  palo, paliso (legna stango)

stack - (pile) stako (stack of books - stako di bukoy, libroy

stadium   stadyo, stadio 

staff  stafo, personaryo

stage skeno, stajo, areneyo

stairs -stupoy, stuparyo, eskalto 

staircase -eskalteyo 

stammer - (stutter) balbut-i

stamp (for postage) postomerko, merko

stamp (to seal) stampl-i

stand up levi se

stand (be upright, without moving) stans-i, star-i 

standard standarda, normata

staple agrafo, agraf-i,(a device generally used by carpenters - klampo, klamp-i)

star (in the sky) stelo

starve fom-i

start starti, kom-ensi, kom-i, kom-edi (vam-) vam-i. Ta spektaklo komensa po du horoy.

state (condition) stando, kondizzo, syenso -UDO. sanit-UD-o, ordUdo

state (political) stato

state (in USA) (sube)stato - steyo (i Unens(int)a Statoy (Steyoy) di Nord-Ameriko -USO (USOYO) ho Statunio, Le Steyoy) 

station (railway) stasyo,stasyo fernovoya,stanseyo fernovoya   

stave (n.) daubo   

stay (remain) rest-i, -o -in movement - halti, stopensi

steal klepti

steam vaporo, vapo  vaporlesi

steel xtalo, -a

steep skarpa

steer stir-i (fly-plane),(drive-car)

step (lavel) grado

step (of stairs) stupo (stupeto -step of ladder - ladero )

step (take a pace) pax-i, -o, marx-i

steppe stepo

stern (n.) bakabordo, sterno, pobo.

stick (of wood, etc) bastongo, stango

stick (paste (together)) (ko-) glut-i

stiff stifa (rigid) rigida

still (yet) enke, plu, plue, kontine

stink fetor-i, desarom-i

stir  P: stiri, turn-i se, virv-i

stock exchange - borso

stocking kalso

stockpile  haldo,  hald-i

stole estolo

stone, rock (material) petro, roko

stone (pebble) petro, petreto = peblo (petrEXToy)

stop (cease)- stop! stop-i (intr./trans.) Stop klami! Brekes klami! Klam-EK-es! xautEKes!

stop (stop moving) stop-i, halt-i (intr.) halt -ed-i (trans.) mob-ek-i

stopper stapo, stapijo, plugo, korko (stopado)

stop-watch (time) stopkloko

storm (with thunder and lightning) stormo

story (imaginary) storyo,  kento, historio

stove fornelo, gasfornelo

straight (not curved) rekta, -i, -o

strain (pull tight) streyn-i, (intr)tengens-i, (tr)tengi -o, algo. You'll strain

 your eyes trying to read in this light. Tu tenga (streyna) tua ocoy PRU-lektante i

 ta lumino. Strained atmosphere, strained relations. Tenga, streyna atmosfero 

(streynamiento), teng(anta)a relatoy.

strange (odd) stranga

stranger fremdono, aliono (strange, alien - alia)

straw paho, paheto

stream (river) fluo, strimo, (electric - P: elko) - korento, strimo, elektro

street strado

stress (emphasise) emfaz-i, -o

stretch (strain) streyni, (intr) tengens-i,  tengi (algo)  Too much computer work 

strains the eyes. Plo molta laboro komputija tenga le ocoy.(okuloy)

street strado

stress (emphasise) emfaz-i, -o

strict strikta, rigora, precisa, PREKSA, sevra

strike (collide with) xok-i, kolid-i, krax-i

strike (hit) frap-i, -o, to strike with a sweeping blow - suip-i 

strike strayko, strayk-i, fomstrayko

string kordino, stringo (music) struno, kordino

stringent rigoryosa, strikta, sevra

strip (n.) bendo, teypo, strio

striptease stript(is)o , stript-i

strive (endeavour) strev-i, peng-i, fors-i, akir-ez-i, max-ez-i,  vend-i, 

strobilus strobilo (A conelike structure, such as a pine cone.)

stroke (written mark) signo, merko, stroko (penzel-stroko)

stroll (walk) trotuv-i, promend-i  

strong forta,P: stronga, forsabla

struggle  lukt-i, -o, flond-i, batal-i, fayt-i, konvuls-i

struggle n. (inter-)lukto; kombatro.

student ((university, etc) studento

student (in general) studanto

study stud-i (Prefix: Qal- means exploration, valuation, testing, study, checking, - for example: weigh - qal-pezi.(qalpezezzi - pezomenzi) qalmenzi- to measure something. Qallongi - measure the length.)

stumble stambli

stun aturdi, sordedi

stupid stupida, stulta, stupideta - tontua

style stilo

subject subyekto

subject (topic) temato, qesto, qestado, temat-i pri, P: prio, priado, subyekto

submit submis-i, suborded-i

subscribe to (a periodical, etc) abong-i , prenumer-i

substitute remplasi pe , subestituti, zam-ed-i 

subtle suptila, fayna

succeed (be successful) suksiga, suksigyosa

success suksigo, -i

such as     tezza qe,  te qe,  

such (of such a kind)  tezza qe

such (so great or much) te,  te-grade

suck, suck on - sak-i

sudden sobita, so-,(P:) rape-, rapta

suddenly sobite, so, rape,rapte(m)

suffer sufr-i (de, pro) konsufri (konpati)

suffice   (pretty) baste, bast-i, Basto!

sufficient   basta, bastanta

suffocate sufok-i

sugar sokro (rausokro)

suggest sugest-i

suit apti, konformi

suitable apta, konvyenanta, konforma  

suitcase valiso

summer somerno, -ala, -all

summit sumido

sun - solo, sola, solarr

Sunday Soldo

sunrise  solkomo, solskalo, solskal-ob-o

sunset solfino, soldolo, soldol-ob-o

super supe, super-

superb superaba, belyosa, belaba

superficial (shallow) sobrada, P:superfisa, desprofunda

supper (evening meal) suaryendo 

supple supla (delikata) fleksima, flekseta

supply (someone) supl(em)enti i, ko, a, P: furni, livr-i, maxedi, be-, pri-

support apog-i, suport-i

suppose suspond-i (tr.) prexunt-i. Ne kuni, me denki, ke algo-s tezza ho tezza. 

sure (certain) syerta, sinskepta, sindauba

surface surfeso, feso

surf surfi, on the internet - netum-i, surf-i 

surprise - soprino, soprinado

surprise (astonish) astun-i, -o,

surprise (take unawares) soprini (so-prinis) 

surrender surend-i, kapitol-i (To give oneself, a town, territory, etc. up to an

 enemy. Also more widely to resign, abandon.) Saudatoy surendis kal enemiko

surround (to be around on all sides) cirkond-i, cirk-ey-ed-i

surroundings cirkeyo, cirkond(ey)o

surtout  surtuto.

surveillance: (sur)vigilo, alertezzo, vigiludo, alertudo; opserv-ando.

survey: (contemplate) kontempli, (attentively) supermiri, (sur)vigili; (consider)

 konsideri; (investigate) esplori; QAL-i,(value profesionally) P: espertis-i,OR:

  menzur-isto, menzisto; (inspector of buildings, etc.) inspekt-isto; (valuer) P:

 espertis-isto.

survival:  vervivo (continuance) duro (cf. permanento); s. of the fittest: 

naturala selekso.P: selektigo

survive: vervivi, pose-vivi (algo, algono); (remain a long time) pluesti, duri, 

permanenti.

survivor: vervivanto.

suspect suspekt-i, -ito, (he suspects nothing - hi suspekta nado) deskonfid-i,

destrust-i 

suspense (thriller) - suspanso, suspansoveka (trilero)

swallow (gulp) gulp-i, -o

swathe envelop-i, bandaj-i

sweat sfeto

sweep skobi (broom - skobijo, brumo)

sweet dulsa

sweet (confectionery)- sokrado, dulsado, bonbo 

sweetheart amato, (male) amatano, (female) amateno 

swim suim-i

switch (n) xaltijo, koplijo

switch on  xalti-i, inkopl-i, likt-i(s)

switch off slek-i, deslikt-i(s) deskopli, Lum(in)-EK-es! SLEK!

sword suordo, espado, rapigo,(rapyero). Degayni suordo.

sympathy - simpato, simpatosyento. Simpat-i ko.  She wrote a letter expressing 

sympathize. 

Xi skritis letro esprante sa simpato. Hi looked at her with sympathy. Hi miri xi ko simpato.

system sistemato    

    

T

table (furniture) tablo

table (catalogue,list, index) tabelo, indekso, listolo

tablet tawlo, kompu-tawlo, pado

tack tak-i, zigzak-i, zigzake vi

tact takto (musiko) mobimento

tail teylo (kok-teylo), P:kaudo

tailor taylisto, taylaro  P: tayli - kudri

take prin-i (take it! - Prin (-es) to!)

take care of  be-ang-i, ker-i pri

take (carry) port-i

take (lead) dukt-i,(verdukti) gvid-i

tale (imaginary)  kento, storyo, kenti le storyo, storyumi

talk (speak) par(o)l-i, dikt-i, langi - be able to speak a

language) I can speak Atlango - Mi diktabla Atlange. 

tall skalta, as tall as I - te skalta qe mi

tank (milit.) batal-tanko (vehilyo)

tank tank-i (liquid)

tank tankuyo, cisternoyo, reservuyo

tap krango, tap-ij-o

tap (v) (to pour in, also drinks) tap-i, Tap! FLUS! influs-i,

task tasko, laborado

taste (sense the taste of) (intr.) gusto, (qal)gust-i, sapor-i ,o (to-s bongusta ka mi)

taste (with the tongue) gustum-i, saporum-i

taxi taksi, taksino

tea teo, herba-teo

teach (someone) instrukt-i, dokt-i  

teach (something) lern-i, instrukt-ens-i, lern-ev-i

teamo - timo, ekipo, tacmento, eskadro

tear (from eye) lakro, pyorikulo

tear (rend) dis-trek-i (pull apart)

tear up [tr.] to damage something - ripi, lancer-i, pecotrek-i

tedious tyeda, tyed-i (algono pe…) Ne tyedes!

teenager - pokte-s-anyono  (fifteen years old - qins(any)ono) (teen - -s-)

telephone,to- telefon-i, fon-i

telephone-call telefonado, fonado, fontoko

telephone (tele)fono, mobile t. - Mobilo, portebla fono

television televizyo,televido,(Tevo,Tello),TVapparat-televidijo,televidadoro,TV-ijo

tell: (say) dikti (algono,ka algono);(express)espr-i;(narrate facts) narat-i, narataro; (tell fiction) kenti; (have an influence) influent-i, afekt-i, fedi impreso (ka algono); (reveal) revili; (confess) konfesi; P:konfexi, (publish) pobl-ed-i; poblixi t. off: (count) konti, nombri; to tell the truth: po dikti verio; I have been told: min algono diktis, se dikti (ke); he told you to stay here: hi imperis ka tu (tum) resti tey; I cannot tell one from another: mi ne puva dicernis (diskunsis) le una dal otra; to tell of: paroli (pri) (narat-i); to tell a lie: (intr.) mentigi; tell a secret: konfidi. 

temperament  temperamento

temple (anat.) tempilo

temple - templo

tempo - rapidemo, menzotempo, (musiko) taktemo, (menzuremo, menzemo) (temporitmo)

mobimento

temporary - P: temporema, provisora, provisorema

tempt tentig-i, beprub-i

temptation  tentigo

ten dyes, 10 (deko) P: -t-

tend tend-ens-i, inklin-i (algo)

tender delikata

tent teldo

tepid tep(id)a, varmeta

terror teroro, teroredi

terrible -teribla, terora

territory - teritorio, P: terdorio

test testi

testicles testikloy, (balls) - stikloy

text teksto

textile tekstilo,teksado, stofo

than qe, da

thank dank-i

thanks danko, mi danka. The most usual response is: Ne dankinde = It was nothing.

Other possible responses: To-s no. = It’s nothing. To-s ma pleso. = My pleasure.

that (conj.) ke

that (pron.) tro, tra

that (who, which) qono, qo, ga

the le, the - the = qer.....ter (do) (the sooner the better - qer kortem ter pli 

bone. Qer kortem do betre))

themselves (pron.) se, lu sel

then (after that) pose , pos to

then (at that time) trem

theoretical teoria, teoriala, teoriall

theorize teori-um-i pri

theory teorio

there (at that place) trey

there is, are,  Lo-s..., Lo esta

thereafter pose, posem, pos ta tempo

therefore konsekfe, pro to, do

thick (dense) denza

thick (fat) grasa

thick (not thin) grusa, grusforma

thief kleptono, kleptaro, kleptisto

thigh femoro

thin (not thick) dina, magra (desegorda) , sotila

thing koso, (suffix) -ado

think denk-i P: ponder = pridenki - pyensi)

thirst suafo, drink-ezo, (I am thirsty - mi suafa, drinkeza, 

(need - tribo) mi drinkiba)

this (pron.) to, (tado)

thou zzi - Tu (familiar form of you. More official form of you is - Vu)

thought denko, ideo

thousand milo, tauz(ent)o

thread trido

threat(en), menace - menasto, -i, paur-ed-i, temor-ed-i

three trin

thresh dras-i, degrayni, dagrayni, grajnolesi

throne truno 

throng trongo,-i, P: kalabaliko 

through ve, ver-

through (by means of) pe, vya

through (during) durem, il tempo di...

throw jekt-i, pult-i (to throw away - farjekti, trax-i

thunder tondr-i, -o , storm-eklang-i

thunderbolt tondroflexo, blikso

Thursday Jodo

ticket (for entranse, etc) bilyeto, tiketo

tie (fasten) lig-i, -o, -ijo (fast-ligi) link (on the Net) - link-i, -o

tight tayta, ci-streyta, streytita

tile kahelo

time tempo, qemo, -em, What time is it? - Qa, Qema horo (esta)? (Qesma horo?)

Ago: algem pas(e), bakem, pasem, Tyem, After: pos(e), posem, In the future:

forem.

time (occasion) VREMO (e.g., the first time = primavreme),(le)unesma vremo,) come 

on time, timely, in time (il tempo) 

time (in counting); VREM, occasion (repetition); turn (in series); singla-vreme, ca-vreme: every time (that), all the time, whenever; molta-vreme: many times, often (when), repeatedly; qer-vreme: qer vremoy... how many times; pokta-vreme: sometimes; vreme, To-s ma vremo: it is my turn.

timid (timorous) paurima, temorima

tipical tipa, tipika

tire (v.) fatigv-i , kansed-i

tired kansa, fatigva, sinriposa, eksosta

tired be, kans-i, esti fatigva

title (of a book, article, person, etc) titolo

to (a destination) ka, (onto) suren,

to (in order to) po ke (+ imperativo - es), eyme, pore (to be something) Mi eleksis 

hi pore komisaro.

to (until) aste, aste ke, astem, astey

today tampe,tampo, tampe-matine- this morning, tampe-suare -this evening(ta-suare)

(day before yesterday: pre-timp-e, -o; d. after tomorrow: pos-tomp-e, -o)

together ko, kone ko

toilet - WC - toyleto

tolerate toler-i

tomato tomato

tomorrow tompe,tompo (tompe-matine-tomorrow morning,tompe-suare- tomorrow evening)

(day after tomorrow: pos-tomp-e,-o,day before yesterday: pre-timp-e)

ton (weight) tonelo , tonoyo

tone tonalo, timbro

tongue lingo

tongue (language) lango, lingvo, idyomo, dyalekto

too (+ adj.) plo, plomolto - too long - plo longa, plo(molt)em - too long in time, 

plo(molt)er - too much 

Hi kompris plo di luksusadoy. = ... plomolte(r) luksusadoy. Lo-s plo darke, po

vidaudi far. (old-atlange: trope )

too (also) ti, (tie), kay(e) = e ti

tool instrumo (utensils) unt-ij-o, untilyo. Veh-ILYo -vehicle, -IJ - ofte portebla,

  mikra instrumo: flamijoy - matches (alumetoy), liktijo - switch on and off

 (circuit breaker) DVDijo, yendijoy - cutlery. Apparatus -ADORO (desofte portebla)-

  televidadoro, TVadoro.

tooth dyento

top topo, supro

topic (temat) temato, qesto, koncerno, prio

torch torco

torment - tormento, torturo, torment-i, molest-i, P:trakes-i, hares-i

torrent torento

total (adj.) totyala, totyall

touch tokti

tough tafa

tour (n.) turneo (turno)

tour (v.) turnei, 

tousle tausi (tausita kaploy, klenoy) Le polisaroy tausi le krimono.

tower -turmo (luminturmo, luksoturmo - farolo)

town urbo

toxic toksa

toy pludiko, jolijo, pludijo (mobile- pludilyo)

trade (craft) mestyero, krafto

trade (deal) komers-i (intr.), -o , komerso

tradition - tradizzo

train (railway) trayno

trait trezzo

traitor traydaro, traydono

trample tramp-i

translate translang-i, traduk-i

transparent transparenza, vervidebla, desopaka, dia-

transparent banero

transport transport-i, -o

transverse transevera, kfera (kfer-fluto)

trap kapt-i, trap-i, -ijo

trash traxo , far-traxo, skrepo, (to throw away -(far)trax-i)

travel voyago, voyag-i

treat betrakt-i, regal-i (be-trakt-i pe ) (be-)

treat (medically) kur-i

tree arbo, to clear of trees: sinarbedi, arblesi

tremble tremb-i, -o, skfot-i

tresure trezoro

trifle  bagatelo

thriller (movie, book) - trilero

trip tripo, eskurso (take a trip - tripi)

triumph triumfo, -i

trouble trubo

troublesome - truba, trubeda, trubyosa

trough manger -trogo

trousers pantalo, pantalongo, P: bruko

truck (lorry) kamyongo, loryo, kargo-truko

true (not false) veria, to be true - veri-esti

trust trusto, -i ka, konfido,-i ka

trust - (ekon. politics.- cartel, sindicate) trasto, kartelo, sindikato

truth verio, veriado  Ideo di algo, qo-s konforma kal realo. Le verio cem venka.

Ha veridiktimo ne-s dauba. Le filozofiay, syenzay veriadoy.

try prub-i, -UB-, test-i 

tsar - tsaro, zzaro

tube tubo, P: kanolo

Tuesday mardyem, Mardo

tumult tumulto

tune tyuno, suono

turn, turn around - turn-i, turn back, aside - vert-i

turn upside down - kulbuti (head over heels - kulbute) to somersault- kulbutedi

turn to dir-i to turn (address) to someone - diri KA algono ho diri algono-N. 

turquoise turkoso

twilight sombr-emo, krepusko, krepusk-i, sombr-(em)-ens-i 

twist tord-i (tr.), -o, -uro, P: tuist-i

two du

type (n., all senses) tipo

type (write on typewriter) tayp-i


U

ugly turpa,-ACA, (pejorative) (expresses negative affect or a poor opinion of the 

object or action)skritaci (to scrawl, from 'write'); vremaco, klimaco (foul 

weather); domaco (a hovel, from 'house'); miraci (to gape at, from 'look at'); 

belaca (tawdry, from 'beautiful'); kosaco, adaco (junk, from -ado); acedi (to screw 

up, with -edi); AC !(yuck!) turp+aya = in ugly colour

ugly(moral) fuya, FUY-  shameful, nasty, disgusting, filthy

fuyhomo (a wicked person); fuyvorto (a profane word); fuybuxo (a dirty mouth); 

fuybestyo (vermin, from 'animal, beast'); fuya (vile); fuye! (For shame!); Fuy ka tu! 

Fuy tun! (Shame on you!)

uncle onklano

under (prep.) sub, sube

undergo - sufri, vervivi

underneath (prep.) sube - subey

understand kunprini, kun-is, persepti, intelekti, kapabli. Kunes to! 

undo desfedi

unexpected nespyeta, nespyetite

unfair neyusta, desyusta

unfold desfald-i, desfaldens-i, sprid-i, spridens-i

unite P: jednostka - unado

unite un-ed-i (tr.), uniti, un-ensi

united unita, unedita, unensinta

union Uniono, Unio, Unito, Unenso (like a state) Eurounio,USA -USO, USoyo, USio  

untidy (hair) hirta

until aste, astem, aste qem, aste ke, aste do.

untruth neverio, falso, fusko, blufo (bluf-i) mentigo

unwell morba, malsanita, malstanda

up - skal(e) ,skalen  High up in the air - Skalte il skalen, Skalteskale (down: 

dolen, doltedole)

upon, on, - sobre, su, sur-, suren

urchin (brat) bubo, brato

urgent (haste) hasta,urga, Do not haste! - ne hastes! Ne urgens! Ne rapidens! Ne 

rapens!

use unt-i, -o, (sem beservi pe), util-i

useful utila, untebla

usually norme,(normale) ordinale, kustome,P: KU-(tradise),rutine (habite) 

konfekustome

V

vacation vakanzo,-i, vakanz-em-o, feryo 

vain (as in vanity) vanidyosa

vain (futile) vanida, Oh! vanide!

vain in - vanide, po vanido, all in vain - totye vanide, ca-vanide, Vanid-eyme!

vaingloriousness (pride) orgilo, -i, malpraudo 

valid valida

valley valeyo

valuable (adj.) valyosa, skaltevala

valuable (n.) valezzo

value (n.) valo

vanity (conceit) vanido, vanidezzo

vanity (futility) vanidezzo

variant varyado

varicose veins  varikso

amble (an easy gait of a horse, a leisurely walk,) ambl-i

various difersa, varya, otra

vary vary-ed-i (tr./intr.)

vase vaso, krugo, poto, koktopoto

vast sprida, ampla, larga, spazyosa ,P: molteya

vegetable (n.) hortajo, grinadoy

vegetarian food vejo

vehicle vehiklo, vehilyo, carto

velvet veluto (pluxo)

vendetta vendeto, bivenjo , P:vendeuto

vengeance venjo, (vindictive - venjima)

veranda verandoyo

verb verbo

verdict veridikt(ur)o, 

verse verso, versiko, strofo

version versio

very much makse (suffix) -AB-, moltabe, makse molte, moltisme, molmolte

very (adv.) mol(e), molte.

viable vivabla,vivyosa

vice- vic(e)- Vice-Prezidento (reserv, spare part)- vice-parto, reservado

victim viktino, sufrinto

victory venko, viktorio

video vidyo, video

villa villo, (viloyo)

village - vilajo, dorfo

vindictive - vendika, venjima

vine - vino

violate vyol-i, perfort-i,fort-akt-i, vyol-, 

violence vyolento, vyolo, perforto

violent vyola (VYOL-)

violet color - viola

viper vipero

virtue virtuso

vision vizyo (prospekto)

visionary vizyoplenta, vizya, vizyala

visa viz(um)o, pasaporto

visit vizit-i, -o

vociferation voceklangabo, klamabo, xauto

vogue - vogo

voice (n.) voco

voila! - Tezzo! Tey-s! Vo-la! (P:Toto!)

volume - volumo, (tome - volumabo, P: volumino) (geometr) volumno.

vomitate  vom-i

voyage - voyago

voyager - voyaganto, voyagaro (in cosmos - astronauto, kosmonauto)

vulgar - vulga, trivya, trivyall, banala, a vulgar expression - vulg-espro, vulguro 

vulva - vulvo. (vulg) - pico

W

wade - gvad-i, zorvadi

wage(s) pago, salayro, sueldo

wail lament-i,(Alas! Woe! Oh Dear! - Vanide! Lamento!) bewail - bepyori 

waist talyo 

waistcoat vexto

wait vent-i, Wait a minute! - vent ́un minuto!

waiter servisto

wake (awaken) vek-ed-i, desedorma, vekedita

walk marx-i, -o, to go on foot - kamini (pyedvi)

wall muro (Le Cina Granmuro)

wallet burso, bolseto

wand vondo, magia vondo, rabdo

wander vag-i, vagabond-i, migr-i. vaganto

want to dez-i, -EZ-i

to be willing - volunt-i

war milito, krigo, (querilla) gvero

wardrobe garde-robo, klenublo

warehouse varkeyo, varkodomo

wares (goods) varkoy

warm varma, -ed-i

warn (give notice of possible occurence) varn-i, forewarn - prevarn-i

Mu varnes cono, kel deluvo vyena!  Let’s warn everyone that the deluge will come!

warning - varno, varnado, varnanta

warrior militaro, faytaro, batalanto, batalono

wash lav-i (tr.), -o

wash (oneself) lav-i se, - better: sem lav-i

washing machine -lavadoro

waste (squander) sprec-i, skfand-i (prodig-i)

water (n.) akfo

watch - kloko, mankloko

wave (undulation) ondo, vogo

wave sfing-i

wax  vakso, parafino

way voyo, (route - vueyo)

we mu

weak febla, debaula

weapon armo, misilo

wear to (clothes, etc) port-i, klen-i

weather  meteo,  klimo, havo, klimato, auro

weave teks-i, (textile) teksado

web site sayto, web-loko, webeyo

Wednesday Serdo, Serdyem(o)

week zemango, viko. Names of the days of the week: Vikodyemoy. 

Monday - Lundyem,Lundo Tuesday - Mardyem, Mardo Wednesday - Serdyem, Serdo 

Thursday -Jodyem, Jodo Friday- Fradyem, Frado Saturday - Sabdyem, Sabdo Sunday

Soldyem, Soldo

weekend - vikendo, P: So-dyemoy (Sabd-Sol-dyemo)

weep pyor-i, lakr-i, lakr-if-i

weigh (have weight of) pez-i (intr.)

weight pezo, pezezzo 

welcome (n.) aksepto totyakora, Bonvyeno, Bonarivo! Saluto!

welcome (v.) aksept-i totyakore, bonvyened-i, salut-i

well (adv. of good) bone, bon, do bone, o-key (O-K)

well (healthy) sana, Bona. Qe Tu syensa? Mi bonsyensa. Mi malsyensa.

well (in the ground) pozzo 

wend vend-i  (to direct, to proceed)

west westyo, -ala -all

wet: umida, umidezzo, -ed-i, WET PAINT! Frexe farbita!

what qo

wheat tritiko P: frumo

wheel (n.) roto

when - qem(e)

whenever qalgem, qalga-tempe, 

where - qey

wherever qalgey, qalga-loke

whether qi whether - or - qi....qi, 

which (plural) qa, qay, qono, qonoy

which (sing.) qa, qo, qon

while (although) byenke. Although she was ill, she worked hard. 

Byenke (Spite) xi esti morba, xi zore laboris. Although he hurried, the shop was 

closed when he got there. Byenke hi urgensi,le butiko esti klosita(qem)(do)hi

 vyenis tren.

while (conj.) qeme, i (le) duro di, durem, il tempo di, intempe di...

Qem tu lekta tu streyna tua ocoy. Lektem tu streyna tua ocoy. 

Mi vida ke vadem (under walking - vadante) tu tum tenga. Yendem lu paroli.

whip wipo

whisper xept-i, sufl-i (also in theatre)   

whistle, pipe - fif-i, sibili

white blanka

who (plural) qay, qonoy

who (sing.) qa, qono

whole totya, -o, integro -ala, all, totyado

wholly (entirely) totye, totye, komplete, integre, plente, totyall

wholly (without exception) si eksepto, integrala

whom qan

whose di qa,di qo, qia. The serpent that did sting thy father's life now wears his

crown. Le serpento, de qia mordo mortis tua patro, tyem porta le kruno hina.(De 

Hamleto)

why pro qo , po qo, Qeyme? (Qaskope?) Qakause?

wicker - verga

wide (not narrow) larga , ampla

widow - vyudo, vyudeno 

widower -vydano

width - largo, largezzo

wife sposeno, meryeno -yeno (for ex: a wife of the general - generalyeno) 

wild (in its natural state) vilda

will volunto, volo. to be willing - volunt-i  (P: dezim-i)

will (want to) dez-i (tr.), -o -

win (gain victory) venk-i, gvani venko

win (gain) gvan-i, -o, pludogvan-i

wind (n.) vyento

winding meandryosa, sinusyosa - meandr-i, sinus-i

windscreen (windshield) pare-vyento

wind up - volv-i

window  vindo (fenetro)

wing vingo

wink (blink) blink-i, with eyes: ocum-i, ocob-i

winter vintro, -ala -all

wipe (far)froti

wire metal-kordo, druto

wisdom savyo, savyezzo

wise savya, far seeing - sagasa, farvidabla 

wish bondez-i, -o, wishes - bondezoy, bondeziroy

wit sprito, sprit-ono

witch hekso, hekseno, magieno (fuyheksi - cast an evil eye on)

with (instrumental - by means of) pe (e.g., skrit-i pe plumo) P: -amode

with (comitative - in the company of) ko, kon-

without si, sin-

witness  atestanto, atestaro

woman homeno, femo, teno -this woman (xi)

wonder marvilo (miraklo) 

wonderful - marvila, marvilyosa

wood (material) legno

wood (trees) arbaryo, furesto

wool vulo

wool cloth  drapo

word vorto,  in words - vorte, -all. To keep one´s words - Vortyeni (Vortotyeni)

work labor-i, trab-i, (intr.) to be out of w., to rest from work (tr., intr.)com-i.

work (function) funsin-i, shorter form: funk-i

work (literary, artistic, etc) kreado, obro, verko, -i

workspace laborspazo

world mondo, -ala -all

World Wide Web TotyaTerda Teksado (TTT)

worm vurmo, terdovurmo, P:lombo

worry preokup-i,angi pri, destrank(fil)i se pro, deskalmens-i; (bother) veks-i, 

trub-i, xagr-i

worse pli mala, pla bona, desebetra

worst makse mal, malisma

worth valo, valindo,-INDA, skaltevala

worth, be val-i, valindi

wound vund-i, -uro, -ado

WoW! WoW! Ha-la!

wreck vrako

wrestle lukt-i (intr.), -o, vrest-i

wriste vristo

write skrit-i, verki-i, P:shorter:  skr-i, mi skra, tu skro, Skres! Skrit!

writer verkisto, autoro, skr(it)isto, nuvelisto, romanzisto, kre-skritisto

wrong (not right) deskorekta, misuma,-i, vronga -i “your information is wrong” 

Tua informo-s vronga.“The clock showed the wrong time” Le kloko montri vronga 

tempo.“Found themselves on the wrong road” A trovensis su vronga voyo. (misum-voyo)


X

Xmas - Kristonasko, Kristonaskemo

Y

yacht yahto

yawn oski

year anyo. New Year - Nuvanyo

yearn longvi, nostalgi

yearly ca-anye P: canye

yellow amaryela, yela

yes - yes

yesterday - timpo, timpe-matine -yesterday morning, timpe-suare - yesterday 

evening) 

yet (already) yu

yet (still) enk(or)e, kontine

yet (until now) aste tyem

You - tu, Familiar form: zzi (tsi) gentle plural: Vu. 

young (adj.) yuna , (human) jova, jovala, jovall

young (man & women) - jovo,(yunyoro) (jovano & joveno)

young animal -YUNO, gatyuno, vaxyuno, kokyuno

youngster - jovo,jovono, yunsioro, yunioro

your(s) (plural & gentle) Tua, Le Tua

youth yunezzo, jovezzo

yowl huli


Z

zeal  zilo, (enthusiasm, avidity, ardor (US), ardour (Br), fervor (US), fervour (Br))

zealot ziloto, zilono; fanatik(on)o.

zebra zebro

zest zesto, vervo 

zodiac zodyako 

zombie zombyo, heksokadavro

zone zoneyo, strefo

zoo zoo, zooparko

zoom zumo, zumi (zoom out - dezumi)


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